BioInfo (UK)

Carlina vulgaris L. (Carline Thistle)

BioImages BioImages (www.bioimages.org.uk) has 17 images of Carlina vulgaris (Carline Thistle)

NBN NBN (data.nbn.org.uk) has the UK distribution map of Carlina vulgaris (Carline Thistle)

Suggested Literature

Carlina vulgaris may be covered by literature listed under:

BIOTA
(living things)
Eukaryota
(eukaryotes)
PLANTAE
(plants)
TRACHEOPHYTA
(vascular plants)
MAGNOLIOPSIDA
(flowering plants)
ASTERACEAE
(daisies, dandelions and thistles, composite)

Feeding and other inter-species relationships

Associated with Carlina vulgaris:

(live) live is parasitised by Golovinomyces cichoracearum - a powdery mildew (Erysiphales: Erysiphaceae) Foreign Ing, B., 1990
(live) live is parasitised by pycnium Puccinia calcitrapae - a rust fungus (Pucciniales: Pucciniaceae) Ellis, M.B. & J.P., 1997
capitulum (live) live capitulum may contain larva Acanthiophilus helianthi - Knapweed Ghost (Diptera: Tephritidae) Foreign White, I.M., 1988
capitulum capitulum may contain larva Larinus planus - a weevil (Coleoptera: Curculionidae) UK/Ireland Morris, M.G., 2002
leaf (live) live leaf is parasitised by uredinoid, mostly epiphyllous aecium Puccinia calcitrapae - a rust fungus (Pucciniales: Pucciniaceae) Ellis, M.B. & J.P., 1997
leaf (live) live leaf is parasitised by mostly hypophyllous uredium Puccinia calcitrapae - a rust fungus (Pucciniales: Pucciniaceae) Ellis, M.B. & J.P., 1997
leaf (live) live leaf is parasitised by mostly hypophyllous telium Puccinia calcitrapae - a rust fungus (Pucciniales: Pucciniaceae) Ellis, M.B. & J.P., 1997
stem (dead) dead stem is decayed by gregarious, more or less linearly arranged, dimorphic pycnidium of Phoma coelomycetous anamorph Boeremia exigua var. exigua - a coelomycete (Pleosporales: Didymellaceae) UK/Ireland Grove, W.B., 1935
stem (dead) dead stem is decayed by colony of Stachybotrys dematiaceous anamorph Stachybotrys dichroa - a dematiaceous anamorphic fungus (Hypocreales: Stachybotryaceae) Ellis, M.B. & J.P., 1997 [usually about soil level while stem is still standing, more widespread when laying on ground]
stem (dead) dead stem is decayed by effuse colony of Veronaea dematiaceous anamorph Veronaea carlinae - a dematiaceous anamorphic fungus Ellis, M.B. & J.P., 1997

Carlina vulgaris may be associated with more taxa listed at higher taxonomic level

PLANTAE
(plants)
TRACHEOPHYTA
(vascular plants)
MAGNOLIOPSIDA
(flowering plants)
EU-DICOTS
(dicotyledonous flowering plants)
ASTERACEAE
(daisies, dandelions and thistles, composite)
Carlina/Carduus/Cirsium (via Carlina vulgaris) Herbaceous Plants (via Asteraceae)

References

Ellis, M.B. & J.P., 1997 Microfungi on Land Plants: An Identification Handbook
Grove, W.B., 1935 British Stem- and Leaf- Fungi: Coelomycetes Vol. I … Sphaeropsidales with hyaline conidia
Ing, B., 1990 An Introduction to British Powdery Mildews
Morris, M.G., 2002 True Weevils (Part I): Family Curculionidae, subfamilies Raymondionyminae to Smicronychinae
White, I.M., 1988 Tephritid Flies (Diptera: Tephritidae)
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