BioInfo (UK)

Calluna vulgaris (L.) Hull (Heather)

BioImages BioImages (www.bioimages.org.uk) has 28 images of Calluna vulgaris (Heather)

NBN NBN (data.nbn.org.uk) has the UK distribution map of Calluna vulgaris (Heather)

Suggested Literature

General Works

Burning

Yallop, A.R., Thacker, T. & Clutterbuck, B., 2006 Mapping extent of burn management in the North Pennines: Review of extent years 2001-2003
Yallop, A.R., Thomas, G., Thacker, J., Brewer, T. & Sannier, C., 2005 A history of burning as a management tool in the English uplands - 1: Estimates of the areal extent of management burning in English Uplands

Calluna vulgaris may also be covered by literature listed under:

BIOTA
(living things)
Eukaryota
(eukaryotes)
PLANTAE
(plants)
TRACHEOPHYTA
(vascular plants)
MAGNOLIOPSIDA
(flowering plants)
ERICACEAE
(heaths, heathers, rhododendrons, azaleas & wintergeeens)

Feeding and other inter-species relationships

Calluna vulgaris is associated with:

seed Tetramorium caespitum - Turf Ant (Hymenoptera: Formicidae) seed is spread by worker UK/Ireland Betts, C. (ed.), 1986 [seeds are taken back to the nest]

Associated with Calluna vulgaris:

(dead) dead is decayed by acervulus of Pestalotiopsis coelomycetous anamorph Pestalotiopsis sydowiana - a coelomycete (Xylariales: Amphisphaeriaceae) UK/Ireland Dennis, R.W.G., 1995
(live) live is associate of fruitbody Entoloma argenteostriatum - a toadstool (Agaricales: Entolomataceae) UK/Ireland Tofts, R., 1995 [in dry acid heathland]
(live) live is associate of fruitbody Hygrocybe laeta var. laeta - Heath Waxcap (Agaricales: Hygrophoraceae) Legon, N.W. & Henrici, A. with Roberts, P.J., Spooner, B.M. & Watling, R., 2005
is foodplant of Globiceps (Kelidocoris) juniperi - a plantbug or grassbug (Hemiptera: Miridae) UK/Ireland Southwood, T.R.E. & Leston, D., 1959
is galled by Cuscuta epithymum - Dodder (Solanales: Convolvulaceae) UK/Ireland Redfern, M. & Shirley, P., 2002
may be infected and damaged by Phytophthora kernoviae - a blight (Peronosporales: Peronosporaceae) MacKinlay, L. & McIntosh, J., 2010 [Slightly susceptible]
may be infected and damaged by Phytophthora ramorum - Sudden Oak Death - causative organism, SOD (Peronosporales: Peronosporaceae) Major MacKinlay, L. & McIntosh, J., 2010 [Highly susceptible]
may be infected and damaged by Armillaria mellea s.l. - honey fungi (Agaricales: Physalacriaceae) UK/Ireland Moore, W.C., 1959
has sap sucked by adult Kleidocerys ericae - a ground bug (Hemiptera: Lygaeidae) Southwood, T.R.E. & Leston, D., 1959
has sap sucked by nymph Kleidocerys ericae - a ground bug (Hemiptera: Lygaeidae) Southwood, T.R.E. & Leston, D., 1959
has sap sucked by adult Nysius helveticus - a ground bug (Hemiptera: Lygaeidae) Southwood, T.R.E. & Leston, D., 1959
has sap sucked by nymph Nysius helveticus - a ground bug (Hemiptera: Lygaeidae) Southwood, T.R.E. & Leston, D., 1959
is associate of Amara (Celia) infima - a ground beetle (Coleoptera: Carabidae) Bullock, J.A., 1992
is associate of Bradycellus caucasicus - a ground beetle (Coleoptera: Carabidae) Bullock, J.A., 1992
is associate of Trichocellus cognatus - a ground beetle (Coleoptera: Carabidae) Bullock, J.A., 1992
is associate of Coccinella hieroglyphica - Hieroglyphic Ladybird (Coleoptera: Coccinellidae) Bullock, J.A., 1992
is associate of Micrelus ericae - Small Heather Weevil (Coleoptera: Curculionidae) Bullock, J.A., 1992
is associate of Strophosoma capitatum - a weevil (Coleoptera: Curculionidae) Morris, M.G., 1997
is associate of Strophosoma fulvicorne - a weevil (Coleoptera: Curculionidae) Morris, M.G., 1997,
Bullock, J.A., 1992
is associate of Caenopsis fissirostris - a weevil (Coleoptera: Curculionidae) Morris, M.G., 1997
is associate of Caenopsis waltoni - a weevil (Coleoptera: Curculionidae) Morris, M.G., 1997
is associate of Neliocarus nebulosus - a weevil (Coleoptera: Curculionidae) Morris, M.G., 1997,
Bullock, J.A., 1992
is associate of Neliocarus sus - Heather Weevil (Coleoptera: Curculionidae) Morris, M.G., 1997,
Bullock, J.A., 1992
is associate of Orius (Orius) niger - a flower bug (Hemiptera: Anthocoridae) Southwood, T.R.E. & Leston, D., 1959
is associate of fruitbody Cystoderma granulosum - a powdercap (Agaricales: Agaricaceae) Legon, N.W. & Henrici, A. with Roberts, P.J., Spooner, B.M. & Watling, R., 2005 [on acid soil]
is associate of fruitbody Amanita fulva - Tawny Grisette (Agaricales: Amanitaceae) UK/Ireland Legon, N.W. & Henrici, A. with Roberts, P.J., Spooner, B.M. & Watling, R., 2005
is associate of fruitbody Amanita porphyria - Grey Veiled Amanita (Agaricales: Amanitaceae) UK/Ireland Legon, N.W. & Henrici, A. with Roberts, P.J., Spooner, B.M. & Watling, R., 2005 [on acid soil]
is associate of fruitbody Micromphale impudicum - a parachute (Agaricales: Marasmiaceae) Legon, N.W. & Henrici, A. with Roberts, P.J., Spooner, B.M. & Watling, R., 2005
is associate of fruitbody Mycena megaspora - a bonnet (Agaricales: Mycenaceae) Major Legon, N.W. & Henrici, A. with Roberts, P.J., Spooner, B.M. & Watling, R., 2005 [esp. burnt areas]
is associate of basidiome Cantharellula umbonata - The Humpback (Agaricales: Tricholomataceae) Legon, N.W. & Henrici, A. with Roberts, P.J., Spooner, B.M. & Watling, R., 2005 [on acid soil, in grassland, open woodland, heathland]
is associate of fruitbody Tricholoma stans - Upright Knight (Agaricales: Tricholomataceae) Legon, N.W. & Henrici, A. with Roberts, P.J., Spooner, B.M. & Watling, R., 2005 [on acid soil]
is associate of fruitbody Suillus granulatus - Weeping Bolete (Boletales: Suillaceae) Legon, N.W. & Henrici, A. with Roberts, P.J., Spooner, B.M. & Watling, R., 2005 [on acid soil]
is associate of fruitbody Suillus variegatus - Velvet Bolete (Boletales: Suillaceae) Legon, N.W. & Henrici, A. with Roberts, P.J., Spooner, B.M. & Watling, R., 2005 [on acid soil]
bud (young) bud (young) has sap sucked by nymph Systellonotus triguttatus - a plantbug or grassbug (Hemiptera: Miridae) Southwood, T.R.E. & Leston, D., 1959
bud (young) bud (young) has sap sucked by adult Systellonotus triguttatus - a plantbug or grassbug (Hemiptera: Miridae) Southwood, T.R.E. & Leston, D., 1959
debris (dead, fallen, decayed) dead, fallen, decayed debris is decayed by fruitbody Entoloma cetratum - Honey Pinkgill (Agaricales: Entolomataceae) Legon, N.W. & Henrici, A. with Roberts, P.J., Spooner, B.M. & Watling, R., 2005
debris debris is decayed by fruitbody Psathyrella friesii - a brittlestem (Agaricales: Psathyrellaceae) Legon, N.W. & Henrici, A. with Roberts, P.J., Spooner, B.M. & Watling, R., 2005
debris debris is decayed by fruitbody Galerina cinctula - a toadstool (Agaricales: Strophariaceae) Legon, N.W. & Henrici, A. with Roberts, P.J., Spooner, B.M. & Watling, R., 2005
flower (live) live flower is foodplant of adult Ceratothrips ericae - a thrips (Thysanoptera: Thripidae) UK/Ireland Kirk, W.D.J., 1996
flower (live) live flower is foodplant of larva Ceratothrips ericae - a thrips (Thysanoptera: Thripidae) UK/Ireland Kirk, W.D.J., 1996
flower flower is foodplant of adult Orthotylus (Litocoris) ericetorum - a plantbug or grassbug (Hemiptera: Miridae) UK/Ireland Southwood, T.R.E. & Leston, D., 1959
fruit (unripe) fruit (unripe) has sap sucked by nymph Systellonotus triguttatus - a plantbug or grassbug (Hemiptera: Miridae) Southwood, T.R.E. & Leston, D., 1959
fruit (unripe) fruit (unripe) has sap sucked by adult Systellonotus triguttatus - a plantbug or grassbug (Hemiptera: Miridae) Southwood, T.R.E. & Leston, D., 1959
leaf (dead) dead leaf is decayed by fruitbody Marasmius androsaceus - Horsehair Parachute, Heather Dieback and Snow-blight - causative organism (Agaricales: Marasmiaceae) Major Legon, N.W. & Henrici, A. with Roberts, P.J., Spooner, B.M. & Watling, R., 2005 [associated with "Snow Blight" disease]
leaf (live) live leaf is parasitised by conidial anamorph Erysiphe azaleae - a powdery mildew (Erysiphales: Erysiphaceae) Foreign Captivity Ing, B., 2000
leaf leaf is foodplant of adult Orthotylus (Litocoris) ericetorum - a plantbug or grassbug (Hemiptera: Miridae) UK/Ireland Southwood, T.R.E. & Leston, D., 1959
leaf leaf is foodplant of scattered, erumpent pycnidium of Topospora coelomycetous anamorph Topospora obturata - a coelomycete (Helotiales: Helotiaceae) UK/Ireland Grove, W.B., 1935
leaf leaf is grazed by larva Altica ericeti - a flea beetle (Coleoptera: Chrysomelidae) Bullock, J.A., 1992
leaf leaf is grazed by imago Altica ericeti - a flea beetle (Coleoptera: Chrysomelidae) Bullock, J.A., 1992
leaf leaf is grazed by larva Altica oleracea - a flea beetle (Coleoptera: Chrysomelidae) Bullock, J.A., 1992
leaf leaf is grazed by imago Altica oleracea - a flea beetle (Coleoptera: Chrysomelidae) Bullock, J.A., 1992
leaf leaf is grazed by larva Lochmaea suturalis - Heather Beetle (Coleoptera: Chrysomelidae) Restricted Bullock, J.A., 1992
leaf leaf is grazed by imago Lochmaea suturalis - Heather Beetle (Coleoptera: Chrysomelidae) Bullock, J.A., 1992
litter (decayed) decayed litter is decayed by fruitbody Rhodocollybia maculata - Spotted Toughshank (Agaricales: Marasmiaceae) Legon, N.W. & Henrici, A. with Roberts, P.J., Spooner, B.M. & Watling, R., 2005 [on acidic soil]
litter (decaying) decaying litter is decayed by fruitbody Collybia alpina - a toadstool (Agaricales: Tricholomataceae) Legon, N.W. & Henrici, A. with Roberts, P.J., Spooner, B.M. & Watling, R., 2005
litter (decaying) decaying litter is decayed by fruitbody Collybia dryophila - Russet Toughshank (Agaricales: Tricholomataceae) Legon, N.W. & Henrici, A. with Roberts, P.J., Spooner, B.M. & Watling, R., 2005
petal (young) petal (young) is foodplant of nymph Orthotylus (Litocoris) ericetorum - a plantbug or grassbug (Hemiptera: Miridae) UK/Ireland Southwood, T.R.E. & Leston, D., 1959
pollen pollen is collected to provision nest of female Andrena (Cnemidandrena) fuscipes - a solitary bee (Hymenoptera: Apidae) UK/Ireland Major Macdonald, M.A., in prep.
pollen pollen is collected to provision nest of female Andrena (Leucandrena) argentata - a solitary bee (Hymenoptera: Apidae) UK/Ireland Major Macdonald, M.A., in prep.
pollen pollen is collected to provision nest of female Colletes (Colletes) succinctus - a solitary bee (Hymenoptera: Apidae) UK/Ireland Restricted Macdonald, M.A., in prep.
root (live) live root is ectomycorrhizal host of fruitbody Inocybe praetervisa - a toadstool (Agaricales: Inocybaceae) Questionable Legon, N.W. & Henrici, A. with Roberts, P.J., Spooner, B.M. & Watling, R., 2005
root (live) live root is mycorrhizal host of fruitbody Clavaria argillacea - Moor Club (Agaricales: Clavariaceae) Legon, N.W. & Henrici, A. with Roberts, P.J., Spooner, B.M. & Watling, R., 2005
root (live) live root is mycorrhizal host of fruitbody Coltricia perennis - Tiger's Eye (Hymenochaetales: Hymenochaetaceae) Legon, N.W. & Henrici, A. with Roberts, P.J., Spooner, B.M. & Watling, R., 2005
root (live) live root is parasitised by bracket Postia ptychogaster - Powderpuff Bracket (Polyporales: Fomitopsidaceae) Legon, N.W. & Henrici, A. with Roberts, P.J., Spooner, B.M. & Watling, R., 2005
root (live) live root is parasitised by dominant Ptychogaster anamorph Postia ptychogaster - Powderpuff Bracket (Polyporales: Fomitopsidaceae) Legon, N.W. & Henrici, A. with Roberts, P.J., Spooner, B.M. & Watling, R., 2005
root (live) live root may be infected and damaged by fruitbody Collybia fusipes - Spindle Toughshank (Agaricales: Tricholomataceae) Rare Legon, N.W. & Henrici, A. with Roberts, P.J., Spooner, B.M. & Watling, R., 2005 [weakly parasitic then saprotrophic]
root (live) live root may be infected and damaged by fruitbody Heterobasidion annosum - Root Rot, Root Fomes, White Pocket Rot - causative organism (Russulales: Bondarzewiaceae) Legon, N.W. & Henrici, A. with Roberts, P.J., Spooner, B.M. & Watling, R., 2005
root root is parasitised by Melampyrum sylvaticum - Small Cow-wheat (Lamiales: Orobanchaceae) UK/Ireland Tennant, D.J., 2008
root root is associate of imago Ampedus sanguinolentus - a click beetle (Coleoptera: Elateridae) Bullock, J.A., 1992
root root may house nest Temnothorax interruptus - Long-spined Ant (Hymenoptera: Formicidae) Bolton, B. & Collingwood, C.A., 1975
rootstock rootstock may contain larva Coniocleonus nebulosus - a weevil (Coleoptera: Curculionidae) Morris, M.G., 2002,
Bullock, J.A., 1992
seed seed is foodplant of Tetramorium caespitum - Turf Ant (Hymenoptera: Formicidae) UK/Ireland Betts, C. (ed.), 1986
shoot shoot has sap sucked by nymph Systellonotus triguttatus - a plantbug or grassbug (Hemiptera: Miridae) Southwood, T.R.E. & Leston, D., 1959
shoot shoot has sap sucked by adult Systellonotus triguttatus - a plantbug or grassbug (Hemiptera: Miridae) Southwood, T.R.E. & Leston, D., 1959
stem (burnt) burnt stem is decayed by fruitbody Mycena galopus var. nigra - Black Milking Bonnet (Agaricales: Mycenaceae) Legon, N.W. & Henrici, A. with Roberts, P.J., Spooner, B.M. & Watling, R., 2005
stem (dead, decayed) dead, decayed stem is decayed by fruitbody Mycena galopus var. nigra - Black Milking Bonnet (Agaricales: Mycenaceae) Legon, N.W. & Henrici, A. with Roberts, P.J., Spooner, B.M. & Watling, R., 2005
stem (dead, decayed) dead, decayed stem is decayed by fruitbody Pseudotomentella tristis - a resupinate fungus (Thelephorales: Thelephoraceae) Legon, N.W. & Henrici, A. with Roberts, P.J., Spooner, B.M. & Watling, R., 2005
stem (dead) dead stem is decayed by gregarious, subiculate apothecium Tapesia cinerella - a discomycete (Helotiales: Dermateaceae) Ellis, M.B. & J.P., 1997
stem (dead) dead stem is decayed by subiculate apothecium Tapesia lividofusca - a discomycete (Helotiales: Dermateaceae) Ellis, M.B. & J.P., 1997
stem (dead) dead stem is decayed by erumpent apothecium Pseudophacidium ledi - an ascomycete fungus (Rhytismatales: Ascodichaenaceae) Ellis, M.B. & J.P., 1997
stem (dead) dead stem is decayed by fruitbody Marasmius androsaceus - Horsehair Parachute, Heather Dieback and Snow-blight - causative organism (Agaricales: Marasmiaceae) Major Legon, N.W. & Henrici, A. with Roberts, P.J., Spooner, B.M. & Watling, R., 2005 [associated with "Snow Blight" disease]
stem (dead) dead stem is decayed by fruitbody Vuilleminia macrospora - a resupinate basidiomycete (Polyporales: Corticiaceae) UK/Ireland Legon, N.W. & Henrici, A. with Roberts, P.J., Spooner, B.M. & Watling, R., 2005
stem (dead) dead stem is decayed by fruitbody Hypochnicium punctulatum - a resupinate basidiomycete (Polyporales: Meruliaceae) Legon, N.W. & Henrici, A. with Roberts, P.J., Spooner, B.M. & Watling, R., 2005
stem (dead) dead stem may have epiphytic fruitbody Aleurodiscus norvegicus - a basidiomycete (Russulales: Stereaceae) UK/Ireland Eriksson, J., Hjortstam, K. & Ryvarden, L., 1973,
Legon, N.W. & Henrici, A. with Roberts, P.J., Spooner, B.M. & Watling, R., 2005,
Roberts, P., 1996
stem (dying) dying stem is decayed by fruitbody Vuilleminia macrospora - a resupinate basidiomycete (Polyporales: Corticiaceae) UK/Ireland Legon, N.W. & Henrici, A. with Roberts, P.J., Spooner, B.M. & Watling, R., 2005
stem (dying) dying stem may have epiphytic fruitbody Aleurodiscus norvegicus - a basidiomycete (Russulales: Stereaceae) UK/Ireland Eriksson, J., Hjortstam, K. & Ryvarden, L., 1973,
Legon, N.W. & Henrici, A. with Roberts, P.J., Spooner, B.M. & Watling, R., 2005,
Roberts, P., 1996
stem (live) live stem may be infected and damaged by mycelium Marasmius androsaceus - Horsehair Parachute, Heather Dieback and Snow-blight - causative organism (Agaricales: Marasmiaceae) Buczacki, S. & Harris, K., 1998 [causes a dieback]
stem (old) old stem is decayed by usually superficial pseudothecium Keissleriella subalpina - an ascomycete (Pleosporales: Massarinaceae) Ellis, M.B. & J.P., 1997
stem (old) old stem is decayed by subiculate apothecium Belonopsis obscura - a discomycete (Helotiales: Dermateaceae) Ellis, M.B. & J.P., 1997
stem stem is galled by Aceria exigua - a gall mite (Trombidiformes: Eriophyidae) Stubbs, F.B. (Editor), 1986
stem stem may contain larva Coniocleonus nebulosus - a weevil (Coleoptera: Curculionidae) Morris, M.G., 2002,
Bullock, J.A., 1992
stem stem is parasitised by haustorium Cuscuta epithymum - Dodder (Solanales: Convolvulaceae) UK/Ireland Clapham, A.R., Tutin, T.G. & Moore, D.M., 1985,
Stace, C., 1997
stem stem is decayed by fruitbody Mycena sanguinolenta - Bleeding Bonnet (Agaricales: Mycenaceae) Legon, N.W. & Henrici, A. with Roberts, P.J., Spooner, B.M. & Watling, R., 2005
stem stem is associate of basidiocarp Tremella callunicola - a brain fungus (Tremellales: Tremellaceae) Legon, N.W. & Henrici, A. with Roberts, P.J., Spooner, B.M. & Watling, R., 2005
twig (attached) attached twig may have epiphytic fruitbody Aleurodiscus norvegicus - a basidiomycete (Russulales: Stereaceae) UK/Ireland Legon, N.W. & Henrici, A. with Roberts, P.J., Spooner, B.M. & Watling, R., 2005,
Roberts, P., 1996
twig (dead) dead twig is decayed by effuse, arachnoid colony of Pithomyces dematiaceous anamorph Pithomyces valparadisiacus - a dematiaceous anamorphic fungus (Pleosporales: Pleosporaceae) UK/Ireland Dennis, R.W.G., 1995,
Ellis, M.B. & J.P., 1997
twig (dead) dead twig is decayed by Oidiodendron dematiaceous anamorph Oidiodendron tenuissimum - a dematiaceous anamorphic fungus (Onygenales: Myxotrichaceae) Ellis, M.B. & J.P., 1997
twig (dead) dead twig is decayed by sessile apothecium Mollisia cinerea - Common Grey Disco (Helotiales: Dermateaceae) Ellis, M.B. & J.P., 1997
twig (dead) dead twig is decayed by erumpent apothecium Godronia callunigena - a discomycete (Helotiales: Helotiaceae) Ellis, M.B. & J.P., 1997
twig (dead) dead twig is decayed by pycnidium of Topospora coelomycetous anamorph Godronia callunigena - a discomycete (Helotiales: Helotiaceae) Ellis, M.B. & J.P., 1997
twig (dead) dead twig is decayed by erumpent apothecium Godronia cassandrae f. callunae - a discomycete (Helotiales: Helotiaceae) Ellis, M.B. & J.P., 1997
twig (dead) dead twig is decayed by Topospora coelomycetous anamorph Godronia cassandrae f. callunae - a discomycete (Helotiales: Helotiaceae) Ellis, M.B. & J.P., 1997
twig (dead) dead twig is decayed by long stalked apothecium Lachnum virgineum - Snowy Disco (Helotiales: Hyaloscyphaceae) Ellis, M.B. & J.P., 1997
twig (dead) dead twig is decayed by colony of Phaeostalagmus dematiaceous dematiaceous anamorph Phaeostalagmus cyclosporus - a dematiaceous anamorphic fungus (Chaetosphaeriales: Chaetosphaeriaceae) Ellis, M.B. & J.P., 1997
twig? (dead) dead twig? may contain Acalles ptinoides - a weevil (Coleoptera: Curculionidae) UK/Ireland Morris, M.G., 2002
wood (dead) dead wood is decayed by Spirosphaera anamorph Spirosphaera floriformis - an anamorphic fungus (Helotiales) UK/Ireland Dennis, R.W.G., 1995
wood (dead) dead wood is decayed by fruitbody Hymenochaete corrugata - Glue Fungus, Glue Crust (Hymenochaetales: Hymenochaetaceae) Legon, N.W. & Henrici, A. with Roberts, P.J., Spooner, B.M. & Watling, R., 2005 [saprobic or weakly parasitic]
wood (live) live wood is parasitised by fruitbody Hymenochaete corrugata - Glue Fungus, Glue Crust (Hymenochaetales: Hymenochaetaceae) Legon, N.W. & Henrici, A. with Roberts, P.J., Spooner, B.M. & Watling, R., 2005 [saprobic or weakly parasitic]

Calluna vulgaris may be associated with more taxa listed at higher taxonomic level

PLANTAE
(plants)
TRACHEOPHYTA
(vascular plants)
MAGNOLIOPSIDA
(flowering plants)
EU-DICOTS
(dicotyledonous flowering plants)
ERICACEAE
(heaths, heathers, rhododendrons, azaleas & wintergeeens)
Woody plants Broadleaved shrubs Broadleaved trees and shrubs Trees and shrubs Trees, shrubs, woody and climbing plants (via Broadleaved shrubs) Broadleaved trees, shrubs and climbers (via Broadleaved trees and shrubs)

References

Betts, C. (ed.), 1986 The Hymenopterist's Handbook
Bolton, B. & Collingwood, C.A., 1975 Hymenoptera: Formicidae
Buczacki, S. & Harris, K., 1998 Pests, Diseases & Disorders of Garden Plants
Bullock, J.A., 1992 Host Plants of British Beetles: A List of Recorded Associations
Clapham, A.R., Tutin, T.G. & Moore, D.M., 1985 Flora of the British Isles
Dennis, R.W.G., 1995 Fungi of the South East England
Ellis, M.B. & J.P., 1997 Microfungi on Land Plants: An Identification Handbook
Eriksson, J., Hjortstam, K. & Ryvarden, L., 1973 The Corticiaceae of Northern Europe: 2 Aleurodiscus - Confertobasidium
Grove, W.B., 1935 British Stem- and Leaf- Fungi: Coelomycetes Vol. I … Sphaeropsidales with hyaline conidia
Ing, B., 2000 Microsphaera azaleae, the perfect state of the Rhododendron mildew in England
Kirk, W.D.J., 1996 Thrips
Legon, N.W. & Henrici, A. with Roberts, P.J., Spooner, B.M. & Watling, R., 2005 Checklist of the British and Irish Basidiomycota
Macdonald, M.A., in prep. Forage, prey and host-parasite relationships of aculeates
MacKinlay, L. & McIntosh, J., 2010 Phytophthora ramorum and P. kernoviae in Scotland
Moore, W.C., 1959 British Parasitic Fungi
Morris, M.G., 1997 Broad-Nosed Weevils (Entiminae)
Morris, M.G., 2002 True Weevils (Part I): Family Curculionidae, subfamilies Raymondionyminae to Smicronychinae
Redfern, M. & Shirley, P., 2002 British Plant Galls - Identification of galls on plants and fungi
Roberts, P., 1996 New British Records 127: Acanthobasidium phragmitis Boidin, Lanquetin, Candoussau, Gilles & Hugueney
Southwood, T.R.E. & Leston, D., 1959 Land and Water Bugs of the British Isles
Stace, C., 1997 New Flora of the British Isles (Ed 2)
Stubbs, F.B. (Editor), 1986 Provisional Keys to British Plant Galls
Tennant, D.J., 2008 Small Cow-wheat Melampyrum sylvaticum L.: Scrophulariaceae in England
Tofts, R., 1995 New British Records 123: Entoloma argentiostriatum Arnolds & Noordel
Creative Commons Licence
Unless otherwise expressly stated, all original material on the BioInfo website by Malcolm Storey is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial-ShareAlike 2.0 UK: England & Wales Licence.