BioInfo (UK)

Pinguicula vulgaris L. (Common Butterwort)

BioImages BioImages (www.bioimages.org.uk) has 13 images of Pinguicula vulgaris (Common Butterwort)

NBN NBN (data.nbn.org.uk) has the UK distribution map of Pinguicula vulgaris (Common Butterwort)

Suggested Literature

Pinguicula vulgaris may be covered by literature listed under:

BIOTA
(living things)
Eukaryota
(eukaryotes)
PLANTAE
(plants)
TRACHEOPHYTA
(vascular plants)
MAGNOLIOPSIDA
(flowering plants)
LENTIBULARIACEAE
(butterworts and bladderworts)
Pinguicula
(butterworts)

Feeding and other inter-species relationships

Pinguicula vulgaris is associated with:

leaf Araneae - spiders leaf is predator of adult Darwin, C., 1875 [p370]
leaf Coleoptera - beetles leaf is predator of adult Minor Darwin, C., 1875 [small spp. (page 370)]
leaf Diptera - two-winged flies leaf is predator of adult Major Darwin, C., 1875 [p370]
leaf Hymenoptera - bees, wasps, ants, sawflies and parasitoid wasps, ants, bees and wasps leaf is predator of adult Major Darwin, C., 1875 [minute spp. (page 370)]
leaf Formicidae - ants (Hymenoptera) leaf is predator of adult Minor Darwin, C., 1875 [p370]
leaf Lepidoptera - butterflies and moths leaf is predator of adult Minor Darwin, C., 1875 [small spp. (page 370)]

There may be more taxa associated with Pinguicula vulgaris listed at higher taxonomic level

Pinguicula
(butterworts)

Associated with Pinguicula vulgaris:

anther (live) live anther is parasitised by light violet, powdery spore mass Ustilago pinguiculi - (Bladderwort Flower-smut) Foreign Vánky, K., 1994 [light violet, powdery spore mass in anthers]

Pinguicula vulgaris may be associated with more taxa listed at higher taxonomic level

PLANTAE
(plants)
TRACHEOPHYTA
(vascular plants)
MAGNOLIOPSIDA
(flowering plants)
EU-DICOTS
(dicotyledonous flowering plants)
Herbaceous Plants (via Lentibulariaceae)

References

Darwin, C., 1875 Insectivorous Plants
Vánky, K., 1994 European Smut Fungi
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