BioInfo (UK)

Centranthus ruber (L.) DC. (Red Valerian, Spur Valerian)

BioImages BioImages (www.bioimages.org.uk) has 52 images of Centranthus ruber (Red Valerian, Spur Valerian)

NBN NBN (data.nbn.org.uk) has the UK distribution map of Centranthus ruber (Red Valerian, Spur Valerian)

Suggested Literature

Centranthus ruber may be covered by literature listed under:

BIOTA
(living things)
Eukaryota
(eukaryotes)
PLANTAE
(plants)
TRACHEOPHYTA
(vascular plants)
MAGNOLIOPSIDA
(flowering plants)
CAPRIFOLIACEAE
(honeysuckles)

Feeding and other inter-species relationships

Associated with Centranthus ruber:

(live) live is parasitised by Golovinomyces valerianae - a powdery mildew (Erysiphales: Erysiphaceae) UK/Ireland Ing, B., 1990,
Ellis, M.B. & J.P., 1997
(live) live may be infected and damaged by sporangium Peronospora centranthi - a downy mildew (Peronosporales: Peronosporaceae) UK/Ireland Fungal Records Database of Britain and Ireland: http://www.fieldmycology.net/GBCHKLST/gbchklst.asp
flower flower is galled by Trioza centranthi - a jumping plantlouse (Hemiptera: Triozidae) Stubbs, F.B. (Editor), 1986
leaf (live yellowed) live yellowed leaf is parasitised by hypophyllous aecium Puccinia commutata - a rust fungus (Pucciniales: Pucciniaceae) UK/Ireland Bioimages - the Virtual Field Guide: http://www.bioimages.org.uk
leaf (live) live leaf is spotted by hypophyllous, greyish white, inconspicuous caespituli of Ramularia anamoprh Ramularia valerianae var. centranthi - an anamorphic fungus (Capnodiales: Mycosphaerellaceae) UK/Ireland Restricted Ellis, M.B. & J.P., 1997 [causes pale brown or grey spots 2-15mm diam., sometimes with raised purplish-brown margins]
leaf leaf is galled by Trioza centranthi - a jumping plantlouse (Hemiptera: Triozidae) Stubbs, F.B. (Editor), 1986

Centranthus ruber may be associated with more taxa listed at higher taxonomic level

PLANTAE
(plants)
TRACHEOPHYTA
(vascular plants)
MAGNOLIOPSIDA
(flowering plants)
EU-DICOTS
(dicotyledonous flowering plants)

Further Information

Notes (MWS) A striking garden escape which flourishes on waste ground, cliffs and dunes, as well as walls and roadsides where it is often planted, particularly in the West Country.

There are four flower-colour forms: magenta, red, brick and white.

On summer evenings, the unpleasant smell of the flowers imbues Cornish lanes with a strong odour like stale dog dung.

The fruits are wind dispersed, with a feathery pappus like the ribs of an umbrella, which slowly unfurls as the fruit ripens.

References

Fungal Records Database of Britain and Ireland: http://www.fieldmycology.net/GBCHKLST/gbchklst.asp Fungal Records Database of Britain and Ireland
Ellis, M.B. & J.P., 1997 Microfungi on Land Plants: An Identification Handbook
Ing, B., 1990 An Introduction to British Powdery Mildews
Bioimages - the Virtual Field Guide: http://www.bioimages.org.uk Bioimages - the Virtual Field Guide
Stubbs, F.B. (Editor), 1986 Provisional Keys to British Plant Galls
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