BioInfo (UK)

(Fungi s.l.) (fungi (in the broad sense))

BioImages BioImages (www.bioimages.org.uk) has 38336 images of (Fungi s.l.) (fungi (in the broad sense))

Subtaxa (ie subgroups of this Informal)

Taxon Rank #subtaxa #refs #webs

Suggested Literature

Identification Works

Plant pathology

Ellis, M.B. & J.P., 1997 Microfungi on Land Plants: An Identification Handbook
Moore, W.C., 1959 British Parasitic Fungi

General Works

Fungal Records Database of Britain and Ireland: http://www.fieldmycology.net/GBCHKLST/gbchklst.asp Fungal Records Database of Britain and Ireland
Fungal databases - Fungus-Host Distributions: http://nt.ars-grin.gov/fungaldatabases/fungushost/FungusHost.cfm Fungal databases - Fungus-Host Distributions
Gadd, G.M., 2004 Mycotransformation of organic and inorganic substrates
Marren, P., 2012 Mushrooms
Chemical reagents: http://www.britmycolsoc.org.uk/mycology/microscopy/reagents/ Chemical reagents
Spooner, B. & Roberts, P., 2005 Fungi

Conservation

Hadley, G., 1998 British Mycological Society Policy on Conservation

Endophytes

Wearn, J.A., Sutton, B.C., Morley, N.J. & Gange, A.C., 2012 Species and organ specificity of fungal endophytes in herbaceous grassland plants

Hosts

Blackwell, E., 2004 Some Hints on Identifying Wood in the Field
FRDBI Hosts: http://www.fieldmycology.net/FRDBI/assoc.asp FRDBI Hosts

Journals

Acta Mycologica Journal
Cryptogamie Mycologie (Cryptog., Mycol) Journal
Fungal Ecology (FungEcol) Journal
Fungal Genetics and Biology Journal
International Journal of Systematic and Evolutionary Microbiology Journal
Karstenia Journal
Mycotaxon Journal
Persoonia Journal
Rev. de Mycol. Journal
Schlechtendaliahttp://www.botanik.uni-halle.de/publikationen/schlechtendalia/ Journal
Sydowia Journal
Sydowia, Annales Mycologici Ser. II Journal
Thunbergia Journal
Documents Mycologiques, Nouvelle série Journal
Bulletin of the British Mycological Society (Bull. Br. mycol. Soc.) Journal
Fungal Biology Reviews Journal
Mycological Research (Mycol. Res.) Journal
Mycologist Journal
Mycologist News Journal
News Bulletin of the British Mycological Society (BMSNB) Journal
Transactions of the British Mycological Society (TBMS) Journal
Studies in Mycology (Stud. Mycol.) Journal
Mycological Progress Journal
Notes from the Royal Botanic Garden, Edinburgh Journal
Kew Bulletin Journal
Bulletin de la Société Mycologique de France Journal
Mycologia Journal
Plant pathology
Gardeners Chronicle Journal
Plant Pathology Journal
Plant Pathology Online Journal
Plant Protection News Journal
New Disease Reports Journal
Regional
Mycologia Balcanica Journal
HSFG News Sheet Journal

Libraries and Museums

Libri Fungorum: http://194.203.77.76/Librifungorum/index.htm Libri Fungorum

Marine

Jones, E.B.G., 1988 Do fungi occur in the sea?

Microscopy

Coupin, J. & D., 1908 Atlas de Botanique Microscopique
Stainsfile: the internet resource for histotechnologists: http://stainsfile.info/StainsFile/jindex.html Stainsfile: the internet resource for histotechnologists

Plant parasites

DEFRA Plant Health - Pests and Diseases: http://www.defra.gov.uk/planth/pests.htm DEFRA Plant Health - Pests and Diseases

Plant pathology

Ingram, D. & Robertson, N. Plant Disease: A Natural History

Regional newsletters

Pembrokeshire Fungus Recording Network Newsletter Journal

Regional studies

Dennis, R.W.G., 1995 Fungi of the South East England
Hawksworth, D.L., 1977 Recording fungi in a small area

Societies

British Mycological Society (BMS) British Mycological Society

Suppliers

Micro-science/Mycology: https://micro-science.co.uk/mycology.html Micro-science/Mycology
Polybags Ltd: http://www.polybags.co.uk Polybags Ltd

Taxonomy

Index Fungorum: http://www.indexfungorum.org/Names/NAMES.ASP Index Fungorum

(Fungi s.l.) may also be covered by literature listed under:

BIOTA
(living things)
Eukaryota
(eukaryotes)

Feeding and other inter-species relationships

Associated with (Fungi s.l.):

is food source of Hoplothrips ulmi - a fungus thrips (Thysanoptera: Phlaeothripidae) Kirk, W.D.J., 1996
mycelium (in cracks in tree bark) in cracks in tree bark mycelium is food source of larva Acanthothrips nodicornis - a fungus thrips (Thysanoptera: Phlaeothripidae) Kirk, W.D.J., 1996
spore spore is food source of female macropter Bacillothrips nobilis - a fungus thrips (Thysanoptera: Phlaeothripidae) Restricted Mound L.A., Morison, G.D., Pitkin, B.R. & Palmer, J.M., 1976,
Kirk, W.D.J., 1996
spore spore is food source of female micropter Bacillothrips nobilis - a fungus thrips (Thysanoptera: Phlaeothripidae) Restricted Mound L.A., Morison, G.D., Pitkin, B.R. & Palmer, J.M., 1976,
Kirk, W.D.J., 1996
spore spore is food source of male micropter Bacillothrips nobilis - a fungus thrips (Thysanoptera: Phlaeothripidae) Restricted Mound L.A., Morison, G.D., Pitkin, B.R. & Palmer, J.M., 1976,
Kirk, W.D.J., 1996
spore spore is food source of larva Bacillothrips nobilis - a fungus thrips (Thysanoptera: Phlaeothripidae) Restricted Mound L.A., Morison, G.D., Pitkin, B.R. & Palmer, J.M., 1976,
Kirk, W.D.J., 1996
spore spore is food source of female apter Bolothrips dentipes - a thrips (Thysanoptera: Phlaeothripidae) Mound L.A., Morison, G.D., Pitkin, B.R. & Palmer, J.M., 1976
spore spore is food source of male apter Bolothrips dentipes - a thrips (Thysanoptera: Phlaeothripidae) Mound L.A., Morison, G.D., Pitkin, B.R. & Palmer, J.M., 1976
spore spore is food source of larva Bolothrips dentipes - a thrips (Thysanoptera: Phlaeothripidae) Mound L.A., Morison, G.D., Pitkin, B.R. & Palmer, J.M., 1976
spore spore is food source of female macropter Cryptothrips nigripes - a thrips (Thysanoptera: Phlaeothripidae) Mound L.A., Morison, G.D., Pitkin, B.R. & Palmer, J.M., 1976
spore spore is food source of female micropter Cryptothrips nigripes - a thrips (Thysanoptera: Phlaeothripidae) Mound L.A., Morison, G.D., Pitkin, B.R. & Palmer, J.M., 1976
spore spore is food source of male micropter Cryptothrips nigripes - a thrips (Thysanoptera: Phlaeothripidae) Mound L.A., Morison, G.D., Pitkin, B.R. & Palmer, J.M., 1976
spore spore is food source of larva Cryptothrips nigripes - a thrips (Thysanoptera: Phlaeothripidae) Mound L.A., Morison, G.D., Pitkin, B.R. & Palmer, J.M., 1976
spore spore is food source of larva Megathrips lativentris - a fungus thrips (Thysanoptera: Phlaeothripidae) Restricted Mound L.A., Morison, G.D., Pitkin, B.R. & Palmer, J.M., 1976,
Kirk, W.D.J., 1996
spore spore is food source of female macropter Megathrips lativentris - a fungus thrips (Thysanoptera: Phlaeothripidae) Restricted Mound L.A., Morison, G.D., Pitkin, B.R. & Palmer, J.M., 1976,
Kirk, W.D.J., 1996
spore spore is food source of female micropter Megathrips lativentris - a fungus thrips (Thysanoptera: Phlaeothripidae) Restricted Mound L.A., Morison, G.D., Pitkin, B.R. & Palmer, J.M., 1976,
Kirk, W.D.J., 1996
spore spore is food source of male micropter Megathrips lativentris - a fungus thrips (Thysanoptera: Phlaeothripidae) Restricted Mound L.A., Morison, G.D., Pitkin, B.R. & Palmer, J.M., 1976,
Kirk, W.D.J., 1996

Further Information

Curation Fungal specimens are best preserved by drying.

Infected plant material can be pressed, although if there is superficial growth, this will be damaged and may be lost. Most people use gentle warmth for everything from leaf-spots to fleshy toadstools.

This can be as simple as the top of a radiator, although purpose-built driers such as those sold for drying fruit give the best results. Large fleshy species can be placed in the air stream from a fan heater for fast, effective results even with fragile species like inkcaps.

Infected leaves can be placed in folded blotting paper, lightly weighted on top to prevent them curling up too much.

The time taken to dry varies with the method, but can be from a few hours for infected leaves, overnight for small to medium toadstools, or longer for large toadstools or brackets. Large toadstools can become sealed by a dry layer on the outside, but leaving them at room temperature for a day allows the remaining moisture to soften this skin so drying can be resumed

Leaves will curl and go crisp otherwise weight is the easiest way to tell when a specimen is dry. At this point it's best to leave them at room temperature for a day to soften up, otherwise they can be very fragile.

Dried material keeps reasonably well but is attacked by a variety of pests, especially booklice and mites, and to a lesser extent museum/carpet beetles. Dried material is conventionally stored in paper envelopes, but this gives no protection from insects, so the envelopes need to be stored in batches in sealable plastic bags or boxes. Avoid storing the specimens directly in individual plastic bags as static electricity from handling the bags will make extracting the dried material all but impossible.
Lab. techniques Except for some of the more distinctive larger species, microscopic examination is always required to identify fungi. Staining is often necessary to make hyaline tissues and spores visible - the question is what stain to use: as a rule of thumb: if it has basidia, use Phloxine; if it has asci, use Melzer's Iodine; other hyaline ascomycete structures can be stained with Congo Red. Anamorphic fungi generally stain well in Cotton Blue, although dematiaceous hyphomycetes often need no staining.

References

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