BioInfo (UK)

Juncus L. (rushes)

BioImages BioImages (www.bioimages.org.uk) has 221 images of Juncus (rushes)

NBN NBN (data.nbn.org.uk) has the UK distribution map of Juncus (rushes)

Subtaxa (ie subgroups of this Genus)

Taxon Rank #refs #webs

Suggested Literature

Identification Works

anon., 2012 Juncus
Lansdown R.V. & Pankhurst T.J. Field Guide to the Identification of Difficult Aquatic Plants of the New Forest
Rich, T.C.G. & Preston, C.D., 2012 Aquatics with fine, linear leaves (Eleogiton, Juncus, Najas, Pilularia, Potamogeton, Ruppia and Zannichellia)

General Works

Plant pathology

Cabral, D. Stone, J.K. & Carroll, G.C., 1993 The internal mycobiota of ]uncus spp.: microscopic and cultural observations of infection patterns

Juncus may also be covered by literature listed under:

BIOTA
(living things)
Eukaryota
(eukaryotes)
PLANTAE
(plants)
TRACHEOPHYTA
(vascular plants)
MAGNOLIOPSIDA
(flowering plants)
LILIIDAE
(monocotyledonous flowering plants)
POALES
(grasses, sedges & rushes)
JUNCACEAE
(rushes and wood-rushes)

Feeding and other inter-species relationships

Associated with Juncus:

(Corticium infected) Corticium infected is associate of colony of Spondylocladiella dematiaceous anamorph Spondylocladiella botrytioides - a dematiaceous anamorphic fungus UK/Ireland Ellis, M.B. & J.P., 1998 [on Corticium on Juncus]
(dead) dead is decayed by apothecium Belonopsis junciseda - a discomycete (Helotiales: Dermateaceae) UK/Ireland Ellis, M.B. & J.P., 1997
(dead) dead is decayed by immersed, then revealed by loss of operculum of host tissue apothecium Hysteropezizella rehmii - a discomycete (Helotiales: Dermateaceae) Ellis, M.B. & J.P., 1997 [apothecium revealed by loss of operculum of host tissue]
(dead) dead is decayed by apothecium Niptera pulla - a discomycete (Helotiales: Dermateaceae) Ellis, M.B. & J.P., 1997
(dead) dead is decayed by numerous, often confluent pycnothyrium of Actinothyrium coelomycetous anamorph Lophodermium apiculatum - an ascomycete fungus (Rhytismatales: Rhytismataceae) Ellis, M.B. & J.P., 1997
is foodplant of larva Kateretes rufilabris - a pollen or sap beetle (Coleoptera: Kateretidae) Bullock, J.A., 1992
is foodplant of larva Bagous (Bagous) lutulosus - a weevil (Coleoptera: Curculionidae) Morris, M.G., 2002,
Bullock, J.A., 1992
is foodplant of larva Aphanisticus emarginatus - a jewel beetle (Coleoptera: Buprestidae) Bullock, J.A., 1992
is foodplant of larva Aphanisticus pusillus - a jewel beetle (Coleoptera: Buprestidae) Bullock, J.A., 1992
is foodplant of larva Stiphrosoma laetum - an anthomyzid fly (Diptera: Anthomyzidae) Rohácek, J., 2009
is foodplant of Mecomma (Mecomma) ambulans - a plantbug or grassbug (Hemiptera: Miridae) UK/Ireland Southwood, T.R.E. & Leston, D., 1959
is foodplant of Discula coelomycetous anamorph Discula junci - a coelomycete (Diaporthales: Gnomoniaceae) UK/Ireland Dennis, R.W.G., 1995
has sap sucked by nymph Agramma (Agramma) laetum - a lacebug (Hemiptera: Tingidae) Southwood, T.R.E. & Leston, D., 1959
has sap sucked by adult Agramma (Agramma) laetum - a lacebug (Hemiptera: Tingidae) Southwood, T.R.E. & Leston, D., 1959
has sap sucked by nymph Cymus melanocephalus - a seedbug (Hemiptera: Lygaeidae) Southwood, T.R.E. & Leston, D., 1959
has sap sucked by adult Cymus melanocephalus - a seedbug (Hemiptera: Lygaeidae) Southwood, T.R.E. & Leston, D., 1959
has sap sucked by nymph Eurygaster testudinaria - Tortoise Bug (Hemiptera: Scutelleridae) Major Southwood, T.R.E. & Leston, D., 1959
has sap sucked by adult Eurygaster testudinaria - Tortoise Bug (Hemiptera: Scutelleridae) Major Southwood, T.R.E. & Leston, D., 1959
is decayed by pseudothecium Mycosphaerella recutita - an ascomycete (Capnodiales: Mycosphaerellaceae) Ellis, M.B. & J.P., 1997
is decayed by effuse colony of Chaetochalara dematiaceous anamorph Phaeoscypha cladii - a discomycete (Helotiales: Hyaloscyphaceae) UK/Ireland Dennis, R.W.G., 1995
is decayed by stalked sporodochium of Myrothecium dematiaceous anamorph Myrothecium masonii - a dematiaceous anamorphic fungus (Hypocreales) Ellis, M.B. & J.P., 1997
is associate of Thryogenes nereis - a weevil (Coleoptera: Erirhinidae) Morris, M.G., 2002
is associate of fruitbody Agrocybe paludosa - a fieldcap (Agaricales: Strophariaceae) UK/Ireland Legon, N.W. & Henrici, A. with Roberts, P.J., Spooner, B.M. & Watling, R., 2005 [on wet soil]
is associate of fruitbody Hypholoma myosotis - Olive Brownie (Agaricales: Strophariaceae) Legon, N.W. & Henrici, A. with Roberts, P.J., Spooner, B.M. & Watling, R., 2005 [in wet peaty, acidic soil]
is associate of fruitbody Hygrophoropsis fuscosquamula - a false chanterelle (Boletales: Hygrophoropsidaceae) Legon, N.W. & Henrici, A. with Roberts, P.J., Spooner, B.M. & Watling, R., 2005 [on acidic soil in damp woodland]
is associate of fruitbody Hygrophoropsis macrospora - a false chanterelle (Boletales: Hygrophoropsidaceae) Legon, N.W. & Henrici, A. with Roberts, P.J., Spooner, B.M. & Watling, R., 2005 [on boggy, acidic soil, upland or nmontane]
may house fruitbody Galerina jaapii - a toadstool (Agaricales: Strophariaceae) Legon, N.W. & Henrici, A. with Roberts, P.J., Spooner, B.M. & Watling, R., 2005 [among mosses in boggy or marshy areas or at sides of pools]
base of clump base of clump is associate of Cyrtorhinus caricis - a plantbug or grassbug (Hemiptera: Miridae) UK/Ireland Southwood, T.R.E. & Leston, D., 1959
base base may have female apter Bolothrips dentipes - a thrips (Thysanoptera: Phlaeothripidae) Mound L.A., Morison, G.D., Pitkin, B.R. & Palmer, J.M., 1976
base base may have male apter Bolothrips dentipes - a thrips (Thysanoptera: Phlaeothripidae) Mound L.A., Morison, G.D., Pitkin, B.R. & Palmer, J.M., 1976
base base may have larva Bolothrips dentipes - a thrips (Thysanoptera: Phlaeothripidae) Mound L.A., Morison, G.D., Pitkin, B.R. & Palmer, J.M., 1976
culm (dead, decayed) dead, decayed culm is decayed by fruitbody Typhula quisquiliaris - Bracken Club (Agaricales: Typhulaceae) Rare Legon, N.W. & Henrici, A. with Roberts, P.J., Spooner, B.M. & Watling, R., 2005
culm (dead) dead culm is decayed by sessile apothecium Belonopsis juncicola - a discomycete (Helotiales: Dermateaceae) Ellis, M.B. & J.P., 1997
culm (dead) dead culm is decayed by fruitbody Mycocalia sphagneti - Bog Cannon, Bog Mycocalia (Agaricales: Agaricaceae) Legon, N.W. & Henrici, A. with Roberts, P.J., Spooner, B.M. & Watling, R., 2005
culm (decayed) decayed culm is decayed by fruitbody Coprinopsis friesii - an inkcap (Agaricales: Psathyrellaceae) Legon, N.W. & Henrici, A. with Roberts, P.J., Spooner, B.M. & Watling, R., 2005
culm (decayed) decayed culm may have epiphytic Coprinopsis friesii - an inkcap (Agaricales: Psathyrellaceae) Legon, N.W. & Henrici, A. with Roberts, P.J., Spooner, B.M. & Watling, R., 2005
debris (dead, decayed, wet) dead, decayed, wet debris is decayed by fruitbody Mycena bulbosa - a bonnet (Agaricales: Mycenaceae) Major Legon, N.W. & Henrici, A. with Roberts, P.J., Spooner, B.M. & Watling, R., 2005
debris (dead, decayed) dead, decayed debris is decayed by fruitbody Clitopilus hobsonii - a toadstool (Agaricales: Entolomataceae) Legon, N.W. & Henrici, A. with Roberts, P.J., Spooner, B.M. & Watling, R., 2005
debris (dead, decayed) dead, decayed debris is decayed by fruitbody Resinomycena saccharifera - a toadstool (Agaricales: Mycenaceae) Legon, N.W. & Henrici, A. with Roberts, P.J., Spooner, B.M. & Watling, R., 2005
debris (dead, decayed) dead, decayed debris is decayed by fruitbody Melanotus phillipsii - Grass Oysterling (Agaricales: Strophariaceae) Legon, N.W. & Henrici, A. with Roberts, P.J., Spooner, B.M. & Watling, R., 2005
debris (dead, decayed) dead, decayed debris is decayed by fruitbody Trechispora minima - a basidiomycete fungus (Trechisporales: Hydnodontaceae) Legon, N.W. & Henrici, A. with Roberts, P.J., Spooner, B.M. & Watling, R., 2005
debris (dead, decayed) dead, decayed debris is associate of fruitbody Omphalina mutila - a toadstool (Agaricales: Tricholomataceae) Legon, N.W. & Henrici, A. with Roberts, P.J., Spooner, B.M. & Watling, R., 2005 [on acid soil]
debris (dead, decayed) dead, decayed debris may have fruitbody Tomentella ferruginea - a resupinate fungus (Thelephorales: Thelephoraceae) Rare Legon, N.W. & Henrici, A. with Roberts, P.J., Spooner, B.M. & Watling, R., 2005
debris (dead, decayed) dead, decayed debris may have fruitbody Tomentella radiosa - a resupinate fungus (Thelephorales: Thelephoraceae) Rare Legon, N.W. & Henrici, A. with Roberts, P.J., Spooner, B.M. & Watling, R., 2005
debris (decayed) decayed debris is decayed by fruitbody Coprinopsis martinii - an inkcap (Agaricales: Psathyrellaceae) Legon, N.W. & Henrici, A. with Roberts, P.J., Spooner, B.M. & Watling, R., 2005
debris (decayed) decayed debris is decayed by often buried under desne layers of decayed grass leaves fruitbody Coprinopsis urticicola - an inkcap (Agaricales: Psathyrellaceae) Legon, N.W. & Henrici, A. with Roberts, P.J., Spooner, B.M. & Watling, R., 2005
debris (wet, dead, decayed) wet, dead, decayed debris is decayed by fruitbody Pterula caricis-pendulae - a coral fungus (Agaricales: Pterulaceae) Legon, N.W. & Henrici, A. with Roberts, P.J., Spooner, B.M. & Watling, R., 2005
debris debris is decayed by fruitbody Marasmiellus vaillantii - Goblet Parachute (Agaricales: Marasmiaceae) Legon, N.W. & Henrici, A. with Roberts, P.J., Spooner, B.M. & Watling, R., 2005
flower (live) live flower may have larva Haplothrips juncorum - a thrips (Thysanoptera: Phlaeothripidae) Mound L.A., Morison, G.D., Pitkin, B.R. & Palmer, J.M., 1976
flower (live) live flower may have adult Haplothrips juncorum - a thrips (Thysanoptera: Phlaeothripidae) Mound L.A., Morison, G.D., Pitkin, B.R. & Palmer, J.M., 1976
flower shoot flower shoot is galled by Livia juncorum - a jumping plantlouse (Hemiptera: Psyllidae) Stubbs, F.B. (Editor), 1986
fruit (fallen) fallen fruit is decayed by slender-stalked apothecium Ciboria juncorum - a discomycete (Helotiales: Sclerotiniaceae) Ellis, M.B. & J.P., 1997
leaf (dead, decaying) dead, decaying leaf is decayed by fruitbody Marasmius limosus - a toadstool (Agaricales: Marasmiaceae) Rare Legon, N.W. & Henrici, A. with Roberts, P.J., Spooner, B.M. & Watling, R., 2005 [in wet areas]
leaf (dead, fallen, decaying, wet) dead, fallen, decaying, wet leaf is decayed by fruitbody Mycocalia minutissima - Tiny Mycocalia (Agaricales: Agaricaceae) Legon, N.W. & Henrici, A. with Roberts, P.J., Spooner, B.M. & Watling, R., 2005
leaf (dead) dead leaf is decayed by pycnidium of Ascochyta coelomycetous anamorph Eriospora leucostoma - a coelomycetous anamorphic fungus (Ostropales: Stictidaceae) UK/Ireland Dennis, R.W.G., 1995
leaf (dead) dead leaf is decayed by sessile apothecium Nimbomollisia eriophori - a discomycete (Helotiales: Dermateaceae) Ellis, M.B. & J.P., 1997
leaf (dead) dead leaf is decayed by apothecium Gorgoniceps micrometra - a discomycete (Helotiales: Helotiaceae) Ellis, M.B. & J.P., 1997
leaf (dead) dead leaf is decayed by perithecium Phomatospora dinemasporium - a pyrenomycete (Xylariales) Ellis, M.B. & J.P., 1997
leaf (dead) dead leaf is decayed by superficial conidioma of Dinemasporium coelomycetous anamorph Phomatospora dinemasporium - a pyrenomycete (Xylariales) Ellis, M.B. & J.P., 1997
leaf (dead) dead leaf is decayed by fruitbody Hemimycena delectabilis - a toadstool (Agaricales: Mycenaceae) Major Legon, N.W. & Henrici, A. with Roberts, P.J., Spooner, B.M. & Watling, R., 2005
leaf (dead) dead leaf is decayed by basidiome Cellypha goldbachii - a cyphelloid fungus (Agaricales: Tricholomataceae) Legon, N.W. & Henrici, A. with Roberts, P.J., Spooner, B.M. & Watling, R., 2005
leaf (decayed, dead) decayed, dead leaf is decayed by fruitbody Jaapia argillacea - a resupinate bolete (Boletales) Legon, N.W. & Henrici, A. with Roberts, P.J., Spooner, B.M. & Watling, R., 2005 [at margins of ponds and lakes]
leaf (decaying) decaying leaf is decayed by superficial stroma Hypocrea spinulosa - an ascomycete (Hypocreales: Hypocreaceae) Ellis, M.B. & J.P., 1997
leaf leaf is galled by Livia juncorum - a jumping plantlouse (Hemiptera: Psyllidae) Stubbs, F.B. (Editor), 1986
leaf leaf is grazed by larva Dolerus (Achaetoprion) ferrugatus - a sawfly (Hymenoptera: Tenthredinidae) Restricted Benson, R.B., 1952
leaf leaf is grazed by larva Dolerus (Achaetoprion) madidus - a sawfly (Hymenoptera: Tenthredinidae) Restricted Benson, R.B., 1952
leaf leaf is grazed by larva Dolerus (Achaetoprion) triplicatus - a sawfly (Hymenoptera: Tenthredinidae) Restricted Benson, R.B., 1952
litter (dead) dead litter is decayed by fruitbody Marasmiellus candidus - a parachute (Agaricales: Marasmiaceae) Legon, N.W. & Henrici, A. with Roberts, P.J., Spooner, B.M. & Watling, R., 2005
root hair (live) live root hair is parasitised by Ligniera junci - a protozoan slime-mould (Plasmodiophorida: Plasmodiophoraceae) UK/Ireland Dennis, R.W.G., 1995
stem (dead, mostly submerged) dead, mostly submerged stem is decayed by superficial perithecium Loramyces juncicola - an ascomycete (Helotiales: Loramycetaceae) UK/Ireland Major Ellis, M.B. & J.P., 1997
stem (dead, wet) dead, wet stem is decayed by fruitbody Mycena bulbosa - a bonnet (Agaricales: Mycenaceae) Major Legon, N.W. & Henrici, A. with Roberts, P.J., Spooner, B.M. & Watling, R., 2005
stem (dead) dead stem is decayed by apothecium Belonopsis iridis - a discomycete (Helotiales: Dermateaceae) Ellis, M.B. & J.P., 1997
stem (dead) dead stem is decayed by sessile apothecium Nimbomollisia eriophori - a discomycete (Helotiales: Dermateaceae) Ellis, M.B. & J.P., 1997
stem (dead) dead stem is decayed by perithecium Phomatospora dinemasporium - a pyrenomycete (Xylariales) Ellis, M.B. & J.P., 1997
stem (dead) dead stem is decayed by superficial conidioma of Dinemasporium coelomycetous anamorph Phomatospora dinemasporium - a pyrenomycete (Xylariales) Ellis, M.B. & J.P., 1997
stem (dead) dead stem is decayed by fruitbody Marasmiellus candidus - a parachute (Agaricales: Marasmiaceae) Legon, N.W. & Henrici, A. with Roberts, P.J., Spooner, B.M. & Watling, R., 2005
stem (dead) dead stem is decayed by fruitbody Pterula debilis - a coral fungus (Agaricales: Pterulaceae) Legon, N.W. & Henrici, A. with Roberts, P.J., Spooner, B.M. & Watling, R., 2005
stem (dead) dead stem is decayed by basidiome Cellypha goldbachii - a cyphelloid fungus (Agaricales: Tricholomataceae) Legon, N.W. & Henrici, A. with Roberts, P.J., Spooner, B.M. & Watling, R., 2005
stem (decaying) decaying stem is decayed by superficial stroma Hypocrea spinulosa - an ascomycete (Hypocreales: Hypocreaceae) Ellis, M.B. & J.P., 1997
stem (old, dead) old, dead stem is decayed by fruitbody Coniophora prasinoides - a resupinate bolete (Boletales: Coniophoraceae) UK/Ireland Legon, N.W. & Henrici, A. with Roberts, P.J., Spooner, B.M. & Watling, R., 2005

Juncus may be associated with more taxa listed at higher taxonomic level

PLANTAE
(plants)
TRACHEOPHYTA
(vascular plants)
MAGNOLIOPSIDA
(flowering plants)
LILIIDAE
(monocotyledonous flowering plants)
JUNCACEAE
(rushes and wood-rushes)
Herbaceous Plants (via Liliidae)

References

Benson, R.B., 1952 Hymenoptera: 2. Symphyta. Section (b)
Bullock, J.A., 1992 Host Plants of British Beetles: A List of Recorded Associations
Dennis, R.W.G., 1995 Fungi of the South East England
Ellis, M.B. & J.P., 1997 Microfungi on Land Plants: An Identification Handbook
Ellis, M.B. & J.P., 1998 Microfungi on Miscellaneous Substrates: An Identification Handbook
Legon, N.W. & Henrici, A. with Roberts, P.J., Spooner, B.M. & Watling, R., 2005 Checklist of the British and Irish Basidiomycota
Morris, M.G., 2002 True Weevils (Part I): Family Curculionidae, subfamilies Raymondionyminae to Smicronychinae
Mound L.A., Morison, G.D., Pitkin, B.R. & Palmer, J.M., 1976 Thysanoptera
Rohácek, J., 2009 A monograph of Palaearctic Anthomyzidae (Diptera), Part 2
Southwood, T.R.E. & Leston, D., 1959 Land and Water Bugs of the British Isles
Stubbs, F.B. (Editor), 1986 Provisional Keys to British Plant Galls
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