BioInfo (UK)

ORCHIDACEAE (orchids)

BioImages BioImages (www.bioimages.org.uk) has 718 images of ORCHIDACEAE (orchids)

NBN NBN (data.nbn.org.uk) has the UK distribution map of ORCHIDACEAE (orchids)

Subtaxa (ie subgroups of this Family)

Taxon Rank #subtaxa #refs #webs
Aceras anthropophorum (L.) W.T. Aiton (Man Orchid) Species   1  
Anacamptis pyramidalis (L.) Rich. (Pyramidal Orchid) Species   1 3
Cattleya (a genus of tropical orchids) Genus 1 subtaxon   4
Cephalanthera Rich. (Cephalanthera helleborines) Genus 3 subtaxa 3 12
Coelogyne (a genus of tropical orchids) Genus     2
Corallorhiza trifida Chatel. (Coralroot Orchid) Species   1 2
Cymbidium (a genus of tender orchids) Genus     7
Cypripedium L. (slipper orchids) Genus 1 subtaxon 1 3
Dactylorhiza Necker ex Nevski (marsh orchids) Genus 7 subtaxa 2 27
Epipactis Zinn (Epipactis helleborines) Genus 9 subtaxa 18 49
Epipogium aphyllum Sw. (Ghost Orchid) Species   4 7
Goodyera repens (L.) R. Br. (Creeping Lady's-tresses) Species     4
Gymnadenia R. Br. (fragrant orchids) Genus 1 subtaxon 1 12
Hammarbya paludosa (L.) Kuntze (Bog Orchid) Species   1 1
Himantoglossum hircinum (L.) Spreng. (Lizard Orchid) Species     5
Liparis loeselii (L.) Rich. (Fen Orchid) Species   1 1
Masdevallia corniculata (Small Horned Masdevallia) Species     1
Neottia nidus-avis (L.) Rich. (Bird’S-nest Orchid) Species   1 5
Neottia ovata (L.) Bluff & Fingerh. (Common Twayblade) Species     5
Oberonia (a genus of tropical orchids) Genus     1
Odontoglossum (a genus of orchids) Genus 1 subtaxon   6
Oncidium (a genus of tropical orchids) Genus 1 subtaxon   2
Ophrys L. (spider and insect orchids) Genus 4 subtaxa 2 5
Orchis L. (a genus of orchids) Genus 6 subtaxa 3 13
Paphiopedilum (a genus of slipper orchids) Genus     1
Phalaenopsis sanderiana (a moth orchid) Species     1
Platanthera Rich. (butterfly orchids) Genus 3 subtaxa 4 13
Pseudorchis albida (L.) Á. Löve & D. Löve (Small-white Orchid) Species   1 1
Serapias L. (tongue orchids) Genus   1  
Spiranthes romanzoffiana Cham. (Irish Lady's-tresses) Species   3 2
Spiranthes spiralis (L.) Chevall. (Autumn Lady's-tresses) Species     2
Vanda (a genus of tropical orchids) Genus     1

Suggested Literature

Identification Works

Davies, P. & J., & Huxley, A., 1983 Wild Orchids of Britain and Europe
OPHRYS PHOTOGRAPHY: British wild orchids: http://www.ophrysphotography.co.uk/pages/britishorchids.htm OPHRYS PHOTOGRAPHY: British wild orchids
Ettlinger, D.M.T., 1976 British & Irish Orchids, a field guide
Harrap, A. & S., 2009 Orchids of Britain & Ireland: a field and site guide
Orchids of Europe & the Mediterranean: http://www.habitas.org.uk/europeanorchids/ Orchids of Europe & the Mediterranean
Nilsson, S., 1979 Orchids of Northern Europe

General Works

Bailey, J.P. & Ellis, R.G. (eds), 2006 Current Taxonomic Research on the British and European Flora
Bateman, R.M., 2006 How many orchid species are currently native to the British Isles?
Leake, J.R., 2005 Plants parasitic on fungi: unearthing the fungi in myco-heterotrophs and debunking the "saprophytic" plant myth
Weber, R.W.S. & Webster, J., 2001 Teaching techniques for mycology: 14. Mycorrhizal infection of orchid seedlings in the laboratory

Journals

Regional
Lankestriana Journal

Mycorrhiza

Bonnardeaux et al, 2007 Diversity of mycorrhizal fungi of terrestrial orchids: compatibility webs, brief encounters, lasting relationships and alien invasions

ORCHIDACEAE may also be covered by literature listed under:

BIOTA
(living things)
Eukaryota
(eukaryotes)
PLANTAE
(plants)
TRACHEOPHYTA
(vascular plants)
MAGNOLIOPSIDA
(flowering plants)
LILIIDAE
(monocotyledonous flowering plants)

Feeding and other inter-species relationships

Associated with ORCHIDACEAE:

(live) live is spotted by Cladosporium dematiaceous anamorph Cladosporium orchidearum - a dematiaceous anamorphic fungus (Capnodiales: Davidiellaceae) UK/Ireland Moore, W.C., 1959
(live) live may have Aurantothrips orchidaceus - a thrips (Thysanoptera: Thripidae) UK/Ireland Captivity Mound L.A., Morison, G.D., Pitkin, B.R. & Palmer, J.M., 1976 [in glasshouses]
is foodplant of Heliothrips haemorrhoidalis - a glasshouse thrips (Thysanoptera: Thripidae) Captivity Buczacki, S. & Harris, K., 1998 [in glasshouses]
has sap sucked by Myzus (Nectarosiphon) persicae - Peach-potato Aphid (Hemiptera: Aphididae) Buczacki, S. & Harris, K., 1998
leaf (live) live leaf is foodplant of larva Thrips tabaci - Onion Thrips (Thysanoptera: Thripidae) Buczacki, S. & Harris, K., 1998
leaf (live) live leaf is foodplant of adult Thrips tabaci - Onion Thrips (Thysanoptera: Thripidae) Buczacki, S. & Harris, K., 1998
leaf (live) live leaf is mined by larva Delina nigrita - a leaf-mining dung fly (Diptera: Scathophagidae) Robbins, R., 1990 [a broad, irregular corridor, mostly alongside the midrib and with fairly long side-spurs. Larva may mine a number of leaves.]
leaf (live) live leaf is mined by solitary, then gregarious larva Parallelomma vittatum - Orchid Leaf-miner (Diptera: Scathophagidae) Robbins, R., 1990 [A few larvae mine individual corridors, then make a communal deep upper-surface blotch, but sometimes whole leaves may be mined out. Pupariates externally.]
leaf (live) live leaf has sap sucked by Saissetia coffeae - Hemispherical Scale (Hemiptera: Coccidae) Captivity Buczacki, S. & Harris, K., 1998 [in heated glasshouses]
leaf (older) (necrotic ringed or spotted) necrotic ringed or spotted leaf (older) may be infected and damaged by Odontoglossum Ringspot virus - a phytopathogenic virus Buczacki, S. & Harris, K., 1998 [causes necrotic spots or rings up to 2cm in diam.]
leaf (young) (yellowish spotted) yellowish spotted leaf (young) may be infected and damaged by Odontoglossum Ringspot virus - a phytopathogenic virus Buczacki, S. & Harris, K., 1998 [causes circular, oval or diamond-shaped, yellowish areas]
mycorrhiza mycorrhiza is associate of basidiome Ceratobasidium cornigerum - a resupinate fungus (Cantharellales: Ceratobasidiaceae) Legon, N.W. & Henrici, A. with Roberts, P.J., Spooner, B.M. & Watling, R., 2005
root (live) live root is mycorrhizal host of Thanatephorus ochraceus - a basidiomycete (Cantharellales: Ceratobasidiaceae) Legon, N.W. & Henrici, A. with Roberts, P.J., Spooner, B.M. & Watling, R., 2005
root root is grazed by subterranean larva Otiorhynchus (Dorymerus) sulcatus - Vine Weevil (Coleoptera: Curculionidae) Buczacki, S. & Harris, K., 1998
rootstock rootstock may house puparium Delina nigrita - a leaf-mining dung fly (Diptera: Scathophagidae) Robbins, R., 1990
stem (live) live stem has sap sucked by Saissetia coffeae - Hemispherical Scale (Hemiptera: Coccidae) Captivity Buczacki, S. & Harris, K., 1998 [in heated glasshouses]
stem stem may house puparium Delina nigrita - a leaf-mining dung fly (Diptera: Scathophagidae) Robbins, R., 1990

Orchidaceae may be associated with more taxa listed at higher taxonomic level

PLANTAE
(plants)
TRACHEOPHYTA
(vascular plants)
MAGNOLIOPSIDA
(flowering plants)
LILIIDAE
(monocotyledonous flowering plants)
Herbaceous Plants (via Liliidae)

References

Buczacki, S. & Harris, K., 1998 Pests, Diseases & Disorders of Garden Plants
Legon, N.W. & Henrici, A. with Roberts, P.J., Spooner, B.M. & Watling, R., 2005 Checklist of the British and Irish Basidiomycota
Moore, W.C., 1959 British Parasitic Fungi
Mound L.A., Morison, G.D., Pitkin, B.R. & Palmer, J.M., 1976 Thysanoptera
Robbins, R., 1990 A Provisional Atlas of The Leaf Miners of Warwickshire, with notes on others occurring in the Midlands
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