BioInfo (UK)

Rubus L. (brambles)

BioImages BioImages (www.bioimages.org.uk) has 33 images of Rubus (brambles)

NBN NBN (data.nbn.org.uk) has the UK distribution map of Rubus (brambles)

Subtaxa (ie subgroups of this Genus)

Taxon Rank #refs #webs

Suggested Literature

Identification Works

Edees, E.S. & Newton, A., 1988 Brambles of the British Isles
Watson, W.C.R., 1958 Handbook of the Rubi of Great Britain and Ireland

General Works

Watson, W.C.R., 1948 An introduction to the study of Rubus

Pathology

Davies, D.L., 2000 The occurrence of two phytoplasmas associated with stunted Rubus species in the UK

Plant pathology

Cieslinska, M., 2011 Detection and characterization of phytoplasmas associated with diseases of Rubus spp. in Poland

Rubus may also be covered by literature listed under:

BIOTA
(living things)
Eukaryota
(eukaryotes)
PLANTAE
(plants)
TRACHEOPHYTA
(vascular plants)
MAGNOLIOPSIDA
(flowering plants)

Feeding and other inter-species relationships

Associated with Rubus:

(dead) dead is decayed by colony of Chalara dematiaceous anamorph Chalara aotearoa - a dematiaceous anamorphic fungus UK/Ireland Dennis, R.W.G., 1995
is parasitised by aecium Phragmidium rubi-idaei - Raspberry Rust (Pucciniales: Phragmidiaceae) Rare Legon, N.W. & Henrici, A. with Roberts, P.J., Spooner, B.M. & Watling, R., 2005 [some cultivated varieties]
is parasitised by pycnium Phragmidium rubi-idaei - Raspberry Rust (Pucciniales: Phragmidiaceae) Legon, N.W. & Henrici, A. with Roberts, P.J., Spooner, B.M. & Watling, R., 2005 [some cultivated varieties]
may be infected and damaged by Armillaria mellea s.l. - honey fungi (Agaricales: Physalacriaceae) UK/Ireland West, J.S., Hughes, C. & Fox, R.T.V., 2000
has sap sucked by adult Compsidolon (Coniortodes) salicellum - a plantbug (Hemiptera: Miridae) UK/Ireland Southwood, T.R.E. & Leston, D., 1959,
Nau, B.S., 1984
has sap sucked by Macrosiphum (Macrosiphum) funestum - an aphid (Hemiptera: Aphididae) Rotheray, G.E., 1989
is decayed by effuse colony of Coremiella dematiaceous anamorph Coremiella cubispora - a dematiaceous anamorphic fungus UK/Ireland Dennis, R.W.G., 1995
is decayed by subiculate pseudothecia Byssolophis sphaerioides - an ascomycete (Pleosporales: Lophiostomataceae) Ellis, M.B. & J.P., 1997
is associate of imago Sterictophora furcata - a sawfly (Hymenoptera: Argiidae) Benson, R.B., 1951
anther (live) live anther may be infected and damaged by immersed pycnidium of Hapalosphaeria coelomycetous anamorph Hapalosphaeria deformans - Stamen Blight Of Raspberries and Bramble - causative organism UK/Ireland Dennis, R.W.G., 1995
bark (dead) dead bark is decayed by effuse colony of Pseudospiropes dematiaceous anamorph Strossmayeria atriseda - a discomycete (Helotiales: Helotiaceae) Ellis, M.B. & J.P., 1997
bark (dead) dead bark is decayed by colony of Menispora dematiaceous anamorph Menispora ciliata - a dematiaceous anamorphic fungus (Chaetosphaeriales: Chaetosphaeriaceae) UK/Ireland Dennis, R.W.G., 1995,
Ellis, M.B. & J.P., 1997
bark bark is decayed by effuse colony of Camposporium dematiaceous anamorph Camposporium pellucidum - a dematiaceous anamorphic fungus Ellis, M.B. & J.P., 1997
bark bark is decayed by effuse colony of Virgaria dematiaceous anamorph Virgaria nigra - a dematiaceous anamorphic fungus (Xylariales: Xylariaceae) Ellis, M.B. & J.P., 1997
branch (dead, decorticate) dead, decorticate branch is decayed by hysterothecium Hysterium angustatum - a coffee bean fungus (Hysteriales: Hysteriaceae) Ellis, M.B. & J.P., 1997
branch (dead, esp. buried under brushwood) dead, esp. buried under brushwood branch is decayed by gregarious, subiculate perithecium Rosellinia aquila - a pyrenomycete (Xylariales: Xylariaceae) Ellis, M.B. & J.P., 1997 [especially near the bottom of piles of brushwood]
branch (dead, esp. buried under brushwood) dead, esp. buried under brushwood branch is decayed by colony of Geniculosporium dematiaceous anamorph Rosellinia aquila - a pyrenomycete (Xylariales: Xylariaceae) Ellis, M.B. & J.P., 1997 [especially near the bottom of piles of brushwood]
branch (dead, fallen) dead, fallen branch is decayed by stalked apothecium Hymenoscyphus calyculus - a discomycete (Helotiales: Helotiaceae) Ellis, M.B. & J.P., 1997
branch (dead) dead branch is decayed by sporodochium of Cryptocoryneum dematiaceous anamorph Cryptocoryneum rilstonii - a dematiaceous anamorphic fungus Ellis, M.B. & J.P., 1997
branch (dead) dead branch is decayed by effuse colony of Sporidesmiella dematiaceous anamorph Sporidesmiella hyalosperma var. hyalosperma - a dematiaceous anamorphic fungus (Pleosporales: Melanommataceae) Ellis, M.B. & J.P., 1997
branch (dead) dead branch is decayed by effuse colony of Sporidesmium dematiaceous anamorph Sporidesmium goidanichii - a dematiaceous anamorphic fungus (Pleosporales) Ellis, M.B. & J.P., 1997
branch (dead) dead branch is decayed by stromatic, deeply sunken apothecium Cryptodiscus rhopaloides - a discomycete (Ostropales: Stictidaceae) Ellis, M.B. & J.P., 1997
branch (dead) dead branch is decayed by embedded stroma Cryptodiscus rhopaloides - a discomycete (Ostropales: Stictidaceae) Ellis, M.B. & J.P., 1997
branch (dead) dead branch is decayed by sessile apothecium Mollisia cinerea - Common Grey Disco (Helotiales: Dermateaceae) Ellis, M.B. & J.P., 1997
branch (dead) dead branch is decayed by sessile apothecium Mollisia melaleuca - a discomycete (Helotiales: Dermateaceae) Ellis, M.B. & J.P., 1997
branch (dead) dead branch is decayed by effuse colony of Phragmocephala dematiaceous anamorph Phragmocephala elliptica - a dematiaceous anamorphic fungus Ellis, M.B. & J.P., 1997
branch (dead) dead branch is decayed by sometimes effuse Gliocladium anamorph Gliocladium roseum - an anamorphic fungus (Hypocreales: Hypocreaceae) Major Ellis, M.B. & J.P., 1997
branch (dead) dead branch is decayed by superficial stroma Hypocrea splendens - a stromatic pyrenomycete (Hypocreales: Hypocreaceae) Ellis, M.B. & J.P., 1997
branch (dead) dead branch is decayed by scattered or on a stroma in groups of 5 to 30 perithecium Nectria coccinea - Beech Bark Dissease - causative organism (Hypocreales: Nectriaceae) Ellis, M.B. & J.P., 1997
branch (dead) dead branch is decayed by Cylindrocarpon anamorph Nectria coccinea - Beech Bark Dissease - causative organism (Hypocreales: Nectriaceae) Ellis, M.B. & J.P., 1997
branch (dead) dead branch is decayed by erumpent stroma Nectria coccinea - Beech Bark Dissease - causative organism (Hypocreales: Nectriaceae) Ellis, M.B. & J.P., 1997
branch (dead) dead branch is decayed by superficial, gregarious perithecium Lasiosphaeria caudata - a pyrenomycete (Sordariales: Lasiosphaeriaceae) Ellis, M.B. & J.P., 1997
branch (dead) dead branch is decayed by subcortical stroma Eutypella scoparia - a stromatic pyrenomycete (Xylariales: Diatrypaceae) Ellis, M.B. & J.P., 1997 [under bark]
branch (dead) dead branch is decayed by subcortical synnema of Harpographium anamorph Eutypella scoparia - a stromatic pyrenomycete (Xylariales: Diatrypaceae) Ellis, M.B. & J.P., 1997 [under bark]
branch (dead) dead branch is decayed by subcortical, immersed, in clusters of 7-15, erumpent necked perithecium Eutypella scoparia - a stromatic pyrenomycete (Xylariales: Diatrypaceae) Ellis, M.B. & J.P., 1997 [under bark]
branch (fallen, dead, esp. covered by leaf mould) fallen, dead, esp. covered by leaf mould branch is decayed by perithecium Chaetosphaeria inaequalis - a pyrenomycete (Chaetosphaeriales: Chaetosphaeriaceae) Ellis, M.B. & J.P., 1997 [especially when covered by leaf mould]
branch (fallen, dead, esp. covered by leaf mould) fallen, dead, esp. covered by leaf mould branch is decayed by colony of Gonytrichum dematiaceous anamorph Chaetosphaeria inaequalis - a pyrenomycete (Chaetosphaeriales: Chaetosphaeriaceae) Ellis, M.B. & J.P., 1997 [especially when covered by leaf mould]
branch (fallen, dead) fallen, dead branch is decayed by colony of Catenularia dematiaceous anamorph Chaetosphaeria myriocarpa - a pyrenomycete (Chaetosphaeriales: Chaetosphaeriaceae) Ellis, M.B. & J.P., 1997
branch (fallen, dead) fallen, dead branch is decayed by perithecium Chaetosphaeria myriocarpa - a pyrenomycete (Chaetosphaeriales: Chaetosphaeriaceae) Ellis, M.B. & J.P., 1997
branch (fallen, dead) fallen, dead branch is decayed by perithecium Melanopsammella preussii - a pyrenomycete (Chaetosphaeriales: Chaetosphaeriaceae) Ellis, M.B. & J.P., 1997
branch (fallen, dead) fallen, dead branch is decayed by colony of Chloridium dematiaceous anamorph Melanopsammella preussii - a pyrenomycete (Chaetosphaeriales: Chaetosphaeriaceae) UK/Ireland Dennis, R.W.G., 1995,
Ellis, M.B. & J.P., 1997
branch (fallen, dead) fallen, dead branch is decayed by colony of Phaeostalagmus dematiaceous anamorph Phaeostalagmus cyclosporus - a dematiaceous anamorphic fungus (Chaetosphaeriales: Chaetosphaeriaceae) Ellis, M.B. & J.P., 1997
branch (fallen, dead) fallen, dead branch is decayed by effuse colony of Phaeoisaria dematiaceous anamorph Phaeoisaria clematidis - a dematiaceous anamorphic fungus (Calosphaeriales: Calosphaeriaceae) Ellis, M.B. & J.P., 1997
branch (fallen) fallen branch is decayed by clustered, subiculate pseudothecium Herpotrichia macrotricha - an ascomycete (Pleosporales: Lophiostomataceae) Ellis, M.B. & J.P., 1997
branch (fallen) fallen branch is decayed by colony of Phaeostalagmus dematiaceous anamorph Phaeostalagmus tenuissimus - a dematiaceous anamorphic fungus (Chaetosphaeriales: Chaetosphaeriaceae) Ellis, M.B. & J.P., 1997
branch (old) (thickly encrusted) thickly encrusted branch (old) has sap sucked by Pseudaulacaspis pentagona - White Peach Scale (Hemiptera: Diaspididae) Foreign MacLeod, A., 2007
branch wood (dry, hard, decorticate) dry, hard, decorticate branch wood is decayed by superficial pycnidium of Aposphaeria coelomycetous anamorph Melanomma pulvis-pyrius - an ascomycete (Pleosporales: Melanommataceae) Ellis, M.B. & J.P., 1997
branch wood (dry, hard, decorticate) dry, hard, decorticate branch wood is decayed by superficial, often in very large clusters pseudothecium Melanomma pulvis-pyrius - an ascomycete (Pleosporales: Melanommataceae) Ellis, M.B. & J.P., 1997
branch branch is decayed by subgregarious to densely scattered, covered then erumpent, blackish grey with paler roundish flat disc stroma of Cytospora coelomycetous anamorph Valsa ambiens - a valsoid pyrenomycete (Diaporthales: Valsaceae) UK/Ireland Ellis, M.B. & J.P., 1997 [extending uniformly along the whole length of twigs and branches]
branch branch is decayed by immersed, grouped in circles perithecium Valsa ambiens - a valsoid pyrenomycete (Diaporthales: Valsaceae) Ellis, M.B. & J.P., 1997 [extending uniformly along the whole length of twigs and branches]
branch branch is decayed by erumpent stroma of Cytospora coelomycetous anamorph Valsa ceratosperma - a valsoid pyrenomycete (Diaporthales: Valsaceae) Ellis, M.B. & J.P., 1997
branch branch is decayed by immersed, in groups of about 10 perithecium Valsa ceratosperma - a valsoid pyrenomycete (Diaporthales: Valsaceae) Ellis, M.B. & J.P., 1997
canes (new) (short, feeble) short, feeble canes (new) may be infected and damaged by Rubus Stunt phytoplasma - a phytpathogenic phytoplasma (Acholeplasmatales: Acholeplasmataceae) Buczacki, S. & Harris, K., 1998
debris debris is decayed by Botrytis cinerea-type dematiaceous anamorph Botryotinia fuckeliana - a discomycete (Helotiales: Sclerotiniaceae) Ellis, M.B. & J.P., 1997
debris debris is decayed by stalked, sclerotial apothecium Botryotinia fuckeliana - a discomycete (Helotiales: Sclerotiniaceae) Ellis, M.B. & J.P., 1997
debris debris is decayed by sclerotium Botryotinia fuckeliana - a discomycete (Helotiales: Sclerotiniaceae) Ellis, M.B. & J.P., 1997
flower (proliferated, virescent, phyllodic) proliferated, virescent, phyllodic flower may be infected and damaged by Phytoplasma asteris - an aster yellows (Acholeplasmatales: Acholeplasmataceae) UK/Ireland Cieslinska, M., 2011,
Davies, D.L., 2000
flower (proliferated, virescent, phyllodic) proliferated, virescent, phyllodic flower may be infected and damaged by X disease phytoplasma - a phytoplasma (Acholeplasmatales: Acholeplasmataceae) UK/Ireland Cieslinska, M., 2011,
Davies, D.L., 2000
flower bud flower bud is galled by larva Anthonomus (Anthonomus) rubi - Strawberry Blossom Weevil, Strawberry-blossom Weevil (Coleoptera: Curculionidae) Major Stubbs, F.B. (Editor), 1986,
Bullock, J.A., 1992
flower bud flower bud is galled by larva Contarinia rubicola - a gall midge (Diptera: Cecidomyiidae) Restricted Stubbs, F.B. (Editor), 1986
flower flower is visited for nectar and/or pollen by imago Trichius fasciatus - Bee Beetle (Coleoptera: Cetoniidae) Jessop, L., 1986
in open parts of woodland in open parts of woodland is associate of imago Perineura rubi - a sawfly (Hymenoptera: Tenthredinidae) Benson, R.B., 1952 [in open parts of woods with Fagus or Quercus]
leaf (damp, dead, fallen, densely shaded) damp, dead, fallen, densely shaded leaf is decayed by sessile or subsessile apothecium Lachnum misellum - a discomycete (Helotiales: Hyaloscyphaceae) Ellis, M.B. & J.P., 1997
leaf (dead, fallen) dead, fallen leaf is decayed by erumpent, subsessile apothecium Calycellina populina - a discomycete (Helotiales: Hyaloscyphaceae) Ellis, M.B. & J.P., 1997
leaf (dead, fallen) dead, fallen leaf is decayed by apothecium Unguiculella foliicola - a discomycete (Helotiales: Hyaloscyphaceae) Ellis, M.B. & J.P., 1997
leaf (dead) dead leaf is decayed by thyriothecium Microthyrium ciliatum var. hederae - a fly speck fungus (Dothideales: Microthyriaceae) Ellis, M.B. & J.P., 1997
leaf (dead) dead leaf is decayed by superficial mycelium Microthyrium ciliatum var. hederae - a fly speck fungus (Dothideales: Microthyriaceae) Ellis, M.B. & J.P., 1997
leaf (dead) dead leaf is decayed by effuse colony of Sporidesmium dematiaceous anamorph Sporidesmium goidanichii - a dematiaceous anamorphic fungus (Pleosporales) Ellis, M.B. & J.P., 1997
leaf (dead) dead leaf is decayed by stalked apothecium Betulina fuscostipitata - a discomycete (Helotiales: Hyaloscyphaceae) Ellis, M.B. & J.P., 1997
leaf (dead) dead leaf is decayed by stalked, sclerotial apothecium Botryotinia fuckeliana - a discomycete (Helotiales: Sclerotiniaceae) Ellis, M.B. & J.P., 1997
leaf (dead) dead leaf is decayed by Botrytis cinerea-type dematiaceous anamorph Botryotinia fuckeliana - a discomycete (Helotiales: Sclerotiniaceae) Ellis, M.B. & J.P., 1997
leaf (dead) dead leaf is decayed by sclerotium Botryotinia fuckeliana - a discomycete (Helotiales: Sclerotiniaceae) Ellis, M.B. & J.P., 1997
leaf (live, curled) live, curled leaf is galled by solitary, hypophyllous Amphorophora (Amphorophora) rubi - an aphid (Hemiptera: Aphididae) Rotheray, G.E., 1989,
Stubbs, F.B. (Editor), 1986
leaf (live) live leaf may be infected and damaged by Phoma coelomycetous anamorph Didymella applanata - Raspberry Spur Blight (Pleosporales) Ellis, M.B. & J.P., 1997 [Causes pale grey patches, mostly near the nodes. "Spur Blight"]
leaf (live) live leaf may be infected and damaged by immersed pseudothecium Didymella applanata - Raspberry Spur Blight (Pleosporales) Ellis, M.B. & J.P., 1997 [Causes pale grey patches, mostly near the nodes. "Spur Blight"]
leaf (live) live leaf has sap sucked by Macropsis fuscula - a leafhopper (Hemiptera: Cicadellidae) Buczacki, S. & Harris, K., 1998
leaf (live) live leaf has sap sucked by Macropsis scotti - a leafhopper (Hemiptera: Cicadellidae) Buczacki, S. & Harris, K., 1998
leaf (live) live leaf has sap sucked by hypophyllous Aphis (Aphis) ruborum - an aphid (Hemiptera: Aphididae) Rotheray, G.E., 1989
leaf (live) live leaf has sap sucked by Sitobion (Sitobion) fragariae - Bramble Aphid or Blackberry Aphid (Hemiptera: Aphididae) Major Rotheray, G.E., 1989,
Rotheray, G.E., 1993
leaf (live) live leaf is spotted by amphigenous caespituli of Neoramularia hyphomycetous anamorph Neoramularia rubi - an anamorphic fungus (Capnodiales: Mycosphaerellaceae) UK/Ireland Dennis, R.W.G., 1995
leaf (rotting) rotting leaf is decayed by apothecium Hymenoscyphus albopunctus - a discomycete (Helotiales: Helotiaceae) Ellis, M.B. & J.P., 1997
leaf-litter leaf-litter is decayed by apothecium Mollisina acerina - a discomycete (Helotiales: Hyaloscyphaceae) Ellis, M.B. & J.P., 1997
leaf? leaf? is decayed by sessile apothecium Graddonidiscus coruscatus - a discomycete (Helotiales: Hyaloscyphaceae) Ellis, M.B. & J.P., 1997
leaf leaf is galled by Eriophyes gibbosus - a gall mite (Trombidiformes: Eriophyidae) Stubbs, F.B. (Editor), 1986
leaf leaf is galled by Eriophyes rubicolens - a gall mite (Trombidiformes: Eriophyidae) Stubbs, F.B. (Editor), 1986
leaf leaf is galled by Eriophyes silvicola - a gall mite (Trombidiformes: Eriophyidae) Stubbs, F.B. (Editor), 1986
leaf leaf is galled by Phyllocoptes gracilis - a gall mite (Trombidiformes: Eriophyidae) Stubbs, F.B. (Editor), 1986
leaf leaf is galled by larva Dasineura plicatrix - a gall midge (Diptera: Cecidomyiidae) Stubbs, F.B. (Editor), 1986
leaf leaf is mined by solitary larva Agromyza idaeiana - a leaf-mining fly (Diptera: Agromyzidae) Spencer, K.A., 1972 [linear mine developing into a blotch]
leaf leaf is mined by larva Agromyza sulfuriceps - a leaf-mining fly (Diptera: Agromyzidae) Major Spencer, K.A., 1972
leaf leaf is grazed by larva Batophila aerata - Raspberry Flea Beetle (Coleoptera: Chrysomelidae) Restricted Bullock, J.A., 1992
leaf leaf is grazed by imago Batophila aerata - Raspberry Flea Beetle (Coleoptera: Chrysomelidae) Bullock, J.A., 1992
leaf leaf is grazed by larva Batophila rubi - Raspberry Flea Beetle (Coleoptera: Chrysomelidae) Bullock, J.A., 1992
leaf leaf is grazed by imago Batophila rubi - Raspberry Flea Beetle (Coleoptera: Chrysomelidae) Bullock, J.A., 1992
leaf leaf is grazed by larva Arge cyanocrocea - a sawfly (Hymenoptera: Argidae) Restricted Benson, R.B., 1951
leaf leaf is grazed by larva Allantus calceatus - a sawfly (Hymenoptera: Tenthredinidae) Benson, R.B., 1952
leaf leaf is grazed by larva Allantus rufocinctus - a sawfly (Hymenoptera: Tenthredinidae) Benson, R.B., 1952
leaf leaf is grazed by epiphyllous larva Caliroa cerasi - Pear and Cherry Slug Sawfly (Hymenoptera: Tenthredinidae) Benson, R.B., 1952 [skeletonises the leaf, leaving one cuticle intact]
leaf leaf is grazed by larva Claremontia alternipes - a sawfly (Hymenoptera: Tenthredinidae) Benson, R.B., 1952
leaf leaf is grazed by nocturnal larva Macrophya (Macrophya) montana - a sawfly (Hymenoptera: Tenthredinidae) Benson, R.B., 1952
leaf leaf is grazed by larva Monophadnoides geniculatus - a sawfly (Hymenoptera: Tenthredinidae) Benson, R.B., 1952
leaf leaf is grazed by larva Priophorus brullei - a sawfly (Hymenoptera: Tenthredinidae) Benson, R.B., 1958
leaf leaf is grazed by larva Pristiphora (Pristiphora) pallidiventris - a sawfly (Hymenoptera: Tenthredinidae) Benson, R.B., 1958
leaf leaf is parasitised by hypophyllous uredium Phragmidium rubi-idaei - Raspberry Rust (Pucciniales: Phragmidiaceae) Legon, N.W. & Henrici, A. with Roberts, P.J., Spooner, B.M. & Watling, R., 2005 [some cultivated varieties]
leaf leaf is parasitised by hypophyllous telium Phragmidium rubi-idaei - Raspberry Rust (Pucciniales: Phragmidiaceae) Legon, N.W. & Henrici, A. with Roberts, P.J., Spooner, B.M. & Watling, R., 2005 [some cultivated varieties]
litter litter is decayed by effuse colony of Camposporium dematiaceous anamorph Camposporium cambrense - a dematiaceous anamorphic fungus Ellis, M.B. & J.P., 1997
litter litter is decayed by effuse colony of Camposporium dematiaceous anamorph Camposporium pellucidum - a dematiaceous anamorphic fungus Ellis, M.B. & J.P., 1997
litter litter is decayed by sessile or subsessile apothecium Hymenoscyphus epiphyllus - a discomycete (Helotiales: Helotiaceae) Ellis, M.B. & J.P., 1997
litter litter is decayed by colony of Phaeostalagmus dematiaceous anamorph Phaeostalagmus tenuissimus - a dematiaceous anamorphic fungus (Chaetosphaeriales: Chaetosphaeriaceae) Ellis, M.B. & J.P., 1997
plant (stunted) stunted plant may be infected and damaged by Phytoplasma asteris - an aster yellows (Acholeplasmatales: Acholeplasmataceae) UK/Ireland Cieslinska, M., 2011,
Davies, D.L., 2000
plant (stunted) stunted plant may be infected and damaged by X disease phytoplasma - a phytoplasma (Acholeplasmatales: Acholeplasmataceae) UK/Ireland Cieslinska, M., 2011,
Davies, D.L., 2000
root root is galled by Agrobacterium tumefaciens - Crown Gall - causative organism (Rhizobiales: Rhizobiaceae) Stubbs, F.B. (Editor), 1986
shoot (decaying) decaying shoot may contain larva Neocoenorrhinus germanicus - Strawberry Rhynchites (Coleoptera: Rhynchitidae) Morris, M.G., 1990
shoot tip (live) live shoot tip may contain larva Pegomya rubivora - Loganberry Cane Fly (Diptera: Anthomyiidae) Buczacki, S. & Harris, K., 1998 [affected shoot tip hangs down like a shepherd's crook]
stem (dead, Chaetosphearia callimorpha-infected) dead, Chaetosphearia callimorpha-infected stem is associate of effuse colony of Veronaea dematiaceous anamorph Veronaea parvispora - a dematiaceous anamorphic fungus Ellis, M.B. & J.P., 1997 [growing on Chaetosphearia callimorpha]
stem (dead, decayed) dead, decayed stem is decayed by fruitbody Resinomycena saccharifera - a toadstool (Agaricales: Mycenaceae) Legon, N.W. & Henrici, A. with Roberts, P.J., Spooner, B.M. & Watling, R., 2005
stem (dead, half-buried in moss) dead, half-buried in moss stem is decayed by apothecium Plectania melastoma - a discomycete (Pezizales: Sarcosomataceae) UK/Ireland Ellis, M.B. & J.P., 1997 [dead stems, half-buried in moss]
stem (decayed, dead) decayed, dead stem is decayed by fruitbody Crepidotus cesatii - an oysterling (Agaricales: Inocybaceae) UK/Ireland Legon, N.W. & Henrici, A. with Roberts, P.J., Spooner, B.M. & Watling, R., 2005
stem (decaying) decaying stem may contain larva Neocoenorrhinus germanicus - Strawberry Rhynchites (Coleoptera: Rhynchitidae) Morris, M.G., 1990
stem (esp. base) stem (esp. base) is galled by Agrobacterium tumefaciens - Crown Gall - causative organism (Rhizobiales: Rhizobiaceae) Buczacki, S. & Harris, K., 1998,
Stubbs, F.B. (Editor), 1986
stem (hollow) hollow stem may house hibernating naked prepupa Allantus calceatus - a sawfly (Hymenoptera: Tenthredinidae) Benson, R.B., 1952
stem (live) live stem has sap sucked by Sitobion (Sitobion) fragariae - Bramble Aphid or Blackberry Aphid (Hemiptera: Aphididae) Major Rotheray, G.E., 1989,
Rotheray, G.E., 1993
stem stem is galled by Rubus Stunt phytoplasma - a phytpathogenic phytoplasma (Acholeplasmatales: Acholeplasmataceae) Buczacki, S. & Harris, K., 1998 [causes phyllody and/or flower proliferation]
stem stem is galled by larva Lasioptera rubi - a gall midge (Diptera: Cecidomyiidae) UK/Ireland Stubbs, F.B. (Editor), 1986
stolon (decaying) decaying stolon may contain larva Neocoenorrhinus germanicus - Strawberry Rhynchites (Coleoptera: Rhynchitidae) Morris, M.G., 1990
trunk (dead) dead trunk is decayed by scattered or on a stroma in groups of 5 to 30 perithecium Nectria coccinea - Beech Bark Dissease - causative organism (Hypocreales: Nectriaceae) Ellis, M.B. & J.P., 1997
trunk (dead) dead trunk is decayed by Cylindrocarpon anamorph Nectria coccinea - Beech Bark Dissease - causative organism (Hypocreales: Nectriaceae) Ellis, M.B. & J.P., 1997
trunk (dead) dead trunk is decayed by erumpent stroma Nectria coccinea - Beech Bark Dissease - causative organism (Hypocreales: Nectriaceae) Ellis, M.B. & J.P., 1997
trunk (thickly encrusted) thickly encrusted trunk has sap sucked by Pseudaulacaspis pentagona - White Peach Scale (Hemiptera: Diaspididae) Foreign MacLeod, A., 2007
twig (dead, fallen) dead, fallen twig is decayed by stalked apothecium Hymenoscyphus calyculus - a discomycete (Helotiales: Helotiaceae) Ellis, M.B. & J.P., 1997
twig (dead) dead twig is decayed by effuse colony of Sporidesmium dematiaceous anamorph Sporidesmium goidanichii - a dematiaceous anamorphic fungus (Pleosporales) Ellis, M.B. & J.P., 1997
twig (dead) dead twig is decayed by erumpent, clustered, short-stalked apothecium Pezizella vulgaris - a discomycete (Helotiales: Hyaloscyphaceae) Ellis, M.B. & J.P., 1997
twig (dead) dead twig is decayed by effuse colony of Phragmocephala dematiaceous anamorph Phragmocephala elliptica - a dematiaceous anamorphic fungus Ellis, M.B. & J.P., 1997
twig (fallen) fallen twig is decayed by clustered, subiculate pseudothecium Herpotrichia macrotricha - an ascomycete (Pleosporales: Lophiostomataceae) Ellis, M.B. & J.P., 1997
twig (hollow) hollow twig may house hibernating naked prepupa Allantus rufocinctus - a sawfly (Hymenoptera: Tenthredinidae) Benson, R.B., 1952
twig twig is decayed by immersed, grouped in circles perithecium Valsa ambiens - a valsoid pyrenomycete (Diaporthales: Valsaceae) Ellis, M.B. & J.P., 1997 [extending uniformly along the whole length of twigs and branches]
twig twig is decayed by subgregarious to densely scattered, covered then erumpent, blackish grey with paler roundish flat disc stroma of Cytospora coelomycetous anamorph Valsa ambiens - a valsoid pyrenomycete (Diaporthales: Valsaceae) UK/Ireland Ellis, M.B. & J.P., 1997 [extending uniformly along the whole length of twigs and branches]
wood (Armillaria mellea-decayed) Armillaria mellea-decayed wood is decayed by superficial perithecium Lasiosphaeria ovina - a pyrenomycete (Sordariales: Lasiosphaeriaceae) Ellis, M.B. & J.P., 1997
wood (dead, decayed) dead, decayed wood is decayed by apothecium Karstenia idaei - a discomycete (Rhytismatales) Wilberforce, P.W., 1999
wood (dead) dead wood is decayed by effuse colony of Camposporium dematiaceous anamorph Camposporium pellucidum - a dematiaceous anamorphic fungus Ellis, M.B. & J.P., 1997
wood (dead) dead wood is decayed by sessile apothecium Mollisia cinerea - Common Grey Disco (Helotiales: Dermateaceae) Ellis, M.B. & J.P., 1997
wood (dead) dead wood is decayed by sessile apothecium Mollisia melaleuca - a discomycete (Helotiales: Dermateaceae) Ellis, M.B. & J.P., 1997
wood (dead) dead wood is decayed by effuse colony of Pseudospiropes dematiaceous anamorph Strossmayeria atriseda - a discomycete (Helotiales: Helotiaceae) Ellis, M.B. & J.P., 1997
wood (dead) dead wood is decayed by colony of Menispora dematiaceous anamorph Menispora ciliata - a dematiaceous anamorphic fungus (Chaetosphaeriales: Chaetosphaeriaceae) UK/Ireland Dennis, R.W.G., 1995,
Ellis, M.B. & J.P., 1997
wood (dead) dead wood is decayed by immersed perithecium Diaporthe pardalota - a pyrenomycete (Diaporthales: Diaporthaceae) Ellis, M.B. & J.P., 1997 [immersed in wood with necks emerging through the bark]
wood (decorticate) decorticate wood is decayed by usually immersed pseudothecium Lophiostoma compressum - an ascomycete (Pleosporales: Lophiostomataceae) Ellis, M.B. & J.P., 1997
wood (rotten) rotten wood is decayed by effuse colony of Dictyosporium dematiaceous anamorph Dictyosporium toruloides - a dematiaceous anamorphic fungus (Pleosporales) Ellis, M.B. & J.P., 1997
wood (rotten) rotten wood is decayed by solitary or in small groups, erumpent bcoming more or less superficial ascocarp Capronia pleiospora - an ascomycete (Chaetothyriales: Herpotrichiellaceae) Ellis, M.B. & J.P., 1997
wood (stem) (dead, dry) dead, dry wood (stem) may contain larva Gracilia minuta - Basket Longhorn Beetle (Coleoptera: Cerambycidae) Duff, A. (Illust: Lewington, R.), 2007
wood wood is decayed by immersed, often loosely grouped perithecium Diaporthe eres - a pyrenomycete (Diaporthales: Diaporthaceae) Ellis, M.B. & J.P., 1997 [immersed in wood with necks emerging through the bark]
wood wood is decayed by immersed perithecium Diaporthe rudis - a pyrenomycete (Diaporthales: Diaporthaceae) Ellis, M.B. & J.P., 1997 [immersed in wood with necks emerging through the bark, surrounded by a black line]
wood wood is decayed by effuse colony of Virgaria dematiaceous anamorph Virgaria nigra - a dematiaceous anamorphic fungus (Xylariales: Xylariaceae) Ellis, M.B. & J.P., 1997

Rubus may be associated with more taxa listed at higher taxonomic level

PLANTAE
(plants)
TRACHEOPHYTA
(vascular plants)
MAGNOLIOPSIDA
(flowering plants)
EU-DICOTS
(dicotyledonous flowering plants)
ROSACEAE
(roses and fruit trees)
Soft Fruit Broadleaved shrubs Woody plants (via Rubus) Trees, shrubs, woody and climbing plants (via Woody plants) Broadleaved trees and shrubs Trees and shrubs Broadleaved trees, shrubs and climbers (via Broadleaved trees and shrubs)

References

Benson, R.B., 1951 Hymenoptera: 2. Symphyta. Section (a)
Benson, R.B., 1952 Hymenoptera: 2. Symphyta. Section (b)
Benson, R.B., 1958 Hymenoptera: 2. Symphyta. Section (c)
Buczacki, S. & Harris, K., 1998 Pests, Diseases & Disorders of Garden Plants
Bullock, J.A., 1992 Host Plants of British Beetles: A List of Recorded Associations
Cieslinska, M., 2011 Detection and characterization of phytoplasmas associated with diseases of Rubus spp. in Poland
Davies, D.L., 2000 The occurrence of two phytoplasmas associated with stunted Rubus species in the UK
Dennis, R.W.G., 1995 Fungi of the South East England
Duff, A. (Illust: Lewington, R.), 2007 Identification - Longhorn Beetles: Part 2
Ellis, M.B. & J.P., 1997 Microfungi on Land Plants: An Identification Handbook
Jessop, L., 1986 Dung Beetles and Chafers (Coleoptera: Scarabaeoidea)
Legon, N.W. & Henrici, A. with Roberts, P.J., Spooner, B.M. & Watling, R., 2005 Checklist of the British and Irish Basidiomycota
MacLeod, A., 2007 CSL Pest Risk Analysis for Pseudaulacaspis pentagona
Morris, M.G., 1990 Orthocerous Weevils
Nau, B.S., 1984 Notes on the Recording and Identification of Psallus
Rotheray, G.E., 1989 Aphid Predators
Rotheray, G.E., 1993 Colour Guide to Hoverfly Larvae (Diptera, Syrphidae) in Britain and Europe
Southwood, T.R.E. & Leston, D., 1959 Land and Water Bugs of the British Isles
Spencer, K.A., 1972 Diptera: Agromyzidae
Stubbs, F.B. (Editor), 1986 Provisional Keys to British Plant Galls
West, J.S., Hughes, C. & Fox, R.T.V., 2000 Armillaria mellea can infect the perennial weed, Rumex obtusifolius, in the UK
Wilberforce, P.W., 1999 A new species of Karstenia on Deschampsia caespitosa from North Argyll, Scotland (NBR 163)
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