BioInfo (UK)

Linnaea borealis L. (Twinflower)

BioImages BioImages (www.bioimages.org.uk) has 13 images of Linnaea borealis (Twinflower)

NBN NBN (data.nbn.org.uk) has the UK distribution map of Linnaea borealis (Twinflower)

Suggested Literature

Identification Works

Gibbons, B., 2002, Twinflower, British Wildlife, Vol 14, No. 2: 128 (illustration) Twinflower

General Works

Plant pathology

Ainsworth, M., Taylor, S. & Cannon, P.F., 2015 Following in the footsteps of Dickie and Leighton: some rarely recorded microfungi on Twinflower leaves including Ceramothyrium linnaeae, new to Britain

Linnaea borealis may also be covered by literature listed under:

BIOTA
(living things)
Eukaryota
(eukaryotes)
PLANTAE
(plants)
TRACHEOPHYTA
(vascular plants)
MAGNOLIOPSIDA
(flowering plants)
CAPRIFOLIACEAE
(honeysuckles)

Feeding and other inter-species relationships

Associated with Linnaea borealis:

has sap sucked by adult Metatropis rufescens ssp. linnaeae - a stiltbug (Hemiptera: Berytidae) Southwood, T.R.E. & Leston, D., 1959
has sap sucked by nymph Metatropis rufescens ssp. linnaeae - a stiltbug (Hemiptera: Berytidae) Southwood, T.R.E. & Leston, D., 1959
leaf (live) live leaf is spotted by epiphyllous, black, shining pycnidium of Septoria coelomycetous anamorph Septoria linnaeae - a leaf-spot fungus (Capnodiales: Mycosphaerellaceae) UK/Ireland Grove, W.B., 1935 [causes small, round, ochraceous spots, with scarcely distinct borders; 1 or 2 per leaf],
Ainsworth, M., Taylor, S. & Cannon, P.F., 2015
leaf (live) live leaf is spotted by epiphyllous, black, stromatic apothecium Ceramothyrium linnaeae - a pyrenomycete (Chaetothyriales: Chaetothyriaceae) UK/Ireland Restricted Ainsworth, M., Taylor, S. & Cannon, P.F., 2015
leaf leaf is foodplant of epiphyllous, subiculately pseudothecial stroma Metacoleroa dickiei - Twinflower Rust (Venturiales: Venturiaceae) UK/Ireland Ainsworth, M., Taylor, S. & Cannon, P.F., 2015,
Ellis, M.B. & J.P., 1997

Linnaea borealis may be associated with more taxa listed at higher taxonomic level

PLANTAE
(plants)
TRACHEOPHYTA
(vascular plants)
MAGNOLIOPSIDA
(flowering plants)
EU-DICOTS
(dicotyledonous flowering plants)
Herbaceous Plants (via Linnaea borealis)

References

Ainsworth, M., Taylor, S. & Cannon, P.F., 2015 Following in the footsteps of Dickie and Leighton: some rarely recorded microfungi on Twinflower leaves including Ceramothyrium linnaeae, new to Britain
Ellis, M.B. & J.P., 1997 Microfungi on Land Plants: An Identification Handbook
Grove, W.B., 1935 British Stem- and Leaf- Fungi: Coelomycetes Vol. I … Sphaeropsidales with hyaline conidia
Southwood, T.R.E. & Leston, D., 1959 Land and Water Bugs of the British Isles
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