BioInfo (UK)

Lycoperdon echinatum Pers. (Spiny Puffball, Hedgehog Puffball)

BioImages BioImages (www.bioimages.org.uk) has 13 images of Lycoperdon echinatum (Spiny Puffball, Hedgehog Puffball)

NBN NBN (data.nbn.org.uk) has the UK distribution map of Lycoperdon echinatum (Spiny Puffball, Hedgehog Puffball)

FRDBI FRDBI (www.fieldmycology.net/gbchklst/gbchklst.asp) has the UK and Ireland records of Lycoperdon echinatum (Spiny Puffball, Hedgehog Puffball)

Suggested Literature

Identification Works

Stephenson, C.R., 2009 Thirty Years of Mycology - a pictorial journey

Lycoperdon echinatum may also be covered by literature listed under:

BIOTA
(living things)
Eukaryota
(eukaryotes)
FUNGI
(true fungi)
BASIDIOMYCOTA
(spore droppers)
AGARICOMYCETES
(a class of fungi)
AGARICALES
(mushrooms and toadstools)
AGARICACEAE
(mushrooms, dapperlings and parasols, agaric)
Lycoperdon
(puffballs)
Macromycetes (via Agaricales) Fungi s.l. (via Fungi)

Feeding and other inter-species relationships

Lycoperdon echinatum is associated with:

fruitbody Betula - birches (Fagales: Betulaceae) fruitbody is associated with Minor Legon, N.W. & Henrici, A. with Roberts, P.J., Spooner, B.M. & Watling, R., 2005 [esp. calcareous soil]
fruitbody Corylus - hazels (Fagales: Betulaceae) fruitbody is associated with Minor Legon, N.W. & Henrici, A. with Roberts, P.J., Spooner, B.M. & Watling, R., 2005 [esp. calcareous soil]
fruitbody Fagus - beeches (Fagales: Fagaceae) fruitbody is associated with Major Legon, N.W. & Henrici, A. with Roberts, P.J., Spooner, B.M. & Watling, R., 2005 [esp. calcareous soil]
fruitbody Quercus - oaks (Fagales: Fagaceae) fruitbody is associated with Minor Legon, N.W. & Henrici, A. with Roberts, P.J., Spooner, B.M. & Watling, R., 2005 [esp. calcareous soil]
fruitbody Broadleaved trees - broadleaved, frondose or deciduous trees fruitbody is associated with Legon, N.W. & Henrici, A. with Roberts, P.J., Spooner, B.M. & Watling, R., 2005 [esp. calcareous soil]
fruitbody Pinopsida - conifers fruitbody is associated with Rare Legon, N.W. & Henrici, A. with Roberts, P.J., Spooner, B.M. & Watling, R., 2005 [esp. calcareous soil]
fruitbody Larix - larches (Pinales: Pinaceae) fruitbody is associated with Rare Legon, N.W. & Henrici, A. with Roberts, P.J., Spooner, B.M. & Watling, R., 2005 [esp. calcareous soil]
fruitbody Pinus - pines (Pinales: Pinaceae) fruitbody is associated with Rare Legon, N.W. & Henrici, A. with Roberts, P.J., Spooner, B.M. & Watling, R., 2005 [esp. calcareous soil]

There may be more taxa associated with Lycoperdon echinatum listed at higher taxonomic level

FUNGI
(true fungi)

Associated with Lycoperdon echinatum:

Lycoperdon echinatum may be associated with taxa listed at higher taxonomic level

FUNGI
(true fungi)
AGARICALES
(mushrooms and toadstools)
Macromycetes (via Agaricales) Fungi s.l. (via Fungi)

References

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Unless otherwise expressly stated, all original material on the BioInfo website by Malcolm Storey is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial-ShareAlike 2.0 UK: England & Wales Licence.