BioInfo (UK)

BIOTA (living things)

Further Information

Notes (MWS) Pronunciation of Scientific names:

Scientific names are expressed in Latin. The individual words or parts of words may be derived from other languages, eg Greek, or the names of places or people, but the resulting words are always Latinised, so it's the pronunciation of Latin that is our concern.

There are four competing conventions for pronouncing Latin (as follows, each with the appropriate pronunciation of Julius Caesar):

Anglo-Latin JOO-lee-us SEE-ser
Classical Latin (or reconstructed ancient Roman) YOO-lee-us KYE-sahr
Church Latin YOO-lee-us CHAY-sahr
The northern continental European tradition YOO-lee-us T(SAY)-sahr

Anglo-Latin (Ommundsen) and northern continental European are the preferred conventions for Latin names. These differ from both Classical Latin, which will be familiar to those who learnt Latin at school, and Church Latin which will be recognised by those who sing in choirs.

Many people pronounce occasional scientific names in other ways, and local idiosyncracies often evolve among people who work together. Naturalists rarely worry about being "book correct", but these rules are useful to answer questions about which is "right".

Personally, what I hear and say seems stick fairly closely to Anglo-Latin, but I like to make an exception where the word is obviously two words joined together, when it can be helpful to emphasise the separate parts.

BioImages BioImages (www.bioimages.org.uk) has 97513 images of BIOTA (living things)

NBN NBN (data.nbn.org.uk) has the UK distribution map of BIOTA (living things)

Subtaxa

Rank Taxon #subtaxa #refs #webs
Domain Eukaryota (eukaryotes) 9779 13953 102170
Superkingdom GRAFT-TRANSMISSIBLE AGENTS (graft-transmissible agents)   5 15
Domain Monera (prokaryotes) 40 100 313
Superkingdom VIROIDS (virus-like particles) 1 10 3
Superkingdom VIRUSES (viruses) 3 27 544
Informal (Lower Plants) (lower plants) 8698 13836 75054

Suggested Literature

Identification Works

Insect Rambles: web id resources: http://insectrambles.blogspot.co.uk/2012/12/web-id-resources.html Insect Rambles: web id resources

Aliens

DAISIE European Invasive Alien Species Gateway: http://www.europe-aliens.org DAISIE European Invasive Alien Species Gateway

Biodiversity catalogs

Bioimages - the Virtual Field Guide: http://www.bioimages.org.uk Bioimages - the Virtual Field Guide

Conservation

Terrestrial
Land Use Consultants, 1997 Characterisation of farming of Natural Areas

Freshwater

Clegg, J., 1956 The Observer's Book of Pond Life
FreshwaterLife: http://new.freshwaterlife.org FreshwaterLife
Greenhalgh, M. & Ovenden, D., 2007 (fresh and brackish water species) Freshwater Life of Britain and Northern Europe
Ward H.B. & Whipple G.C., 1959 (USA) Freshwater Biology

Marine

The Marine Life Information Network for Britain and Ireland (MarLIN): http://www.marlin.ac.uk/gallerycategory.php?gcatid=8 The Marine Life Information Network for Britain and Ireland (MarLIN)
Brackish water
Greenhalgh, M. & Ovenden, D., 2007 Freshwater Life of Britain and Northern Europe
Plankton
ICES Identification leaflets for Plankton: http://www.ices.dk/products/fiche/Plankton/INDEX.PDF ICES Identification leaflets for Plankton

Plant galls

British Galls: http://uk.groups.yahoo.com/group/british_galls/join British Galls
Galles par Plantes - Gallen volgens Waardplant: http://www.cebe.be/galles Galles par Plantes - Gallen volgens Waardplant
Plantengallen: http://www.plantengallen.com/engels.htm Plantengallen
Pflanzengallen: http://www.pflanzengallen.de Pflanzengallen
Redfern, M. & Askew, R.R., 1992 Plant Galls
Redfern, M. & Shirley, P., 2002 British Plant Galls - Identification of galls on plants and fungi
Redfern, M. & Shirley, P., 2011 British Plant Galls

Plant pathology

Buczacki, S. & Harris, K., 1998 Pests, Diseases & Disorders of Garden Plants

Software

Synoptic keys
DELTA - DEscription Language for TAxonomy: http://delta-intkey.com DELTA - DEscription Language for TAxonomy

General Works

Field Studies Council: http://www.field-studies-council.org.uk Field Studies Council
The Ecoport Project: http://www.ecoport.org The Ecoport Project
UK Wildlife discussion group: http://tech.groups.yahoo.com/group/ukwildlife/join UK Wildlife discussion group
Wikipedia: http://en.wikipedia.org Wikipedia
Archer, M.E., 2001 British solitary wasps and bees with special reference to species assemblages
Davies, R., 2008 The Darwin Conspiracy - Origins of a Scientific Crime
de Queiroz, K., 2007 Species concepts and species delimitation
Harding, P.T. & Rose, F., 1986 Pasture woodlands in lowland Britain
Save field biology skills from extinction risk: https://www.timeshighereducation.com/comment/opinion/save-field-biology-skills-from-extinction-risk/2018721.article Save field biology skills from extinction risk
Wikipedia: http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Main_Page Wikipedia

Aliens

Hill, M. et al, 2005 Audit of non-native species in England

Biodiversity catalogs

Encyclopedia of Life (EOL): http://www.eol.org/ Encyclopedia of Life (EOL)
Global Biodiversity Information Facility: http://www.gbif.org/ Global Biodiversity Information Facility
Integrated Taxonomic Information System: http://www.itis.usda.gov/ Integrated Taxonomic Information System
Species 2000 - indexing the world's known species: http://www.sp2000.org/ Species 2000 - indexing the world's known species
The ARKive Project: http://www.arkive.org/ The ARKive Project
Tree of Life (TOL) project: http://tolweb.org/tree/phylogeny.html Tree of Life (TOL) project
Wikispecies! A free directory of life: http://species.wikipedia.org/wiki/Main_Page Wikispecies! A free directory of life
Project: The Taxonomicon: http://taxonomicon.taxonomy.nl/ Project: The Taxonomicon
MARBEF - Marine Biodiversity and Ecosystem Functioning: http://www.marbef.org (Checklists of marine organisms (searchable database).) MARBEF - Marine Biodiversity and Ecosystem Functioning
Fauna Europea: http://www.fauneur.org Fauna Europea
Biodiversity & Biological Collections: http://biocollections.org/ Biodiversity & Biological Collections
BioInfo: http://www.bioinfo.org.uk BioInfo

Books to change your life

Money, N.P., 2014 The amoeba in the room: lives of the microbes
Rothschild, M. & Clay, T., 1957 Fleas, Flukes and Cuckoos: A Study of Bird Parasites

Carbon

Crowle, A., 2007 Letting our carbon go free - the sustainable management of carbon and blanket peat in the English uplands

Cave life

Hunt, M. & Millar, I., 2001 Cave invert collecting guide
Cave Life in Britain: http://www.cambriancavingcouncil.org.uk/cavelife/index.html Cave Life in Britain

cladistics

Sokal, R.R., 1966 Numerical Taxonomy

Classic literature

D'Arcy Thompson, 1942 On Growth and Form
Darwin, C., 1872 On the Origin of Species by means of Natural Selection, or the preservation of favoured races in the struggle for life
Rothschild, M. & Clay, T., 1957 Fleas, Flukes and Cuckoos: A Study of Bird Parasites

Computers

Which? Advice: Computing: http://www.which.co.uk/advice/computing/ Which? Advice: Computing

Conservation

Net primary production co-opted by humans: the photosynthetic limits to global carrying capacity: http://www.civilizationsfuture.com/bsundquist/gcia.html Net primary production co-opted by humans: the photosynthetic limits to global carrying capacity
Aliens
RPS Ecoscope Applied Ecologists, 2006 Strategic control of non-native invasive aquatic plants
Heathland
Tucker, G., 2003 Review of the impacts of heather and grassland burning in the uplands on soils, hydrology and biodiversity
Marine
Beach, A. & Newland, B., 1999 Grey literature on the maritime environment: a select bibliography
Gubbay, S., 2006 Marine Protected Areas: a review of their use for delivering marine biodiversity benefits
Laffoley, D’d’A, Brockington, S., Gilliland, P.M., 2006 Developing the concepts of good environmental status and marine ecosystem objectives: some important considerations
Scott, M., 2008 Sea change: new measures to protect Britain's marine environment
Planning
Catchpole, R., 2006 Planning for biodiversity – opportunity mapping and habitat networks in practice: a technical guide
Pollution/Aquatic
ECUS, 2003 Prioritising designated wildlife sites at risk from diffuse agricultural pollution

Digital photography

Cambridge in Colour - a learning community for photographers: http://www.cambridgeincolour.com/ Cambridge in Colour - a learning community for photographers

Ecology

Southwood, T.R.E. & Henderson, P.A., 2000 Ecological Methods

Field trips

Planning
GroupAccommodation.com: http://www.groupaccommodation.com GroupAccommodation.com

Geography

"Locate" page on Spider and Harvestman Recording Scheme website: http://srs.britishspiders.org.uk/portal.php/p/Locate "Locate" page on Spider and Harvestman Recording Scheme website
Dabbling with Google Maps and Google Earth: http://www.nearby.org.uk/google.html Dabbling with Google Maps and Google Earth
Geograph: http://www.geograph.org.uk Geograph
Google Earth: http://earth.google.com/ Google Earth
old-maps.co.uk: http://www.old-maps.co.uk old-maps.co.uk
Where's the path?: http://wtp2.appspot.com/wheresthepath.htm Where's the path?
Grab a Grid Reference...: http://www.bnhs.co.uk/focuson/grabagridref/html/index.htm Grab a Grid Reference...
Multi-Agency Geographic Information for the Countryside (MAGIC): http://www.magic.gov.uk Multi-Agency Geographic Information for the Countryside (MAGIC)
Online mapping and grid references: https://sites.google.com/site/kitenetter/Home/bio-recording/mapping Online mapping and grid references
Getamap: http://getamap.ordnancesurvey.co.uk/getamap/frames.htm Getamap
OS, 2013 A guide to coordinate systems in Great Britain
Vice-counties
OS grid reference to vice-county conversion: http://herbariaunited.org/gridrefVC/ OS grid reference to vice-county conversion
anon., 1969 Vice County Maps
Dandy, J.E., 1951 The Watsonian vice-county system
Dandy, J.E., 1951 The Watsonian vice-county system in practice

Geology

UK Onshore geology maps 1:50 000 scale in Google Earth: http://www.nearby.org.uk/blog/2010/01/03/uk-onshore-geology-maps-150-000-scale-in-google-earth/ UK Onshore geology maps 1:50 000 scale in Google Earth
KML — Onshore geology 1:625 000 scale (DiGMapGB-625): http://www.bgs.ac.uk/data/services/digmapgb625kml.html KML — Onshore geology 1:625 000 scale (DiGMapGB-625)

History

Regional
Lawley, M., 2015 Wildlife in the Marches: a history of nature in the Welsh Marches

Journals

Abhandlungen und Berichte des Naturkundemuseums Gorlitz Journal
Acta Scientarum Naturalium Academiae Scientiarum Bohemicae Brno Journal
Annals and Magazine of Natural History Journal
Annals of Applied Biology (Ann. appl. Biol.) Journal
Biodiversity and Conservation Journal
Biological Conservation Journal
Biological Invasions Journal
British Wildlife Journal
Bull. Inst. Cat. Hist. Nat. Journal
Comparative Biochemistry and Physiology, part A Molecular and Integrative Physiology (Comp Biochem Physiol A Mol Integr Physiol.) Journal
Current Biology Journal
Journal of Evolutionary Biology (J. Evol. Biol.) Journal
Journal of Micropalaeontology Journal
Journal of Natural History Journal
Journal of the Elisha Mitchell Scientific Society Journal
Molecular Ecology Journal
Natura Somogyiensis Journal
Nature Journal
Oecologia Journal
Proceedings of the Royal Society B: Biological Sciences Journal
Reichenbachia Journal
Science Journal
Stuttgarter Beiträge zur Naturkude. Seria A (Biologie) Journal
The Quarterly Review of Biology Journal
Transactions of the Royal Society of Edinburgh Journal
Field Studies Journal
Hydrobiologia Journal
Folia Facultatis Scientarum Naturalium Universitatis Masarykianae Brunensis: Bio!ogy (Folia Fac. Sci. Nat. Univ. Masaryk. Brun., Bio!.,) Journal
Doriana Journal
Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences, USA (Proc. Natl. Acad. Sci. USA) Journal
Oikos Journal
Biology and Environment: Proceedings of the Royal Irish Academy Journal
Bull. Soc. des Natur. d'Oyonnax Journal
Bulletin Mensuel de la Société Linnéenne de Lyon (Bull. mens. Soc. linn. Lyon) Journal
Systematic Biology (Syst Biol) Journal
Philosophical Transactions of the Royal Society, series B. Biological Sciences Journal
Journal (Water Pollution Control Federation) (J. Water Pollution Cont. Fed.) Journal
Freshwater
Aquatic Ecology Journal
Aquatic Invasions Journal
Marine
Journal of the Marine Biological Association of the United Kingdom (JMBA) Journal
Microscopy
Quarterly Journal of Microscopical Science Journal
Quarterly Journal of Microscopical Science (New Series) Journal
Transactions of the Microscopical Society of London Journal
Plant pathology
Plant Clinic News Journal
Regional
Bulletin de la Société des naturalistes luxembourgeois (Bull. Soc. Nat. luxemb.) Journal
Irish Naturalists Journal (Irish Nat. J.) Journal
Journal of the Natural History Society of London (J. Nat. Hist. London) Journal
The Scottish Naturalist Journal
Proceedings of the Bristol Naturalists' Society Journal
The Carlisle Naturalist Journal
The Lakeland Naturalist Journal
Transactions of Carlisle Natural History Society Journal
Fleet Study Group Symposia (FSG) Journal
The Reading Naturalist Journal
The Naturalist Journal
The Naturalist Journal

Landowners

British Waterways: http://www.britishwaterways.co.uk British Waterways
Defence Estates Website: http://www.defence-estates.mod/uk/conservation_enviro/index.htm Defence Estates Website

Latin names

Latin Pronunciation Demystified: http://www.ai.uga.edu/mc/latinpro.pdf Latin Pronunciation Demystified
Gledhill, D., 1985 The Names of Plants
Pronunciation of Biological Latin: http://www.saltspring.com/capewest/pron.htm Pronunciation of Biological Latin
Stearn, W.T., 1973 Botanical Latin: History, Grammar, Syntax, Terminology and Vocabulary

Libraries and Museums

Online
Biodiversity Heritage Library: http://biodiversitylibrary.org/About.aspx Biodiversity Heritage Library

Marine biology

Gosse, P.H., 1856 The aquarium: an unveiling of the wonders of the deep sea

Metaliterature

Internet Archive - Wayback Machine Internet Archive - Wayback Machine
PDF Queen: http://www.pdfqueen.com/ PDF Queen
Kerrich, G.L., Hawksworth, D.L. & Sims, R.W., 1978 Key Works to the Fauna and Flora of the British Isles and Northwestern Europe

Microscopy

101Science - Biological Stains: http://www.101science.com/Stains.html 101Science - Biological Stains
Knight Optical Ltd: http://www.knightoptical.com Knight Optical Ltd
Microscope discussion group: http://tech.groups.yahoo.com/group/microscope/join Microscope discussion group
Stainsfile: the internet resource for histotechnologists: http://stainsfile.info/StainsFile/jindex.html Stainsfile: the internet resource for histotechnologists
Peacock, H.A., 1966 Elementary Microtechnique

Nature conservation

English Nature's SSSI search page: http://www.english-nature.org.uk/special/sssi/search.cfm English Nature's SSSI search page
Abrahams, C., 2005 The ecology and management of drawdown zones
Bealey, C. & Cox, J., 2004 Validation Network project: A pilot study
Bourn, N., Thomas, J., Stewart, K. & Clarke, R., 2002 Importance of habitat quality and isolation
Carter, I., Beebee, T. & Marren, P., 2003 Letters
Davies, A. & I., 2002 Donating your land for wildlife - but who wants it?
Everett, S., 2004 The Quality of Nature in England
Ferneyhough, J., 2008 Thirty Years of Biological Surveying in the National Trust
Hopkins, J., 2003 How is the countryside changing?
Marren, P., 2002 Introductions - are we conserving species at the expense of nature?
Stoate, C., 2002 Behavioural ecology of farmers: what does it mean for wildlife?
UK Biodiversity Action Plan: http://www.ukbap.org.uk UK Biodiversity Action Plan
Marine
Bull, K.S.E, & Laffoley, D.d’A., 2003 Networks of Protected Areas in the Maritime Environment
Mouchel Consulting Ltd, 1997 Nature conservation objectives in shoreline management plans: a suggested approach

Newsletters

Regional
Llanelli Naturalists Newsletter Journal
Newsletter of The Kent Field Club Journal

Periodicals

UK/Regional
Nature in Cambridgeshire Journal

Phenology

Nature's Calendar: http://www.naturescalendar.org.uk Nature's Calendar
Hopkins, J., 2007 British Wildlife and Climate Change 2: Adapting to Climate Change
Hopkins, J., 2007 British Wildlife and Climate Change: 1. Evidence of Change

Photograph

Confocal imaging
Ball, S., 2004 DeepFocus

Photography

Digital Photography School: http://digital-photography-school.com/ Digital Photography School
Outdoor Photographer: http://www.outdoorphotographer.com/ Outdoor Photographer
Photo Friday Monitor Calibration Tool: http://www.photofriday.com/calibrate.php Photo Friday Monitor Calibration Tool
How to Take MacroPhotographs of Insects: ftp://ftpext.usgs.gov/pub/er/md/laurel/Droege/How%20to%20Take%20MacroPhotographs%20of%20Insects%20BIML%20Lab2.pdf How to Take MacroPhotographs of Insects
DSLR Bracketeer: http://www.milosparipovic.com/dslr-bracketeer.html DSLR Bracketeer
Confocal imaging
PTAssembler: Panoramic and High Resolution Image Mosaic Creation Software: http://www.tawbaware.com/ptasmblr.htm PTAssembler: Panoramic and High Resolution Image Mosaic Creation Software

Plant galls

PLANTGALLEN.COM - De site voor plantengallen bestuderend Nederland
: http://www.plantengallen.com/
PLANTGALLEN.COM - De site voor plantengallen bestuderend Nederland
Williams, M.A.J., 1994 Plant Galls

Pollution

Air Pollution
UK Air Pollution Information System: http://www.apis.ac.uk/ UK Air Pollution Information System

Posting specimens

General prohibitions and restrictions: http://www.parcelforce.com/help-information/sending-advice/prohibitions-and-restrictions General prohibitions and restrictions
Prohibited goods - personal customers: http://www.royalmail.com/personal/help-and-support/Tell-me-about-Prohibited-Goods Prohibited goods - personal customers
Restricted goods - personal customers: http://www.royalmail.com/personal/help-and-support/Tell-me-about-Restricted-Goods Restricted goods - personal customers

Publishers

The Ray Society, London The Ray Society, London

Regional

Dorset Wildlife Journal

Societies

British Association of Nature Conservationists: http://www.banc.org.uk British Association of Nature Conservationists
British Naturalists Association: http://www.bna-naturalists.org British Naturalists Association
British Plant Gall Society: http://www.british-galls.org.uk British Plant Gall Society
Learned societies
FBA: Freshwater Biological Association: http://www.fba.org.uk FBA: Freshwater Biological Association
Linnean Society: http://www.linnean.org Linnean Society

Software

Ball, S.G., 1997 Recorder 3.3, A database for site-based species occurrence records
Image Analyzer: http://meesoft.logicnet.dk/Analyzer/ Image Analyzer
Confocal imaging
Helicon Focus web-site: http://heliconfilter.com/pages/index.php?id=509 Helicon Focus web-site
Syncroscopy: http://www.syncroscopy.com/syncroscopy/ Syncroscopy
CombineZ: http://www.hadleyweb.pwp.blueyonder.co.uk/ CombineZ
TuFuse: http://www.tawbaware.com/tufuse.htm TuFuse
Synoptic keys
Lucid: http://www.lucidcentral.org/ Lucid
Synoptikeys: http://www.synoptikeys.org.uk/index.php Synoptikeys
Taxonomy
Computer Latin for botany: http://pennypoint9.itgo.com/latin2.html Computer Latin for botany

Suppliers

Knight Optical Ltd: http://www.knightoptical.com Knight Optical Ltd
Polybags Ltd: http://www.polybags.co.uk Polybags Ltd
Odourless Preservative ~ Propylene Phenoxetol: http://www.blades-bio.co.uk/help/CareSheets/Odourless%20Preservative.doc Odourless Preservative ~ Propylene Phenoxetol

Techniques

Bowestead, S. & Eccles, T.M. Drawing Techniques for Publication
Microscopy
Brown, P.A., 1997 A review of techniques used in the preparation, curation and conservation of microscope slides at the Natural History Museum, London

UK NGO's

BTCV - British Trust for Conservation Volunteers: http://www2.btcv.org.uk/ BTCV - British Trust for Conservation Volunteers
The Wildlife Trusts: http://www.wildlifetrusts.org/ The Wildlife Trusts

UK Statutory

Acts of the UK Parliament - Office of Public Sector Information: http://www.opsi.gov.uk/acts.htm Acts of the UK Parliament - Office of Public Sector Information
Countryside Council for Wales: http://www.ccw.gov.uk/ Countryside Council for Wales
Environment Agency: http://www.environment-agency.gov.uk/ Environment Agency
JNCC - Joint Nature Conservation Committee: http://www.jncc.gov.uk/ JNCC - Joint Nature Conservation Committee
Natural England: http://www.naturalengland.org.uk Natural England
Scottish Natural Heritage: http://www.snh.org.uk/ Scottish Natural Heritage
Natural Environment and Rural Communities Act 2006: www.opsi.gov.uk/acts/acts2006/pdf/ukpga_20060016_en.pdf Natural Environment and Rural Communities Act 2006
Natural Environment and Rural Communities (NERC) Act 2006 - Section 41: Species of Principal Importance in England: http://www.ukbap-reporting.org.uk/uploaded/files/section 41 nerc act - species(nov 2008).doc Natural Environment and Rural Communities (NERC) Act 2006 - Section 41: Species of Principal Importance in England
Conservation Designations for UK Taxa: http://www.jncc.gov.uk/page-3408 (Checklist of protected species) Conservation Designations for UK Taxa

Weather and tides

MetCheck: http://www.metcheck.com/V40/UK/HOME/ MetCheck
BBC Weather: http://www.bbc.co.uk/weather/ BBC Weather
Moon Phase Calculator: http://www.dacre.net/moon/moonframe.html Moon Phase Calculator
JTides: http://www.arachnoid.com/JTides/index.html JTides
UK Weather Forecast - Met Office: http://www.metoffice.gov.uk/weather/uk/uk_forecast_weather.html UK Weather Forecast - Met Office
RainToday: http://www.raintoday.co.uk/ RainToday
Proudman Oceanographic Laboratories:- Tide Predictions: http://www.pol.ac.uk/ntslf/tidalp.html Proudman Oceanographic Laboratories:- Tide Predictions

Wildlife gardening

Davies, A. & I., 2002 Donating your land for wildlife - but who wants it?
Gaston, K.J. et al, 2007 Improving the contribution of urban gardens for wildlife: some guiding propositions
Gibbons, B. & L., 1996 Creating a Wildlife Garden
Creative Commons Licence
Unless otherwise expressly stated, all original material on the BioInfo website by Malcolm Storey is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial-ShareAlike 2.0 UK: England & Wales Licence.