BioInfo (UK)

Typha L. (bulrushes, reedmaces)

BioImages BioImages (www.bioimages.org.uk) has 50 images of Typha (bulrushes, reedmaces)

NBN NBN (data.nbn.org.uk) has the UK distribution map of Typha (bulrushes, reedmaces)

Subtaxa (ie subgroups of this Genus)

Taxon Rank #webs

Suggested Literature

Identification Works

Lansdown R.V. & Pankhurst T.J. Field Guide to the Identification of Difficult Aquatic Plants of the New Forest
Phillips, R., 1980 Grasses, Ferns, Mosses and Lichens of Great Britain and Ireland

Typha may also be covered by literature listed under:

BIOTA
(living things)
Eukaryota
(eukaryotes)
PLANTAE
(plants)
TRACHEOPHYTA
(vascular plants)
MAGNOLIOPSIDA
(flowering plants)
LILIIDAE
(monocotyledonous flowering plants)
POALES
(grasses, sedges & rushes)
aquatic plants (via Typhaceae)

Feeding and other inter-species relationships

Associated with Typha:

(dead) dead is decayed by scattered, immersed pseudothecium Phaeosphaeria eustoma - an ascomycete (Pleosporales: Phaeosphaeriaceae) Ellis, M.B. & J.P., 1997
(dead) dead is decayed by Helicorhoidion irregulare - an anamorphic fungus UK/Ireland Dennis, R.W.G., 1995
(dead) dead is decayed by erumpent, sessile apothecium Mollisia typhae - a discomycete (Helotiales: Dermateaceae) Ellis, M.B. & J.P., 1997
(dead) dead is decayed by sessile apothecium Orbilia arundinacea - a glasscup (Orbiliales: Orbiliaceae) Ellis, M.B. & J.P., 1997
(dead) dead is decayed by subepidermal, becoming erumpent perithecium Nectriella dacrymycella - an ascomycete (Hypocreales: Bionectriaceae) Ellis, M.B. & J.P., 1997
(decaying) decaying is associate of larva Anasimyia - a genus of hoverflies (Diptera: Syrphidae) Major Rotheray, G.E., 1993
(live) live may have Haplothrips hukkineni - a thrips (Thysanoptera: Phlaeothripidae) Foreign Mound L.A., Morison, G.D., Pitkin, B.R. & Palmer, J.M., 1976
is foodplant of larva Demetrias (Risophilus) imperialis - a ground beetle (Coleoptera: Carabidae) Bullock, J.A., 1992
is foodplant of larva Odacantha melanura - a ground beetle (Coleoptera: Carabidae) Bullock, J.A., 1992
is decayed by scattered pseudothecium Ophiobolus typhae - an ascomycete (Pleosporales: Phaeosphaeriaceae) Ellis, M.B. & J.P., 1997
is decayed by opening by slit apothecium Lophodermium typhinum - an ascomycete (Rhytismatales: Rhytismataceae) Ellis, M.B. & J.P., 1997 [opening by slit]
is associate of Coccidula scutellata - a ladybird (Coleoptera: Coccinellidae) Bullock, J.A., 1992
may have Oulema septentrionis - a leaf beetle (Coleoptera: Chrysomelidae) UK/Ireland Cox, M.L., 2007
may have adult Donacia simplex - a reed beetle (Coleoptera: Chrysomelidae) Cox, M.L., 2007
debris (dead, decayed) dead, decayed debris is decayed by fruitbody Melanotus phillipsii - Grass Oysterling (Agaricales: Strophariaceae) Legon, N.W. & Henrici, A. with Roberts, P.J., Spooner, B.M. & Watling, R., 2005
debris (decayed) decayed debris is decayed by fruitbody Coprinopsis tigrinella - an inkcap (Agaricales: Psathyrellaceae) Legon, N.W. & Henrici, A. with Roberts, P.J., Spooner, B.M. & Watling, R., 2005
leaf (base) (dead) dead leaf (base) is decayed by apothecium Mollisia pilosa - a discomycete (Helotiales: Dermateaceae) Ellis, M.B. & J.P., 1997
leaf (dead, decayed) dead, decayed leaf is decayed by fruitbody Typhula culmigena - a minute club fungus (Agaricales: Typhulaceae) Legon, N.W. & Henrici, A. with Roberts, P.J., Spooner, B.M. & Watling, R., 2005
leaf (dead, fungus infected) dead, fungus infected leaf is decayed by Alternaria dematiaceous anamorph Lewia infectoria - an ascomycete (Pleosporales: Pleosporaceae) Ellis, M.B. & J.P., 1997
leaf (dead) dead leaf is decayed by immersed, linearly arranged pseudothecium Mycosphaerella lineolata - an ascomycete (Capnodiales: Mycosphaerellaceae) Ellis, M.B. & J.P., 1997
leaf (dead) dead leaf is decayed by immersed pseudothecium Didymella proximella - an ascomycete (Pleosporales: Didymellaceae) Ellis, M.B. & J.P., 1997
leaf (dead) dead leaf is decayed by immersed pseudothecium Keissleriella culmifida - an ascomycete (Pleosporales: Lentitheciaceae) Ellis, M.B. & J.P., 1997
leaf (dead) dead leaf is decayed by immersed pseudothecium Paraphaeosphaeria michotii - an ascomycete (Pleosporales: Montagnulaceae) Ellis, M.B. & J.P., 1997
leaf (dead) dead leaf is decayed by colony of Periconia dematiaceous anamorph Periconia atra - a dematiaceous anamorphic fungus (Pleosporales) Ellis, M.B. & J.P., 1997
leaf (dead) dead leaf is decayed by effuse colony of Periconia dematiaceous anamorph Periconia typhicola - a dematiaceous anamorphic fungus (Pleosporales) Ellis, M.B. & J.P., 1997
leaf (dead) dead leaf is decayed by trooping, immersed, often in lines pseudothecium Phaeosphaeria typharum - an ascomycete (Pleosporales: Phaeosphaeriaceae) Ellis, M.B. & J.P., 1997
leaf (dead) dead leaf is decayed by Scolecosporiella coelomycetous anamorph Phaeosphaeria typharum - an ascomycete (Pleosporales: Phaeosphaeriaceae) Ellis, M.B. & J.P., 1997
leaf (dead) dead leaf is decayed by pycnidium of Ascochyta coelomycetous anamorph Eriospora leucostoma - a coelomycetous anamorphic fungus (Ostropales: Stictidaceae) UK/Ireland Dennis, R.W.G., 1995
leaf (dead) dead leaf is decayed by superficial, sessile, clypeate apothecium Micropeziza cornea - a discomycete (Helotiales: Dermateaceae) Ellis, M.B. & J.P., 1997
leaf (dead) dead leaf is decayed by apothecium Cistella fugiens - a discomycete (Helotiales: Hyaloscyphaceae) Ellis, M.B. & J.P., 1997
leaf (dead) dead leaf is decayed by apothecium Hyaloscypha paludosa - a discomycete (Helotiales: Hyaloscyphaceae) Ellis, M.B. & J.P., 1997
leaf (dead) dead leaf is decayed by scattered, immersed, amphigenous pycnidium of Neottiospora coelomycetous anamorph Neottiospora caricina - a coelomycete Ellis, M.B. & J.P., 1997
leaf (dead) dead leaf is decayed by sporodochium of Arthrinium dematiaceous anamorph Arthrinium sporophleum - a dematiaceous anamorphic fungus (Apiosporaceae) Ellis, M.B. & J.P., 1997
leaf (dead) dead leaf is decayed by stalked, occasionally sessile sporodochium of Myrothecium dematiaceous anamorph Myrothecium cinctum - a dematiaceous anamorphic fungus (Hypocreales) Ellis, M.B. & J.P., 1997 [in marshes and fens]
leaf (dead) dead leaf is decayed by sporodochium of Volutella anamorph Volutella arundinis - an anamorphic fungus (Hypocreales: Nectriaceae) Ellis, M.B. & J.P., 1997
leaf (dead) dead leaf is decayed by sessile perithecium Anthostomella limitata - a pyrenomycete (Xylariales: Xylariaceae) Ellis, M.B. & J.P., 1997
leaf (dry, dead) dry, dead leaf is decayed by effuse colony of Periconia dematiaceous anamorph Periconia hispidula - a dematiaceous anamorphic fungus (Pleosporales) Ellis, M.B. & J.P., 1997
leaf (live) live leaf is mined by larva Cerodontha iraeos - an iris leaf-miner (Diptera: Agromyzidae) UK/Ireland Rare Robbins, R., 1990 [a shallow, whitish corridor running down the leaf and becoming broad. Pupariates internally.]
leaf (live) live leaf is mined by larva Nonagria typhae - Bulrush Wainscot (Lepidoptera: Noctuidae) UK/Ireland Robbins, R., 1990 [an irregular, mainly upper surface, corridor, running down to an irregular elongate blotch (rarely in the stem). The larva then bores into the stem.]
leaf (sometimes locally discoloured) sometimes locally discoloured leaf is decayed by often numerous, immersed, black pycnidium of Stagonospora coelomycetous anamorph Stagonospora typhoidearum - a coelomycete (Pleosporales: Phaeosphaeriaceae) UK/Ireland Dennis, R.W.G., 1995,
Ellis, M.B. & J.P., 1997
leaf (wet, rotting) wet, rotting leaf is decayed by larva Lejogaster tarsata - a hoverfly (Diptera: Syrphidae) Rotheray, G.E., 1993
leaf sheath (dead) dead leaf sheath is decayed by immersed pseudothecium Comoclathris typhicola - an ascomycete (Pleosporales: Diademaceae) Ellis, M.B. & J.P., 1997
leaf sheath (dead) dead leaf sheath is decayed by pycnidium of Phoma coelomycetous anamorph Comoclathris typhicola - an ascomycete (Pleosporales: Diademaceae) Ellis, M.B. & J.P., 1997
leaf-sheath (dead, often insect damaged) dead, often insect damaged leaf-sheath is decayed by larva Typhamyza bifasciata - an anthomyzid fly (Diptera: Anthomyzidae) Restricted Rohácek, J., 2009
leaf-sheath (live) live leaf-sheath is mined by larva Limnaecia phragmitella - Bulrush Cosmet (Lepidoptera: Cosmopterigidae) UK/Ireland Restricted Robbins, R., 1990
leaf leaf is foodplant of adult Donacia thalassina - a reed beetle (Coleoptera: Chrysomelidae) Cox, M.L., 2007
plant (decaying) decaying plant is associate of larva Helophilus hybridus - a hoverfly (Diptera: Syrphidae) Rotheray, G.E., 1993
plant (wet, decaying) wet, decaying plant is decayed by larva Lejops vittatus - a hoverfly (Diptera: Syrphidae) Rotheray, G.E., 1993
plant (wet, decaying) wet, decaying plant is associate of larva Parhelophilus - a genus of hoverflies (Diptera: Syrphidae) Rotheray, G.E., 1993 [in ponds and slow-moving streams]
pollen grain (dead) dead pollen grain is decayed by Rhizophydium sphaerotheca - a chytrid (Rhizophydiales: Rhizophydiaceae) UK/Ireland Canter, H.M., 1953
pollen pollen is decayed by Chytridium chaetophyllum - a chytrid (Chytridiales: Chytridiaceae) UK/Ireland Captivity Dennis, R.W.G., 1995
rhizome rhizome may have cocoon Donacia vulgaris - a reed beetle (Coleoptera: Chrysomelidae) Cox, M.L., 2007
seed head (live) live seed head may contain larva Limnaecia phragmitella - Bulrush Cosmet (Lepidoptera: Cosmopterigidae) UK/Ireland Restricted Robbins, R., 1990
stem (dead, fungus infected) dead, fungus infected stem is decayed by Alternaria dematiaceous anamorph Lewia infectoria - an ascomycete (Pleosporales: Pleosporaceae) Ellis, M.B. & J.P., 1997
stem (dead) dead stem is decayed by immersed, linearly arranged pseudothecium Mycosphaerella lineolata - an ascomycete (Capnodiales: Mycosphaerellaceae) Ellis, M.B. & J.P., 1997
stem (dead) dead stem is decayed by immersed, sometimes erumpent pseudothecium Comoclathris typhicola - an ascomycete (Pleosporales: Diademaceae) Ellis, M.B. & J.P., 1997
stem (dead) dead stem is decayed by pycnidium of Phoma coelomycetous anamorph Comoclathris typhicola - an ascomycete (Pleosporales: Diademaceae) Ellis, M.B. & J.P., 1997
stem (dead) dead stem is decayed by immersed pseudothecium Keissleriella culmifida - an ascomycete (Pleosporales: Lentitheciaceae) Ellis, M.B. & J.P., 1997
stem (dead) dead stem is decayed by immersed pseudothecium Paraphaeosphaeria michotii - an ascomycete (Pleosporales: Montagnulaceae) Ellis, M.B. & J.P., 1997
stem (dead) dead stem is decayed by erumpent through slit pycnidium of Hendersonia coelomycetous anamorph Hendersonia culmicola - a coelomycete (Pleosporales: Phaeosphaeriaceae) Ellis, M.B. & J.P., 1997
stem (dead) dead stem is decayed by scattered, initially immersed pseudothecium Phaeosphaeria eustoma - an ascomycete (Pleosporales: Phaeosphaeriaceae) Ellis, M.B. & J.P., 1997
stem (dead) dead stem is decayed by pseudothecium Phaeosphaeria vagans - an ascomycete (Pleosporales: Phaeosphaeriaceae) Ellis, M.B. & J.P., 1997
stem (dead) dead stem is decayed by pycnidium of Hendersonia coelomycetous anamorph Phaeosphaeria vagans - an ascomycete (Pleosporales: Phaeosphaeriaceae) Ellis, M.B. & J.P., 1997
stem (dead) dead stem is decayed by pseudothecium Lewia infectoria - an ascomycete (Pleosporales: Pleosporaceae) Ellis, M.B. & J.P., 1997
stem (dead) dead stem is decayed by immersed conidioma of Hymenopsis coelomycetous anamorph Hymenopsis typhae - a coelomycete Ellis, M.B. & J.P., 1997 [opening to form acervuli]
stem (dead) dead stem is decayed by superficial, sessile, clypeate apothecium Micropeziza cornea - a discomycete (Helotiales: Dermateaceae) Ellis, M.B. & J.P., 1997
stem (dead) dead stem is decayed by apothecium Hymenoscyphus robustior - a discomycete (Helotiales: Helotiaceae) Ellis, M.B. & J.P., 1997
stem (dead) dead stem is decayed by apothecium Cistella fugiens - a discomycete (Helotiales: Hyaloscyphaceae) Ellis, M.B. & J.P., 1997
stem (dead) dead stem is decayed by apothecium Hyaloscypha paludosa - a discomycete (Helotiales: Hyaloscyphaceae) Ellis, M.B. & J.P., 1997
stem (dead) dead stem is decayed by stalked, occasionally sessile sporodochium of Myrothecium dematiaceous anamorph Myrothecium cinctum - a dematiaceous anamorphic fungus (Hypocreales) Ellis, M.B. & J.P., 1997 [in marshes and fens]
stem (live) live stem may contain larva Nonagria typhae - Bulrush Wainscot (Lepidoptera: Noctuidae) UK/Ireland Robbins, R., 1990 [an irregular, mainly upper surface, corridor, running down to an irregular elongate blotch (rarely in the stem). The larva then bores into the stem.]
stem stem is foodplant of Notaris scirpi - a weevil (Coleoptera: Erirhinidae) UK/Ireland Morris, M.G., 2002

Typha may be associated with more taxa listed at higher taxonomic level

PLANTAE
(plants)
TRACHEOPHYTA
(vascular plants)
MAGNOLIOPSIDA
(flowering plants)
LILIIDAE
(monocotyledonous flowering plants)
aquatic plants (via Typhaceae) Herbaceous Plants (via Liliidae)

References

Bullock, J.A., 1992 Host Plants of British Beetles: A List of Recorded Associations
Canter, H.M., 1953 Annotated list of British Aquatic Chytrids
Cox, M.L., 2007 Atlas of the Seed and Leaf Beetles of Britain and Ireland
Dennis, R.W.G., 1995 Fungi of the South East England
Ellis, M.B. & J.P., 1997 Microfungi on Land Plants: An Identification Handbook
Legon, N.W. & Henrici, A. with Roberts, P.J., Spooner, B.M. & Watling, R., 2005 Checklist of the British and Irish Basidiomycota
Morris, M.G., 2002 True Weevils (Part I): Family Curculionidae, subfamilies Raymondionyminae to Smicronychinae
Mound L.A., Morison, G.D., Pitkin, B.R. & Palmer, J.M., 1976 Thysanoptera
Robbins, R., 1990 A Provisional Atlas of The Leaf Miners of Warwickshire, with notes on others occurring in the Midlands
Rohácek, J., 2009 A monograph of Palaearctic Anthomyzidae (Diptera), Part 2
Rotheray, G.E., 1993 Colour Guide to Hoverfly Larvae (Diptera, Syrphidae) in Britain and Europe
Creative Commons Licence
Unless otherwise expressly stated, all original material on the BioInfo website by Malcolm Storey is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial-ShareAlike 2.0 UK: England & Wales Licence.