BioInfo (UK)

Prunus L. (plums, cherries and laurels)

BioImages BioImages (www.bioimages.org.uk) has 179 images of Prunus (plums, cherries and laurels)

NBN NBN (data.nbn.org.uk) has the UK distribution map of Prunus (plums, cherries and laurels)

Subtaxa (ie subgroups of this Genus)

Taxon Rank #subtaxa #webs

Suggested Literature

General Works

Lush, M. et al, 2009 Biodiversity studies of six Traditional Orchards in England

plant pathology

Leather, S.R. & Bland, K.P., 1999 Insects on cherry trees

Prunus may also be covered by literature listed under:

BIOTA
(living things)
Eukaryota
(eukaryotes)
PLANTAE
(plants)
TRACHEOPHYTA
(vascular plants)
MAGNOLIOPSIDA
(flowering plants)
Broadleaved trees Trees Broadleaved trees and shrubs Trees and shrubs Trees, shrubs, woody and climbing plants (via Broadleaved trees)

Feeding and other inter-species relationships

Associated with Prunus:

(dead) dead is decayed by Endostilbum anamorph Ascocoryne albidum - a discomycete (Helotiales: Helotiaceae) UK/Ireland Dennis, R.W.G., 1995
(dead) dead is decayed by becoming superficial, scattered pycnidium of Pleurophoma coelomycetous anamorph Pleurophoma pleurospora - a coelomycete Grove, W.B., 1935
(dead) dead is decayed by fruitbody Phellinus pomaceus - Cushion Bracket (Hymenochaetales: Hymenochaetaceae) Major Legon, N.W. & Henrici, A. with Roberts, P.J., Spooner, B.M. & Watling, R., 2005 [weakly parasitic then saprotrophic]
(dying) dying may be infected and damaged by basidiome Chondrostereum purpureum - Silverleaf Fungus (Agaricales: Cyphellaceae) Legon, N.W. & Henrici, A. with Roberts, P.J., Spooner, B.M. & Watling, R., 2005
(live) live is parasitised by fruitbody Phellinus pomaceus - Cushion Bracket (Hymenochaetales: Hymenochaetaceae) Major Buczacki, S. & Harris, K., 1998 [causes a white, crumbly rot in the centre, surrounded by a firm, dark brown-purple zone.],
Legon, N.W. & Henrici, A. with Roberts, P.J., Spooner, B.M. & Watling, R., 2005 [weakly parasitic then saprotrophic]
(live) live has sap sucked by Rhopalosiphum nymphaeae - Water-lily Aphid, Water Lily Aphid (Hemiptera: Aphididae) Buczacki, S. & Harris, K., 1998
(live) live may have larva Taeniothrips inconsequens - Pear Thrips (Thysanoptera: Thripidae) Mound L.A., Morison, G.D., Pitkin, B.R. & Palmer, J.M., 1976
(live) live may have female Taeniothrips inconsequens - Pear Thrips (Thysanoptera: Thripidae) Mound L.A., Morison, G.D., Pitkin, B.R. & Palmer, J.M., 1976
(live) live may have male Taeniothrips inconsequens - Pear Thrips (Thysanoptera: Thripidae) Mound L.A., Morison, G.D., Pitkin, B.R. & Palmer, J.M., 1976
(pyrenomycete infection) pyrenomycete infection is associate of perithecium Nectria episphaeria - a pyrenomycete (Hypocreales: Nectriaceae) Ellis, M.B. & J.P., 1997
is foodplant of Polydrusus (Chrysophis) formosus - a weevil (Coleoptera: Curculionidae) Morris, M.G., 1997
may be infected and damaged by Armillaria mellea s.l. - honey fungi (Agaricales: Physalacriaceae) UK/Ireland Moore, W.C., 1959
has sap sucked by Pentatoma rufipes - Forest Bug (Hemiptera: Pentatomidae) Southwood, T.R.E. & Leston, D., 1959
has sap sucked by Eulecanium excrescens - Wisteria Scale (Hemiptera: Coccidae) UK/Ireland MacLeod, A. & Matthews, L., 2005
is associate of Mycetochara humeralis - a darkling beetle (Coleoptera: Tenebrionidae) Bullock, J.A., 1992
is associate of fruitbody Entoloma niphoides - a toadstool (Agaricales: Entolomataceae) Major Legon, N.W. & Henrici, A. with Roberts, P.J., Spooner, B.M. & Watling, R., 2005
anther anther is foodplant of adult Orsodacne cerasi - a leaf beetle (Coleoptera: Chrysomelidae) Cox, M.L., 2007,
Bullock, J.A., 1992
bark (dead) dead bark is decayed by sporodochium of Cryptocoryneum dematiaceous anamorph Cryptocoryneum condensatum - a dematiaceous anamorphic fungus Ellis, M.B. & J.P., 1997
bark (dead) dead bark is decayed by effuse colony of Acrogenospora dematiaceous anamorph Farlowiella carmichaeliana - an ascomycete (Pleosporales) Ellis, M.B. & J.P., 1997
bark (dead) dead bark is decayed by hysterothecium Farlowiella carmichaeliana - an ascomycete (Pleosporales) Ellis, M.B. & J.P., 1997
bark (dead) dead bark is decayed by leathery, stromatic, grouped, immersed then emrging by transverse fissure, compressed, reddish-black pycnidium of Foveostroma coelomycetous anamorph Foveostroma drupacearum - a stromatic coelomycete UK/Ireland Grove, W.B., 1935
bark (dead) dead bark is decayed by colony of Menispora dematiaceous anamorph Menispora ciliata - a dematiaceous anamorphic fungus (Chaetosphaeriales: Chaetosphaeriaceae) Ellis, M.B. & J.P., 1997
bark (dead) dead bark is decayed by effuse colony of Spadicoides dematiaceous anamorph Spadicoides bina - a dematiaceous anamorphic fungus (Sordariales: Helminthosphaeriaceae) UK/Ireland Dennis, R.W.G., 1995
bark (dead) dead bark is decayed by effuse colony of Acladium anamorph Botryobasidium conspersum - a resupinate fungus (Cantharellales: Botryobasidiaceae) Ellis, M.B. & J.P., 1997
bark (rotten) rotten bark is decayed by effuse colony of Brachysporium dematiaceous anamorph Brachysporium bloxamii - a dematiaceous anamorphic fungus (Trichosphaeriales: Trichosphaeriaceae) Ellis, M.B. & J.P., 1997
bark (rotten) rotten bark is decayed by effuse colony of Brachysporium dematiaceous anamorph Brachysporium masonii - a dematiaceous anamorphic fungus (Trichosphaeriales: Trichosphaeriaceae) Ellis, M.B. & J.P., 1997
bark (rotten) rotten bark is decayed by effuse colony of Brachysporium dematiaceous anamorph Brachysporium obovatum - a dematiaceous anamorphic fungus (Trichosphaeriales: Trichosphaeriaceae) Ellis, M.B. & J.P., 1997
bark bark is galled by Acalitus phloeocoptes - a gall mite (Trombidiformes: Eriophyidae) Stubbs, F.B. (Editor), 1986
bark bark is decayed by effuse colony of Sporidesmium dematiaceous anamorph Sporidesmium altum - a dematiaceous anamorphic fungus (Pleosporales) Ellis, M.B. & J.P., 1997
bark bark may have epiphytic colony Trentepohlia abietina - a green alga (Trentepohliales: Trentepohliaceae) UK/Ireland John, D.M., Whitton, B.A. & Brook, A.J., 2002
branch (cankered) cankered branch may be infected and damaged by Nectria galligena - Apple and Pear Canker (Hypocreales: Nectriaceae) Buczacki, S. & Harris, K., 1998
branch (cankered) cankered branch may be infected and damaged by scattered or clustered, immersed, then semi-immersed, finally superficial pycnidium of Phomopsis coelomycetous anamorph Phomopsis perniciosa - a coelomycete (Diaporthales: Diaporthaceae) UK/Ireland Grove, W.B., 1935
branch (cortex) (dead) dead branch (cortex) is decayed by immersed, stromatic, in group of 3 to 8 perithecium Valsa cypri - a valsoid pyrenomycete (Diaporthales: Valsaceae) Ellis, M.B. & J.P., 1997
branch (damp, rotten, esp. leaf-covered) damp, rotten, esp. leaf-covered branch is associate of effuse colony of Heteroconium anamorph Heteroconium tetracoilum - a dematiaceous anamorphic fungus (Capnodiales: Antennulariellaceae) Ellis, M.B. & J.P., 1997 [especially where kept damp by a covering of leaves]
branch (dead, corticate) dead, corticate branch is decayed by erumpent stroma Hypoxylon multiforme - Birch Woodwart (Xylariales: Xylariaceae) Ellis, M.B. & J.P., 1997
branch (dead, decorticate or with bark rolling back) dead, decorticate or with bark rolling back branch is decayed by widely effused stroma Diatrype stigma - Common Tarcrust (Xylariales: Diatrypaceae) Ellis, M.B. & J.P., 1997
branch (dead, decorticate or with bark rolling back) dead, decorticate or with bark rolling back branch is decayed by stromatic, immersed perithecium Diatrype stigma - Common Tarcrust (Xylariales: Diatrypaceae) Ellis, M.B. & J.P., 1997
branch (dead, decorticate) dead, decorticate branch is decayed by effuse stroma Hypoxylon multiforme - Birch Woodwart (Xylariales: Xylariaceae) Ellis, M.B. & J.P., 1997
branch (dead, fallen, characteristically reddish-brown) dead, fallen, characteristically reddish-brown branch is decayed by Cytospora coelomycetous anamorph Lopadostoma turgidum - a valsoid pyrenomycete (Xylariales: Xylariaceae) Ellis, M.B. & J.P., 1997
branch (dead, fallen, characteristically reddish-brown) dead, fallen, characteristically reddish-brown branch is decayed by immersed, stromatic, in group of usually 3 to 8 perithecium Lopadostoma turgidum - a valsoid pyrenomycete (Xylariales: Xylariaceae) Ellis, M.B. & J.P., 1997
branch (dead, fallen) dead, fallen branch is decayed by fruitbody Trametes hirsuta - Hairy Bracket (Polyporales: Polyporaceae) Legon, N.W. & Henrici, A. with Roberts, P.J., Spooner, B.M. & Watling, R., 2005 [esp. calcareous soil]
branch (dead, fungus infected) dead, fungus infected branch is associate of perithecium Cosmospora purtonii - a pyrenomycete (Hypocreales: Nectriaceae) Ellis, M.B. & J.P., 1997 [on effete, often valsoid pyrenomycetes]
branch (dead, often grey or purple stained) dead, often grey or purple stained branch is decayed by effuse colony of Triposporium dematiaceous anamorph Triposporium elegans - a dematiaceous anamorphic fungus (Capnodiales: Asterinaceae) Ellis, M.B. & J.P., 1997
branch (dead) dead branch is decayed by hysterothecium Gloniopsis praelonga - an ascomycete (Hysteriales: Hysteriaceae) UK/Ireland Ellis, M.B. & J.P., 1997
branch (dead) dead branch is decayed by becoming superficial perithecium Neopeckia fulcita - a pyrenomycete (Pleosporales) Ellis, M.B. & J.P., 1997
branch (dead) dead branch is decayed by effuse colony of Pseudospiropes dematiaceous anamorph Strossmayeria basitricha - a discomycete (Helotiales: Helotiaceae) Ellis, M.B. & J.P., 1997
branch (dead) dead branch is decayed by apothecium Dematioscypha dematiicola - a discomycete (Helotiales: Hyaloscyphaceae) Ellis, M.B. & J.P., 1997
branch (dead) dead branch is decayed by effuse colony of Haplographium dematiaceous anamorph Dematioscypha dematiicola - a discomycete (Helotiales: Hyaloscyphaceae) Ellis, M.B. & J.P., 1997
branch (dead) dead branch is decayed by stromatic, in clusters of up to 15 perithecium Nectria cinnabarina - Coral Spot (Hypocreales: Nectriaceae) Ellis, M.B. & J.P., 1997
branch (dead) dead branch is decayed by sporodochium of Tubercularia anamorph Nectria cinnabarina - Coral Spot (Hypocreales: Nectriaceae) Ellis, M.B. & J.P., 1997
branch (dead) dead branch is decayed by gregarious, stromatic, immersed, unilocular pycnidium of Cytospora coelomycetous anamorph Valsa cypri - a valsoid pyrenomycete (Diaporthales: Valsaceae) Ellis, M.B. & J.P., 1997
branch (dead) dead branch is decayed by stroma Valsaria insitiva - a valsoid pyrenomycete (Diaporthales) Ellis, M.B. & J.P., 1997 [containing 7 to 10 perithecia]
branch (dead) dead branch is decayed by immersed, stromatic, in groups of 7-10 perithecium Valsaria insitiva - a valsoid pyrenomycete (Diaporthales) Ellis, M.B. & J.P., 1997 [containing 7 to 10 perithecia]
branch (dead) dead branch is decayed by loosely gregarious, covered then erumpent by transverse fissure, radially plurilocular stroma of Cytospora coelomycetous anamorph Eutypella prunastri - a stromatic pyrenomycete (Xylariales: Diatrypaceae) UK/Ireland Grove, W.B., 1935 [spore tendrils purple or deep red],
Ellis, M.B. & J.P., 1997
branch (dead) dead branch is decayed by Nodulisporium anamorph Hypoxylon multiforme - Birch Woodwart (Xylariales: Xylariaceae) Ellis, M.B. & J.P., 1997
branch (dead) dead branch is decayed by erect, at soil level stroma Xylaria polymorpha - Dead Man’S Fingers (Xylariales: Xylariaceae) Ellis, M.B. & J.P., 1997 [fruiting about soil level]
branch (dead) dead branch is decayed by fruitbody Oudemansiella mucida - Porcelain Toadstool, Porcelain Fungus, Poached Egg Toadstool (Agaricales: Physalacriaceae) Rare Legon, N.W. & Henrici, A. with Roberts, P.J., Spooner, B.M. & Watling, R., 2005 [often high in canop]
branch (dying) dying branch is parasitised by fruitbody Oudemansiella mucida - Porcelain Toadstool, Porcelain Fungus, Poached Egg Toadstool (Agaricales: Physalacriaceae) Rare Legon, N.W. & Henrici, A. with Roberts, P.J., Spooner, B.M. & Watling, R., 2005 [weakly parasitic?]
branch (fallen, dead) fallen, dead branch is decayed by effuse colony of Helminthosporium dematiaceous anamorph Helminthosporium velutinum - a dematiaceous anamorphic fungus (Pleosporales: Massarinaceae) Ellis, M.B. & J.P., 1997
branch (fallen, dead) fallen, dead branch is decayed by colony of Phaeostalagmus dematiaceous anamorph Phaeostalagmus cyclosporus - a dematiaceous anamorphic fungus (Chaetosphaeriales: Chaetosphaeriaceae) Ellis, M.B. & J.P., 1997
branch (fallen, dead) fallen, dead branch is decayed by subiculate perithecium Acanthonitschkea tristis - a pyrenomycete (Coronophorales: Nitschkiaceae) Ellis, M.B. & J.P., 1997
branch (fallen) fallen branch is decayed by effuse colony of Trichothecium anamorph Trichothecium roseum - an anamorphic fungus (Hypocreales) Ellis, M.B. & J.P., 1997
branch (old) (thickly encrusted) thickly encrusted branch (old) has sap sucked by Pseudaulacaspis pentagona - White Peach Scale (Hemiptera: Diaspididae) UK/Ireland MacLeod, A., 2007
branch (rotten) rotten branch is decayed by often long-stalked apothecium Lachnum brevipilosum - a discomycete (Helotiales: Hyaloscyphaceae) Ellis, M.B. & J.P., 1997
branch wood (dry, hard, decorticate) dry, hard, decorticate branch wood is decayed by superficial pycnidium of Aposphaeria coelomycetous anamorph Melanomma pulvis-pyrius - an ascomycete (Pleosporales: Melanommataceae) Ellis, M.B. & J.P., 1997
branch wood (dry, hard, decorticate) dry, hard, decorticate branch wood is decayed by superficial, often in very large clusters pseudothecium Melanomma pulvis-pyrius - an ascomycete (Pleosporales: Melanommataceae) Ellis, M.B. & J.P., 1997
branch branch is foodplant of caespitose apothecium Tympanis prunicola - a discomycete (Helotiales: Helotiaceae) Yao, Y.-J. & Spooner, B.M., 1996
branch branch is decayed by immersed, plurilocular stroma of Cytosporina coelomycetous anamorph Cytosporina ludibunda p.p. (Prunus form) - a coelomycete UK/Ireland Grove, W.B., 1935 [stroma surrounded by a black line; contents golden-yellow]
branch branch is decayed by immersed, grouped in circles perithecium Valsa ambiens - a valsoid pyrenomycete (Diaporthales: Valsaceae) Ellis, M.B. & J.P., 1997 [extending uniformly along the whole length of twigs and branches]
branch branch is decayed by subgregarious to densely scattered, covered then erumpent, blackish grey with paler roundish flat disc stroma of Cytospora coelomycetous anamorph Valsa ambiens - a valsoid pyrenomycete (Diaporthales: Valsaceae) UK/Ireland Grove, W.B., 1935 [spore tendrils almost colourless],
Ellis, M.B. & J.P., 1997 [extending uniformly along the whole length of twigs and branches]
bud bud is galled by larva Asphondylia pruniperda - a gall midge (Diptera: Cecidomyiidae) Stubbs, F.B. (Editor), 1986
cambium of dead twig (below) below cambium of dead twig is mined by larva Magdalis (Panus) barbicornis - Pear Weevil (Coleoptera: Curculionidae) UK/Ireland Bullock, J.A., 1992
cambium cambium may contain larva Scolytus mali - Large Fruit Bark Beetle (Coleoptera: Curculionidae) Bullock, J.A., 1992
cambium cambium may contain larva Scolytus rugulosus - Fruit Bark Beetle, Shothole Borer (Small Fruit Bark Beetle) (Coleoptera: Curculionidae) Bullock, J.A., 1992
cambium cambium is mined by larva Anthaxia (Anthaxia) nitidula - a jewel beetle (Coleoptera: Buprestidae) Bullock, J.A., 1992
flower (live) live flower is grazed by adult Clytra laeviuscula - a leaf beetle (Coleoptera: Chrysomelidae) Foreign Cox, M.L., 2007
fruit (brown rotted) brown rotted fruit may be infected and damaged by Monilia dematiaceous anamorph Monilinia fructicola - an ascomycete fungus (Helotiales: Sclerotiniaceae) Foreign Major Fox, R.T.V., 1995 [in the Americas]
fruit (cankered) cankered fruit may be infected and damaged by scattered or clustered, immersed, then semi-immersed, finally superficial pycnidium of Phomopsis coelomycetous anamorph Phomopsis perniciosa - a coelomycete (Diaporthales: Diaporthaceae) UK/Ireland Grove, W.B., 1935
fruit (live, sometimes dwarfed) live, sometimes dwarfed fruit is spotted by colony of Gloeodes anamorph Gloeodes pomigena - Sooty Blotch Disease - causative organism UK/Ireland Dennis, R.W.G., 1995
fruit (live) live fruit is galled by infection Taphrina pruni - Pocket Plum - causative organism (Taphrinales: Taphrinaceae) Stubbs, F.B. (Editor), 1986 ["Pocket Plum"]
fruit (live) live fruit may be infected and damaged by small dark green, velvety colony of Fusicladium dematiaceous anamorph Venturia cerasi - Cherry Scab - causative organism (Pseudosphaeriales: Venturiaceae) UK/Ireland Buczacki, S. & Harris, K., 1998
fruit kernel fruit kernel may contain larva Rhynchites auratus - a leafroller weevil (Coleoptera: Rhynchitidae) Morris, M.G., 1990
fruit fruit may contain larva Neocoenorrhinus aequatus - Apple Fruit Rhynchites (Coleoptera: Rhynchitidae) Morris, M.G., 1990
fruit fruit may contain larva Rhynchites bacchus - a leafroller weevil (Coleoptera: Rhynchitidae) Morris, M.G., 1990
leaf (curled) curled leaf is swollen by Rhopalosiphum padi - Bird-cherry Aphid, Bird Cherry-oat Aphid (Hemiptera: Aphididae) Rotheray, G.E., 1989 [(and other fruit trees)]
leaf (curled) curled leaf is swollen by Myzus (Myzus) cerasi - Cherry Blackfly, Cherry Aphid (Hemiptera: Aphididae) Buczacki, S. & Harris, K., 1998,
Rotheray, G.E., 1989 [(and other fruit trees)]
leaf (curled) curled leaf is swollen by Brachycaudus helichrysi - Leaf-curling Plum Aphid (Hemiptera: Aphididae) Rotheray, G.E., 1989 [(and other fruit trees)]
leaf (dead) dead leaf is decayed by immersed, numerous, gregarious pycnidium of Coleophoma coelomycetous anamorph Coleophoma cylindrospora - a coelomycete Ellis, M.B. & J.P., 1997
leaf (live, small, narrowed, thickened, irregular margined) live, small, narrowed, thickened, irregular margined leaf may be infected and damaged by Prune Dwarf virus - a phytopathogenic virus Buczacki, S. & Harris, K., 1998
leaf (live) live leaf is mined by caterpillar Lyonetia clerkella - Apple Leaf Miner (Lepidoptera: Lyonetiidae) Buczacki, S. & Harris, K., 1998 [narrow sinuous mine]
leaf (live) live leaf may be infected and damaged by small dark green, velvety colony of Fusicladium dematiaceous anamorph Venturia cerasi - Cherry Scab - causative organism (Pseudosphaeriales: Venturiaceae) UK/Ireland Buczacki, S. & Harris, K., 1998
leaf (live) live leaf has sap sucked by Parthenolecanium corni - Brown Scale, Peach Scale, European Fruit Lecanium (Hemiptera: Coccidae) Buczacki, S. & Harris, K., 1998
leaf (live) live leaf has leaves shot holed by few, minute, immersed pycnidium of Phyllosticta coelomycetous anamorph Phyllosticta circumscissa - a coelomycete (Botryosphaeriales: Botryosphaeriaceae) UK/Ireland Grove, W.B., 1935 [causes round, amphigenous, rufus brownish spots]
leaf (live) live leaf has leaves shot holed by amphigenous, scattered pycnidium of Phyllosticta coelomycetous anamorph Phyllosticta prunicola - a coelomycete (Botryosphaeriales: Botryosphaeriaceae) Foreign Grove, W.B., 1935 [causes roundish, 4-9mm diam., dingy-brown or ochraceous spots with raised concolorous or slightly darker margins.]
leaf (live) live leaf is spun by caterpillar Cacoecimorpha pronubana - Carnation Tortrix, Mediterranean Leaf Roller (Lepidoptera: Tortricidae) Major MacLeod, A., 2009
leaf (live) live leaf is spotted by Pseudomonas syringae pv. mors-prunorum - a prunus bacterial canker (Pseudomonadales: Pseudomonadaceaea) Buczacki, S. & Harris, K., 1998
leaf (live) live leaf is spotted by Pseudomonas syringae pv. syringiae - Lilac Blight - causative organism (Pseudomonadales: Pseudomonadaceaea) Buczacki, S. & Harris, K., 1998
leaf (live) live leaf is spotted by few, minute, immersed pycnidium of Phyllosticta coelomycetous anamorph Phyllosticta circumscissa - a coelomycete (Botryosphaeriales: Botryosphaeriaceae) UK/Ireland Grove, W.B., 1935 [causes round, amphigenous, rufus brownish spots]
leaf (live) live leaf is spotted by amphigenous, scattered pycnidium of Phyllosticta coelomycetous anamorph Phyllosticta prunicola - a coelomycete (Botryosphaeriales: Botryosphaeriaceae) Foreign Grove, W.B., 1935 [causes roundish, 4-9mm diam., dingy-brown or ochraceous spots with raised concolorous or slightly darker margins.]
leaf (live) live leaf is spotted by pycnidium of Phoma coelomycetous anamorph Phoma prunicola - Apple and Pear Leaf Spot (Pleosporales) Morgan-Jones, G., 1967
leaf (margin) (live) live leaf (margin) is grazed by adult Clytra laeviuscula - a leaf beetle (Coleoptera: Chrysomelidae) Foreign Cox, M.L., 2007
leaf (patterned) patterned leaf may be infected and damaged by Plum Line Pattern virus - a phytopathogenic virus Buczacki, S. & Harris, K., 1998 [causes yellowish line patterns, oakleaf patterns, ringspots, banding, striping and mosaics]
leaf scar leaf scar is galled by Acalitus phloeocoptes - a gall mite (Trombidiformes: Eriophyidae) Stubbs, F.B. (Editor), 1986
leaf leaf is galled by Aculus fockeui - a gall mite (Trombidiformes: Eriophyidae) Stubbs, F.B. (Editor), 1986
leaf leaf is galled by Eriophyes padi - a gall mite (Trombidiformes: Eriophyidae) Stubbs, F.B. (Editor), 1986
leaf leaf is galled by Eriophyes similis - a gall mite (Trombidiformes: Eriophyidae) Stubbs, F.B. (Editor), 1986
leaf leaf is galled by larva Putoniella pruni - a gall midge (Diptera: Cecidomyiidae) Stubbs, F.B. (Editor), 1986
leaf leaf is galled by Brachycaudus (Acaudus) cardui - an aphid (Hemiptera: Aphididae) Stubbs, F.B. (Editor), 1986
leaf leaf is galled by Brachycaudus (Appelia) schwartzi - an aphid (Hemiptera: Aphididae) Stubbs, F.B. (Editor), 1986
leaf leaf is grazed by epiphyllous larva Caliroa cerasi - Pear and Cherry Slug Sawfly (Hymenoptera: Tenthredinidae) Major Benson, R.B., 1952 [skeletonises the leaf, leaving one cuticle intact]
leaf leaf is grazed by larva Cladius (Priophorus) pallipes - a sawfly (Hymenoptera: Tenthredinidae) Benson, R.B., 1958
leaf leaf is grazed by nocturnal larva Rhogogaster punctulata - a sawfly (Hymenoptera: Tenthredinidae) Benson, R.B., 1952
leaf leaf is grazed by nocturnal larva Tenthredo (Tenthredella) ferruginea - a sawfly (Hymenoptera: Tenthredinidae) Benson, R.B., 1952
leaf leaf is rolled by larva Pamphilius sylvaticus - a sawfly (Hymenoptera: Pamphiliidae) Benson, R.B., 1951
leaf leaf is grazed by web-dwelling communal larva Neurotoma saltuum - a sawfly (Hymenoptera: Pamphiliidae) Benson, R.B., 1951
leaves (terminal) leaves (terminal) is galled by larva Dasineura tortrix - a gall midge (Diptera: Cecidomyiidae) Stubbs, F.B. (Editor), 1986
log (damp, rotten, esp. leaf-covered) damp, rotten, esp. leaf-covered log is associate of effuse colony of Heteroconium anamorph Heteroconium tetracoilum - a dematiaceous anamorphic fungus (Capnodiales: Antennulariellaceae) Ellis, M.B. & J.P., 1997 [especially where kept damp by a covering of leaves]
pollen pollen is foodplant of adult Orsodacne cerasi - a leaf beetle (Coleoptera: Chrysomelidae) Cox, M.L., 2007,
Bullock, J.A., 1992
root (dead) dead root may contain underground larva Stenocorus meridianus - Variable Longhorn Beetle (Coleoptera: Cerambycidae) Bullock, J.A., 1992
rootstock (dead) dead rootstock is decayed by subepidermal acervulus of Truncatella coelomycetous anamorph Truncatella angustata - a coelomycete (Xylariales: Amphisphaeriaceae) Ellis, M.B. & J.P., 1997
shoot (decaying) decaying shoot may contain larva Involvulus caeruleus - Apple Twig Cutter, Twig Cutting Weevil, Twig-cutting Weevil (Coleoptera: Rhynchitidae) Morris, M.G., 1990
shoot (live) live shoot has sap sucked by Parthenolecanium corni - Brown Scale, Peach Scale, European Fruit Lecanium (Hemiptera: Coccidae) Buczacki, S. & Harris, K., 1998
shoot tip (live, galled) live, galled shoot tip is galled by fruitbody Taphrina wiesneri - Cherry Leaf Curl - causative organism (Taphrinales: Taphrinaceae) Buczacki, S. & Harris, K., 1998 [causes witches' broom galls (ornamenal Prunus spp)]
stem (live) live stem has sap sucked by Parthenolecanium corni - Brown Scale, Peach Scale, European Fruit Lecanium (Hemiptera: Coccidae) Buczacki, S. & Harris, K., 1998
stump (dead) dead stump is decayed by erect, at soil level stroma Xylaria polymorpha - Dead Man’S Fingers (Xylariales: Xylariaceae) Ellis, M.B. & J.P., 1997 [fruiting about soil level]
stump (large) (dead) dead stump (large) is decayed by fruitbody Trametes hirsuta - Hairy Bracket (Polyporales: Polyporaceae) Legon, N.W. & Henrici, A. with Roberts, P.J., Spooner, B.M. & Watling, R., 2005 [esp. calcareous soil]
stump (relatively freshly cut, white rotted) relatively freshly cut, white rotted stump is decayed by fruitbody Pholiota squarrosa - Shaggy Scalycap (Agaricales: Strophariaceae) Legon, N.W. & Henrici, A. with Roberts, P.J., Spooner, B.M. & Watling, R., 2005 [parasitic then saprobic]
trunk (esp. base) (dead, white rotted) dead, white rotted trunk (esp. base) is decayed by fruitbody Pholiota squarrosa - Shaggy Scalycap (Agaricales: Strophariaceae) Legon, N.W. & Henrici, A. with Roberts, P.J., Spooner, B.M. & Watling, R., 2005 [parasitic then saprobic]
trunk (esp. base) (live) live trunk (esp. base) is parasitised by fruitbody Pholiota squarrosa - Shaggy Scalycap (Agaricales: Strophariaceae) Legon, N.W. & Henrici, A. with Roberts, P.J., Spooner, B.M. & Watling, R., 2005 [parasitic then saprobic]
trunk (felled) felled trunk is decayed by effuse colony of Trichothecium anamorph Trichothecium roseum - an anamorphic fungus (Hypocreales) Ellis, M.B. & J.P., 1997
trunk (live, cankered) live, cankered trunk may be infected and damaged by Pseudomonas syringae pv. mors-prunorum - a prunus bacterial canker (Pseudomonadales: Pseudomonadaceaea) Buczacki, S. & Harris, K., 1998
trunk (live, cankered) live, cankered trunk may be infected and damaged by Pseudomonas syringae pv. syringiae - Lilac Blight - causative organism (Pseudomonadales: Pseudomonadaceaea) Buczacki, S. & Harris, K., 1998
trunk (live) live trunk is parasitised by fruitbody Phylloporia ribis - a bracket fungus (Hymenochaetales: Hymenochaetaceae) Rare Legon, N.W. & Henrici, A. with Roberts, P.J., Spooner, B.M. & Watling, R., 2005
trunk (thickly encrusted) thickly encrusted trunk has sap sucked by Pseudaulacaspis pentagona - White Peach Scale (Hemiptera: Diaspididae) UK/Ireland MacLeod, A., 2007
twig (dead, fallen) dead, fallen twig is decayed by fruitbody Panellus ringens - an oysterling (Agaricales: Mycenaceae) UK/Ireland Legon, N.W. & Henrici, A. with Roberts, P.J., Spooner, B.M. & Watling, R., 2005
twig (dead, often grey or purple stained) dead, often grey or purple stained twig is decayed by effuse colony of Triposporium dematiaceous anamorph Triposporium elegans - a dematiaceous anamorphic fungus (Capnodiales: Asterinaceae) Ellis, M.B. & J.P., 1997
twig (dead) dead twig is foodplant of larva Magdalis (Edo) ruficornis - a weevil (Coleoptera: Curculionidae) UK/Ireland Bullock, J.A., 1992
twig (dead) dead twig is decayed by hysterothecium Gloniopsis praelonga - an ascomycete (Hysteriales: Hysteriaceae) UK/Ireland Ellis, M.B. & J.P., 1997
twig (fallen, dead) fallen, dead twig is decayed by effuse colony of Helminthosporium dematiaceous anamorph Helminthosporium velutinum - a dematiaceous anamorphic fungus (Pleosporales: Massarinaceae) Ellis, M.B. & J.P., 1997
twig twig is foodplant of caespitose apothecium Tympanis prunicola - a discomycete (Helotiales: Helotiaceae) Yao, Y.-J. & Spooner, B.M., 1996
twig twig is decayed by immersed, grouped in circles perithecium Valsa ambiens - a valsoid pyrenomycete (Diaporthales: Valsaceae) Ellis, M.B. & J.P., 1997 [extending uniformly along the whole length of twigs and branches]
twig twig is decayed by subgregarious to densely scattered, covered then erumpent, blackish grey with paler roundish flat disc stroma of Cytospora coelomycetous anamorph Valsa ambiens - a valsoid pyrenomycete (Diaporthales: Valsaceae) UK/Ireland Grove, W.B., 1935 [spore tendrils almost colourless],
Ellis, M.B. & J.P., 1997 [extending uniformly along the whole length of twigs and branches]
wood (dead, decayed) dead, decayed wood is decayed by fruitbody Polyporus ciliatus - Fringed Polypore (Polyporales: Polyporaceae) Legon, N.W. & Henrici, A. with Roberts, P.J., Spooner, B.M. & Watling, R., 2005
wood (dead, often rotting) dead, often rotting wood is decayed by effuse colony of Diplococcium dematiaceous anamorph Diplococcium spicatum - a dematiaceous anamorphic fungus (Sordariales: Helminthosphaeriaceae) UK/Ireland Dennis, R.W.G., 1995,
Ellis, M.B. & J.P., 1997
wood (dead, white-rotten) dead, white-rotten wood is decayed by bracket Daedaleopsis confragosa - Blushing Bracket (Polyporales: Polyporaceae) UK/Ireland Legon, N.W. & Henrici, A. with Roberts, P.J., Spooner, B.M. & Watling, R., 2005
wood (dead) dead wood is decayed by hysterothecium Farlowiella carmichaeliana - an ascomycete (Pleosporales) Ellis, M.B. & J.P., 1997
wood (dead) dead wood is decayed by effuse colony of Acrogenospora dematiaceous anamorph Farlowiella carmichaeliana - an ascomycete (Pleosporales) Ellis, M.B. & J.P., 1997
wood (dead) dead wood is decayed by colony of Menispora dematiaceous anamorph Menispora ciliata - a dematiaceous anamorphic fungus (Chaetosphaeriales: Chaetosphaeriaceae) Ellis, M.B. & J.P., 1997
wood (dead) dead wood is decayed by effuse colony of Spadicoides dematiaceous anamorph Spadicoides bina - a dematiaceous anamorphic fungus (Sordariales: Helminthosphaeriaceae) UK/Ireland Dennis, R.W.G., 1995
wood (dead) dead wood is decayed by subepidermal acervulus of Truncatella coelomycetous anamorph Truncatella angustata - a coelomycete (Xylariales: Amphisphaeriaceae) Ellis, M.B. & J.P., 1997
wood (dead) dead wood is decayed by effuse colony of Acladium anamorph Botryobasidium conspersum - a resupinate fungus (Cantharellales: Botryobasidiaceae) Ellis, M.B. & J.P., 1997
wood (dead) dead wood is decayed by fruitbody Trametes hirsuta - Hairy Bracket (Polyporales: Polyporaceae) Legon, N.W. & Henrici, A. with Roberts, P.J., Spooner, B.M. & Watling, R., 2005 [esp. calcareous soil]
wood (dead) dead wood is decayed by fruitbody Trametes ochracea - a bracket fungus (Polyporales: Polyporaceae) Legon, N.W. & Henrici, A. with Roberts, P.J., Spooner, B.M. & Watling, R., 2005
wood (decaying) decaying wood may contain larva Prionychus ater - a darkling beetle (Coleoptera: Tenebrionidae) Bullock, J.A., 1992
wood (fallen, dead) fallen, dead wood is decayed by sporodochium of Cryptocoryneum dematiaceous anamorph Cryptocoryneum condensatum - a dematiaceous anamorphic fungus Ellis, M.B. & J.P., 1997
wood (fallen, decayed) fallen, decayed wood is decayed by fruitbody Byssomerulius corium - Netted Crust (Polyporales: Phanerochaetaceae) UK/Ireland Legon, N.W. & Henrici, A. with Roberts, P.J., Spooner, B.M. & Watling, R., 2005
wood (fungus-infected) fungus-infected wood is associate of stroma Capronia nigerrima - an ascomycete (Chaetothyriales: Herpotrichiellaceae) Ellis, M.B. & J.P., 1997
wood (green-stained) green-stained wood is decayed by effuse colony of Sporidesmium dematiaceous anamorph Sporidesmium altum - a dematiaceous anamorphic fungus (Pleosporales) Ellis, M.B. & J.P., 1997
wood (rotten) rotten wood is decayed by effuse colony of Phaeoisaria dematiaceous anamorph Phaeoisaria clavulata - a dematiaceous anamorphic fungus (Calosphaeriales: Calosphaeriaceae) Ellis, M.B. & J.P., 1997
wood (rotten) rotten wood is decayed by effuse colony of Graphium dematiaceous anamorph Graphium calicioides - a dematiaceous anamorphic fungus (Microascales: Microascaceae) Ellis, M.B. & J.P., 1997
wood (rotten) rotten wood is decayed by effuse colony of Brachysporium dematiaceous anamorph Brachysporium bloxamii - a dematiaceous anamorphic fungus (Trichosphaeriales: Trichosphaeriaceae) Ellis, M.B. & J.P., 1997
wood (rotten) rotten wood is decayed by effuse colony of Brachysporium dematiaceous anamorph Brachysporium masonii - a dematiaceous anamorphic fungus (Trichosphaeriales: Trichosphaeriaceae) Ellis, M.B. & J.P., 1997
wood (rotten) rotten wood is decayed by effuse colony of Brachysporium dematiaceous anamorph Brachysporium obovatum - a dematiaceous anamorphic fungus (Trichosphaeriales: Trichosphaeriaceae) Ellis, M.B. & J.P., 1997
wood (rotting) rotting wood is decayed by superficial, closely packed in large clusters perithecium Lasiosphaeria spermoides - a pyrenomycete (Sordariales: Lasiosphaeriaceae) Ellis, M.B. & J.P., 1997
wood mould, stump wood mould of stump may contain larva Gnorimus nobilis - Noble Chafer (Coleoptera: Cetoniidae) Bullock, J.A., 1992
wood wood is decayed by immersed, often loosely grouped perithecium Diaporthe eres - a pyrenomycete (Diaporthales: Diaporthaceae) Ellis, M.B. & J.P., 1997 [immersed in wood with necks emerging through the bark]

Prunus may be associated with more taxa listed at higher taxonomic level

PLANTAE
(plants)
TRACHEOPHYTA
(vascular plants)
MAGNOLIOPSIDA
(flowering plants)
EU-DICOTS
(dicotyledonous flowering plants)
ROSACEAE
(roses and fruit trees)
Soft Fruit Broadleaved shrubs Broadleaved trees Trees Broadleaved trees and shrubs Trees and shrubs Trees, shrubs, woody and climbing plants (via Broadleaved trees) Broadleaved trees, shrubs and climbers (via Broadleaved trees and shrubs)

References

Benson, R.B., 1951 Hymenoptera: 2. Symphyta. Section (a)
Benson, R.B., 1952 Hymenoptera: 2. Symphyta. Section (b)
Benson, R.B., 1958 Hymenoptera: 2. Symphyta. Section (c)
Buczacki, S. & Harris, K., 1998 Pests, Diseases & Disorders of Garden Plants
Bullock, J.A., 1992 Host Plants of British Beetles: A List of Recorded Associations
Cox, M.L., 2007 Atlas of the Seed and Leaf Beetles of Britain and Ireland
Dennis, R.W.G., 1995 Fungi of the South East England
Ellis, M.B. & J.P., 1997 Microfungi on Land Plants: An Identification Handbook
Fox, R.T.V., 1995 Fungal foes in your garden no 28: Brown rot
Grove, W.B., 1935 British Stem- and Leaf- Fungi: Coelomycetes Vol. I … Sphaeropsidales with hyaline conidia
John, D.M., Whitton, B.A. & Brook, A.J., 2002 The Freshwater Algal Flora of the British Isles
Legon, N.W. & Henrici, A. with Roberts, P.J., Spooner, B.M. & Watling, R., 2005 Checklist of the British and Irish Basidiomycota
MacLeod, A. & Matthews, L., 2005 CSL Pest Risk Analysis for Eulecanium excrescens
MacLeod, A., 2007 CSL Pest Risk Analysis for Pseudaulacaspis pentagona
MacLeod, A., 2009 FERA Pest Risk Analysis for Cacoecimorpha pronubana
Moore, W.C., 1959 British Parasitic Fungi
Morgan-Jones, G., 1967 Phoma prunicola (Opiz) Wollenw. & Hochapf.
Morris, M.G., 1990 Orthocerous Weevils
Morris, M.G., 1997 Broad-Nosed Weevils (Entiminae)
Mound L.A., Morison, G.D., Pitkin, B.R. & Palmer, J.M., 1976 Thysanoptera
Rotheray, G.E., 1989 Aphid Predators
Southwood, T.R.E. & Leston, D., 1959 Land and Water Bugs of the British Isles
Stubbs, F.B. (Editor), 1986 Provisional Keys to British Plant Galls
Yao, Y.-J. & Spooner, B.M., 1996 Notes on British species of Tympanis (Leotiales) with T. prunicola new to Britain
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