BioInfo (UK)

ASCOMYCOTA Caval.-Sm. (spore shooters, ascomycete)

BioImages BioImages (www.bioimages.org.uk) has 10382 images of ASCOMYCOTA (spore shooters, ascomycete)

NBN NBN (data.nbn.org.uk) has the UK distribution map of ASCOMYCOTA (spore shooters, ascomycete)

FRDBI FRDBI (www.fieldmycology.net/gbchklst/gbchklst.asp) has the UK and Ireland records of ASCOMYCOTA (spore shooters, ascomycete)

Subtaxa (ie subgroups of this Phylum)

Taxon Rank #subtaxa #refs #webs
ASCOMYCETES G. Winter (spore shooters) Class   4 4
Bostrichonema polygoni (Unger) J. Schrot 1897 (an anamorphic fungus) Anamorphic Species   1 3
Bostrychonema alpestre Ces. (an anamorphic fungus) Anamorphic Species     1
Calcarisporiella thermophila (H.C. Evans) de Hoog (a fungus) Species   1  
Colletotrichella periclymeni (a honeysuckle leaf spot (causative organism)) Anamorphic Species     1
Collonema papillatum Grove (a coelomycete) Anamorphic Species     1
Dendrophoma (a form genus of coelomycetes) Form genus 1 subtaxon    
Dendrophoma convallariae var. cliviae Grove (a coelomycete) Anamorphic variety     1
Dothoriopsis corni Riedl, 1974 (a coelomycete) Anamorphic Species   1 1
Drechmeria coniospora (a nematode-trapping fungus) Species   1 1
Flabellospora Alas., 1968 (a genus of anamorphic fungi) Form genus   1  
Fuckelia conspicua Marchal, 1921 (a coelomycete) Anamorphic Species     2
Fusariella atrovirens Sacc. (a dematiaceous anamorphic fungus) Anamorphic Species     1
Haplobasidion pavonium (an aquilegia leaf-spot fungus) Anamorphic Species     1
Haplosporella francisci (a coelomycete) Anamorphic Species     1
Harposporium anguillulae Species   1 1
Kienocephala catenulata (Ellis) Kirk (an anamorphic fungus) Anamorphic Species     1
Lasiobolidium spirale (an ascomycete) Species     1
Laterispora brevirama Uecker et al (an anamorphic ascomycete) Anamorphic Species     1
Lobatipedis foliicola Kirk (an anamorphic fungus) Anamorphic Species     1
Moeszia cylindrioides Bub. (an anamorphic fungus) Anamorphic Species     1
Myrmecridium phragmitis Crous, 2011 Anamorphic Species   1 1
Papulospora halima Anastasiou (an ascomycete) Anamorphic Species     1
PEZIZOMYCOTINA O.E. Erikss. & Winka (a subphylum of fungi) Subphylum 5494 subtaxa 2207 19332
Piricularia aquatica (an aeroaquatic hyphomycete) Anamorphic Species   1  
Placosphaerella silvatica Sacc. (a coelomycete) Anamorphic Species     1
Pseudorobillarda (a genus of coelomycetes) Form genus     1
Rachicladosporium pini Crous & Quaedvlieg Anamorphic Species   1 1
Ramulaspera holci-lanati (Cav.) Lind. (an anamorphic fungus) Anamorphic Species     1
Rhexocercosporidium carotae Anamorphic Species     2
SACCHAROMYCOTINA O.E. Erikss. & Winka (a subphylum of fungi) Subphylum 7 subtaxa 10 3
Sphaeridium citrinum Sacc. (an anamorphic fungus) Anamorphic Species     1
Sphaerothyrium filicinium Bub. (a coelomycete) Anamorphic Species     1
Stemmaria aeruginosa Massee (an anamorphic ascomycete) Anamorphic Species     1
Suttoniella arnaudii Anamorphic Species   1 1
Syngliocladium aranearum Petch (an anamorphic fungus) Anamorphic Species     1
TAPHRINOMYCOTINA O.E. Erikss. & Winka (a subphylum of fungi) Subphylum 26 subtaxa 18 91
Teratosperma oligocladium Decker et al (an anamorphic fungus) Anamorphic Species     1
Trichoconis hibernica (an anamorphic fungus) Anamorphic Species     1
Utrechtiana cibiessia Crous & Quaedvlieg, 2011 Anamorphic Species   1 1
Wiesneriomyces laurinus (Tassi) P.M. Kirk (a dematiaceous anamorphic fungus) Anamorphic Species     1
(Coelomycetes) Grove (stem- and leaf-fungi) Informal 1110 subtaxa 81 2288
(Hyphomycetes) Fr. (moulds) Informal 336 subtaxa 190 1079
(Pyrenomycetes) (charcoal fungi) Informal 1315 subtaxa 566 5585

Suggested Literature

Identification Works

Ainsworth, G.C., Sparrow, F.K. & Sussman, A.S. (eds), 1973 The Fungi, An Advanced Treatise: Volume IVA, a taxonomic review with keys: ascomycetes and fungi imperfecti
Swedish Fungi: http://swefungi.se/swindex.html Swedish Fungi
Mikologia: http://www.aranzadi.eus/micologia/a?lang=eu Mikologia
Breitenbach J., & Kränzlin F., 1984 Ascomycetes
Dennis, R.W.G., 1960 British Cup Fungi and their Allies: an Introduction to the Ascomycetes
Dennis, R.W.G., 1978 British Ascomycetes
Dennis, R.W.G., 1981 British Ascomycetes: Addenda and Corrigenda
Ellis, M.B. & J.P., 1998 Microfungi on Miscellaneous Substrates: An Identification Handbook
Ellis, M.B., 1971 (Anamorphic states with pigmented conidia or hyphae.) Dematiaceous Hyphomycetes
Ellis, M.B., 1976 (Anamorphic states with pigmented conidia or hyphae.) More Dematiaceous Hyphomycetes
Hansen, L & Knudsen, H, 2000 Nordic Macromycetes, Vol 1 (Ascomycetes)
Checklist of Larger Ascomycetes from Klodzko Land (Poland): http://wwkk.mikologia.pl/index.php Checklist of Larger Ascomycetes from Klodzko Land (Poland)
Phillips, R., 1981 (A good selection of the larger common species) Mushrooms & other Fungi of Great Britain & Europe
Phillips, R., 2006 (A good selection of the larger common species) Mushrooms
Thompson, P.I., 2013 Ascomycetes in colour - found and photographed in mainland Britain
von Arx, J.A. & Müller, E., translated by Butterfill, G.B., 1969 Keys to the genera of Amerospored and Didymospored Pyrenomycetes
Funghiparadise - where the ascomycetes are at home: https://www.sites.google.com/site/funghiparadise/home Funghiparadise - where the ascomycetes are at home

Aero-aquatic fungi

Descals, E. et al, 1989 Aquatic Hyphomycetes
Ingold, C.T., 1975 (Aquatic anamorphic forms) Guide to Aquatic Hyphomycetes

Dung fungi

Doveri, F., 2007 Fungi Fimicoli Italici: a guide to the recognition of basidiomycetes and ascomycetes living on faecal material
Richardson, M.J. & Watling, R., 1997 Keys to Fungi on Dung
Seifert, K., Kendrick, B. & Murase, G., 1983 (Anamorphic forms) A key to Hyphomycetes on dung

Lichenicolous fungi

Hawksworth, D.L., Atienza, V. & Coppins, B.J., in prep. Artifical Keys to the Lichenicolous Fungi of Great Britain, Ireland, the Channel Islands, Iberian Peninsula, and Canary Islands
Hawksworth, D.L., 1983 A Key to the Lichen-forming, Parasitic, Parasymbiotic and Saprophytic Fungi occurring on Lichens in the British Isles

Plant pathology

Ellis, M.B. & J.P., 1997 Microfungi on Land Plants: An Identification Handbook
Moore, W.C., 1959 British Parasitic Fungi

Software

Laessøe, T. & Peteren, J.H., 2007 Mycokey v2.1
Laessøe, T. & Peteren, J.H., 2008 Mycokey v3.1

General Works

Asco france.fr: http://www.ascofrance.com/forum?page=2 Asco france.fr
Baral, H.O., 1992 Vital versus herbarium taxonomy: morphological differences between living and dead cells of ascomycetes, and their taxonomic implications
Cannon, P.F. & Kirk, P.M., 2000 The philosophy and practicalities of amalgamating anamorph and teleomorph concepts
Cannon, P.F., Hawksworth, D.L., & Sherwood-Pike, M.A., 1985 The British Ascomycotina, an Annotated Checklist
Seifert, K.A. & Samuels, G.J., 2000 How should we look at anamorphs?
Spooner, B., 2002 Update on Roger Phillips' Mushrooms and other fungi of Gt. Britain & Europe, part 5: Ascomycetes

Biodiversity catalogs

Anamorph/Teleomorph Database: http://www.cbs.knaw.nl/databases/anateleo.htm (Anamorph/Teleomorph correspondance) Anamorph/Teleomorph Database

Classic works

Tulasne, L. R. & C., 1861 Selecta fungorum carpologia

Journals

Systema Ascomycetorum Journal

Lab techniques

Iodine reaction in Ascomycetes: why is Lugol's solution superior to Melzer's reagent?: http://www.gbif-mycology.de/HostedSites/Baral/IodineReaction.htm Iodine reaction in Ascomycetes: why is Lugol's solution superior to Melzer's reagent?

Lichenicolous fungi

Fox, H.F., in prep. Census catalogue of the lichenicolous fungi of Ireland
Hawksworth, D.L., 2003 The lichenicolous fungi of Great Britain and Ireland: an overview and annotated checklist
Hawksworth, D.L., 2003 The Lichenicolous Fungi of Great Britain and Ireland: an Overview and Annotated Checklist
Hawksworth, D.L., 2004 Fungi living on lichens: a source of unexplored diversity

Techniques

Ingold, C.T., 2001 Range in size and form of basidiospores and ascospores
Korf, R.P., 1952 Two techniques for showing spore markings in operculate discomycetes

Yeast-like fungi

Hoog, G.S. de, Smith, M.T. & Weijman, A.C.M. (ed), 1987 The expanding realm of yeast-like fungi

ASCOMYCOTA may also be covered by literature listed under:

BIOTA
(living things)
Eukaryota
(eukaryotes)
FUNGI
(true fungi)
Fungi s.l. (via Fungi)

Feeding and other inter-species relationships

ASCOMYCOTA is associated with:

There may be taxa associated with Ascomycota listed at higher taxonomic level

FUNGI
(true fungi)

Associated with ASCOMYCOTA:

Ascomycota may be associated with taxa listed at higher taxonomic level

FUNGI
(true fungi)
Fungi s.l. (via Fungi)

Further Information

Lab. techniques Except for a handful of larger species, microscopic examination is always required to identify ascomycetes. Staining is often necessary to make hyaline tissues and spores visible - the question is what stain to use: as a rule of thumb: if it has asci, use Melzer's Iodine; other hyaline structures can be stained with Congo Red. Anamorphic fungi generally stain well in Cotton Blue, although dematiaceous hyphomycetes generally need no staining.
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