BioInfo (UK)

Carex L. (sedges)

BioImages BioImages (www.bioimages.org.uk) has 390 images of Carex (sedges)

NBN NBN (data.nbn.org.uk) has the UK distribution map of Carex (sedges)

Subtaxa (ie subgroups of this Genus)

Taxon Rank #refs #webs
Carex acuta L. (Slender Tufted-sedge) Species   15
Carex acutiformis Ehrh. (Lesser Pond-sedge) Species   73
Carex appropinquata Schumach. (Fibrous Tussock-sedge) Species   12
Carex aquatilis Wahlenb. (Water Sedge) Species   3
Carex arenaria L. (Sand Sedge) Species   16
Carex atrata L. (Black Alpine-sedge) Species   2
Carex bigelowii Torr. ex Schwein. (Stiff Sedge) Species   6
Carex binervis Sm. (Green-ribbed Sedge) Species   9
Carex buchananii Berggr. (Silver-spiked Sedge) Species 1  
Carex capillaris L. (Hair Sedge) Species   3
Carex caryophyllea Latourr. (Spring Sedge, Spring-sedge) Species   2
Carex chordorrhiza L. f. (String Sedge) Species   3
Carex comans (New Zealand Hair-sedge) Species 1  
Carex digitata L. (Fingered Sedge) Species   1
Carex dioica L. (Dioecious Sedge) Species 1 2
Carex disticha Huds. (Brown Sedge) Species   8
Carex divulsa Stokes (Grey Sedge) Species   2
Carex echinata Murray (Star Sedge) Species   5
Carex elata All. (Tufted Sedge, Tufted-sedge) Species   31
Carex elongata L. (Elongated Sedge) Species   1
Carex ericetorum Pollich (Rare Spring-sedge) Species   3
Carex extensa Gooden. (Long-bracted Sedge) Species   3
Carex flacca Schreb. (Glaucous Sedge) Species 1 23
Carex flava agg. (yellow sedges) Species aggregate   1
Carex hirta L. (Hairy Sedge) Species   12
Carex hostiana DC. (Tawny Sedge) Species   4
Carex laevigata Sm. (Smooth-stalked Sedge) Species   1
Carex lasiocarpa Ehrh. (Slender Sedge) Species   6
Carex limosa L. (Bog-sedge) Species   2
Carex maritima Gunnerus (Curved Sedge) Species   2
Carex muricata agg. L. sensu lato (a sedge) Species aggregate   3
Carex nigra (L.) Reichard (Common Sedge) Species   18
Carex otrubae Podp. (False Fox-sedge) Species   11
Carex ovalis Gooden. (Oval Sedge) Species   3
Carex pallescens L. (Pale Sedge) Species   6
Carex panicea L. (Carnation Sedge) Species   9
Carex paniculata L. (Greater Tussock-sedge) Species   46
Carex pendula Huds. (Pendulous Sedge) Species   40
Carex pilulifera L. (Pill Sedge) Species 2 5
Carex pseudocyperus L. (Cyperus Sedge) Species   19
Carex pulicaris L. (Flea Sedge) Species   2
Carex remota L. (Remote Sedge) Species   1
Carex riparia Curtis (Great Pond-sedge, Greater Pond-sedge) Species   73
Carex rostrata Stokes (Bottle Sedge) Species   20
Carex rupestris Bellardi ex All. (Rock Sedge) Species   1
Carex salina Wahlenb. (Salt-marsh Sedge) Species 1  
Carex saxatilis L. (Russet Sedge) Species   1
Carex sylvatica Huds. (Wood Sedge, Wood-sedge) Species   6
Carex trinervis Degl. (Three-nerved Sedge) Species   1
Carex vaginata Tausch (Sheathed Sedge) Species 1 1
Carex vesicaria L. (Bladder-sedge) Species   12
Carex viridula Michx. (Yellow Sedge) Species    
Carex viridula subsp. brachyrrhyncha (Celak.) B. Schmid (Long-stalked Yellow Sedge, Long-stalked Yellow-sedge) Subspecies   3
Carex viridula subsp. oedocarpa (Andersson) B. Schmid (Common Yellow Sedge, Common Yellow-sedge) Subspecies   1
Carex viridula subsp. viridula Michx. (Small-fruited Yellow Sedge, Small-fruited Yellow-sedge) Subspecies   1
Carex vulpina L. (True Fox-sedge) Species   5

Suggested Literature

Identification Works

Carex may also be covered by literature listed under:

BIOTA
(living things)
Eukaryota
(eukaryotes)
PLANTAE
(plants)
TRACHEOPHYTA
(vascular plants)
MAGNOLIOPSIDA
(flowering plants)
LILIIDAE
(monocotyledonous flowering plants)
POALES
(grasses, sedges & rushes)
CYPERACEAE
(cotton-grasses, spike-rushes and sedges)

Feeding and other inter-species relationships

Associated with Carex:

(dead) dead is decayed by generally submerged apothecium Niptera pulla - a discomycete (Helotiales: Dermateaceae) Ellis, M.B. & J.P., 1997 [mostly below water level]
(fungus-infected) fungus-infected may be secondarily infected by colony of Epicoccum dematiaceous anamorph Epicoccum nigrum - a dematiaceous anamorphic fungus (Pleosporales: Pleosporaceae) Ellis, M.B. & J.P., 1997
(live) live is parasitised by fruitbody Limonomyces culmigenus - a basidiomycete fungus (Polyporales: Corticiaceae) Rare Legon, N.W. & Henrici, A. with Roberts, P.J., Spooner, B.M. & Watling, R., 2005
(live) live is parasitised by uredium Puccinia urticata - Nettle Clustercup Rust (Pucciniales: Pucciniaceae) Legon, N.W. & Henrici, A. with Roberts, P.J., Spooner, B.M. & Watling, R., 2005 [The varieties are restricted to different speices of Carex]
(live) live is parasitised by telium Puccinia urticata - Nettle Clustercup Rust (Pucciniales: Pucciniaceae) Legon, N.W. & Henrici, A. with Roberts, P.J., Spooner, B.M. & Watling, R., 2005 [The varieties are restricted to different speices of Carex]
(live) live may have male Anaphothrips badius - a thrips (Thysanoptera: Thripidae) Mound L.A., Morison, G.D., Pitkin, B.R. & Palmer, J.M., 1976
(live) live may have female Anaphothrips badius - a thrips (Thysanoptera: Thripidae) Mound L.A., Morison, G.D., Pitkin, B.R. & Palmer, J.M., 1976
is foodplant of larva Plateumaris affinis - a reed beetle (Coleoptera: Chrysomelidae) Bullock, J.A., 1992
is foodplant of larva Kateretes pedicularius - a pollen or sap beetle (Coleoptera: Kateretidae) Bullock, J.A., 1992
is foodplant of Kateretes pusillus - a pollen beetle (Coleoptera: Kateretidae) Bullock, J.A., 1992
is foodplant of larva Kateretes rufilabris - a pollen or sap beetle (Coleoptera: Kateretidae) Bullock, J.A., 1992
is foodplant of larva Phalacrus caricis - a smut beetle (Coleoptera: Phalacridae) Bullock, J.A., 1992
is foodplant of larva Phalacrus substriatus - a smut beetle (Coleoptera: Phalacridae) Bullock, J.A., 1992
is foodplant of larva Limnobaris dolorosa - a weevil (Coleoptera: Curculionidae) Bullock, J.A., 1992
is foodplant of larva Limnobaris t-album - a weevil (Coleoptera: Curculionidae) Bullock, J.A., 1992
is foodplant of larva Anthomyza dissors - an anthomyzid fly (Diptera: Anthomyzidae) Restricted Rohácek, J., 2009
is foodplant of larva Anthomyza neglecta - an anthomyzid fly (Diptera: Anthomyzidae) Rohácek, J., 2009
is foodplant of larva Anthomyza paraneglecta - an anthomyzid fly (Diptera: Anthomyzidae) Rohácek, J., 2009
is foodplant of larva Stiphrosoma laetum - an anthomyzid fly (Diptera: Anthomyzidae) Rohácek, J., 2009
is parasitised by uredium Puccinia caricina - Currant Clustercup Rust (Pucciniales: Pucciniaceae) Legon, N.W. & Henrici, A. with Roberts, P.J., Spooner, B.M. & Watling, R., 2005 [the different varieties on different species of Carex]
has sap sucked by nymph Agramma (Agramma) laetum - a lacebug (Hemiptera: Tingidae) Southwood, T.R.E. & Leston, D., 1959
has sap sucked by adult Agramma (Agramma) laetum - a lacebug (Hemiptera: Tingidae) Southwood, T.R.E. & Leston, D., 1959
has sap sucked by adult Cymus glandicolor - a seedbug (Hemiptera: Lygaeidae) Southwood, T.R.E. & Leston, D., 1959
has sap sucked by nymph Cymus glandicolor - a seedbug (Hemiptera: Lygaeidae) Southwood, T.R.E. & Leston, D., 1959
has sap sucked by nymph Eurygaster testudinaria - Tortoise Bug (Hemiptera: Scutelleridae) Major Southwood, T.R.E. & Leston, D., 1959
has sap sucked by adult Eurygaster testudinaria - Tortoise Bug (Hemiptera: Scutelleridae) Major Southwood, T.R.E. & Leston, D., 1959
is decayed by immersed pseudothecium Mycosphaerella allicina - an ascomycete (Capnodiales: Mycosphaerellaceae) Ellis, M.B. & J.P., 1997
is decayed by Actinothyrium coelomycetous anamorph Lophodermium apiculatum - an ascomycete fungus (Rhytismatales: Rhytismataceae) UK/Ireland Dennis, R.W.G., 1995
is decayed by stalked sporodochium of Myrothecium dematiaceous anamorph Myrothecium masonii - a dematiaceous anamorphic fungus (Hypocreales) Ellis, M.B. & J.P., 1997
is associate of imago Bagous (Bagous) tempestivus - a weevil (Coleoptera: Curculionidae) Morris, M.G., 2002
is associate of larva Platycheirus immarginatus - a hoverfly (Diptera: Syrphidae) Rotheray, G.E., 1993 [in wetlands]
is associate of larva Platycheirus perpallidus - a hoverfly (Diptera: Syrphidae) Rotheray, G.E., 1993 [in wetlands]
is associate of fruitbody Agrocybe paludosa - a fieldcap (Agaricales: Strophariaceae) UK/Ireland Legon, N.W. & Henrici, A. with Roberts, P.J., Spooner, B.M. & Watling, R., 2005 [on wet soil]
may house fruitbody Galerina jaapii - a toadstool (Agaricales: Strophariaceae) Legon, N.W. & Henrici, A. with Roberts, P.J., Spooner, B.M. & Watling, R., 2005 [among mosses in boggy or marshy areas or at sides of pools]
may house larva Plateumaris braccata - a reed beetle (Coleoptera: Chrysomelidae) UK/Ireland Cox, M.L., 2007
may have adult Donacia impressa - a reed beetle (Coleoptera: Chrysomelidae) Cox, M.L., 2007
may have adult Donacia simplex - a reed beetle (Coleoptera: Chrysomelidae) Cox, M.L., 2007,
Bullock, J.A., 1992
base of clump base of clump is associate of Cyrtorhinus caricis - a plantbug or grassbug (Hemiptera: Miridae) UK/Ireland Southwood, T.R.E. & Leston, D., 1959
base base may have female apter Bolothrips dentipes - a thrips (Thysanoptera: Phlaeothripidae) Mound L.A., Morison, G.D., Pitkin, B.R. & Palmer, J.M., 1976
base base may have male apter Bolothrips dentipes - a thrips (Thysanoptera: Phlaeothripidae) Mound L.A., Morison, G.D., Pitkin, B.R. & Palmer, J.M., 1976
base base may have larva Bolothrips dentipes - a thrips (Thysanoptera: Phlaeothripidae) Mound L.A., Morison, G.D., Pitkin, B.R. & Palmer, J.M., 1976
catkin catkin has sap sucked by nymph Pachybrachius fracticollis - a ground bug (Hemiptera: Lygaeidae) Southwood, T.R.E. & Leston, D., 1959
catkin catkin has sap sucked by adult Pachybrachius fracticollis - a ground bug (Hemiptera: Lygaeidae) Southwood, T.R.E. & Leston, D., 1959
debris (dead, decayed, wet) dead, decayed, wet debris is decayed by fruitbody Mycena bulbosa - a bonnet (Agaricales: Mycenaceae) Major Legon, N.W. & Henrici, A. with Roberts, P.J., Spooner, B.M. & Watling, R., 2005
debris (dead, decayed) dead, decayed debris is decayed by fruitbody Simocybe centunculus var. laevigata - a dingy twiglet (Agaricales: Inocybaceae) Legon, N.W. & Henrici, A. with Roberts, P.J., Spooner, B.M. & Watling, R., 2005 [in damp or wet areas]
debris (dead, decayed) dead, decayed debris is decayed by fruitbody Resinomycena saccharifera - a toadstool (Agaricales: Mycenaceae) Legon, N.W. & Henrici, A. with Roberts, P.J., Spooner, B.M. & Watling, R., 2005
debris (dead, decayed) dead, decayed debris is decayed by fruitbody Melanotus phillipsii - Grass Oysterling (Agaricales: Strophariaceae) Legon, N.W. & Henrici, A. with Roberts, P.J., Spooner, B.M. & Watling, R., 2005
debris (dead, decayed) dead, decayed debris is decayed by fruitbody Trechispora minima - a basidiomycete fungus (Trechisporales: Hydnodontaceae) Legon, N.W. & Henrici, A. with Roberts, P.J., Spooner, B.M. & Watling, R., 2005
debris (decayed) decayed debris is decayed by fruitbody Coprinopsis martinii - an inkcap (Agaricales: Psathyrellaceae) Legon, N.W. & Henrici, A. with Roberts, P.J., Spooner, B.M. & Watling, R., 2005
debris (decayed) decayed debris is decayed by fruitbody Coprinopsis tigrinella - an inkcap (Agaricales: Psathyrellaceae) Legon, N.W. & Henrici, A. with Roberts, P.J., Spooner, B.M. & Watling, R., 2005
debris (decayed) decayed debris is decayed by often buried under desne layers of decayed grass leaves fruitbody Coprinopsis urticicola - an inkcap (Agaricales: Psathyrellaceae) Legon, N.W. & Henrici, A. with Roberts, P.J., Spooner, B.M. & Watling, R., 2005
debris (moist) moist debris is decayed by fruitbody Marasmius caricis - a parachute (Agaricales: Marasmiaceae) Restricted Legon, N.W. & Henrici, A. with Roberts, P.J., Spooner, B.M. & Watling, R., 2005 [marshes, swamps, water margins]
debris debris is decayed by fruitbody Marasmiellus vaillantii - Goblet Parachute (Agaricales: Marasmiaceae) Legon, N.W. & Henrici, A. with Roberts, P.J., Spooner, B.M. & Watling, R., 2005
fruit (dead) dead fruit is decayed by amphigenous, scattered or gregarious, immersed in parenchyma pycnidium of Stagonospora coelomycetous anamorph Stagonospora paludosa - a coelomycete (Pleosporales: Phaeosphaeriaceae) UK/Ireland Grove, W.B., 1935
inflorescence inflorescence is galled by larva Wachtliella caricis - a gall midge (Diptera: Cecidomyiidae) Stubbs, F.B. (Editor), 1986
leaf (base) (dead, decayed, sodden) dead, decayed, sodden leaf (base) is decayed by annual, resupinate, drying dark red fruitbody Rigidoporus sanguinolentus - Bleeding Porecrust (Polyporales: Meripilaceae) Rare Legon, N.W. & Henrici, A. with Roberts, P.J., Spooner, B.M. & Watling, R., 2005
leaf (dead, decayed) dead, decayed leaf is decayed by fruitbody Marasmius pseudocaricis - a toadstool (Agaricales: Marasmiaceae) Restricted Legon, N.W. & Henrici, A. with Roberts, P.J., Spooner, B.M. & Watling, R., 2005 [just above water level]
leaf (dead, decayed) dead, decayed leaf is decayed by fruitbody Hyphodontia detritica - a resupinate fungus (Hymenochaetales: Schizoporaceae) Legon, N.W. & Henrici, A. with Roberts, P.J., Spooner, B.M. & Watling, R., 2005
leaf (dead, decaying, moist) dead, decaying, moist leaf is decayed by fruitbody Marasmius caricis - a parachute (Agaricales: Marasmiaceae) Restricted Legon, N.W. & Henrici, A. with Roberts, P.J., Spooner, B.M. & Watling, R., 2005 [marshes, swamps, water margins]
leaf (dead, rain-soaked) dead, rain-soaked leaf is decayed by extensive, velvety colony of Cladosporium dematiaceous anamorph Cladosporium cladosporioides - a dematiaceous anamorphic fungus (Capnodiales: Davidiellaceae) Ellis, M.B. & J.P., 1997
leaf (dead, rain-soaked) dead, rain-soaked leaf is decayed by extensive, velvety colony of Cladosporium dematiaceous anamorph Mycosphaerella tassiana - an ascomycete (Capnodiales: Mycosphaerellaceae) Ellis, M.B. & J.P., 1997
leaf (dead, rotting, thinly blackly circumscripted) dead, rotting, thinly blackly circumscripted leaf is decayed by sessile or short-stalked apothecium Pezizella eriophori - a discomycete (Helotiales: Hyaloscyphaceae) Ellis, M.B. & J.P., 1997
leaf (dead, very rotting, fallen, locally blackened) dead, very rotting, fallen, locally blackened leaf is decayed by stalked, erumpent apothecium Rutstroemia lindaviana - a discomycete (Helotiales: Rutstroemiaceae) Ellis, M.B. & J.P., 1997
leaf (dead, wet) dead, wet leaf is decayed by fruitbody Mycocalia denudata - Common Mycocalia (Agaricales: Agaricaceae) Legon, N.W. & Henrici, A. with Roberts, P.J., Spooner, B.M. & Watling, R., 2005 [on acidic soil]
leaf (dead) dead leaf is decayed by thyriothecium Morenoina fimbriata - a fly speck fungus (Capnodiales: Asterinaceae) UK/Ireland Ellis, J.P., 1980
leaf (dead) dead leaf is decayed by immersed, linearly arranged pseudothecium Mycosphaerella lineolata - an ascomycete (Capnodiales: Mycosphaerellaceae) Ellis, M.B. & J.P., 1997
leaf (dead) dead leaf is decayed by linearly arranged, blackish, covered then semi-erumpent pycnidium of Septoria coelomycetous anamorph Septoria lineolata - a leaf-spot fungus (Capnodiales: Mycosphaerellaceae) Grove, W.B., 1935
leaf (dead) dead leaf is decayed by thyriothecium Lichenopeltella alpestris - an ascomycete (Dothideales: Microthyriaceae) Ellis, M.B. & J.P., 1997
leaf (dead) dead leaf is decayed by thyriothecium Lichenopeltella nigroannulata - a fly speck fungus (Dothideales: Microthyriaceae) Ellis, M.B. & J.P., 1997
leaf (dead) dead leaf is decayed by immersed pseudothecium Didymella proximella - an ascomycete (Pleosporales) Ellis, M.B. & J.P., 1997
leaf (dead) dead leaf is decayed by scattered, immersed pseudothecium Leptosphaeria caricis - an ascomycete (Pleosporales: Leptosphaeriaceae) Ellis, M.B. & J.P., 1997
leaf (dead) dead leaf is decayed by immersed pseudothecium Paraphaeosphaeria michotii - an ascomycete (Pleosporales: Montagnulaceae) Ellis, M.B. & J.P., 1997
leaf (dead) dead leaf is decayed by scattered, initially immersed pseudothecium Phaeosphaeria herpotrichoides - an ascomycete (Pleosporales: Phaeosphaeriaceae) Ellis, M.B. & J.P., 1997
leaf (dead) dead leaf is decayed by covered pycnidium of Stagonospora coelomycetous anamorph Stagonospora macropus - a coelomycete (Pleosporales: Phaeosphaeriaceae) UK/Ireland Grove, W.B., 1935
leaf (dead) dead leaf is decayed by effuse colony of Hansfordia dematiaceous anamorph Hansfordia caricis - a dematiaceous anamorphic fungus Ellis, M.B. & J.P., 1997
leaf (dead) dead leaf is decayed by sessile apothecium Mollisia caricina - a discomycete (Helotiales: Dermateaceae) Ellis, M.B. & J.P., 1997 [in wet places]
leaf (dead) dead leaf is decayed by very shortly stalked apothecium Psilachnum asemum - a discomycete (Helotiales: Hyaloscyphaceae) Ellis, M.B. & J.P., 1997
leaf (dead) dead leaf is decayed by perithecium Phomatospora dinemasporium - a pyrenomycete (Xylariales) Ellis, M.B. & J.P., 1997
leaf (dead) dead leaf is decayed by superficial conidioma of Dinemasporium coelomycetous anamorph Phomatospora dinemasporium - a pyrenomycete (Xylariales) Ellis, M.B. & J.P., 1997
leaf (dead) dead leaf is decayed by fruitbody Hemimycena delectabilis - a toadstool (Agaricales: Mycenaceae) Major Legon, N.W. & Henrici, A. with Roberts, P.J., Spooner, B.M. & Watling, R., 2005
leaf (dead) dead leaf is decayed by basidiome Cellypha goldbachii - a cyphelloid fungus (Agaricales: Tricholomataceae) Legon, N.W. & Henrici, A. with Roberts, P.J., Spooner, B.M. & Watling, R., 2005
leaf (live) live leaf is parasitised by embedded sorus Schizonella melanogramma - a smut fungus (Ustilaginales: Anthracoideaceae) Foreign Spooner, B.M. & Legon, N.W., 2006 [(Not on Carex flacca)]
leaf (upper part) (dead) dead leaf (upper part) is decayed by loosely gregarious, covered pycnidium of Stagonospora coelomycetous anamorph Stagonospora gigaspora - a coelomycete (Pleosporales: Phaeosphaeriaceae) UK/Ireland Grove, W.B., 1935
leaf-mine leaf-mine may house puparium Cerodontha caricicola - a leaf-mining fly (Diptera: Agromyzidae) Spencer, K.A., 1972 [at end of mine]
leaf-mine leaf-mine may house puparium Cerodontha eucaricis - a leaf-mining fly (Diptera: Agromyzidae) Restricted Spencer, K.A., 1972
leaf, debris (dead) dead leaf of debris is decayed by fruitbody Galerina permixta - a toadstool (Agaricales: Strophariaceae) Legon, N.W. & Henrici, A. with Roberts, P.J., Spooner, B.M. & Watling, R., 2005
leaf leaf is foodplant of adult Donacia thalassina - a reed beetle (Coleoptera: Chrysomelidae) Cox, M.L., 2007,
Bullock, J.A., 1992
leaf leaf is foodplant of very numerous, densely scattered, black, covered, piercing pycnidium of Septoria coelomycetous anamorph Septoria gracillima - a leaf-spot fungus (Capnodiales: Mycosphaerellaceae) UK/Ireland Grove, W.B., 1935
leaf leaf is galled by larva Planetella fischeri - a gall midge (Diptera: Cecidomyiidae) Stubbs, F.B. (Editor), 1986
leaf leaf is mined by larva Cerodontha angulata - a leaf-mining fly (Diptera: Agromyzidae) Spencer, K.A., 1972 [mine yellowish-green]
leaf leaf is mined by larva Cerodontha caricicola - a leaf-mining fly (Diptera: Agromyzidae) Spencer, K.A., 1972 [mine long, yellowish]
leaf leaf is mined by larva Cerodontha eucaricis - a leaf-mining fly (Diptera: Agromyzidae) Restricted Spencer, K.A., 1972
leaf leaf is mined by larva Cerodontha suturalis - a leaf-mining fly (Diptera: Agromyzidae) Restricted Spencer, K.A., 1972
leaf leaf is mined by larva Metopomyza scutellata - a leaf-mining fly (Diptera: Agromyzidae) Restricted Spencer, K.A., 1972 [deep, narrow mine in upper surface, frass in two regular rows]
leaf leaf is mined by larva Metopomyza xanthaspis - a leaf-mining fly (Diptera: Agromyzidae) Restricted Spencer, K.A., 1972 [initially mining lower surface, becoming a broad blotch; frass scattered irregularly]
leaf leaf is grazed by larva Brachythops flavens - a sawfly (Hymenoptera: Tenthredinidae) Benson, R.B., 1952
leaf leaf is grazed by larva Brachythops wuestneii - a sawfly (Hymenoptera: Tenthredinidae) Benson, R.B., 1952
leaf leaf is grazed by larva Dolerus (Poodolerus) haematodes - a sawfly (Hymenoptera: Tenthredinidae) Benson, R.B., 1952
leaf leaf is grazed by larva Pachynematus clibrichellus - a sawfly (Hymenoptera: Tenthredinidae) Restricted Benson, R.B., 1958
leaf leaf is grazed by larva Pachynematus kirbyi - a sawfly (Hymenoptera: Tenthredinidae) Restricted Benson, R.B., 1958
leaf leaf is grazed by larva Pachynematus vagus - a sawfly (Hymenoptera: Tenthredinidae) Benson, R.B., 1958
leaf leaf is decayed by immersed, gregarious apothecium Didymella caricis - an ascomycete (Pleosporales) Ellis, M.B. & J.P., 1997
leaf leaf may have adult Donacia vulgaris - a reed beetle (Coleoptera: Chrysomelidae) Cox, M.L., 2007
leaf leaf may have puparium Cerodontha angulata - a leaf-mining fly (Diptera: Agromyzidae) Spencer, K.A., 1972 [frequently adheres to leaf]
leaf leaf may have puparium Metopomyza scutellata - a leaf-mining fly (Diptera: Agromyzidae) Restricted Spencer, K.A., 1972
leaf leaf may have puparium Metopomyza xanthaspis - a leaf-mining fly (Diptera: Agromyzidae) Restricted Spencer, K.A., 1972
ovary (live) live ovary is parasitised by sorus Anthracoidea caricis sensu E&E - a group of smut fungi (Ustilaginales: Anthracoideaceae)
pollen? pollen? is foodplant of adult Plateumaris discolor - a reed beetle (Coleoptera: Chrysomelidae) UK/Ireland Major Cox, M.L., 2007,
Bullock, J.A., 1992
pollen pollen is foodplant of adult Donacia obscura - a reed beetle (Coleoptera: Chrysomelidae) Bullock, J.A., 1992
pollen pollen is foodplant of adult Donacia thalassina - a reed beetle (Coleoptera: Chrysomelidae) Cox, M.L., 2007,
Bullock, J.A., 1992
rhizome rhizome may house clustered, in groups of up to 10 cocoon Donacia clavipes - a reed beetle (Coleoptera: Chrysomelidae) Cox, M.L., 2007
root (submerged) submerged root may house subaquatic larva Donacia dentata - a reed beetle (Coleoptera: Chrysomelidae) Cox, M.L., 2007
root root is foodplant of larva Donacia vulgaris - a reed beetle (Coleoptera: Chrysomelidae) Cox, M.L., 2007
root root may house larva Donacia clavipes - a reed beetle (Coleoptera: Chrysomelidae) Cox, M.L., 2007
root root may house cocoon Plateumaris braccata - a reed beetle (Coleoptera: Chrysomelidae) UK/Ireland Cox, M.L., 2007
roots (submerged) submerged roots may house subaquatic cocoon Donacia dentata - a reed beetle (Coleoptera: Chrysomelidae) Cox, M.L., 2007
roots roots is associate of larva Donacia cinerea - a reed beetle (Coleoptera: Chrysomelidae) Cox, M.L., 2007
roots roots may house subaquatic cocoon Macroplea appendiculata - a reed beetle (Coleoptera: Chrysomelidae) Cox, M.L., 2007
sheath (dead) dead sheath is decayed by thyriothecium Morenoina fimbriata - a fly speck fungus (Capnodiales: Asterinaceae) UK/Ireland Ellis, J.P., 1980
shoot shoot may contain larva Tournotaris bimaculatus - a weevil (Coleoptera: Erirhinidae) Foreign Morris, M.G., 2002
stem (base) (dead, decayed, sodden) dead, decayed, sodden stem (base) is decayed by annual, resupinate, drying dark red fruitbody Rigidoporus sanguinolentus - Bleeding Porecrust (Polyporales: Meripilaceae) Rare Legon, N.W. & Henrici, A. with Roberts, P.J., Spooner, B.M. & Watling, R., 2005
stem (dead, rain-soaked) dead, rain-soaked stem is decayed by extensive, velvety colony of Cladosporium dematiaceous anamorph Cladosporium cladosporioides - a dematiaceous anamorphic fungus (Capnodiales: Davidiellaceae) Ellis, M.B. & J.P., 1997
stem (dead, rain-soaked) dead, rain-soaked stem is decayed by extensive, velvety colony of Cladosporium dematiaceous anamorph Mycosphaerella tassiana - an ascomycete (Capnodiales: Mycosphaerellaceae) Ellis, M.B. & J.P., 1997
stem (dead, very rotting, fallen, locally blackened) dead, very rotting, fallen, locally blackened stem is decayed by stalked, erumpent apothecium Rutstroemia lindaviana - a discomycete (Helotiales: Rutstroemiaceae) Ellis, M.B. & J.P., 1997
stem (dead, wet) dead, wet stem is decayed by fruitbody Mycena bulbosa - a bonnet (Agaricales: Mycenaceae) Major Legon, N.W. & Henrici, A. with Roberts, P.J., Spooner, B.M. & Watling, R., 2005
stem (dead) dead stem is decayed by thyriothecium Morenoina fimbriata - a fly speck fungus (Capnodiales: Asterinaceae) UK/Ireland Ellis, J.P., 1980
stem (dead) dead stem is decayed by immersed, linearly arranged pseudothecium Mycosphaerella lineolata - an ascomycete (Capnodiales: Mycosphaerellaceae) Ellis, M.B. & J.P., 1997
stem (dead) dead stem is decayed by immersed pseudothecium Paraphaeosphaeria michotii - an ascomycete (Pleosporales: Montagnulaceae) Ellis, M.B. & J.P., 1997
stem (dead) dead stem is decayed by scattered, initially immersed pseudothecium Phaeosphaeria herpotrichoides - an ascomycete (Pleosporales: Phaeosphaeriaceae) Ellis, M.B. & J.P., 1997
stem (dead) dead stem is decayed by sessile apothecium Mollisia caricina - a discomycete (Helotiales: Dermateaceae) Ellis, M.B. & J.P., 1997 [in wet places]
stem (dead) dead stem is decayed by perithecium Phomatospora dinemasporium - a pyrenomycete (Xylariales) Ellis, M.B. & J.P., 1997
stem (dead) dead stem is decayed by superficial conidioma of Dinemasporium coelomycetous anamorph Phomatospora dinemasporium - a pyrenomycete (Xylariales) Ellis, M.B. & J.P., 1997
stem (dead) dead stem is decayed by basidiome Cellypha goldbachii - a cyphelloid fungus (Agaricales: Tricholomataceae) Legon, N.W. & Henrici, A. with Roberts, P.J., Spooner, B.M. & Watling, R., 2005
stem stem is foodplant of Erirhinus aethiops - a weevil (Coleoptera: Erirhinidae) UK/Ireland Morris, M.G., 2002,
Bullock, J.A., 1992
stem stem is foodplant of Notaris scirpi - a weevil (Coleoptera: Erirhinidae) UK/Ireland Morris, M.G., 2002
stem stem is galled by larva Planetella granifex - a gall midge (Diptera: Cecidomyiidae) Stubbs, F.B. (Editor), 1986
tussock tussock may house hibernating adult Dictyla convergens - a lacebug (Hemiptera: Tingidae) Southwood, T.R.E. & Leston, D., 1959

Carex may be associated with more taxa listed at higher taxonomic level

PLANTAE
(plants)
TRACHEOPHYTA
(vascular plants)
MAGNOLIOPSIDA
(flowering plants)
LILIIDAE
(monocotyledonous flowering plants)
CYPERACEAE
(cotton-grasses, spike-rushes and sedges)
Herbaceous Plants (via Liliidae)

References

Benson, R.B., 1952 Hymenoptera: 2. Symphyta. Section (b)
Benson, R.B., 1958 Hymenoptera: 2. Symphyta. Section (c)
Bullock, J.A., 1992 Host Plants of British Beetles: A List of Recorded Associations
Cox, M.L., 2007 Atlas of the Seed and Leaf Beetles of Britain and Ireland
Dennis, R.W.G., 1995 Fungi of the South East England
Ellis, J.P., 1980 The genus Morenoina in Britain
Ellis, M.B. & J.P., 1997 Microfungi on Land Plants: An Identification Handbook
Grove, W.B., 1935 British Stem- and Leaf- Fungi: Coelomycetes Vol. I … Sphaeropsidales with hyaline conidia
Legon, N.W. & Henrici, A. with Roberts, P.J., Spooner, B.M. & Watling, R., 2005 Checklist of the British and Irish Basidiomycota
Morris, M.G., 2002 True Weevils (Part I): Family Curculionidae, subfamilies Raymondionyminae to Smicronychinae
Mound L.A., Morison, G.D., Pitkin, B.R. & Palmer, J.M., 1976 Thysanoptera
Rohácek, J., 2009 A monograph of Palaearctic Anthomyzidae (Diptera), Part 2
Rotheray, G.E., 1993 Colour Guide to Hoverfly Larvae (Diptera, Syrphidae) in Britain and Europe
Southwood, T.R.E. & Leston, D., 1959 Land and Water Bugs of the British Isles
Spencer, K.A., 1972 Diptera: Agromyzidae
Spooner, B.M. & Legon, N.W., 2006 Additions and amendments to the list of British smut fungi
Stubbs, F.B. (Editor), 1986 Provisional Keys to British Plant Galls
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