BioInfo (UK)

APIACEAE (umbellifers)

BioImages BioImages (www.bioimages.org.uk) has 690 images of APIACEAE (umbellifers)

NBN NBN (data.nbn.org.uk) has the UK distribution map of APIACEAE (umbellifers)

Subtaxa (ie subgroups of this Family)

Taxon Rank #subtaxa #refs #webs
Aegopodium podagraria L. (Ground Elder, Ground-elder, Goutweed, Bishop’S Weed) Species     21
Aethusa cynapium L. (Fool’S Parsley) Species     15
Ammi L. (a genus of umbellifer) Genus     1
Anethum graveolens L. (Dill) Species     3
Angelica L. (a genus of flowering plants) Genus 2 subtaxa 1 55
Anthriscus Pers. (a genus of umbellifers) Genus 2 subtaxa   48
Apium L. (fool's water-cresses, marshworts & celeries) Genus 4 subtaxa 4 49
Astrantia L. (astrantias) Genus 2 subtaxa   6
Berula erecta (Huds.) Coville (Lesser Water-parsnip) Species   1 7
Bunium bulbocastanum L. (Great Pignut) Species   1 5
Bupleurum L. (thorow-waxes and hare's-ears) Genus 2 subtaxa 1 5
Carum verticillatum (L.) W.D.J. Koch (Whorled Caraway) Species   1  
Chaerophyllum L. (chervils) Genus 4 subtaxa   29
Cicuta virosa L. (Cowbane) Species     12
Conium maculatum L. (Hemlock) Species   1 23
Conopodium majus (Gouan) Loret (Pignut) Species     8
Coriandrum sativum L. (Coriander) Species     3
Crithmum maritimum L. (Rock Samphire) Species     1
Daucus carota L. (Carrot, Wild Carrot) Species 3 subtaxa 3 59
Eryngium L. (eryngoes) Genus 3 subtaxa   11
Falcaria vulgaris Bernh. (Longleaf) Species     4
Ferula communis L. (Giant Fennel) Species   1  
Foeniculum vulgare Mill. (Fennel) Species     19
Heracleum L. (hogweeds) Genus 3 subtaxa 3 134
Levisticum officinale W.D.J. Koch (Lovage) Species     3
Ligusticum scoticum L. (Scottish Lovage, Scots Lovage) Species     3
Meum athamanticum Jacq. (Spignel) Species     4
Myrrhis odorata (L.) Scop. (Sweet Cicely) Species     10
Oenanthe (Bot.) L. (water-dropworts) Genus 5 subtaxa 1 48
Pastinaca sativa L. (Wild Parsnip) Species 2 subtaxa   37
Petroselinum Hill (parsleys) Genus 1 subtaxon   35
Peucedanum L. (a genus of umbellifers) Genus 3 subtaxa 1 24
Physospermum cornubiense (L.) DC. (Bladderseed, Cornish Bladderseed) Species     3
Pimpinella L. (burnet-saxifrages) Genus 2 subtaxa   26
Sanicula europaea L. (Sanicle) Species     10
Scandix pecten-veneris L. (Shepherd's-needle) Species   1 2
Selinum carvifolia (L.) L. (Cambridge Milk-parsley) Species     6
Seseli libanotis (L.) W.D.J. Koch (Moon Carrot) Species     10
Silaum silaus (L.) Schinz & Thell. (Pepper Saxifrage, Pepper-saxifrage) Species     10
Sison amomum L. (Stone Parsley) Species     2
Sium latifolium L. (Great Water-parsnip, Greater Water-parsnip) Species   1 10
Smyrnium L. (alexanders) Genus 2 subtaxa   24
Tordylium maximum L. (Hartwort) Species     1
Torilis Adans. (hedge-parsleys) Genus 2 subtaxa   13
Trinia glauca (L.) Dumort. (Honewort) Species   1  

Suggested Literature

Identification Works

Poland, J., 2005 (Milk present in many genera but sparse or watery and rarely documented.) Milk matters - the importance of latex in vegetative identification
Tutin, T.G., 1980 Umbellifers of the British Isles

General Works

APIACEAE may also be covered by literature listed under:

BIOTA
(living things)
Eukaryota
(eukaryotes)
PLANTAE
(plants)
TRACHEOPHYTA
(vascular plants)
MAGNOLIOPSIDA
(flowering plants)

Feeding and other inter-species relationships

Associated with APIACEAE:

(aphid-infested) aphid-infested is associate of larva Leucozona laternaria - a hoverfly (Diptera: Syrphidae) Rotheray, G.E., 1993
(aphid-infested) aphid-infested is associate of larva Melangyna umbellatarum - a hoverfly (Diptera: Syrphidae) Rotheray, G.E., 1993
(live) live has sap sucked by Hyadaphis passerinii - Honeysuckle Aphid (Hemiptera: Aphididae) Buczacki, S. & Harris, K., 1998
(mildewed) mildewed is associate of Psyllobora vigintiduopunctata - Twenty-two-spot Ladybird, 22-spot Ladybird (Coleoptera: Coccinellidae) Majerus, M. & Kearns, P., 1989
is foodplant of Liophloeus tessulatus - a weevil (Coleoptera: Curculionidae) Bullock, J.A., 1992
is grazed by larva? Hypera (Eririnomorphus) arundinis - a weevil (Coleoptera: Curculionidae) UK/Ireland Morris, M.G., 2002
is grazed by imago Hypera (Eririnomorphus) arundinis - a weevil (Coleoptera: Curculionidae) UK/Ireland Morris, M.G., 2002
has sap sucked by Cavariella - willow aphids (Hemiptera: Aphididae) Rotheray, G.E., 1989
has sap sucked by Cavariella (Cavariella) aegopodii - Willow-carrot Aphid (Hemiptera: Aphididae) Rotheray, G.E., 1989
has sap sucked by Cavariella (Cavariella) pastinacae - an aphid (Hemiptera: Aphididae) Rotheray, G.E., 1989
has sap sucked by Hyadaphis foeniculi - Honeysuckle Aphid (Hemiptera: Aphididae) Rotheray, G.E., 1989
is associate of imago Liophloeus tessulatus - a weevil (Coleoptera: Curculionidae) Morris, M.G., 1997
flower (aphid-infested) aphid-infested flower is associate of larva Meliscaeva auricollis - a hoverfly (Diptera: Syrphidae) Rotheray, G.E., 1993
flower (esp. shaded) esp. shaded flower is visited for nectar and/or pollen by imago Anoplodera sexguttata - Six-spotted Longhorn Beetle, 6-spotted Longhorn (Coleoptera: Cerambycidae) Duff, A. (Illust: Lewington, R.), 2006 [especially in shaded woodland clearings]
flower flower is visited for nectar and/or pollen by imago Rutpela maculata - Harlequin Longhorn, Black-and-yellow Longhorn Beetle (Coleoptera: Cerambycidae) Major Duff, A. (Illust: Lewington, R.), 2006
fruit fruit is galled by larva Kiefferia pericarpiicola - a gall midge (Diptera: Cecidomyiidae)
leaf (dead) dead leaf is decayed by colony of Fusariella dematiaceous anamorph Fusariella hughesii - a dematiaceous anamorphic fungus Major Ellis, M.B. & J.P., 1997
leaf (live) live leaf is galled by sporangium Plasmopara pimpinellae - a downy mildew (Peronosporales: Peronosporaceae) Stubbs, F.B. (Editor), 1986
leaf (live) live leaf is grazed by crepuscular & nocturnal larva Chrysolina oricalcia - a leaf beetle (Coleoptera: Chrysomelidae) Cox, M.L., 2007
leaf (live) live leaf is grazed by adult Phaedon tumidulus - Celery Leaf Beetle (Coleoptera: Chrysomelidae) Cox, M.L., 2007
leaf (live) live leaf is grazed by larva Phaedon tumidulus - Celery Leaf Beetle (Coleoptera: Chrysomelidae) Cox, M.L., 2007
leaf leaf is galled by Aceria peucedani - a mite (Trombidiformes: Eriophyidae) Stubbs, F.B. (Editor), 1986
leaf leaf is galled by larva Macrolabis heraclei - a gall midge (Diptera: Cecidomyiidae) Stubbs, F.B. (Editor), 1986
leaf leaf is galled by Semiaphis pimpinellae - an aphid (Hemiptera: Aphididae) Stubbs, F.B. (Editor), 1986
pollen pollen is collected to provision nest of female Andrena (Micrandrena) proxima - a solitary bee (Hymenoptera: Apidae) UK/Ireland Macdonald, M.A., in prep.
root (aphid-infested) aphid-infested root is associate of larva Pipizella - a genus of hoverflies (Diptera: Syrphidae) Rotheray, G.E., 1993
root (live) live root has sap sucked by Aphis (Aphis) sambuci - Elder Aphid (Hemiptera: Aphididae) Rotheray, G.E., 1989
root root is foodplant of larva Liophloeus tessulatus - a weevil (Coleoptera: Curculionidae) Morris, M.G., 1997
root root has sap sucked by Anuraphis subterranea - Pear-hogweed Aphid (Hemiptera: Aphididae) Rotheray, G.E., 1989
rootstock rootstock may contain larva Liparus coronatus - a weevil (Coleoptera: Curculionidae) UK/Ireland Morris, M.G., 2002
rootstock rootstock may contain larva Liparus germanus - a weevil (Coleoptera: Curculionidae) UK/Ireland Morris, M.G., 2002
stem (aphid-infested) aphid-infested stem is associate of larva Meliscaeva auricollis - a hoverfly (Diptera: Syrphidae) Rotheray, G.E., 1993
stem (dead, blackened) dead, blackened stem is decayed by effuse colony of Periconia dematiaceous anamorph Periconia cookei - a dematiaceous anamorphic fungus (Pleosporales) Ellis, M.B. & J.P., 1997 [on blackened areas]
stem (dead, blackened) dead, blackened stem is decayed by immersed perithecium Diaporthe arctii - a pyrenomycete (Diaporthales: Diaporthaceae) Ellis, M.B. & J.P., 1997
stem (dead, decayed) dead, decayed stem is decayed by basidiome Calyptella campanula - a cyphelloid fungus (Agaricales: Marasmiaceae) Legon, N.W. & Henrici, A. with Roberts, P.J., Spooner, B.M. & Watling, R., 2005
stem (dead, decaying) dead, decaying stem is decayed by fruitbody Typhula uncialis - a minute club fungus (Agaricales: Typhulaceae) Legon, N.W. & Henrici, A. with Roberts, P.J., Spooner, B.M. & Watling, R., 2005
stem (dead, fallen) dead, fallen stem is decayed by effuse colony of Dendryphiella dematiaceous anamorph Dendryphiella vinosa - a dematiaceous anamorphic fungus (Pleosporales: Pleosporaceae) Ellis, M.B. & J.P., 1997
stem (dead, standing) dead, standing stem is decayed by sessile apothecium Lasiobelonium mollissimum - a discomycete (Helotiales: Hyaloscyphaceae) Major Ellis, M.B. & J.P., 1997
stem (dead) dead stem is decayed by at first immersed, later often erumpent pycnidium of Phoma coelomycetous anamorph Metasphaeria complanata - an ascomycete (Dothideales: Dothioraceae) UK/Ireland Major Ellis, M.B. & J.P., 1997
stem (dead) dead stem is decayed by erumpent pseudothecium Leptosphaeria doliolum - an ascomycete (Pleosporales: Leptosphaeriaceae) Major Ellis, M.B. & J.P., 1997
stem (dead) dead stem is decayed by partly immersed pseudothecium Lophiostoma fuckelii var. fuckelii - an ascomycete (Pleosporales: Lophiostomataceae) Ellis, M.B. & J.P., 1997
stem (dead) dead stem is decayed by effuse colony of Dendryphiella dematiaceous anamorph Dendryphiella infuscans - a dematiaceous anamorphic fungus (Pleosporales: Pleosporaceae) Ellis, M.B. & J.P., 1997
stem (dead) dead stem is decayed by colony of Dendryphion dematiaceous anamorph Dendryphion nanum - a dematiaceous anamorphic fungus (Pleosporales: Pleosporaceae) Major Ellis, M.B. & J.P., 1997 [sometimes encircling the stem base and extending up to 10cm]
stem (dead) dead stem is decayed by immersed pseudothecium Pleospora phaeocomoides - an ascomycete (Pleosporales: Pleosporaceae) Major Ellis, M.B. & J.P., 1997
stem (dead) dead stem is decayed by colony of Fusariella dematiaceous anamorph Fusariella hughesii - a dematiaceous anamorphic fungus Major Ellis, M.B. & J.P., 1997
stem (dead) dead stem is decayed by apothecium Pyrenopeziza pastinacae - a discomycete (Helotiales: Dermateaceae) Ellis, M.B. & J.P., 1997
stem (dead) dead stem is decayed by apothecium Heterosphaeria alpestris - a discomycete (Helotiales: Helotiaceae) Foreign Major Fungi of Great Britain and Ireland: http://s2.fungi.myspecies.info/
stem (dead) dead stem is decayed by erumpent, often becoming superficial apothecium Heterosphaeria patella - a discomycete (Helotiales: Helotiaceae) Ellis, M.B. & J.P., 1997
stem (dead) dead stem is decayed by Heteropatella anamorph Heterosphaeria patella - a discomycete (Helotiales: Helotiaceae) Ellis, M.B. & J.P., 1997
stem (dead) dead stem is decayed by sessile apothecium Discocistella grevillei - a discomycete (Helotiales: Hyaloscyphaceae) Major Ellis, M.B. & J.P., 1997
stem (dead) dead stem is decayed by apothecium Hyalopeziza millepunctata - a discomycete (Helotiales: Hyaloscyphaceae) Ellis, M.B. & J.P., 1997
stem (dead) dead stem is decayed by apothecium Urceolella crispula - a discomycete (Helotiales: Hyaloscyphaceae) Major Ellis, M.B. & J.P., 1997
stem (dead) dead stem is decayed by effuse colony of Stachybotrys dematiaceous anamorph Stachybotrys cylindrospora - a dematiaceous anamorphic fungus (Hypocreales) Ellis, M.B. & J.P., 1997
stem (dead) dead stem is decayed by deeply embedded perithecium Diaporthopsis angelicae - a pyrenomycete (Diaporthales: Diaporthaceae) Ellis, M.B. & J.P., 1997
stem (dead) dead stem is decayed by pycnidium of Phomopsis coelomycetous anamorph Diaporthopsis angelicae - a pyrenomycete (Diaporthales: Diaporthaceae) Ellis, M.B. & J.P., 1997
stem (dead) dead stem is decayed by immersed, or becoming erumpent, often in elongated groups of 2 to 5 pycnidium of Phomopsis coelomycetous anamorph Phomopsis hysteriola - a coelomycete (Diaporthales: Diaporthaceae) UK/Ireland Major Ellis, M.B. & J.P., 1997
stem (live) live stem may contain larva Phytoecia cylindrica - Umbellifer Longhorn Beetle (Coleoptera: Cerambycidae) Duff, A. (Illust: Lewington, R.), 2007
stem (lower part) (dead, standing) dead, standing stem (lower part) is decayed by effuse colony of Dendryphiella dematiaceous anamorph Dendryphiella vinosa - a dematiaceous anamorphic fungus (Pleosporales: Pleosporaceae) Ellis, M.B. & J.P., 1997
stem stem is galled by embedded chlamydospore Protomyces macrosporus - an ascomycete (Taphrinales: Protomycetaceae) Stubbs, F.B. (Editor), 1986
stem stem may contain larva Lixus (Eulixus) iridis - a weevil (Coleoptera: Curculionidae) Foreign Morris, M.G., 2002
umbel (base) umbel (base) is galled by larva Lasioptera carophila - a gall midge (Diptera: Cecidomyiidae) Stubbs, F.B. (Editor), 1986

Apiaceae may be associated with more taxa listed at higher taxonomic level

PLANTAE
(plants)
TRACHEOPHYTA
(vascular plants)
MAGNOLIOPSIDA
(flowering plants)
EU-DICOTS
(dicotyledonous flowering plants)
Herbaceous Plants Tall Woody Herbs (via Apiaceae)

Further Information

Formerly known as (synonyms) Umbelliferae

References

Fungi of Great Britain and Ireland: http://s2.fungi.myspecies.info/ Fungi of Great Britain and Ireland
Buczacki, S. & Harris, K., 1998 Pests, Diseases & Disorders of Garden Plants
Bullock, J.A., 1992 Host Plants of British Beetles: A List of Recorded Associations
Cox, M.L., 2007 Atlas of the Seed and Leaf Beetles of Britain and Ireland
Duff, A. (Illust: Lewington, R.), 2006 Identification - Longhorn Beetles: Part 1
Duff, A. (Illust: Lewington, R.), 2007 Identification - Longhorn Beetles: Part 2
Ellis, M.B. & J.P., 1997 Microfungi on Land Plants: An Identification Handbook
Legon, N.W. & Henrici, A. with Roberts, P.J., Spooner, B.M. & Watling, R., 2005 Checklist of the British and Irish Basidiomycota
Macdonald, M.A., in prep. Forage, prey and host-parasite relationships of aculeates
Majerus, M. & Kearns, P., 1989 Ladybirds
Morris, M.G., 1997 Broad-Nosed Weevils (Entiminae)
Morris, M.G., 2002 True Weevils (Part I): Family Curculionidae, subfamilies Raymondionyminae to Smicronychinae
Rotheray, G.E., 1989 Aphid Predators
Rotheray, G.E., 1993 Colour Guide to Hoverfly Larvae (Diptera, Syrphidae) in Britain and Europe
Stubbs, F.B. (Editor), 1986 Provisional Keys to British Plant Galls
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