BioInfo (UK)

(Broadleaved trees and shrubs) (broadleaved trees and shrubs)

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Subtaxa (ie subgroups of this Informal)

Taxon Rank #subtaxa #refs #webs

Suggested Literature

General Works

Harding, P.T. & Rose, F., 1986 Pasture woodlands in lowland Britain

(Broadleaved trees and shrubs) may also be covered by literature listed under:

BIOTA
(living things)
Eukaryota
(eukaryotes)
PLANTAE
(plants)
TRACHEOPHYTA
(vascular plants)
MAGNOLIOPSIDA
(flowering plants)

Feeding and other inter-species relationships

Associated with (Broadleaved trees and shrubs):

(fallen, dead) fallen, dead is decayed by superficial or partly immerse perithecium Coniochaeta velutina - a pyrenomycete (Sordariales: Coniochaetaceae) Ellis, M.B. & J.P., 1997
(live) live has sap sucked by Icerya purchasi - Fluted Scale, Cottony Cushion Scale (Hemiptera: Monoplebidae) UK/Ireland Buczacki, S. & Harris, K., 1998
is foodplant of Phyllobius (Dieletus) argentatus - Silver-green Leaf Weevil (Coleoptera: Curculionidae) Morris, M.G., 1997
is foodplant of Phyllobius (Metaphyllobius) glaucus - a leaf weevil (Coleoptera: Curculionidae) Major Morris, M.G., 1997
is foodplant of Phyllobius (Nemoicus) oblongus - Brown Leaf Weevil (Coleoptera: Curculionidae) Morris, M.G., 1997
is foodplant of Phyllobius (Phyllobius) pyri - Common Leaf Weevil (Coleoptera: Curculionidae) Morris, M.G., 1997
is foodplant of Phyllobius (Pterygorrhynchus) maculicornis - Green Leaf Weevil (Coleoptera: Curculionidae) Morris, M.G., 1997
is foodplant of Cryptosphaeria ocellata - a pyrenomycete (Xylariales: Diatrypaceae) UK/Ireland anon., 2007
has sap sucked by Palomena prasina - Green Shieldbug (Hemiptera: Pentatomidae) UK/Ireland Southwood, T.R.E. & Leston, D., 1959
is associate of imago Anthribus nebulosus - a fungus weevil (Coleoptera: Anthribidae) Morris, M.G., 1990
is associate of imago Apion fulvipes - White Clover Seed Weevil (Coleoptera: Apionidae) Morris, M.G., 1990
is associate of Strophosoma capitatum - a weevil (Coleoptera: Curculionidae) Morris, M.G., 1997
is associate of adult Heterotoma planicornis - a capsid bug (Hemiptera: Miridae) UK/Ireland Southwood, T.R.E. & Leston, D., 1959
is associate of nymph Heterotoma planicornis - a capsid bug (Hemiptera: Miridae) UK/Ireland Southwood, T.R.E. & Leston, D., 1959
is associate of fruitbody Conocybe aporos - a conecap (Agaricales: Bolbitiaceae) Legon, N.W. & Henrici, A. with Roberts, P.J., Spooner, B.M. & Watling, R., 2005 [esp. on calcareous soil]
is associate of fruitbody Conocybe dentatomarginata - a conecap (Agaricales: Bolbitiaceae) Legon, N.W. & Henrici, A. with Roberts, P.J., Spooner, B.M. & Watling, R., 2005
is associate of fruitbody Conocybe macrocephala - a conecap (Agaricales: Bolbitiaceae) Legon, N.W. & Henrici, A. with Roberts, P.J., Spooner, B.M. & Watling, R., 2005
is associate of fruitbody Conocybe merdaria - a conecap (Agaricales: Bolbitiaceae) Legon, N.W. & Henrici, A. with Roberts, P.J., Spooner, B.M. & Watling, R., 2005 [on nitrogenous soil]
is associate of fruitbody Conocybe blattaria - a conecap (Agaricales: Bolbitiaceae) Legon, N.W. & Henrici, A. with Roberts, P.J., Spooner, B.M. & Watling, R., 2005
is associate of fruitbody Conocybe velata - a conecap (Agaricales: Bolbitiaceae) Legon, N.W. & Henrici, A. with Roberts, P.J., Spooner, B.M. & Watling, R., 2005
is associate of fruitbody Entoloma sericeoides - a toadstool (Agaricales: Entolomataceae) Legon, N.W. & Henrici, A. with Roberts, P.J., Spooner, B.M. & Watling, R., 2005 [on soil]
is associate of fruitbody Rhodocybe gemina - a toadstool (Agaricales: Entolomataceae) Major Legon, N.W. & Henrici, A. with Roberts, P.J., Spooner, B.M. & Watling, R., 2005 [on nitrogenous soil]
is associate of basidiome Camarophyllopsis foetens - a fanvault (Agaricales: Hygrophoraceae) Major Legon, N.W. & Henrici, A. with Roberts, P.J., Spooner, B.M. & Watling, R., 2005
is associate of basidiome Camarophyllopsis micacea - a fanvault (Agaricales: Hygrophoraceae) Legon, N.W. & Henrici, A. with Roberts, P.J., Spooner, B.M. & Watling, R., 2005
is associate of fruitbody Flammulaster granulosus - a toadstool (Agaricales: Inocybaceae) Legon, N.W. & Henrici, A. with Roberts, P.J., Spooner, B.M. & Watling, R., 2005 [on soil]
is associate of fruitbody Lyophyllum decastes - Clustered Domecap (Agaricales: Lyophyllaceae) Legon, N.W. & Henrici, A. with Roberts, P.J., Spooner, B.M. & Watling, R., 2005
is associate of fruitbody Lyophyllum fumosum - a domecap (Agaricales: Lyophyllaceae) Legon, N.W. & Henrici, A. with Roberts, P.J., Spooner, B.M. & Watling, R., 2005
is associate of fruitbody Lepista saeva - Field Blewit, Blue Leg (Agaricales: Tricholomataceae) Legon, N.W. & Henrici, A. with Roberts, P.J., Spooner, B.M. & Watling, R., 2005
is associate of fruitbody Leucopaxillus rhodoleucus - a funnel (Agaricales: Tricholomataceae) Legon, N.W. & Henrici, A. with Roberts, P.J., Spooner, B.M. & Watling, R., 2005
is associate of fruitbody Geastrum striatum - Striate Earthstar (Geastrales: Geastraceae) Legon, N.W. & Henrici, A. with Roberts, P.J., Spooner, B.M. & Watling, R., 2005 [on soil]
is associate of fruitbody Geastrum triplex - Collared Earthstar (Geastrales: Geastraceae) Major Legon, N.W. & Henrici, A. with Roberts, P.J., Spooner, B.M. & Watling, R., 2005 [on soil or humus or among leaf litter]
may have adult Clytra quadripunctata - a leaf beetle (Coleoptera: Chrysomelidae) Cox, M.L., 2007
may have Aeolothrips melaleucus - a thrips (Thysanoptera: Aeolothripidae) Mound L.A., Morison, G.D., Pitkin, B.R. & Palmer, J.M., 1976
may have Aeolothrips versicolor - a thrips (Thysanoptera: Aeolothripidae) Mound L.A., Morison, G.D., Pitkin, B.R. & Palmer, J.M., 1976
bark (dead, attached) dead, attached bark is decayed by fruitbody Hymenochaete cinnamomea - a resupinate fungus (Hymenochaetales: Hymenochaetaceae) Legon, N.W. & Henrici, A. with Roberts, P.J., Spooner, B.M. & Watling, R., 2005
bark (dead, decayed) dead, decayed bark is decayed by fruitbody Basidioradulum radula - Toothed Crust (Hymenochaetales: Schizoporaceae) UK/Ireland Legon, N.W. & Henrici, A. with Roberts, P.J., Spooner, B.M. & Watling, R., 2005
bark (dead, fallen) dead, fallen bark is decayed by fruitbody Hymenochaete cinnamomea - a resupinate fungus (Hymenochaetales: Hymenochaetaceae) Legon, N.W. & Henrici, A. with Roberts, P.J., Spooner, B.M. & Watling, R., 2005
bark (dead) dead bark is decayed by stalked, soon disintegrating apothecium Sclerophora pallida - a lichen (Coniocybaceae) Ellis, M.B. & J.P., 1997
bark (dead) dead bark is decayed by erumpent, becoming superficial apothecium Stictis friabilis - a discomycete (Ostropales: Stictidaceae) Ellis, M.B. & J.P., 1997
bark bark is decayed by effuse colony of Camposporium dematiaceous anamorph Camposporium pellucidum - a dematiaceous anamorphic fungus Ellis, M.B. & J.P., 1997
bark bark is decayed by subiculate pseudothecia Byssolophis sphaerioides - an ascomycete (Pleosporales: Lophiostomataceae) Ellis, M.B. & J.P., 1997
bark bark is decayed by fruitbody Dendrothele commixta - a basidiomycete fungus (Polyporales: Corticiaceae) UK/Ireland Legon, N.W. & Henrici, A. with Roberts, P.J., Spooner, B.M. & Watling, R., 2005
bark bark may shelter hibernating adult Bruchus rufimanus - Bean Beetle, Bean Seed Beetle (Coleoptera: Chrysomelidae) Cox, M.L., 2007
bark bark may shelter puparium Phaonia canescens - a muscid fly (Diptera: Muscidae) UK/Ireland Fonseca, E.C.M. d’Assis, 1968
bark bark may shelter puparium Phaonia gobertii - a muscid fly (Diptera: Muscidae) UK/Ireland Fonseca, E.C.M. d’Assis, 1968
bark bark may shelter puparium Phaonia mystica - a muscid fly (Diptera: Muscidae) Fonseca, E.C.M. d’Assis, 1968
bark bark may shelter adult Aneurus (Aneurodes) avenius - a flat bark bug (Hemiptera: Aradidae) Southwood, T.R.E. & Leston, D., 1959
bark bark may shelter female Xylaplothrips fuliginosus - a thrips (Thysanoptera: Phlaeothripidae) Mound L.A., Morison, G.D., Pitkin, B.R. & Palmer, J.M., 1976
bark bark may shelter larva Xylaplothrips fuliginosus - a thrips (Thysanoptera: Phlaeothripidae) Mound L.A., Morison, G.D., Pitkin, B.R. & Palmer, J.M., 1976
bark bark may shelter male Xylaplothrips fuliginosus - a thrips (Thysanoptera: Phlaeothripidae) Mound L.A., Morison, G.D., Pitkin, B.R. & Palmer, J.M., 1976
bough (small) (dead) dead bough (small) is associate of adult Aneurus (Aneurodes) avenius - a flat bark bug (Hemiptera: Aradidae) Southwood, T.R.E. & Leston, D., 1959
branch (dad) dad branch may have larva Hoplandrothrips bidens - a thrips (Thysanoptera: Phlaeothripidae) Mound L.A., Morison, G.D., Pitkin, B.R. & Palmer, J.M., 1976
branch (dad) dad branch may have male Hoplandrothrips bidens - a thrips (Thysanoptera: Phlaeothripidae) Mound L.A., Morison, G.D., Pitkin, B.R. & Palmer, J.M., 1976
branch (dad) dad branch may have female Hoplandrothrips bidens - a thrips (Thysanoptera: Phlaeothripidae) Mound L.A., Morison, G.D., Pitkin, B.R. & Palmer, J.M., 1976
branch (dead, attached) dead, attached branch is decayed by fruitbody Phellinus ferreus - Cinnamon Porecrust (Hymenochaetales: Hymenochaetaceae) Legon, N.W. & Henrici, A. with Roberts, P.J., Spooner, B.M. & Watling, R., 2005
branch (dead, fallen, decayed) dead, fallen, decayed branch is decayed by fruitbody Typhula spathulata - a minute club fungus (Agaricales: Typhulaceae) Legon, N.W. & Henrici, A. with Roberts, P.J., Spooner, B.M. & Watling, R., 2005
branch (dead, fallen, decayed) dead, fallen, decayed branch is decayed by fruitbody Skeletocutis nivea - Hazel Bracket (Polyporales: Polyporaceae) Legon, N.W. & Henrici, A. with Roberts, P.J., Spooner, B.M. & Watling, R., 2005
branch (dead, fallen) dead, fallen branch is decayed by stalked apothecium Hymenoscyphus calyculus - a discomycete (Helotiales: Helotiaceae) Ellis, M.B. & J.P., 1997
branch (dead, fallen) dead, fallen branch is decayed by fruitbody Phellinus ferreus - Cinnamon Porecrust (Hymenochaetales: Hymenochaetaceae) Legon, N.W. & Henrici, A. with Roberts, P.J., Spooner, B.M. & Watling, R., 2005
branch (dead, fallen) dead, fallen branch is decayed by fruitbody Trametes hirsuta - Hairy Bracket (Polyporales: Polyporaceae) Legon, N.W. & Henrici, A. with Roberts, P.J., Spooner, B.M. & Watling, R., 2005 [esp. calcareous soil]
branch (dead, soft, decayed) dead, soft, decayed branch is decayed by fruitbody Stypella legonii - a jelly fungus (Auriculariales) Legon, N.W. & Henrici, A. with Roberts, P.J., Spooner, B.M. & Watling, R., 2005 [on, or inside, rotten wood]
branch (dead, white-rotten) dead, white-rotten branch is decayed by fruitbody Trametes versicolor - Turkeytail (Polyporales: Polyporaceae) Legon, N.W. & Henrici, A. with Roberts, P.J., Spooner, B.M. & Watling, R., 2005 [weakly parasitic then saprobic]
branch (dead) dead branch may contain larva Tetrops praeustus - Plum Longhorn Beetle, Plum Beetle (Coleoptera: Cerambycidae) Duff, A. (Illust: Lewington, R.), 2007
branch (dead) dead branch is decayed by hysterothecium Gloniopsis praelonga - an ascomycete (Hysteriales: Hysteriaceae) UK/Ireland Ellis, M.B. & J.P., 1997
branch (dead) dead branch is decayed by sessile apothecium Mollisia melaleuca - a discomycete (Helotiales: Dermateaceae) Ellis, M.B. & J.P., 1997
branch (dead) dead branch is decayed by erumpent, sessile apothecium Velutarina rufo-olivacea - a discomycete (Helotiales: Helotiaceae) Ellis, M.B. & J.P., 1997
branch (dead) dead branch is decayed by apothecium Dematioscypha dematiicola - a discomycete (Helotiales: Hyaloscyphaceae) Ellis, M.B. & J.P., 1997
branch (dead) dead branch is decayed by effuse colony of Haplographium dematiaceous anamorph Dematioscypha dematiicola - a discomycete (Helotiales: Hyaloscyphaceae) Ellis, M.B. & J.P., 1997
branch (dead) dead branch is decayed by apothecium Hyalopeziza millepunctata - a discomycete (Helotiales: Hyaloscyphaceae) Ellis, M.B. & J.P., 1997
branch (dead) dead branch is decayed by somewhat short-stalked apothecium Lachnum corticale - a discomycete (Helotiales: Hyaloscyphaceae) UK/Ireland Ellis, M.B. & J.P., 1997
branch (dead) dead branch is decayed by fasciculate apothecium Lachnum fasciculare - a discomycete (Helotiales: Hyaloscyphaceae) Ellis, M.B. & J.P., 1997
branch (dead) dead branch is decayed by immersed, exposed by peeling back or shedding of host periderm apothecium Propolis farinosa - an ascomycete (Rhytismatales: Rhytismataceae) Ellis, M.B. & J.P., 1997
branch (dead) dead branch is decayed by superficial perithecium Nectria pseudopeziza - a pyrenomycete (Hypocreales: Nectriaceae) Ellis, M.B. & J.P., 1997
branch (dead) dead branch is decayed by subcortical stroma Eutypella scoparia - a stromatic pyrenomycete (Xylariales: Diatrypaceae) Ellis, M.B. & J.P., 1997 [under bark]
branch (dead) dead branch is decayed by subcortical synnema of Harpographium anamorph Eutypella scoparia - a stromatic pyrenomycete (Xylariales: Diatrypaceae) Ellis, M.B. & J.P., 1997 [under bark]
branch (dead) dead branch is decayed by subcortical, immersed, in clusters of 7-15, erumpent necked perithecium Eutypella scoparia - a stromatic pyrenomycete (Xylariales: Diatrypaceae) Ellis, M.B. & J.P., 1997 [under bark]
branch (dead) dead branch is associate of basidiocarp Tremella globispora - a brain fungus (Tremellales: Tremellaceae) Legon, N.W. & Henrici, A. with Roberts, P.J., Spooner, B.M. & Watling, R., 2005
branch (dead) dead branch is associate of basidiocarp Tremella indecorata - a brain fungus (Tremellales: Tremellaceae) Legon, N.W. & Henrici, A. with Roberts, P.J., Spooner, B.M. & Watling, R., 2005
branch (dead) dead branch may have Acanthothrips nodicornis - a fungus thrips (Thysanoptera: Phlaeothripidae) Mound L.A., Morison, G.D., Pitkin, B.R. & Palmer, J.M., 1976
branch (dead) dead branch may have female macropter Cryptothrips nigripes - a thrips (Thysanoptera: Phlaeothripidae) Mound L.A., Morison, G.D., Pitkin, B.R. & Palmer, J.M., 1976
branch (dead) dead branch may have female micropter Cryptothrips nigripes - a thrips (Thysanoptera: Phlaeothripidae) Mound L.A., Morison, G.D., Pitkin, B.R. & Palmer, J.M., 1976
branch (dead) dead branch may have male micropter Cryptothrips nigripes - a thrips (Thysanoptera: Phlaeothripidae) Mound L.A., Morison, G.D., Pitkin, B.R. & Palmer, J.M., 1976
branch (dead) dead branch may have larva Cryptothrips nigripes - a thrips (Thysanoptera: Phlaeothripidae) Mound L.A., Morison, G.D., Pitkin, B.R. & Palmer, J.M., 1976
branch (dead) dead branch may have female macropter Maderothrips longisetis - a thrips (Thysanoptera: Phlaeothripidae) Mound L.A., Morison, G.D., Pitkin, B.R. & Palmer, J.M., 1976
branch (dead) dead branch may have male micropter Maderothrips longisetis - a thrips (Thysanoptera: Phlaeothripidae) Mound L.A., Morison, G.D., Pitkin, B.R. & Palmer, J.M., 1976
branch (dead) dead branch may have larva Maderothrips longisetis - a thrips (Thysanoptera: Phlaeothripidae) Mound L.A., Morison, G.D., Pitkin, B.R. & Palmer, J.M., 1976
branch (dead) dead branch may have male Phlaeothrips coriaceus - a thrips (Thysanoptera: Phlaeothripidae) Mound L.A., Morison, G.D., Pitkin, B.R. & Palmer, J.M., 1976
branch (dead) dead branch may have female Phlaeothrips coriaceus - a thrips (Thysanoptera: Phlaeothripidae) Mound L.A., Morison, G.D., Pitkin, B.R. & Palmer, J.M., 1976
branch (dead) dead branch may have male micropter Poecilothrips albopictus - a thrips (Thysanoptera: Phlaeothripidae) Mound L.A., Morison, G.D., Pitkin, B.R. & Palmer, J.M., 1976
branch (dead) dead branch may have female macropter Poecilothrips albopictus - a thrips (Thysanoptera: Phlaeothripidae) Mound L.A., Morison, G.D., Pitkin, B.R. & Palmer, J.M., 1976
branch (dead) dead branch may have larva Poecilothrips albopictus - a thrips (Thysanoptera: Phlaeothripidae) Mound L.A., Morison, G.D., Pitkin, B.R. & Palmer, J.M., 1976
branch (fallen, lying in grass or partly buried) fallen, lying in grass or partly buried branch is decayed by long slender stalked apothecium Lachnum pygmaeum - a discomycete (Helotiales: Hyaloscyphaceae) Ellis, M.B. & J.P., 1997 [lying in grass or partly buried in soil]
branch (fallen) fallen branch is decayed by resupinate fruitbody Eichleriella deglubens - a jelly fungus (Auriculariales: Auriculariaceae) Legon, N.W. & Henrici, A. with Roberts, P.J., Spooner, B.M. & Watling, R., 2005
branch (live) live branch is parasitised by fruitbody Trametes versicolor - Turkeytail (Polyporales: Polyporaceae) Legon, N.W. & Henrici, A. with Roberts, P.J., Spooner, B.M. & Watling, R., 2005 [weakly parasitic then saprobic]
branch (live) live branch is decayed by densely encrusting Lepidosaphes ulmi - Mussel Scale (Hemiptera: Coccidae) Buczacki, S. & Harris, K., 1998
branch (living) living branch is parasitised by fruitbody Phellinus ferreus - Cinnamon Porecrust (Hymenochaetales: Hymenochaetaceae) Legon, N.W. & Henrici, A. with Roberts, P.J., Spooner, B.M. & Watling, R., 2005 [weakly parasitic]
branch (moribund) moribund branch may contain larva Tetrops praeustus - Plum Longhorn Beetle, Plum Beetle (Coleoptera: Cerambycidae) Duff, A. (Illust: Lewington, R.), 2007
branch (small, decorticated, fallen) small, decorticated, fallen branch may have epiphytic fruitbody Antrodia albida - a bracket fungus (Polyporales: Fomitopsidaceae) UK/Ireland Legon, N.W. & Henrici, A. with Roberts, P.J., Spooner, B.M. & Watling, R., 2005
branch (small) (dead, attached) dead, attached branch (small) is decayed by fruitbody Macrotyphula fistulosa var. contorta - a pipe club (Agaricales: Typhulaceae) Legon, N.W. & Henrici, A. with Roberts, P.J., Spooner, B.M. & Watling, R., 2005
branch (small) (dead, attached) dead, attached branch (small) is decayed by fruitbody Peniophora incarnata - Rosy Crust (Russulales: Peniophoraceae) Legon, N.W. & Henrici, A. with Roberts, P.J., Spooner, B.M. & Watling, R., 2005
branch (small) (dead) dead branch (small) is decayed by fruitbody Lachnella alboviolascens - a cyphelloid fungus (Agaricales: Niaceae) Legon, N.W. & Henrici, A. with Roberts, P.J., Spooner, B.M. & Watling, R., 2005
branch (thin) (dead, fallen, decayed) dead, fallen, decayed branch (thin) is decayed by fruitbody Postia subcaesia - Blueing Bracket (Polyporales: Fomitopsidaceae) Legon, N.W. & Henrici, A. with Roberts, P.J., Spooner, B.M. & Watling, R., 2005
branch wood (dry, hard, decorticate) dry, hard, decorticate branch wood is decayed by superficial pycnidium of Aposphaeria coelomycetous anamorph Melanomma pulvis-pyrius - an ascomycete (Pleosporales: Melanommataceae) Ellis, M.B. & J.P., 1997
branch wood (dry, hard, decorticate) dry, hard, decorticate branch wood is decayed by superficial, often in very large clusters pseudothecium Melanomma pulvis-pyrius - an ascomycete (Pleosporales: Melanommataceae) Ellis, M.B. & J.P., 1997
branch branch is decayed by immersed, grouped in circles perithecium Valsa ambiens - a valsoid pyrenomycete (Diaporthales: Valsaceae) Ellis, M.B. & J.P., 1997 [extending uniformly along the whole length of twigs and branches]
branch branch is decayed by subgregarious to densely scattered, covered then erumpent, blackish grey with paler roundish flat disc stroma of Cytospora coelomycetous anamorph Valsa ambiens - a valsoid pyrenomycete (Diaporthales: Valsaceae) Ellis, M.B. & J.P., 1997 [extending uniformly along the whole length of twigs and branches]
branch branch is decayed by erumpent stroma of Cytospora coelomycetous anamorph Valsa ceratosperma - a valsoid pyrenomycete (Diaporthales: Valsaceae) Ellis, M.B. & J.P., 1997
branch branch is decayed by immersed, in groups of about 10 perithecium Valsa ceratosperma - a valsoid pyrenomycete (Diaporthales: Valsaceae) Ellis, M.B. & J.P., 1997
bud (live) live bud may contain caterpillar Zeuzera pyrina - Leopard Moth (Lepidoptera: Cossidae) Buczacki, S. & Harris, K., 1998
bud bud is foodplant of nymph Heterotoma planicornis - a capsid bug (Hemiptera: Miridae) UK/Ireland Southwood, T.R.E. & Leston, D., 1959
bud bud is foodplant of adult Heterotoma planicornis - a capsid bug (Hemiptera: Miridae) UK/Ireland Southwood, T.R.E. & Leston, D., 1959
collar (necrotic) necrotic collar may be infected and damaged by Phytophthora cambivora - a blight (a cause of Ink Disease) (Peronosporales: Peronosporaceae) UK/Ireland Webber, J., Gibbs, J. & Hendry, S., 2004,
Brasier, C., 1999
collar (necrotic) necrotic collar may be infected and damaged by Phytophthora cinnamomi - a blight (a cause of Ink Disease) (Peronosporales: Peronosporaceae) UK/Ireland Brasier, C., 1999
cone (dead) dead cone is decayed by long stalked apothecium Lachnum virgineum - Snowy Disco (Helotiales: Hyaloscyphaceae) Ellis, M.B. & J.P., 1997
cupule (dead) dead cupule is decayed by long stalked apothecium Lachnum virgineum - Snowy Disco (Helotiales: Hyaloscyphaceae) Ellis, M.B. & J.P., 1997
debris (dead) dead debris is decayed by long stalked apothecium Lachnum virgineum - Snowy Disco (Helotiales: Hyaloscyphaceae) Ellis, M.B. & J.P., 1997
flower flower may have adult Cryptocephalus labiatus - a leaf beetle (Coleoptera: Chrysomelidae) Cox, M.L., 2007
fruit (unripe) fruit (unripe) is foodplant of nymph Heterotoma planicornis - a capsid bug (Hemiptera: Miridae) UK/Ireland Southwood, T.R.E. & Leston, D., 1959
fruit (unripe) fruit (unripe) is foodplant of adult Heterotoma planicornis - a capsid bug (Hemiptera: Miridae) UK/Ireland Southwood, T.R.E. & Leston, D., 1959
leaf (dead, fallen, decayed) dead, fallen, decayed leaf is decayed by fruitbody Flammulaster carpophilus var. rhombosporus - a toadstool (Agaricales: Inocybaceae) Foreign Legon, N.W. & Henrici, A. with Roberts, P.J., Spooner, B.M. & Watling, R., 2005
leaf (dead, fallen, decaying) dead, fallen, decaying leaf is decayed by fruitbody Marasmius epiphyllus - Leaf Parachute (Agaricales: Marasmiaceae) Legon, N.W. & Henrici, A. with Roberts, P.J., Spooner, B.M. & Watling, R., 2005
leaf (dead, recently exposed) dead, recently exposed leaf is decayed by fertile colony of Helicodendron anamorph Helicoön fuscosporum - a dematiaceous anamorphic fungus (Pleosporales: Tubeufiaceae) UK/Ireland Glen-bott, J.I., 1951
leaf (dead, recently exposed) dead, recently exposed leaf is decayed by fertile colony of Helicodendron anamorph Helicodendron hyalinum - an aero-aquatic anamorphic fungus (Helotiales: Helotiaceae) UK/Ireland Glen-bott, J.I., 1951
leaf (dead, recently exposed) dead, recently exposed leaf is decayed by fertile colony of Helicodendron anamorph Helicodendron triglitziense - an aero-aquatic anamorphic fungus (Helotiales: Helotiaceae) UK/Ireland Glen-bott, J.I., 1951
leaf (dead, recently exposed) dead, recently exposed leaf is decayed by fertile colony of Clathrosphaerina anamorph Hyaloscypha zalewskii - a discomycete (Helotiales: Hyaloscyphaceae) UK/Ireland Glen-bott, J.I., 1951
leaf (dead, recently exposed) dead, recently exposed leaf is decayed by fertile colony of Helicodendron anamorph Lambertella tubulosa - an ascomycete (Helotiales: Rutstroemiaceae) UK/Ireland Glen-bott, J.I., 1951
leaf (dead, submerged) dead, submerged leaf is decayed by sterile colony of Helicodendron anamorph Helicoön fuscosporum - a dematiaceous anamorphic fungus (Pleosporales: Tubeufiaceae) UK/Ireland Glen-bott, J.I., 1951
leaf (dead, submerged) dead, submerged leaf is decayed by sterile colony of Helicodendron anamorph Helicodendron hyalinum - an aero-aquatic anamorphic fungus (Helotiales: Helotiaceae) UK/Ireland Glen-bott, J.I., 1951
leaf (dead, submerged) dead, submerged leaf is decayed by sterile colony of Helicodendron anamorph Helicodendron triglitziense - an aero-aquatic anamorphic fungus (Helotiales: Helotiaceae) UK/Ireland Glen-bott, J.I., 1951
leaf (dead, submerged) dead, submerged leaf is decayed by sterile colony of Clathrosphaerina anamorph Hyaloscypha zalewskii - a discomycete (Helotiales: Hyaloscyphaceae) UK/Ireland Glen-bott, J.I., 1951
leaf (dead, submerged) dead, submerged leaf is decayed by sterile colony of Helicodendron anamorph Lambertella tubulosa - an ascomycete (Helotiales: Rutstroemiaceae) UK/Ireland Glen-bott, J.I., 1951
leaf (dead) dead leaf is decayed by effuse colony of Belemnospora dematiaceous anamorph Belemnospora epiphylla - a dematiaceous anamorphic fungus Ellis, M.B. & J.P., 1997
leaf (dead) dead leaf is decayed by long stalked apothecium Lachnum virgineum - Snowy Disco (Helotiales: Hyaloscyphaceae) Ellis, M.B. & J.P., 1997
leaf (fallen, decayed) fallen, decayed leaf is decayed by fruitbody Athelia arachnoidea - a resupinate fungus (Polyporales: Atheliaceae) UK/Ireland Legon, N.W. & Henrici, A. with Roberts, P.J., Spooner, B.M. & Watling, R., 2005
leaf (fallen, usually decayed) fallen, usually decayed leaf is decayed by fruitbody Phaeogalera dissimulans - a toadstool (Agaricales: Strophariaceae) Legon, N.W. & Henrici, A. with Roberts, P.J., Spooner, B.M. & Watling, R., 2005
leaf (live) live leaf is grazed by caterpillar Biston betularia - Peppered Moth (Lepidoptera: Geometridae) Buczacki, S. & Harris, K., 1998
leaf (live) live leaf is grazed by caterpillar Phalera bucephala - Buff-tip Moth (Lepidoptera: Notodontidae) Buczacki, S. & Harris, K., 1998
leaf (living) living leaf may have epiphytic fruitbody Athelia arachnoidea - a resupinate fungus (Polyporales: Atheliaceae) UK/Ireland Legon, N.W. & Henrici, A. with Roberts, P.J., Spooner, B.M. & Watling, R., 2005
leaf (rotting) rotting leaf is decayed by apothecium Hymenoscyphus albopunctus - a discomycete (Helotiales: Helotiaceae) Ellis, M.B. & J.P., 1997
leaf (young) (live) live leaf (young) may have Thrips fuscipennis - Rose Thrips (Thysanoptera: Thripidae) Mound L.A., Morison, G.D., Pitkin, B.R. & Palmer, J.M., 1976
leaf edge (live) live leaf edge is grazed by gregarious larva Craesus septentrionalis - Hazel Sawfly, Birch Sawfly (Hymenoptera: Tenthredinidae) Benson, R.B., 1958
leaf, litter (dead, decayed) dead, decayed leaf of litter is decayed by fruitbody Leucoagaricus pilatianus - a dapperling (Agaricales: Agaricaceae) Legon, N.W. & Henrici, A. with Roberts, P.J., Spooner, B.M. & Watling, R., 2005
leaf, litter (dead, decayed) dead, decayed leaf of litter is decayed by fruitbody Leucoagaricus serenus - a dapperling (Agaricales: Agaricaceae) Legon, N.W. & Henrici, A. with Roberts, P.J., Spooner, B.M. & Watling, R., 2005
leaf, litter (dead, decayed) dead, decayed leaf of litter is decayed by fruitbody Leucoagaricus sublittoralis - a dapperling (Agaricales: Agaricaceae) Legon, N.W. & Henrici, A. with Roberts, P.J., Spooner, B.M. & Watling, R., 2005 [often calcareous soil, also fen]
leaf, litter (dead, decayed) dead, decayed leaf of litter is decayed by fruitbody Leucoagaricus tener - a dapperling (Agaricales: Agaricaceae) Legon, N.W. & Henrici, A. with Roberts, P.J., Spooner, B.M. & Watling, R., 2005
leaf, litter (dead, decayed) dead, decayed leaf of litter is decayed by fruitbody Leucoagaricus wichanskyi - a dapperling (Agaricales: Agaricaceae) Legon, N.W. & Henrici, A. with Roberts, P.J., Spooner, B.M. & Watling, R., 2005 [esp. calcareous soil]
leaf, litter (dead, fallen, decaying) dead, fallen, decaying leaf of litter is decayed by toadstool Mycena stylobates - Bulbous Bonnet (Agaricales: Mycenaceae) Legon, N.W. & Henrici, A. with Roberts, P.J., Spooner, B.M. & Watling, R., 2005
leaf leaf has sap sucked by adult Acanthosoma haemorrhoidale - Hawthorn Shieldbug (Hemiptera: Acanthosomatidae) Southwood, T.R.E. & Leston, D., 1959
leaves (fallen) fallen leaves may shelter larva Phaonia gobertii - a muscid fly (Diptera: Muscidae) UK/Ireland Fonseca, E.C.M. d’Assis, 1968
litter litter is decayed by effuse colony of Camposporium dematiaceous anamorph Camposporium cambrense - a dematiaceous anamorphic fungus Ellis, M.B. & J.P., 1997
litter litter is decayed by effuse colony of Camposporium dematiaceous anamorph Camposporium pellucidum - a dematiaceous anamorphic fungus Ellis, M.B. & J.P., 1997
litter litter is decayed by sessile or subsessile apothecium Hymenoscyphus epiphyllus - a discomycete (Helotiales: Helotiaceae) Ellis, M.B. & J.P., 1997
log (large) (dead, soft, decayed) dead, soft, decayed log (large) is decayed by fruitbody Stypella legonii - a jelly fungus (Auriculariales) Legon, N.W. & Henrici, A. with Roberts, P.J., Spooner, B.M. & Watling, R., 2005 [on, or inside, rotten wood]
plant (live) live plant may be infected and damaged by fruitbody Armillaria gallica - Bulbous Honey Fungus (Agaricales: Physalacriaceae) UK/Ireland Major Buczacki, S. & Harris, K., 1998 [causes a soft wet brown rot which eventually becomes fibrous, stringy and white, often mixed with flaky white material],
Legon, N.W. & Henrici, A. with Roberts, P.J., Spooner, B.M. & Watling, R., 2005 [weakly parasitic then saprobic]
plant (live) live plant may be infected and damaged by fruitbody Armillaria mellea - Honey Fungus (Agaricales: Physalacriaceae) UK/Ireland Major Buczacki, S. & Harris, K., 1998 [causes a soft wet brown rot which eventually becomes fibrous, stringy and white, often mixed with flaky white material],
Legon, N.W. & Henrici, A. with Roberts, P.J., Spooner, B.M. & Watling, R., 2005 [virulently parasitic then saprobic]
root (necrotic) necrotic root may be infected and damaged by Phytophthora cambivora - a blight (a cause of Ink Disease) (Peronosporales: Peronosporaceae) UK/Ireland Webber, J., Gibbs, J. & Hendry, S., 2004,
Brasier, C., 1999
root (necrotic) necrotic root may be infected and damaged by Phytophthora cinnamomi - a blight (a cause of Ink Disease) (Peronosporales: Peronosporaceae) UK/Ireland Brasier, C., 1999
root (white, rotting) white, rotting root is decayed by grouped, thinly subiculate perithecium Rosellinia necatrix - White Root Rot - causative organism (Xylariales: Xylariaceae) UK/Ireland anon., 2007,
Ellis, M.B. & J.P., 1997
root (white, rotting) white, rotting root is decayed by Dermatophora dematiaceous anamorph Rosellinia necatrix - White Root Rot - causative organism (Xylariales: Xylariaceae) UK/Ireland anon., 2007,
Ellis, M.B. & J.P., 1997
root bark (dead) dead root bark is decayed by stalked, soon disintegrating apothecium Sclerophora pallida - a lichen (Coniocybaceae) Ellis, M.B. & J.P., 1997
root root is parasitised by underground rhizome Lathraea squamaria - Toothwort (Lamiales: Orobanchaceae) Clapham, A.R., Tutin, T.G. & Moore, D.M., 1985 [on good, moist soil],
Stace, C., 1997
soil (burnt) burnt soil is associate of fruitbody Gymnopilus odini - a rustgill (Agaricales: Strophariaceae) Legon, N.W. & Henrici, A. with Roberts, P.J., Spooner, B.M. & Watling, R., 2005
soil, tree soil of tree is decayed by fruitbody Lepiota forquignonii - a dapperling (Agaricales: Agaricaceae) Legon, N.W. & Henrici, A. with Roberts, P.J., Spooner, B.M. & Watling, R., 2005 [esp calcareous soil]
soil, tree soil of tree is decayed by fruitbody Lepiota griseovirens - a dapperling (Agaricales: Agaricaceae) Major Legon, N.W. & Henrici, A. with Roberts, P.J., Spooner, B.M. & Watling, R., 2005
soil, tree soil of tree is decayed by fruitbody Lepiota lilacea - a dapperling (Agaricales: Agaricaceae) Legon, N.W. & Henrici, A. with Roberts, P.J., Spooner, B.M. & Watling, R., 2005
stem (dead) dead stem is decayed by long stalked apothecium Lachnum virgineum - Snowy Disco (Helotiales: Hyaloscyphaceae) Ellis, M.B. & J.P., 1997
stem (live) live stem is swollen by stroma Cryptomyces maximus - Willow Blister (Rhytismatales: Rhytismataceae) UK/Ireland anon., 2007 [causes cankers]
stem (woody) (live) live stem (woody) is decayed by densely encrusting Lepidosaphes ulmi - Mussel Scale (Hemiptera: Coccidae) Buczacki, S. & Harris, K., 1998
stem (wounded) wounded stem is parasitised by fruitbody Hypochnicium bombycinum - a resupinate basidiomycete (Polyporales: Meruliaceae) anon., 2007
stick (dead, fallen, decayed) dead, fallen, decayed stick is decayed by fruitbody Typhula spathulata - a minute club fungus (Agaricales: Typhulaceae) Legon, N.W. & Henrici, A. with Roberts, P.J., Spooner, B.M. & Watling, R., 2005
stick (dead, fallen, decayed) dead, fallen, decayed stick is decayed by fruitbody Postia subcaesia - Blueing Bracket (Polyporales: Fomitopsidaceae) Legon, N.W. & Henrici, A. with Roberts, P.J., Spooner, B.M. & Watling, R., 2005
stick (dead, fallen, decayed) dead, fallen, decayed stick is decayed by fruitbody Skeletocutis nivea - Hazel Bracket (Polyporales: Polyporaceae) Legon, N.W. & Henrici, A. with Roberts, P.J., Spooner, B.M. & Watling, R., 2005
stick (dead, fallen, partly buried) dead, fallen, partly buried stick is decayed by fruitbody Haasiella venustissima - a toadstool (Agaricales: Tricholomataceae) UK/Ireland Legon, N.W. & Henrici, A. with Roberts, P.J., Spooner, B.M. & Watling, R., 2005 [or on soil]
stump (large) (dead, decayed) dead, decayed stump (large) is decayed by fruitbody Trametes gibbosa - Lumpy Bracket (Polyporales: Polyporaceae) Legon, N.W. & Henrici, A. with Roberts, P.J., Spooner, B.M. & Watling, R., 2005
stump (large) (dead) dead stump (large) is decayed by fruitbody Volvariella bombycina - Silky Rosegill (Agaricales: Pluteaceae) Legon, N.W. & Henrici, A. with Roberts, P.J., Spooner, B.M. & Watling, R., 2005
stump (large) (dead) dead stump (large) is decayed by fruitbody Trametes hirsuta - Hairy Bracket (Polyporales: Polyporaceae) Legon, N.W. & Henrici, A. with Roberts, P.J., Spooner, B.M. & Watling, R., 2005 [esp. calcareous soil]
trunk (dead, fallen, soft, decayed) dead, fallen, soft, decayed trunk is decayed by fruitbody Stypella legonii - a jelly fungus (Auriculariales) Legon, N.W. & Henrici, A. with Roberts, P.J., Spooner, B.M. & Watling, R., 2005 [on, or inside, rotten wood]
trunk (dead, fallen) dead, fallen trunk is decayed by fruitbody Phellinus ferreus - Cinnamon Porecrust (Hymenochaetales: Hymenochaetaceae) Legon, N.W. & Henrici, A. with Roberts, P.J., Spooner, B.M. & Watling, R., 2005
trunk (dead, fallen) dead, fallen trunk is decayed by fruitbody Stereum rugosum - Bleeding Broadleaf Crust (Russulales: Stereaceae) Legon, N.W. & Henrici, A. with Roberts, P.J., Spooner, B.M. & Watling, R., 2005 [weakly parasitic then saprobic]
trunk (dead, white-rotten) dead, white-rotten trunk is decayed by fruitbody Trametes versicolor - Turkeytail (Polyporales: Polyporaceae) Legon, N.W. & Henrici, A. with Roberts, P.J., Spooner, B.M. & Watling, R., 2005 [weakly parasitic then saprobic]
trunk (dead) dead trunk is decayed by fruitbody Ganoderma australe - Southern Bracket (Polyporales: Ganodermataceae) Legon, N.W. & Henrici, A. with Roberts, P.J., Spooner, B.M. & Watling, R., 2005 [parasitic then saprobic]
trunk (large) (dead, fallen, decayed) dead, fallen, decayed trunk (large) is decayed by fruitbody Trametes gibbosa - Lumpy Bracket (Polyporales: Polyporaceae) Legon, N.W. & Henrici, A. with Roberts, P.J., Spooner, B.M. & Watling, R., 2005
trunk (large) (dead, standing) dead, standing trunk (large) is decayed by fruitbody Volvariella bombycina - Silky Rosegill (Agaricales: Pluteaceae) Legon, N.W. & Henrici, A. with Roberts, P.J., Spooner, B.M. & Watling, R., 2005
trunk (large) (fallen) fallen trunk (large) is decayed by fruitbody Volvariella bombycina - Silky Rosegill (Agaricales: Pluteaceae) Legon, N.W. & Henrici, A. with Roberts, P.J., Spooner, B.M. & Watling, R., 2005
trunk (large) (live, standing) live, standing trunk (large) is decayed by fruitbody Volvariella bombycina - Silky Rosegill (Agaricales: Pluteaceae) Legon, N.W. & Henrici, A. with Roberts, P.J., Spooner, B.M. & Watling, R., 2005 [living on heartwood, fruiting through knothole or branch scar]
trunk (live) live trunk is parasitised by fruitbody Ganoderma australe - Southern Bracket (Polyporales: Ganodermataceae) Buczacki, S. & Harris, K., 1998 [causes a soft and spongy white rot, bordered by a narrow dark band],
Legon, N.W. & Henrici, A. with Roberts, P.J., Spooner, B.M. & Watling, R., 2005 [parasitic then saprobic]
trunk (live) live trunk is parasitised by fruitbody Trametes versicolor - Turkeytail (Polyporales: Polyporaceae) Legon, N.W. & Henrici, A. with Roberts, P.J., Spooner, B.M. & Watling, R., 2005 [weakly parasitic then saprobic]
trunk (live) live trunk is parasitised by fruitbody Stereum rugosum - Bleeding Broadleaf Crust (Russulales: Stereaceae) Legon, N.W. & Henrici, A. with Roberts, P.J., Spooner, B.M. & Watling, R., 2005 [weakly parasitic then saprobic]
trunk (living) living trunk is parasitised by fruitbody Phellinus ferreus - Cinnamon Porecrust (Hymenochaetales: Hymenochaetaceae) Legon, N.W. & Henrici, A. with Roberts, P.J., Spooner, B.M. & Watling, R., 2005 [weakly parasitic]
trunk, sapling (dead, fallen, decayed) dead, fallen, decayed trunk of sapling is decayed by fruitbody Postia subcaesia - Blueing Bracket (Polyporales: Fomitopsidaceae) Legon, N.W. & Henrici, A. with Roberts, P.J., Spooner, B.M. & Watling, R., 2005
twig (dead, attached) dead, attached twig is decayed by fruitbody Hohenbuehelia cyphelliformis - an oyster fungus (Agaricales: Pleurotaceae) Major Legon, N.W. & Henrici, A. with Roberts, P.J., Spooner, B.M. & Watling, R., 2005
twig (dead, attached) dead, attached twig is decayed by fruitbody Macrotyphula fistulosa var. contorta - a pipe club (Agaricales: Typhulaceae) Legon, N.W. & Henrici, A. with Roberts, P.J., Spooner, B.M. & Watling, R., 2005
twig (dead, attached) dead, attached twig is decayed by fruitbody Dendrothele commixta - a basidiomycete fungus (Polyporales: Corticiaceae) UK/Ireland Legon, N.W. & Henrici, A. with Roberts, P.J., Spooner, B.M. & Watling, R., 2005
twig (dead, attached) dead, attached twig is decayed by fruitbody Peniophora incarnata - Rosy Crust (Russulales: Peniophoraceae) Legon, N.W. & Henrici, A. with Roberts, P.J., Spooner, B.M. & Watling, R., 2005
twig (dead, buried) dead, buried twig is decayed by fruitbody Marasmius rotula - Collared Parachute (Agaricales: Marasmiaceae) Major Legon, N.W. & Henrici, A. with Roberts, P.J., Spooner, B.M. & Watling, R., 2005
twig (dead, fallen) dead, fallen twig is decayed by stalked apothecium Hymenoscyphus calyculus - a discomycete (Helotiales: Helotiaceae) Ellis, M.B. & J.P., 1997
twig (dead, fallen) dead, fallen twig is decayed by fruitbody Marasmiellus ramealis - Twig Parachute (Agaricales: Marasmiaceae) Legon, N.W. & Henrici, A. with Roberts, P.J., Spooner, B.M. & Watling, R., 2005
twig (dead, fallen) dead, fallen twig is decayed by fruitbody Hohenbuehelia cyphelliformis - an oyster fungus (Agaricales: Pleurotaceae) Legon, N.W. & Henrici, A. with Roberts, P.J., Spooner, B.M. & Watling, R., 2005
twig (dead) dead twig may contain larva Pogonocherus hispidus - Lesser Thorn-tipped Longhorn Beetle (Coleoptera: Cerambycidae) Duff, A. (Illust: Lewington, R.), 2007
twig (dead) dead twig is decayed by hysterothecium Gloniopsis praelonga - an ascomycete (Hysteriales: Hysteriaceae) UK/Ireland Ellis, M.B. & J.P., 1997
twig (dead) dead twig is decayed by erumpent, sessile apothecium Velutarina rufo-olivacea - a discomycete (Helotiales: Helotiaceae) Ellis, M.B. & J.P., 1997
twig (dead) dead twig is decayed by apothecium Hyalopeziza millepunctata - a discomycete (Helotiales: Hyaloscyphaceae) Ellis, M.B. & J.P., 1997
twig (dead) dead twig is decayed by somewhat short-stalked apothecium Lachnum corticale - a discomycete (Helotiales: Hyaloscyphaceae) Ellis, M.B. & J.P., 1997
twig (dead) dead twig is decayed by long stalked apothecium Lachnum virgineum - Snowy Disco (Helotiales: Hyaloscyphaceae) Ellis, M.B. & J.P., 1997
twig (dead) dead twig is decayed by apothecium Perrotia flammea - a discomycete (Helotiales: Hyaloscyphaceae) Ellis, M.B. & J.P., 1997
twig (dead) dead twig is decayed by erumpent, clustered, short-stalked apothecium Pezizella vulgaris - a discomycete (Helotiales: Hyaloscyphaceae) Ellis, M.B. & J.P., 1997
twig (dead) dead twig is decayed by fruitbody Lachnella alboviolascens - a cyphelloid fungus (Agaricales: Niaceae) Legon, N.W. & Henrici, A. with Roberts, P.J., Spooner, B.M. & Watling, R., 2005
twig (dead) dead twig is associate of adult Aneurus (Aneurodes) avenius - a flat bark bug (Hemiptera: Aradidae) Southwood, T.R.E. & Leston, D., 1959
twig (dead) dead twig is associate of basidiocarp Tremella indecorata - a brain fungus (Tremellales: Tremellaceae) Legon, N.W. & Henrici, A. with Roberts, P.J., Spooner, B.M. & Watling, R., 2005
twig (dead) dead twig may have Haplothrips flavitibia - a thrips (Thysanoptera: Phlaeothripidae) Mound L.A., Morison, G.D., Pitkin, B.R. & Palmer, J.M., 1976
twig (dead) dead twig may have Haplothrips minutus - a thrips (Thysanoptera: Phlaeothripidae) Mound L.A., Morison, G.D., Pitkin, B.R. & Palmer, J.M., 1976
twig (dead) dead twig may house female Xylaplothrips fuliginosus - a thrips (Thysanoptera: Phlaeothripidae) Mound L.A., Morison, G.D., Pitkin, B.R. & Palmer, J.M., 1976
twig (dead) dead twig may house male Xylaplothrips fuliginosus - a thrips (Thysanoptera: Phlaeothripidae) Mound L.A., Morison, G.D., Pitkin, B.R. & Palmer, J.M., 1976
twig (dead) dead twig may house larva Xylaplothrips fuliginosus - a thrips (Thysanoptera: Phlaeothripidae) Mound L.A., Morison, G.D., Pitkin, B.R. & Palmer, J.M., 1976
twig (fallen, lying in grass or partly buried) fallen, lying in grass or partly buried twig is decayed by long slender stalked apothecium Lachnum pygmaeum - a discomycete (Helotiales: Hyaloscyphaceae) Ellis, M.B. & J.P., 1997 [lying in grass or partly buried in soil]
twig (fallen, usually decayed) fallen, usually decayed twig is decayed by fruitbody Phaeogalera dissimulans - a toadstool (Agaricales: Strophariaceae) Legon, N.W. & Henrici, A. with Roberts, P.J., Spooner, B.M. & Watling, R., 2005
twig (live) live twig is swollen by stroma Cryptomyces maximus - Willow Blister (Rhytismatales: Rhytismataceae) UK/Ireland anon., 2007 [causes cankers]
twig (small) twig (small) is mined by larva Oemona hirta - (Lemon Tree Borer) (Coleoptera: Cerambycidae) Foreign Ostojá-Starzewski, J., 2010
twig twig may contain larva Arge melanochra - a sawfly (Hymenoptera: Argidae) Benson, R.B., 1951
twig twig is decayed by immersed, grouped in circles perithecium Valsa ambiens - a valsoid pyrenomycete (Diaporthales: Valsaceae) Ellis, M.B. & J.P., 1997 [extending uniformly along the whole length of twigs and branches]
twig twig is decayed by subgregarious to densely scattered, covered then erumpent, blackish grey with paler roundish flat disc stroma of Cytospora coelomycetous anamorph Valsa ambiens - a valsoid pyrenomycete (Diaporthales: Valsaceae) Ellis, M.B. & J.P., 1997 [extending uniformly along the whole length of twigs and branches]
wood (Armillaria mellea-decayed) Armillaria mellea-decayed wood is decayed by superficial perithecium Lasiosphaeria ovina - a pyrenomycete (Sordariales: Lasiosphaeriaceae) Ellis, M.B. & J.P., 1997
wood (damp, rotting) damp, rotting wood is decayed by apothecium Claussenomyces atrovirens - a discomycete (Helotiales: Helotiaceae) Ellis, M.B. & J.P., 1997
wood (damp, rotting) damp, rotting wood is decayed by apothecium Claussenomyces prasinulus - a discomycete (Helotiales: Helotiaceae) Ellis, M.B. & J.P., 1997
wood (damp, rotting) damp, rotting wood is decayed by synnema of Dendrostilbella anamorph Claussenomyces prasinulus - a discomycete (Helotiales: Helotiaceae) Ellis, M.B. & J.P., 1997
wood (dead, attached) dead, attached wood is decayed by fruitbody Hymenochaete cinnamomea - a resupinate fungus (Hymenochaetales: Hymenochaetaceae) Legon, N.W. & Henrici, A. with Roberts, P.J., Spooner, B.M. & Watling, R., 2005
wood (dead, decayed) dead, decayed wood is decayed by fruitbody Mycena polygramma - Grooved Bonnet (Agaricales: Mycenaceae) Legon, N.W. & Henrici, A. with Roberts, P.J., Spooner, B.M. & Watling, R., 2005
wood (dead, decayed) dead, decayed wood is decayed by fruitbody Auricularia mesenterica - Tripe Fungus (Auriculariales: Auriculariaceae) UK/Ireland Legon, N.W. & Henrici, A. with Roberts, P.J., Spooner, B.M. & Watling, R., 2005
wood (dead, decayed) dead, decayed wood is decayed by fruitbody Stypella crystallina - a jelly fungus (Auriculariales) Legon, N.W. & Henrici, A. with Roberts, P.J., Spooner, B.M. & Watling, R., 2005
wood (dead, decayed) dead, decayed wood is decayed by fruitbody Stypella subhyalina - a jelly fungus (Auriculariales) Legon, N.W. & Henrici, A. with Roberts, P.J., Spooner, B.M. & Watling, R., 2005
wood (dead, decayed) dead, decayed wood is decayed by basidiome Ceraceomyces sublaevis - a resupinate fungus (Boletales: Amylocorticiaceae) Legon, N.W. & Henrici, A. with Roberts, P.J., Spooner, B.M. & Watling, R., 2005
wood (dead, decayed) dead, decayed wood is decayed by fruitbody Sistotrema hispanicum - a basidiomycete fungus (Cantharellales: Hydnaceae) Legon, N.W. & Henrici, A. with Roberts, P.J., Spooner, B.M. & Watling, R., 2005
wood (dead, decayed) dead, decayed wood is decayed by fruitbody Basidioradulum radula - Toothed Crust (Hymenochaetales: Schizoporaceae) UK/Ireland Legon, N.W. & Henrici, A. with Roberts, P.J., Spooner, B.M. & Watling, R., 2005
wood (dead, decayed) dead, decayed wood is decayed by fruitbody Hyphodontia crustosa - a resupinate fungus (Hymenochaetales: Schizoporaceae) Major Legon, N.W. & Henrici, A. with Roberts, P.J., Spooner, B.M. & Watling, R., 2005
wood (dead, decayed) dead, decayed wood is decayed by fruitbody Postia balsamea - a bracket fungus (Polyporales: Fomitopsidaceae) Rare Legon, N.W. & Henrici, A. with Roberts, P.J., Spooner, B.M. & Watling, R., 2005
wood (dead, decayed) dead, decayed wood is decayed by fruitbody Postia stiptica - Bitter Bracket (Polyporales: Fomitopsidaceae) Rare Legon, N.W. & Henrici, A. with Roberts, P.J., Spooner, B.M. & Watling, R., 2005
wood (dead, decayed) dead, decayed wood is decayed by fruitbody Hyphodermella corrugata - a resupinate fungus (Polyporales: Phanerochaetaceae) Legon, N.W. & Henrici, A. with Roberts, P.J., Spooner, B.M. & Watling, R., 2005
wood (dead, decayed) dead, decayed wood is decayed by fruitbody Phanerochaete jose-ferreirae - a resupinate fungus (Polyporales: Phanerochaetaceae) Legon, N.W. & Henrici, A. with Roberts, P.J., Spooner, B.M. & Watling, R., 2005
wood (dead, decayed) dead, decayed wood is decayed by fruitbody Hapalopilus nidulans - Cinnamon Bracket, "Gingerbread Fungus" (Polyporales: Polyporaceae) Legon, N.W. & Henrici, A. with Roberts, P.J., Spooner, B.M. & Watling, R., 2005
wood (dead, decayed) dead, decayed wood is decayed by Tubulicrinis glebulosus - a white-wash fungus (Polyporales: Tubulicrinaceae) Rare Legon, N.W. & Henrici, A. with Roberts, P.J., Spooner, B.M. & Watling, R., 2005
wood (dead, decayed) dead, decayed wood is decayed by fruitbody Sistotremastrum niveocremeum - a basidiomycete fungus (Trechisporales: Hydnodontaceae) Legon, N.W. & Henrici, A. with Roberts, P.J., Spooner, B.M. & Watling, R., 2005
wood (dead, decayed) dead, decayed wood is decayed by fruitbody Sistotremella perpusilla - a basidiomycete fungus (Trechisporales: Hydnodontaceae) Legon, N.W. & Henrici, A. with Roberts, P.J., Spooner, B.M. & Watling, R., 2005
wood (dead, decorticate) dead, decorticate wood is decayed by apothecium Durella commutata - a discomycete (Helotiales: Helotiaceae) Ellis, M.B. & J.P., 1997
wood (dead, decorticate) dead, decorticate wood is decayed by apothecium Durella macrospora - a discomycete (Helotiales: Helotiaceae) Ellis, M.B. & J.P., 1997
wood (dead, fallen, decayed) dead, fallen, decayed wood is decayed by toadstool Mycenella margaritispora - a toadstool (Agaricales: Tricholomataceae) Major Legon, N.W. & Henrici, A. with Roberts, P.J., Spooner, B.M. & Watling, R., 2005
wood (dead, fallen, decayed) dead, fallen, decayed wood is decayed by fruitbody Hyphodontia rimosissima - a resupinate fungus (Hymenochaetales: Schizoporaceae) Major Legon, N.W. & Henrici, A. with Roberts, P.J., Spooner, B.M. & Watling, R., 2005
wood (dead, fallen, decayed) dead, fallen, decayed wood is decayed by fruitbody Postia subcaesia - Blueing Bracket (Polyporales: Fomitopsidaceae) Legon, N.W. & Henrici, A. with Roberts, P.J., Spooner, B.M. & Watling, R., 2005
wood (dead, fallen, decayed) dead, fallen, decayed wood is decayed by fruitbody Postia tephroleuca - Greying Bracket, Greyling Bracket (Polyporales: Fomitopsidaceae) Legon, N.W. & Henrici, A. with Roberts, P.J., Spooner, B.M. & Watling, R., 2005
wood (dead, fallen, decayed) dead, fallen, decayed wood is decayed by fruitbody Trametes gibbosa - Lumpy Bracket (Polyporales: Polyporaceae) Legon, N.W. & Henrici, A. with Roberts, P.J., Spooner, B.M. & Watling, R., 2005
wood (dead, fallen, decayed) dead, fallen, decayed wood is decayed by fruitbody Stereum hirsutum - Hairy Curtain Crust (Russulales: Stereaceae) Legon, N.W. & Henrici, A. with Roberts, P.J., Spooner, B.M. & Watling, R., 2005 [weakly parasitic then saprobic]
wood (dead, fallen, decayed) dead, fallen, decayed wood is decayed by Helicogloea lagerheimii - a ustilaginomycete (Atractiellales: Phleogenaceae) Legon, N.W. & Henrici, A. with Roberts, P.J., Spooner, B.M. & Watling, R., 2005
wood (dead, fallen) dead, fallen wood is decayed by fruitbody Marasmius rotula - Collared Parachute (Agaricales: Marasmiaceae) Legon, N.W. & Henrici, A. with Roberts, P.J., Spooner, B.M. & Watling, R., 2005
wood (dead, fallen) dead, fallen wood is decayed by fruitbody Hymenochaete cinnamomea - a resupinate fungus (Hymenochaetales: Hymenochaetaceae) Legon, N.W. & Henrici, A. with Roberts, P.J., Spooner, B.M. & Watling, R., 2005
wood (dead, white-rotten) dead, white-rotten wood is decayed by fruitbody Trametes versicolor - Turkeytail (Polyporales: Polyporaceae) Legon, N.W. & Henrici, A. with Roberts, P.J., Spooner, B.M. & Watling, R., 2005 [weakly parasitic then saprobic]
wood (dead) dead wood is decayed by effuse colony of Camposporium dematiaceous anamorph Camposporium pellucidum - a dematiaceous anamorphic fungus Ellis, M.B. & J.P., 1997
wood (dead) dead wood is decayed by erumpent, becoming superficial apothecium Stictis friabilis - a discomycete (Ostropales: Stictidaceae) Ellis, M.B. & J.P., 1997
wood (dead) dead wood is decayed by sessile apothecium Mollisia melaleuca - a discomycete (Helotiales: Dermateaceae) Ellis, M.B. & J.P., 1997
wood (dead) dead wood is decayed by fruitbody Armillaria gallica - Bulbous Honey Fungus (Agaricales: Physalacriaceae) UK/Ireland Major Legon, N.W. & Henrici, A. with Roberts, P.J., Spooner, B.M. & Watling, R., 2005 [weakly parasitic then saprobic]
wood (dead) dead wood is decayed by fruitbody Armillaria mellea - Honey Fungus (Agaricales: Physalacriaceae) UK/Ireland Major Legon, N.W. & Henrici, A. with Roberts, P.J., Spooner, B.M. & Watling, R., 2005 [virulently parasitic then saprobic]
wood (dead) dead wood is decayed by fruitbody Flammulina velutipes var. velutipes - Velvet Shank, Winter Fungus (Agaricales: Physalacriaceae) Legon, N.W. & Henrici, A. with Roberts, P.J., Spooner, B.M. & Watling, R., 2005 [saprobic or weakly parasitic]
wood (dead) dead wood is decayed by fruitbody Hohenbuehelia fluxilis - an oyster fungus (Agaricales: Pleurotaceae) Legon, N.W. & Henrici, A. with Roberts, P.J., Spooner, B.M. & Watling, R., 2005
wood (dead) dead wood is decayed by fruitbody Hymenochaete corrugata - Glue Fungus, Glue Crust (Hymenochaetales: Hymenochaetaceae) Legon, N.W. & Henrici, A. with Roberts, P.J., Spooner, B.M. & Watling, R., 2005 [saprobic or weakly parasitic]
wood (dead) dead wood is decayed by fruitbody Phellinus ferruginosus - Rusty Porecrust (Hymenochaetales: Hymenochaetaceae) Legon, N.W. & Henrici, A. with Roberts, P.J., Spooner, B.M. & Watling, R., 2005
wood (dead) dead wood is decayed by fruitbody Trametes hirsuta - Hairy Bracket (Polyporales: Polyporaceae) Legon, N.W. & Henrici, A. with Roberts, P.J., Spooner, B.M. & Watling, R., 2005 [esp. calcareous soil]
wood (dead) dead wood is decayed by fruitbody Peniophora boidinii - a resupinate fungus (Russulales: Peniophoraceae) Legon, N.W. & Henrici, A. with Roberts, P.J., Spooner, B.M. & Watling, R., 2005
wood (decayed) decayed wood is decayed by fruitbody Cystoderma simulatum - a toadstool (Agaricales: Agaricaceae) UK/Ireland Legon, N.W. & Henrici, A. with Roberts, P.J., Spooner, B.M. & Watling, R., 2005
wood (decayed) decayed wood is decayed by fruitbody Coniophora arida - a resupinate bolete (Boletales: Coniophoraceae) Legon, N.W. & Henrici, A. with Roberts, P.J., Spooner, B.M. & Watling, R., 2005
wood (decayed) decayed wood is decayed by fruitbody Brevicellicium olivascens - a basidiomycete fungus (Trechisporales: Hydnodontaceae) UK/Ireland Major Legon, N.W. & Henrici, A. with Roberts, P.J., Spooner, B.M. & Watling, R., 2005
wood (decayed) decayed wood may have epiphytic fruitbody Antrodiella romellii - a bracket fungus (Polyporales: Phanerochaetaceae) UK/Ireland Legon, N.W. & Henrici, A. with Roberts, P.J., Spooner, B.M. & Watling, R., 2005
wood (decorticate) decorticate wood is decayed by subiculate apothecium Patinellaria sanguinea - a discomycete (Helotiales: Helotiaceae) Ellis, M.B. & J.P., 1997
wood (fallen, decayed) fallen, decayed wood is decayed by fruitbody Byssomerulius corium - Netted Crust (Polyporales: Phanerochaetaceae) UK/Ireland Legon, N.W. & Henrici, A. with Roberts, P.J., Spooner, B.M. & Watling, R., 2005
wood (live) live wood is parasitised by fruitbody Hymenochaete corrugata - Glue Fungus, Glue Crust (Hymenochaetales: Hymenochaetaceae) Legon, N.W. & Henrici, A. with Roberts, P.J., Spooner, B.M. & Watling, R., 2005 [saprobic or weakly parasitic]
wood (live) live wood is parasitised by fruitbody Stereum hirsutum - Hairy Curtain Crust (Russulales: Stereaceae) Legon, N.W. & Henrici, A. with Roberts, P.J., Spooner, B.M. & Watling, R., 2005 [weakly parasitic then saprobic]
wood (moribund) moribund wood is parasitised by fruitbody Flammulina velutipes var. velutipes - Velvet Shank, Winter Fungus (Agaricales: Physalacriaceae) Legon, N.W. & Henrici, A. with Roberts, P.J., Spooner, B.M. & Watling, R., 2005 [saprobic or weakly parasitic]
wood (rotten, wet) rotten, wet wood is decayed by apothecium Phaeohelotium trabinellum - a discomycete (Helotiales: Helotiaceae) Ellis, M.B. & J.P., 1997
wood (rotten) rotten wood is decayed by sessile apothecium Phaeangella ventosa - a discomycete (Helotiales: Sclerotiniaceae) Ellis, M.B. & J.P., 1997
wood (rotten) rotten wood is decayed by apothecium Orbilia luteorubella - a glasscup (Orbiliales: Orbiliaceae) Ellis, M.B. & J.P., 1997
wood (rotten) rotten wood is decayed by effuse colony of Alysidium anamorph Botryobasidium candicans - a resupinate fungus (Cantharellales: Botryobasidiaceae) Ellis, M.B. & J.P., 1997
wood (usually decorticate) usually decorticate wood is decayed by short-stalked apothecium Lachnum cerinum - a discomycete (Helotiales: Hyaloscyphaceae) Ellis, M.B. & J.P., 1997
wood, debris (dead, fallen, decayed) dead, fallen, decayed wood of debris is decayed by fruitbody Typhula spathulata - a minute club fungus (Agaricales: Typhulaceae) Legon, N.W. & Henrici, A. with Roberts, P.J., Spooner, B.M. & Watling, R., 2005
wood, debris (dead, fallen, decaying) dead, fallen, decaying wood of debris is decayed by toadstool Mycena stylobates - Bulbous Bonnet (Agaricales: Mycenaceae) Legon, N.W. & Henrici, A. with Roberts, P.J., Spooner, B.M. & Watling, R., 2005
wood, litter (dead) dead wood of litter is decayed by fruitbody Macrotyphula fistulosa var. contorta - a pipe club (Agaricales: Typhulaceae) Legon, N.W. & Henrici, A. with Roberts, P.J., Spooner, B.M. & Watling, R., 2005
wood wood is decayed by subiculate pseudothecia Byssolophis sphaerioides - an ascomycete (Pleosporales: Lophiostomataceae) Ellis, M.B. & J.P., 1997
wood wood is decayed by erumpent apothecium Durella connivens - a discomycete (Helotiales: Helotiaceae) Ellis, M.B. & J.P., 1997
wood wood is decayed by fruitbody Auricularia auricula-judae - Jelly Ear, The Jew’S Ear, Judas’S Ear Fungus (Auriculariales: Auriculariaceae) UK/Ireland Legon, N.W. & Henrici, A. with Roberts, P.J., Spooner, B.M. & Watling, R., 2005

Broadleaved trees and shrubs may be associated with more taxa listed at higher taxonomic level

PLANTAE
(plants)
TRACHEOPHYTA
(vascular plants)
MAGNOLIOPSIDA
(flowering plants)
EU-DICOTS
(dicotyledonous flowering plants)
Broadleaved trees, shrubs and climbers (via Broadleaved trees and shrubs)

References

anon., 2007 CSL Pest Risk Analysis for Salix
Benson, R.B., 1951 Hymenoptera: 2. Symphyta. Section (a)
Benson, R.B., 1958 Hymenoptera: 2. Symphyta. Section (c)
Brasier, C., 1999 Phytophthora Pathogens of Trees: Their Rising Profile in Europe
Buczacki, S. & Harris, K., 1998 Pests, Diseases & Disorders of Garden Plants
Clapham, A.R., Tutin, T.G. & Moore, D.M., 1985 Flora of the British Isles
Cox, M.L., 2007 Atlas of the Seed and Leaf Beetles of Britain and Ireland
Duff, A. (Illust: Lewington, R.), 2007 Identification - Longhorn Beetles: Part 2
Ellis, M.B. & J.P., 1997 Microfungi on Land Plants: An Identification Handbook
Fonseca, E.C.M. d’Assis, 1968 Diptera: Cyclorrapha Calyptrata Sect (b) Muscidae
Glen-bott, J.I., 1951 Helicodendron giganteum n.sp. and other aerial-sporing hyphomycetes of submerged dead leaves
Legon, N.W. & Henrici, A. with Roberts, P.J., Spooner, B.M. & Watling, R., 2005 Checklist of the British and Irish Basidiomycota
Morris, M.G., 1990 Orthocerous Weevils
Morris, M.G., 1997 Broad-Nosed Weevils (Entiminae)
Mound L.A., Morison, G.D., Pitkin, B.R. & Palmer, J.M., 1976 Thysanoptera
Ostojá-Starzewski, J., 2010 The lemon tree borer, another longhorn beetle threat?
Southwood, T.R.E. & Leston, D., 1959 Land and Water Bugs of the British Isles
Stace, C., 1997 New Flora of the British Isles (Ed 2)
Webber, J., Gibbs, J. & Hendry, S., 2004 Phytophthora Disease of Alder
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