BioInfo (UK)

Conium maculatum L. (Hemlock)

BioImages BioImages (www.bioimages.org.uk) has 11 images of Conium maculatum (Hemlock)

NBN NBN (data.nbn.org.uk) has the UK distribution map of Conium maculatum (Hemlock)

Suggested Literature

General Works

Romano G., 1948 The Death Of Socrates

Conium maculatum may also be covered by literature listed under:

BIOTA
(living things)
Eukaryota
(eukaryotes)
PLANTAE
(plants)
TRACHEOPHYTA
(vascular plants)
MAGNOLIOPSIDA
(flowering plants)
APIACEAE
(umbellifers)

Feeding and other inter-species relationships

Associated with Conium maculatum:

(live) live is parasitised by conidial anamorph Erysiphe heraclei - Umbellifer Powdery Mildew (Erysiphales: Erysiphaceae) UK/Ireland Ing, B., 1990
(live) live is parasitised by cleistothecium Erysiphe heraclei - Umbellifer Powdery Mildew (Erysiphales: Erysiphaceae) UK/Ireland Ing, B., 1990
(live) live is parasitised by Asteroma coelomycetous anamorph Asteroma robergei - a coelomycete (Diaporthales: Gnomoniaceae) UK/Ireland Dennis, R.W.G., 1995
(live) live is parasitised by telium Puccinia conii - Hemlock Rust (Pucciniales: Pucciniaceae) Ellis, M.B. & J.P., 1997
(live) live has sap sucked by Hyadaphis passerinii - Honeysuckle Aphid (Hemiptera: Aphididae) Major Buczacki, S. & Harris, K., 1998
leaf (live) live leaf is mined by larva Euleia heraclei - Common Umbel Leaf-miner, Celery Fly, Celery Leaf Miner (Diptera: Tephritidae) UK/Ireland White, I.M., 1988
leaf (live) live leaf is grazed by adult Chrysolina oricalcia - a leaf beetle (Coleoptera: Chrysomelidae) Cox, M.L., 2007
leaf (live) live leaf is parasitised by hypophyllous colony of sporangium Plasmopara crustosa - Umbellifer Downy Mildew (Peronosporales: Peronosporaceae) UK/Ireland Preece, T.F., 2002,
Dennis, R.W.G., 1995
leaf (live) live leaf is parasitised by hypophyllous uredium Puccinia conii - Hemlock Rust (Pucciniales: Pucciniaceae) Ellis, M.B. & J.P., 1997
leaf (live) live leaf is spotted by amphigenous, in small scattered groups colony of Ramularia hyphomycetous anamorph Ramularia heraclei emend U. Braun - an anamorphic fungus (Capnodiales: Mycosphaerellaceae) Foreign Braun, U., 1998
leaf leaf is mined by larva Phytomyza conii - a leaf-mining fly (Diptera: Agromyzidae) Restricted Spencer, K.A., 1972 [mine linear, more greenish]
pollen pollen is foodplant of adult Chrysolina oricalcia - a leaf beetle (Coleoptera: Chrysomelidae) Cox, M.L., 2007
root (live) live root may contain larva Chamaepsila rosae - Carrot Fly (Diptera: Psilidae) UK/Ireland Collin, J.E., 1944
stem (dead, blackened) dead, blackened stem is decayed by perithecium Diaporthe arctii - a pyrenomycete (Diaporthales: Diaporthaceae) Ellis, M.B. & J.P., 1997
stem (dead, fallen) dead, fallen stem is decayed by effuse colony of Dendryphiella dematiaceous anamorph Dendryphiella vinosa - a dematiaceous anamorphic fungus (Pleosporales: Pleosporaceae) Ellis, M.B. & J.P., 1997
stem (dead, standing) dead, standing stem is decayed by sessile apothecium Lasiobelonium mollissimum - a discomycete (Helotiales: Hyaloscyphaceae) Ellis, M.B. & J.P., 1997
stem (dead) dead stem is decayed by apothecium Crocicreas cyathoideum var. cyathoideum - a discomycete (Helotiales: Helotiaceae) Ellis, M.B. & J.P., 1997
stem (dead) dead stem is decayed by sessile apothecium Discocistella grevillei - a discomycete (Helotiales: Hyaloscyphaceae) Ellis, M.B. & J.P., 1997
stem (dead) dead stem is decayed by sclerotium Botryotinia fuckeliana - a discomycete (Helotiales: Sclerotiniaceae) UK/Ireland Weber, R.W.S. & Webster, J., 2003
stem (dead) dead stem is decayed by effuse colony of Pleurophragmium dematiaceous anamorph Pleurophragmium parvisporum - a dematiaceous anamorphic fungus Ellis, M.B. & J.P., 1997
stem (dead) dead stem is decayed by colony of Stachybotrys dematiaceous anamorph Stachybotrys dichroa - a dematiaceous anamorphic fungus (Hypocreales) Ellis, M.B. & J.P., 1997 [usually about soil level while stem is still standing, more widespread when laying on ground]
stem (dead) dead stem is decayed by irregularly gregarious, subepidermal pycnidium of Phomopsis coelomycetous anamorph Phomopsis conii - a coelomycete (Diaporthales: Diaporthaceae) UK/Ireland Grove, W.B., 1935
stem (lower part) (dead, standing) dead, standing stem (lower part) is decayed by effuse colony of Dendryphiella dematiaceous anamorph Dendryphiella vinosa - a dematiaceous anamorphic fungus (Pleosporales: Pleosporaceae) Ellis, M.B. & J.P., 1997

Conium maculatum may be associated with more taxa listed at higher taxonomic level

PLANTAE
(plants)
TRACHEOPHYTA
(vascular plants)
MAGNOLIOPSIDA
(flowering plants)
EU-DICOTS
(dicotyledonous flowering plants)
APIACEAE
(umbellifers)
Herbaceous Plants Tall Woody Herbs (via Apiaceae)

References

Braun, U., 1998 Monograph of Cercosporella, Ramularia and Allied Genera - Vol II
Buczacki, S. & Harris, K., 1998 Pests, Diseases & Disorders of Garden Plants
Collin, J.E., 1944 The British Species of Psilidae (Diptera)
Cox, M.L., 2007 Atlas of the Seed and Leaf Beetles of Britain and Ireland
Dennis, R.W.G., 1995 Fungi of the South East England
Ellis, M.B. & J.P., 1997 Microfungi on Land Plants: An Identification Handbook
Grove, W.B., 1935 British Stem- and Leaf- Fungi: Coelomycetes Vol. I … Sphaeropsidales with hyaline conidia
Ing, B., 1990 An Introduction to British Powdery Mildews
Preece, T.F., 2002 A Checklist of the Downy Mildews (Peronosporaceae) of the British Isles
Spencer, K.A., 1972 Diptera: Agromyzidae
Weber, R.W.S. & Webster, J., 2003 Teaching techniques for mycology: 21. Sclerotinia, Botrytis and Monilia (Ascomycota, Leotiales, Sclerotiniaceae)
White, I.M., 1988 Tephritid Flies (Diptera: Tephritidae)
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