BioInfo (UK)

Pinus sylvestris L. (Scots Pine)

BioImages BioImages (www.bioimages.org.uk) has 81 images of Pinus sylvestris (Scots Pine)

NBN NBN (data.nbn.org.uk) has the UK distribution map of Pinus sylvestris (Scots Pine)

Subtaxa (ie subgroups of this Species)

Taxon Rank #webs

Suggested Literature

General Works

Ectomycorrhiza

Shaw, P.J.A., & Lankey, K., 1994 Studies on the Scots Pine mycorrhizal fruitbody succession

Fungal associates

O'Hanlon, R. & Harrington, T.J., 2012 Macrofungal diversity and ecology in four Irish forest types

Mycorrhiza

Shaw, P.J.A., Kibby, G. & Mayes, J., 2003 Effects of thinning treatment on an ectomycorrhizal succession under Scots pine
Taylor, A.S. & Alexander, I., 2005 The ectomycorrhizal symbiosis: life in the real world

Plant pathology

Drenkhan, R. & Hanso, M., 2009 Recent invasion of foliage fungi of pines (Pinus spp.) to the Northern Baltics
Gremmen, J., 1977 Fungi colonizing living and dead tissue of Pinus sylvestris and P. nigra
Petrini, O. & Fisher, P.J., 1988 A comparative study of fungal endophytes in xylem and whole stem of Pinus sylvestris and
Fagus sylvatica

Pinus sylvestris may also be covered by literature listed under:

BIOTA
(living things)
Eukaryota
(eukaryotes)
PLANTAE
(plants)
TRACHEOPHYTA
(vascular plants)
PINOPSIDA
(conifers)
PINACEAE
(pines, firs, spruces, cedars, larches)
Pinus
(pines)
Ectomycorrhizal trees and shrubs (via Pinaceae) Trees and shrubs (via Ectomycorrhizal trees and shrubs) Trees Trees, shrubs, woody and climbing plants (via Pinopsida)

Feeding and other inter-species relationships

Associated with Pinus sylvestris:

(dead) dead is decayed by Naemospora coelomycetous anamorph Naemospora strobi - a coelomycete UK/Ireland Dennis, R.W.G., 1995
(live) live is parasitised by aecium Coleosporium asterum - (Western Pine-aster Rust) (Pucciniales: Coleosporiaceae) Foreign Jones, D.R., 2006
(live) live is parasitised by pycnium Endocronartium pini - Pine Resin-top Rust (Pucciniales: Cronartiaceae) Legon, N.W. & Henrici, A. with Roberts, P.J., Spooner, B.M. & Watling, R., 2005
is foodplant of Trisetacus pini - a gall mite (Trombidiformes: Phytoptidae) Ostojá-starzewski, J.C. & Halstead, A.J., 2006
is foodplant of Myzia oblongoguttata - Striped Ladybird (Coleoptera: Coccinellidae) Bullock, J.A., 1992
may be infected and damaged by Armillaria mellea s.l. - honey fungi (Agaricales: Physalacriaceae) Moore, W.C., 1959
has sap sucked by adult Acompocoris pygmaeus - a flower bug (Hemiptera: Anthocoridae) Major Southwood, T.R.E. & Leston, D., 1959
has sap sucked by nymph Acompocoris pygmaeus - a flower bug (Hemiptera: Anthocoridae) Major Southwood, T.R.E. & Leston, D., 1959
has sap sucked by adult Phoenicocoris obscurellus - a plantbug or grassbug (Hemiptera: Miridae) Southwood, T.R.E. & Leston, D., 1959
has sap sucked by nymph Phoenicocoris obscurellus - a plantbug or grassbug (Hemiptera: Miridae) Southwood, T.R.E. & Leston, D., 1959
has sap sucked by adult Gastrodes grossipes - Pine-cone Bug, Pine Cone Bug (Hemiptera: Lygaeidae) Southwood, T.R.E. & Leston, D., 1959
has sap sucked by nymph Gastrodes grossipes - Pine-cone Bug, Pine Cone Bug (Hemiptera: Lygaeidae) Southwood, T.R.E. & Leston, D., 1959
has sap sucked by Cinara (Cinara) pinea - an aphid (Hemiptera: Aphididae) Hughes, J. & Broome, A., 2007
is associate of Ostoma ferrugineum - a domed fungus beetle (Coleoptera: Trogossitidae) Bullock, J.A., 1992
is associate of Myzia oblongoguttata - Striped Ladybird (Coleoptera: Coccinellidae) Bullock, J.A., 1992 [(feeds on Adelgids or Coccids)]
is associate of Nephus quadrimaculatus - a ladybird (Coleoptera: Coccinellidae) Bullock, J.A., 1992 [(feeds on Adelgids or Coccids)]
is associate of Anthonomus (Anthomorphus) varians - a weevil (Coleoptera: Curculionidae) Bullock, J.A., 1992
is associate of Brachonyx pineti - a weevil (Coleoptera: Curculionidae) Bullock, J.A., 1992
is associate of Pytho depressus - a flat pine beetle (Coleoptera: Pythidae) Bullock, J.A., 1992
is associate of Cardiastethus fasciiventris - a flower bug (Hemiptera: Anthocoridae) Southwood, T.R.E. & Leston, D., 1959
is associate of Alloeotomus gothicus - a plantbug (Hemiptera: Miridae) Southwood, T.R.E. & Leston, D., 1959
is associate of Orthotylus (Pinocapsus) fuscescens - a plantbug or grassbug (Hemiptera: Miridae) UK/Ireland Southwood, T.R.E. & Leston, D., 1959
is associate of fruitbody Cystodermella granulosa - a powdercap (Agaricales: Agaricaceae) Legon, N.W. & Henrici, A. with Roberts, P.J., Spooner, B.M. & Watling, R., 2005 [on acid soil]
is associate of fruitbody Hebeloma birrus - a poisonpie (Agaricales: Cortinariaceae) UK/Ireland Legon, N.W. & Henrici, A. with Roberts, P.J., Spooner, B.M. & Watling, R., 2005 [on nutrient-rich soil]
is associate of fruitbody Gymnopilus neerlandicus - a toadstool (Agaricales: Strophariaceae) UK/Ireland Legon, N.W. & Henrici, A. with Roberts, P.J., Spooner, B.M. & Watling, R., 2005 [on soil]
is associate of fruitbody Ramaria suecica - Parading Coral (Gomphales: Gomphaceae) Legon, N.W. & Henrici, A. with Roberts, P.J., Spooner, B.M. & Watling, R., 2005
is associate of fruitbody Leucogaster liosporus - a basidiomycete truffle (Russulales: Albatrellaceae) UK/Ireland Legon, N.W. & Henrici, A. with Roberts, P.J., Spooner, B.M. & Watling, R., 2005
is associate of fruitbody Geastrum quadrifidum - Rayed Earthstar, Four-rayed Earthstar (Geastrales: Geastraceae) Legon, N.W. & Henrici, A. with Roberts, P.J., Spooner, B.M. & Watling, R., 2005 [on calcareous soil]
bark (dead, decayed) dead, decayed bark is decayed by fruitbody Leptosporomyces septentrionalis - a resupinate basidiomycete (Atheliales: Atheliaceae) Legon, N.W. & Henrici, A. with Roberts, P.J., Spooner, B.M. & Watling, R., 2005
bark (dead, decayed) dead, decayed bark is decayed by fruitbody Vesiculomyces citrinus - a basidiomycete fungus (Russulales: Peniophoraceae) Major Legon, N.W. & Henrici, A. with Roberts, P.J., Spooner, B.M. & Watling, R., 2005
bark (dead) dead bark is decayed by gregarious, +- oblong, conical, immersed, then erumpent, spuriously multilocular stroma of Fusicoccum coelomycetous anamorph Fusicoccum bacillare - a stromatic coelomycete (Botryosphaeriales: Botryosphaeriaceae) Grove, W.B., 1935
bark (dead) dead bark is decayed by erumpent, then superficial, solitary or caespitose pycnidium of Aposphaeria coelomycetous anamorph Aposphaeria mediella - a coelomycete (Pleosporales: Melanommataceae) UK/Ireland Grove, W.B., 1935
bark (dead) dead bark is decayed by effuse colony of Hormiactella dematiaceous anamorph Hormiactella fusca - a dematiaceous anamorphic fungus UK/Ireland Dennis, R.W.G., 1995,
Ellis, M.B. & J.P., 1997
bark (dead) dead bark is decayed by densely scattered, erumpent pycnidium of Phomopsis coelomycetous anamorph Phomopsis pithya - a coelomycete (Diaporthales: Diaporthaceae) UK/Ireland Grove, W.B., 1935
bark (dead) dead bark is decayed by scattered, immersed, up to 2mm diam. stroma of Cytospora coelomycetous anamorph Cytospora pini - a stromatic coelomycete (Diaporthales: Valsaceae) UK/Ireland Grove, W.B., 1935 [spore tendril sulphur then lemon yellow]
bark (dead) dead bark is decayed by fruitbody Sistotrema dennisii - a basidiomycete fungus (Cantharellales: Hydnaceae) Foreign Kout, J., 2008
bark (dead) dead bark may shelter hibernating in cell imago Rhagium (Hagrium) bifasciatum - Two-banded Longhorn Beetle (Coleoptera: Cerambycidae) Major Duff, A. (Illust: Lewington, R.), 2006
bark (decayed) decayed bark is decayed by fruitbody Botryobasidium intertextum - a resupinate fungus (Cantharellales: Botryobasidiaceae) UK/Ireland Legon, N.W. & Henrici, A. with Roberts, P.J., Spooner, B.M. & Watling, R., 2005
bark (live) live bark has sap sucked by Pineus pini - Scots Pine Adelgid (Hemiptera: Adelgidae) Buczacki, S. & Harris, K., 1998
bark (rotten) rotten bark is decayed by effuse colony of Septonema dematiaceous anamorph Septonema fasciculare - a dematiaceous anamorphic fungus Ellis, M.B. & J.P., 1997
bark (under) under bark is associate of Plegaderus vulneratus - a clown beetle (Coleoptera: Histeridae) Bullock, J.A., 1992
bark, upto 25 year old bark of upto 25 year old may shelter adult Aradus cinnamomeus - a flat bark bug (Hemiptera: Aradidae) Southwood, T.R.E. & Leston, D., 1959
bark bark is decayed by discrete or effuse colony of Hormiactella dematiaceous anamorph Hormiactella asetosa - a dematiaceous anamorphic fungus UK/Ireland Dennis, R.W.G., 1995,
Ellis, M.B. & J.P., 1997
bark bark is decayed by erumpent conidioma of Oncospora coelomycetous anamorph Oncospora pinastri - a coelomycete UK/Ireland Dennis, R.W.G., 1995,
Ellis, M.B. & J.P., 1997
bark bark may have erumpent apothecium Loxospora elatina - a lichen (Sarrameanaceae) Ellis, M.B. & J.P., 1997
branch (cortex) (live) live branch (cortex) may be infected and damaged by perennial mycelium Cronartium flaccidum - Scots Pine Blister Rust (Pucciniales: Cronartiaceae) Ellis, M.B. & J.P., 1997 [causes large cankers]
branch (cut) cut branch is decayed by colony of Dendrodochium anamorph Dendrodochium citrinum - an anamorphic fungus (Hypocreales: Bionectriaceae) Ellis, M.B. & J.P., 1997
branch (dead, attached) dead, attached branch is decayed by erumpent coelomycetous anamorph Tryblidiopsis pinastri - a discomycete (Rhytismatales: Rhytismataceae) UK/Ireland Minter, D.W., 1996b
branch (dead, attached) dead, attached branch is decayed by erumpent, shortly stalked apothecium Tryblidiopsis pinastri - a discomycete (Rhytismatales: Rhytismataceae) UK/Ireland Minter, D.W., 1996b
branch (dead, attached) dead, attached branch is decayed by fruitbody Exidia saccharina - Pine Jelly (Auriculariales: Auriculariaceae) Legon, N.W. & Henrici, A. with Roberts, P.J., Spooner, B.M. & Watling, R., 2005
branch (dead, attached) dead, attached branch is decayed by fruitbody Peniophora pini - Pine Crust (Russulales: Peniophoraceae) Legon, N.W. & Henrici, A. with Roberts, P.J., Spooner, B.M. & Watling, R., 2005
branch (dead, fallen) dead, fallen branch may contain subcortical larva Monochamus sartor - a sawyer beetle (Coleoptera: Cerambycidae) Foreign Anderson, H., 2009 [under the bark]
branch (dead, fallen) dead, fallen branch is decayed by erumpent, solitary or clustered apothecium Pezicula livida - a discomycete (Helotiales: Dermateaceae) Ellis, M.B. & J.P., 1997
branch (dead, fallen) dead, fallen branch is decayed by Cryptosporiopsis anamorph Pezicula livida - a discomycete (Helotiales: Dermateaceae) Ellis, M.B. & J.P., 1997
branch (dead) dead branch is foodplant of Magdalis (Magdalis) memnonia - a weevil (Coleoptera: Curculionidae) Major Morris, M.G., 2002
branch (dead) dead branch may contain larva Pissodes pini - Banded Pine Weevil (Coleoptera: Curculionidae) UK/Ireland Major Morris, M.G., 2002
branch (dead) dead branch is decayed by erumpent, rather crowded, in irregular lines, oblong, 1-6 chambered, black, pycnidial stroma of Amphorula coelomycetous anamorph Cytotriplospora pini - a stromatic coelomycete UK/Ireland Grove, W.B., 1935
branch (dead) dead branch is decayed by superficial perithecium Coniochaeta malacotricha - a pyrenomycete (Coniochaetales: Coniochaetaceae) Ellis, M.B. & J.P., 1997
branch (dead) dead branch is decayed by erumpent through stellately fissured periderm stroma of Cytospora coelomyceteous anamorph Leucostoma curreyi - a pyrenomycete (Diaporthales: Valsaceae) UK/Ireland Grove, W.B., 1935,
Ellis, M.B. & J.P., 1997
branch (dead) dead branch is decayed by erumpent stroma Nectria fuckeliana - a pyrenomycete (Hypocreales: Nectriaceae) Ellis, M.B. & J.P., 1997 [
]
branch (dead) dead branch is decayed by multilocular conidioma of Zythiostroma coelomycetous anamorph Nectria fuckeliana - a pyrenomycete (Hypocreales: Nectriaceae) Ellis, M.B. & J.P., 1997 [
]
branch (dead) dead branch is decayed by stromatic, in large groups perithecium Nectria fuckeliana - a pyrenomycete (Hypocreales: Nectriaceae) Ellis, M.B. & J.P., 1997 [
]
branch (dead) dead branch is decayed by in small groups, erumpent on thin stroma perithecium Nectria pinea - a pyrenomycete (Hypocreales: Nectriaceae) Major Ellis, M.B. & J.P., 1997
branch (fallen, dead) fallen, dead branch is decayed by fruitbody Diplomitoporus flavescens - a polypore fungus (Polyporales: Polyporaceae) UK/Ireland Major Legon, N.W. & Henrici, A. with Roberts, P.J., Spooner, B.M. & Watling, R., 2005,
Lucas, A., 2006
branch (fallen, dead) fallen, dead branch is decayed by fruitbody Peniophora pini - Pine Crust (Russulales: Peniophoraceae) UK/Ireland Lucas, A., 2006
branch (fallen) fallen branch is decayed by discrete or effuse colony of Hormiactella dematiaceous anamorph Hormiactella asetosa - a dematiaceous anamorphic fungus Ellis, M.B. & J.P., 1997
branch (fallen) fallen branch is decayed by erumpent apothecium Phaeohelotium purpureum - a discomycete (Helotiales: Helotiaceae) Ellis, M.B. & J.P., 1997
branch (fallen) fallen branch is decayed by apothecium Hyaloscypha aureliella - a discomycete (Helotiales: Hyaloscyphaceae) Ellis, M.B. & J.P., 1997
branch (fallen) fallen branch is decayed by erumpent, often clustered apothecium Lachnellula subtilissima - Conifer Disco (Helotiales: Hyaloscyphaceae) Ellis, M.B. & J.P., 1997
branch (fallen) fallen branch is decayed by fruitbody Athelopsis baculifera - a basidiomycete (Atheliales: Atheliaceae) UK/Ireland Legon, N.W. & Henrici, A. with Roberts, P.J., Spooner, B.M. & Watling, R., 2005
branch (large) (dead, decayed, fallen) dead, decayed, fallen branch (large) is decayed by fruitbody Mycena epipterygioides - a bonnet (Agaricales: Mycenaceae) Major Legon, N.W. & Henrici, A. with Roberts, P.J., Spooner, B.M. & Watling, R., 2005
branch (large) (dead, fallen, decayed) dead, fallen, decayed branch (large) is decayed by fruitbody Skeletocutis amorpha - Rusty Crust (Polyporales: Polyporaceae) Major Legon, N.W. & Henrici, A. with Roberts, P.J., Spooner, B.M. & Watling, R., 2005
branch (large) (dead, fallen, decayed) dead, fallen, decayed branch (large) is decayed by fruitbody Skeletocutis vulgaris - a basidiomycete fungus (Polyporales: Polyporaceae) Legon, N.W. & Henrici, A. with Roberts, P.J., Spooner, B.M. & Watling, R., 2005 [often fruiting inside rot pockets]
branch (large) (dead, fallen) dead, fallen branch (large) is decayed by fruitbody Exidia saccharina - Pine Jelly (Auriculariales: Auriculariaceae) UK/Ireland Legon, N.W. & Henrici, A. with Roberts, P.J., Spooner, B.M. & Watling, R., 2005,
Lucas, A., 2006
branch (large) (dead, fallen) dead, fallen branch (large) is decayed by fruitbody Phlebiopsis gigantea - a resupinate fungus (Polyporales: Phanerochaetaceae) UK/Ireland Lucas, A., 2006
branch (large) (fallen, dead) fallen, dead branch (large) is decayed by fruitbody Trichaptum abietinum - Purplepore Bracket (Hymenochaetales) UK/Ireland Major Lucas, A., 2006
branch (large) (fallen, dead) fallen, dead branch (large) is decayed by fruitbody Stereum sanguinolentum - Bleeding Conifer Crust, Red Rot (Of Conifers) - causative organism (Russulales: Stereaceae) UK/Ireland Major Lucas, A., 2006
branch (large) (large, partially fallen and decorticated) large, partially fallen and decorticated branch (large) may have epiphytic fruitbody Antrodia ramentacea - Honeycomb Crust (Polyporales: Fomitopsidaceae) UK/Ireland Restricted Lucas, A., 2006
branch (live, cankered, resin coated) live, cankered, resin coated branch is galled by aecium Endocronartium pini - Pine Resin-top Rust (Pucciniales: Cronartiaceae) Buczacki, S. & Harris, K., 1998,
Legon, N.W. & Henrici, A. with Roberts, P.J., Spooner, B.M. & Watling, R., 2005
branch (live, cankered) live, cankered branch is parasitised by pycnium Cronartium flaccidum - Scots Pine Blister Rust (Pucciniales: Cronartiaceae) Major Legon, N.W. & Henrici, A. with Roberts, P.J., Spooner, B.M. & Watling, R., 2005,
Ellis, M.B. & J.P., 1997 [causes large cankers]
branch (live, cankered) live, cankered branch is parasitised by aecium Cronartium flaccidum - Scots Pine Blister Rust (Pucciniales: Cronartiaceae) UK/Ireland Major Legon, N.W. & Henrici, A. with Roberts, P.J., Spooner, B.M. & Watling, R., 2005,
Moore, W.C., 1959,
Ellis, M.B. & J.P., 1997 [causes large cankers]
branch (locally bleached, rotten but still firm, dead) locally bleached, rotten but still firm, dead branch is decayed by mostly superficial, but with bases immersed perithecium Zignoella morthieri - a pyrenomycete (Chaetosphaeriales: Chaetosphaeriaceae) Ellis, M.B. & J.P., 1997 [on white patches]
branch (small) (brittle, dead, attached, lacking needles) brittle, dead, attached, lacking needles branch (small) is decayed by immersed apothecium Therrya pini - an ascomycete fungus (Rhytismatales: Rhytismataceae) Major Ellis, M.B. & J.P., 1997 [attached dead branches or cut off and lying on the ground]
branch (small) (brittle, dead, fallen, lacking needles) brittle, dead, fallen, lacking needles branch (small) is decayed by immersed apothecium Therrya pini - an ascomycete fungus (Rhytismatales: Rhytismataceae) Major Ellis, M.B. & J.P., 1997 [attached dead branches or cut off and lying on the ground]
branch (small) (dead, attached) dead, attached branch (small) is decayed by fruitbody Peniophora lycii - Ashen Crust (Russulales: Peniophoraceae) Rare Legon, N.W. & Henrici, A. with Roberts, P.J., Spooner, B.M. & Watling, R., 2005
branch (small) (dead) dead branch (small) is decayed by scattered or irregularly gregarious, covered by bark, but then semi-erumpent pycnidium of Sclerophoma coelomycetous anamorph Sclerophoma pithya - a coelomycete Grove, W.B., 1935
branch (small) (dead) dead branch (small) is decayed by apothecium Crumenulopsis sororia - a discomycete (Helotiales: Helotiaceae) UK/Ireland Major Hayes, A.J., 1980
branch (small) (dead) dead branch (small) is decayed by colony of Digitosporium dematiaceous anamorph Crumenulopsis sororia - a discomycete (Helotiales: Helotiaceae) UK/Ireland Major Hayes, A.J., 1980
bud bud is foodplant of Pilophorus cinnamopterus - a plantbug or grassbug (Hemiptera: Miridae) UK/Ireland Southwood, T.R.E. & Leston, D., 1959
cone (apophysis) (fallen) fallen cone (apophysis) is decayed by conidioma of Sporonema coelomycetous anamorph Micraspis strobilina - a discomycete (Helotiales: Tympanidaceae) Ellis, M.B. & J.P., 1997
cone (buried, partially decayed) buried, partially decayed cone is decayed by long-rooted fruitbody Strobilurus tenacellus - Pinecone Cap (Agaricales: Physalacriaceae) UK/Ireland Major Legon, N.W. & Henrici, A. with Roberts, P.J., Spooner, B.M. & Watling, R., 2005
cone (charred) charred cone is decayed by fruitbody Sistotrema dennisii - a basidiomycete fungus (Cantharellales: Hydnaceae) Legon, N.W. & Henrici, A. with Roberts, P.J., Spooner, B.M. & Watling, R., 2005
cone (dead, decayed) dead, decayed cone is decayed by basidiome Ceraceomyces tessulatus - a resupinate fungus (Amylocorticiales: Amylocorticiaceae) Major Legon, N.W. & Henrici, A. with Roberts, P.J., Spooner, B.M. & Watling, R., 2005
cone (dead, decayed) dead, decayed cone is decayed by fruitbody Peniophora incarnata - Rosy Crust (Russulales: Peniophoraceae) Rare Legon, N.W. & Henrici, A. with Roberts, P.J., Spooner, B.M. & Watling, R., 2005
cone (dead, decaying) dead, decaying cone is decayed by fruitbody Tephrocybe fuscipes - Darkfoot Greyling (Agaricales: Lyophyllaceae) Legon, N.W. & Henrici, A. with Roberts, P.J., Spooner, B.M. & Watling, R., 2005
cone (dead, fallen) dead, fallen cone is decayed by apothecium Stictis sp. nov. - a discomycete (Ostropales: Stictidaceae) UK/Ireland Bioimages - the Virtual Field Guide: http://www.bioimages.org.uk
cone (dead, fallen) dead, fallen cone is decayed by erumpent, solitary or clustered apothecium Pezicula livida - a discomycete (Helotiales: Dermateaceae) Ellis, M.B. & J.P., 1997
cone (dead, fallen) dead, fallen cone is decayed by Cryptosporiopsis anamorph Pezicula livida - a discomycete (Helotiales: Dermateaceae) Ellis, M.B. & J.P., 1997
cone (dead) dead cone is decayed by erumpent pycnidium of Phomopsis coelomycetous anamorph Diaporthe eres - a pyrenomycete (Diaporthales: Diaporthaceae) UK/Ireland Grove, W.B., 1935,
Ellis, M.B. & J.P., 1997
cone (dead) dead cone is decayed by erumpent through stellately fissured periderm stroma of Cytospora coelomyceteous anamorph Leucostoma curreyi - a pyrenomycete (Diaporthales: Valsaceae) UK/Ireland Grove, W.B., 1935,
Ellis, M.B. & J.P., 1997
cone (dead) dead cone is decayed by colony of Dendrodochium anamorph Dendrodochium citrinum - an anamorphic fungus (Hypocreales: Bionectriaceae) Ellis, M.B. & J.P., 1997
cone (dead) dead cone is decayed by erumpent sporodochium of Oramasia dematiaceous anamorph Oramasia hirsuta - a dematiaceous anamorphic fungus (Sordariales: Helminthosphaeriaceae) UK/Ireland Hawksworth, D.L. & Minter. D.W., 1980,
Ellis, M.B. & J.P., 1997
cone (dead) dead cone is decayed by superficial synnema of Sphaeridium anamorph Sphaeridium candidum sensu Fuckel - an anamorphic fungus UK/Ireland Dennis, R.W.G., 1995,
Ellis, M.B. & J.P., 1997
cone (decayed, buried or partly buried) decayed, buried or partly buried cone is decayed by fruitbody Auriscalpium vulgare - Earpick Fungus (Russulales: Auriscalpiaceae) UK/Ireland Major Legon, N.W. & Henrici, A. with Roberts, P.J., Spooner, B.M. & Watling, R., 2005
cone (fallen, dead) fallen, dead cone is decayed by short-stalked apothecium Cudoniella rubicunda - a discomycete (Helotiales: Helotiaceae) Ellis, M.B. & J.P., 1997
cone (fallen) fallen cone is decayed by erumpent pycnidium of Camarosporium coelomycetous anamorph Camarosporium pini - a coelomycete (Botryosphaeriales) UK/Ireland Dennis, R.W.G., 1995,
Ellis, M.B. & J.P., 1997
cone (fallen) fallen cone is decayed by colony of Septocylindrium anamorph Septocylindrium leucum - an anamorphic fungus (Capnodiales: Mycosphaerellaceae) Ellis, M.B. & J.P., 1997
cone (fallen) fallen cone is decayed by discrete or effuse colony of Hormiactella dematiaceous anamorph Hormiactella asetosa - a dematiaceous anamorphic fungus UK/Ireland Dennis, R.W.G., 1995,
Ellis, M.B. & J.P., 1997
cone (fallen) fallen cone is decayed by apothecium Pezizella chionea - a discomycete (Helotiales: Hyaloscyphaceae) Ellis, M.B. & J.P., 1997
cone (fallen) fallen cone is decayed by sporodochium of Trimmatostroma dematiaceous anamorph Trimmatostroma scutellare - a dematiaceous anamorphic fungus (Helotiales) Ellis, M.B. & J.P., 1997
cone (fallen) fallen cone is decayed by apothecium Lophodermium conigenum - a discomycete (Rhytismatales: Rhytismataceae) Major Ellis, M.B. & J.P., 1997
cone (fallen) fallen cone is decayed by immersed conidioma of Leptostroma coelomycetous anamorph Lophodermium conigenum - a discomycete (Rhytismatales: Rhytismataceae) Major Ellis, M.B. & J.P., 1997
cone (fallen) fallen cone is decayed by conidioma of Patellina coelomycetous anamorph Patellina caesia - a coelomycete Ellis, M.B. & J.P., 1997
cone (fallen) fallen cone is decayed by erumpent conidioma of Pseudopatellina coelomycetous anamorph Pseudopatellina conigena - a coelomycete UK/Ireland Dennis, R.W.G., 1995,
Ellis, M.B. & J.P., 1997
cone (fallen) fallen cone is decayed by effuse colony of Phaeostalagmus dematiaceous anamorph Phaeostalagmus peregrinus - a dematiaceous anamorphic fungus (Chaetosphaeriales: Chaetosphaeriaceae) Ellis, M.B. & J.P., 1997
cone (fallen) fallen cone is decayed by effuse or pulvinate colony of Xylohypha dematiaceous anamorph Xylohypha ortmansiae - a dematiaceous anamorphic fungus UK/Ireland Dennis, R.W.G., 1995,
Ellis, M.B. & J.P., 1997
cone (live) live cone may be infected and damaged by erumpent pycnidium of Sphaeropsis coelomycetous anamorph Sphaeropsis sapinea - a coelomycete (Botryosphaeriales: Botryosphaeriaceae) Ellis, M.B. & J.P., 1997
cone (old, fallen) old, fallen cone is decayed by apothecium Hyaloscypha leuconica - a discomycete (Helotiales: Hyaloscyphaceae) Ellis, M.B. & J.P., 1997
cone (old) old cone is decayed by sessile apothecium Mollisia fallax - a discomycete (Helotiales: Dermateaceae) Ellis, M.B. & J.P., 1997
cone (old) old cone is decayed by apothecium Micraspis strobilina - a discomycete (Helotiales: Tympanidaceae) Ellis, M.B. & J.P., 1997
cone (scale) (fallen) fallen cone (scale) is decayed by short stalked apothecium Hymenoscyphus lutescens - a discomycete (Helotiales: Helotiaceae) Ellis, M.B. & J.P., 1997
cone (scale) (fallen) fallen cone (scale) is decayed by immersed apothecium Naemacyclus fimbriatus - a discomycete (Helotiales: Marthamycetaceae) Ellis, M.B. & J.P., 1997
cone (scale) cone (scale) is decayed by clypeate perithecium Anthostomella conorum - a pyrenomycete (Xylariales: Xylariaceae) Ellis, M.B. & J.P., 1997
cone scale (dead, decayed) dead, decayed cone scale is associate of basidiome Tremella translucens - a brain fungus (Tremellales: Tremellaceae) Legon, N.W. & Henrici, A. with Roberts, P.J., Spooner, B.M. & Watling, R., 2005
cone scale (dead, fallen) dead, fallen cone scale is decayed by superficial conidioma of Fujimyces coelomycetous anamorph Fujimyces oödes - a coelomycete UK/Ireland Bioimages - the Virtual Field Guide: http://www.bioimages.org.uk,
Minter, D.W. & Caine, T.S., 1980
cone scale (dead) dead cone scale is decayed by gregarious, +- oblong, conical, immersed, then erumpent, spuriously multilocular stroma of Fusicoccum coelomycetous anamorph Fusicoccum bacillare - a stromatic coelomycete (Botryosphaeriales: Botryosphaeriaceae) Grove, W.B., 1935
cone scale cone scale is decayed by crowded apothecium Durella suecica - a discomycete (Helotiales: Helotiaceae) Ellis, M.B. & J.P., 1997
cone cone may contain larva Pissodes validirostris - a weevil (Coleoptera: Curculionidae) UK/Ireland Major Morris, M.G., 2002
cone cone is decayed by erumpent to superficial perithecium Scopinella solani - an ascomycete fungus (Hypocreales) Ellis, M.B. & J.P., 1997
cone cone is decayed by clustered perithecium Rosellinia obliquata - a pyrenomycete (Xylariales: Xylariaceae) Ellis, M.B. & J.P., 1997
debris (dead) dead debris is decayed by Lemalis coelomycetous anamorph Lemalis aurea - a coelomycete (Helotiales) UK/Ireland Dennis, R.W.G., 1995
fence post fence post is decayed by fruitbody Diplomitoporus flavescens - a polypore fungus (Polyporales: Polyporaceae) UK/Ireland Major Legon, N.W. & Henrici, A. with Roberts, P.J., Spooner, B.M. & Watling, R., 2005,
Lucas, A., 2006
litter (dead, decayed) dead, decayed litter is decayed by fruitbody Sistotrema diademiferum - a basidiomycete fungus (Cantharellales: Hydnaceae) Major Legon, N.W. & Henrici, A. with Roberts, P.J., Spooner, B.M. & Watling, R., 2005
litter (dead, fallen, decayed) dead, fallen, decayed litter is decayed by fruitbody Piloderma bicolor - a basidiomycete fungus (Atheliales: Atheliaceae) Major Legon, N.W. & Henrici, A. with Roberts, P.J., Spooner, B.M. & Watling, R., 2005 [on acid soil]
litter (dead, fallen, decaying) dead, fallen, decaying litter is decayed by fruitbody Mycena clavicularis - Needle Bonnet (Agaricales: Mycenaceae) Legon, N.W. & Henrici, A. with Roberts, P.J., Spooner, B.M. & Watling, R., 2005
litter (dead, fallen, decaying) dead, fallen, decaying litter is decayed by toadstool Mycena viridimarginata - Olive Edge Bonnet (Agaricales: Mycenaceae) Legon, N.W. & Henrici, A. with Roberts, P.J., Spooner, B.M. & Watling, R., 2005
log (dead, fallen, decayed) dead, fallen, decayed log is decayed by fruitbody Mucronella calva - Swarming Spine (Agaricales: Clavariaceae) Major Legon, N.W. & Henrici, A. with Roberts, P.J., Spooner, B.M. & Watling, R., 2005
log (dead) dead log is associate of imago Rhagium (Hagrium) bifasciatum - Two-banded Longhorn Beetle (Coleoptera: Cerambycidae) Major Duff, A. (Illust: Lewington, R.), 2006
log (decayed, large) decayed, large log is decayed by fruitbody Chrysomphalina grossula - Green Navel (Agaricales: Hygrophoraceae) Major Legon, N.W. & Henrici, A. with Roberts, P.J., Spooner, B.M. & Watling, R., 2005
log (decorticate, dead) decorticate, dead log is decayed by superficial, shortly-stalked apothecium Calycina venceslai - a discomycete (Helotiales: Hyaloscyphaceae) Ellis, M.B. & J.P., 1997
log (especially scars of cut-off branches) log (especially scars of cut-off branches) is decayed by hysterothecium Lophium mytilinum - an ascomycete (Mytilinidiales: Mytilinidiaceae) Ellis, M.B. & J.P., 1997 [especially on scars of cut-off branches]
log (fallen, dead) fallen, dead log is decayed by fruitbody Diplomitoporus flavescens - a polypore fungus (Polyporales: Polyporaceae) UK/Ireland Major Legon, N.W. & Henrici, A. with Roberts, P.J., Spooner, B.M. & Watling, R., 2005,
Lucas, A., 2006
log (fallen) fallen log is decayed by effuse, thin colony Ascocorticium anomalum - a discomycete (Helotiales: Ascocorticiaceae) Ellis, M.B. & J.P., 1997
log (large) (dead, brown-rotten) dead, brown-rotten log (large) is decayed by fruitbody Fomitopsis pinicola - Red-belted Bracket (Polyporales: Fomitopsidaceae) Legon, N.W. & Henrici, A. with Roberts, P.J., Spooner, B.M. & Watling, R., 2005
log (large) (dead, decayed (very)) dead, decayed (very) log (large) is decayed by fruitbody Postia leucomallella - a bracket fungus (Polyporales: Fomitopsidaceae) Major Legon, N.W. & Henrici, A. with Roberts, P.J., Spooner, B.M. & Watling, R., 2005
log (large) (dead, decayed (very)) dead, decayed (very) log (large) is decayed by fruitbody Postia rennyi - a bracket fungus (Polyporales: Fomitopsidaceae) Major Legon, N.W. & Henrici, A. with Roberts, P.J., Spooner, B.M. & Watling, R., 2005
log (large) (dead, decayed) dead, decayed log (large) is decayed by fruitbody Postia sericeomollis - a bracket fungus (Polyporales: Fomitopsidaceae) Major Legon, N.W. & Henrici, A. with Roberts, P.J., Spooner, B.M. & Watling, R., 2005
log (large) (dead, fallen, decayed) dead, fallen, decayed log (large) is decayed by fruitbody Skeletocutis amorpha - Rusty Crust (Polyporales: Polyporaceae) Major Legon, N.W. & Henrici, A. with Roberts, P.J., Spooner, B.M. & Watling, R., 2005
log (large) (dead, fallen, decayed) dead, fallen, decayed log (large) is decayed by fruitbody Skeletocutis vulgaris - a basidiomycete fungus (Polyporales: Polyporaceae) Legon, N.W. & Henrici, A. with Roberts, P.J., Spooner, B.M. & Watling, R., 2005 [often fruiting inside rot pockets]
log (large) (fallen, dead) fallen, dead log (large) is decayed by fruitbody Diplomitoporus lindbladii - a polypore fungus (Polyporales: Polyporaceae) UK/Ireland Major Legon, N.W. & Henrici, A. with Roberts, P.J., Spooner, B.M. & Watling, R., 2005
male catkin (feeds on pollen) male catkin (feeds on pollen) is foodplant of larva Cimberis attelaboides - a nemonychid weevil (Coleoptera: Nemonychidae) Restricted Bullock, J.A., 1992
male catkin (sporophylls) (unripe) unripe male catkin (sporophylls) may contain larva Xyela julii - a sawfly (Hymenoptera: Xyelidae) UK/Ireland Restricted Liston, A.D. & Blank, S.M., 2006,
Benson, R.B., 1951
male catkin male catkin may contain larva Xyela longula - a sawfly (Hymenoptera: Xyelidae) Restricted Benson, R.B., 1951
needle (attached to living or dead branches) attached to living or dead branches needle is decayed by subepidermal, mainly epiphyllous apothecium Lophodermium seditiosum - a discomycete (Rhytismatales: Rhytismataceae) Ellis, M.B. & J.P., 1997 [on living or dead branches]
needle (attached to living or dead branches) attached to living or dead branches needle is decayed by immersed conidioma of Leptostroma coelomycetous anamorph Lophodermium seditiosum - a discomycete (Rhytismatales: Rhytismataceae) Ellis, M.B. & J.P., 1997
needle (dead, decayed) dead, decayed needle is decayed by basidiome Ceratellopsis acuminata - a fairy club (Gomphales: Gomphaceae) Legon, N.W. & Henrici, A. with Roberts, P.J., Spooner, B.M. & Watling, R., 2005
needle (dead, decayed) dead, decayed needle is associate of basidiome Tremella translucens - a brain fungus (Tremellales: Tremellaceae) Legon, N.W. & Henrici, A. with Roberts, P.J., Spooner, B.M. & Watling, R., 2005
needle (dead, especially still attached to cut off branches) dead, especially still attached to cut off branches needle is decayed by erumpent, solitary apothecium Cistella acuum - a discomycete (Helotiales: Hyaloscyphaceae) Ellis, M.B. & J.P., 1997
needle (dead, fallen, blackened, decaying) dead, fallen, blackened, decaying needle is decayed by apothecium Desmazierella acicola - a discomycete (Pezizales: Chorioactidaceae) Ellis, M.B. & J.P., 1997
needle (dead, fallen, blackened, decaying) dead, fallen, blackened, decaying needle is decayed by Verticladium dematiaceous anamorph Desmazierella acicola - a discomycete (Pezizales: Chorioactidaceae) Ellis, M.B. & J.P., 1997
needle (dead, fallen, decayed) dead, fallen, decayed needle is decayed by fruitbody Gymnopus perforans - Stinking Parachute (Agaricales: Omphalotaceae) Rare Legon, N.W. & Henrici, A. with Roberts, P.J., Spooner, B.M. & Watling, R., 2005
needle (dead, fallen, rotting) dead, fallen, rotting needle is decayed by pycnidium of Sirothyriella coelomycetous anamorph Stomiopeltis pinastri - a fly speck fungus (Microthyriales: Micropeltidaceae) UK/Ireland Ellis, M.B. & J.P., 1997
needle (dead, fallen, rotting) dead, fallen, rotting needle is decayed by thyriothecium Stomiopeltis pinastri - a fly speck fungus (Microthyriales: Micropeltidaceae) UK/Ireland Ellis, M.B. & J.P., 1997
needle (dead, fallen) dead, fallen needle is decayed by superficial pseudothecium Kriegeriella mirabilis - an ascomycete (Pleosporales: Pleosporaceae) Ellis, M.B. & J.P., 1997
needle (dead, fallen) dead, fallen needle is decayed by effuse colony of Anungitea dematiaceous anamorph Anungitea continua - a dematiaceous anamorphic fungus (Venturiales: Venturiaceae) UK/Ireland Dennis, R.W.G., 1995,
Ellis, M.B. & J.P., 1997
needle (dead, fallen) dead, fallen needle is decayed by stalked apothecium Heyderia abietis - a discomycete (Helotiales: Hemiphacidiaceae) Ellis, M.B. & J.P., 1997
needle (dead, fallen) dead, fallen needle is decayed by apothecium Hamatocanthoscypha laricionis - a discomycete (Helotiales: Hyaloscyphaceae) Ellis, M.B. & J.P., 1997
needle (dead, fallen) dead, fallen needle is decayed by apothecium Lachnum pulverulentum - a discomycete (Helotiales: Lachnaceae) Ellis, M.B. & J.P., 1997
needle (dead, fallen) dead, fallen needle is decayed by effuse colony of Parasympodiella dematiaceous anamorph Parasympodiella clarkii - a dematiaceous anamorphic fungus UK/Ireland Hawksworth, D.L. & Minter. D.W., 1980
needle (dead, rotting, fallen) dead, rotting, fallen needle is decayed by effuse colony of Thysanophora dematiaceous anamorph Thysanophora penicillioides - a dematiaceous anamorphic fungus (Eurotiales: Trichocomaceae) Ellis, M.B. & J.P., 1997
needle (dead, still hanging) dead, still hanging needle is decayed by superficial conidioma of Fujimyces coelomycetous anamorph Fujimyces oödes - a coelomycete UK/Ireland Minter, D.W. & Caine, T.S., 1980,
Ellis, M.B. & J.P., 1997
needle (dead) dead needle is decayed by effuse colony of Belemnospora dematiaceous anamorph Belemnospora pinicola - a dematiaceous anamorphic fungus UK/Ireland Dennis, R.W.G., 1995,
Ellis, M.B. & J.P., 1997
needle (dead) dead needle is decayed by gregarious, +- oblong, conical, immersed, then erumpent, spuriously multilocular stroma of Fusicoccum coelomycetous anamorph Fusicoccum bacillare - a stromatic coelomycete (Botryosphaeriales: Botryosphaeriaceae) Grove, W.B., 1935
needle (dead) dead needle is decayed by pycnidium of Hendersonia coelomycetous anamorph Hendersonia acicola - a coelomycete (Pleosporales: Phaeosphaeriaceae) Ellis, M.B. & J.P., 1997
needle (dead) dead needle is decayed by erumpent pycnidium of Phomopsis coelomycetous anamorph Diaporthe eres - a pyrenomycete (Diaporthales: Diaporthaceae) UK/Ireland Grove, W.B., 1935,
Ellis, M.B. & J.P., 1997
needle (dead) dead needle is decayed by amphigenous stroma of Cytospora coelomycetous anamorph Valsa abietis - a valsoid pyrenomycete (Diaporthales: Valsaceae) UK/Ireland Grove, W.B., 1935,
Ellis, M.B. & J.P., 1997 [with milky-white tendril of conidia]
needle (dead) dead needle is decayed by effuse colony of Clonostachys anamorph Clonostachys compactiuscula - an anamorphic fungus (Hypocreales: Bionectriaceae) Ellis, M.B. & J.P., 1997
needle (dead) dead needle is decayed by colony of Dendrodochium anamorph Dendrodochium citrinum - an anamorphic fungus (Hypocreales: Bionectriaceae) Ellis, M.B. & J.P., 1997
needle (dead) dead needle is decayed by erumpent stroma Nectria fuckeliana - a pyrenomycete (Hypocreales: Nectriaceae) Ellis, M.B. & J.P., 1997 [
]
needle (dead) dead needle is decayed by multilocular conidioma of Zythiostroma coelomycetous anamorph Nectria fuckeliana - a pyrenomycete (Hypocreales: Nectriaceae) Ellis, M.B. & J.P., 1997 [
]
needle (dead) dead needle is decayed by stromatic, in large groups perithecium Nectria fuckeliana - a pyrenomycete (Hypocreales: Nectriaceae) Ellis, M.B. & J.P., 1997 [
]
needle (dead) dead needle is decayed by colony of Pseudomicrodochium anamorph Pseudomicrodochium candidum - an anamorphic fungus (Hypocreales) UK/Ireland Dennis, R.W.G., 1995,
Hawksworth, D.L. & Minter. D.W., 1980,
Ellis, M.B. & J.P., 1997
needle (dead) dead needle is decayed by effuse colony of Chalara dematiaceous anamorph Chalara fusidioides - a dematiaceous anamorphic fungus (Microascales) Ellis, M.B. & J.P., 1997
needle (dead) dead needle is decayed by effuse colony of Endophragmiella dematiaceous anamorph Endophragmiella pinicola - a dematiaceous anamorphic fungus (Sordariales: Helminthosphaeriaceae) Ellis, M.B. & J.P., 1997
needle (dead) dead needle is decayed by erumpent sporodochium of Oramasia dematiaceous anamorph Oramasia hirsuta - a dematiaceous anamorphic fungus (Sordariales: Helminthosphaeriaceae) UK/Ireland Hawksworth, D.L. & Minter. D.W., 1980,
Ellis, M.B. & J.P., 1997
needle (dead) dead needle is decayed by clypeate perithecium Anthostomella conorum - a pyrenomycete (Xylariales: Xylariaceae) Ellis, M.B. & J.P., 1997
needle (dead) dead needle is decayed by superficial synnema of Sphaeridium anamorph Sphaeridium candidum sensu Fuckel - an anamorphic fungus UK/Ireland Dennis, R.W.G., 1995,
Ellis, M.B. & J.P., 1997
needle (decaying, dead) decaying, dead needle is decayed by effuse colony of Polyscytalum dematiaceous anamorph Polyscytalum pini - a dematiaceous anamorphic fungus Ellis, M.B. & J.P., 1997
needle (decaying, esp still-attached leaves on fallen branches) decaying, esp still-attached leaves on fallen branches needle is decayed by immersed, then exposed apothecium Phacidium lacerum - a discomycete (Helotiales: Phacidiaceae) Ellis, M.B. & J.P., 1997 [especially on leaves on cut branches lying on the ground]
needle (decaying, esp still-attached leaves on fallen branches) decaying, esp still-attached leaves on fallen branches needle is decayed by Ceuthospora coelomycetous anamorph Phacidium lacerum - a discomycete (Helotiales: Phacidiaceae) UK/Ireland Dennis, R.W.G., 1995,
Ellis, M.B. & J.P., 1997 [especially on leaves on cut branches lying on the ground]
needle (decaying, fallen) decaying, fallen needle is decayed by effuse colony of Cladasporium dematiaceous anamorph Cladosporium staurophorum - a dematiaceous anamorphic fungus (Capnodiales: Teratosphaeriaceae) Ellis, M.B. & J.P., 1997
needle (decaying) decaying needle is decayed by thyriothecium Microthyrium pinophyllum - a fly speck fungus (Microthyriales: Microthyriaceae) Ellis, M.B. & J.P., 1997
needle (fallen, dead) fallen, dead needle is decayed by conidioma of Pseudocenangium coelomycetous anamorph Pseudocenangium succineum - a coelomycete UK/Ireland Dennis, R.W.G., 1995
needle (fallen, dead) fallen, dead needle is decayed by superficial, clustered perithecium Melanospora chionea - a pyrenomycete (Melanosporales: Ceratostomataceae) Ellis, M.B. & J.P., 1997
needle (fallen, dead) fallen, dead needle is decayed by immersed perithecium Anthostomella formosa - a pyrenomycete (Xylariales: Xylariaceae) Ellis, M.B. & J.P., 1997
needle (fallen, dead) fallen, dead needle is decayed by immersed perithecium Anthostomella pedemontana - a pyrenomycete (Xylariales: Xylariaceae) Ellis, M.B. & J.P., 1997
needle (fallen, rotting) fallen, rotting needle is decayed by effuse colony of Chalara dematiaceous anamorph Chalara affinis - a dematiaceous anamorphic fungus (Microascales) Ellis, M.B. & J.P., 1997
needle (fallen) fallen needle is decayed by apothecium Pezizella chionea - a discomycete (Helotiales: Hyaloscyphaceae) Ellis, M.B. & J.P., 1997
needle (fallen) fallen needle is decayed by subepidermal, then exposed apothecium Cyclaneusma minus - a discomycete (Helotiales: Marthamycetaceae) Ellis, M.B. & J.P., 1997
needle (gall-midge infected) gall-midge infected needle may be secondarily infected by erumpent pycnidium of Sclerophoma coelomycetous anamorph Sydowia polyspora - Fir Needle Scorch - causative organism (Dothideales: Dothioraceae) UK/Ireland Dennis, R.W.G., 1995,
Ellis, M.B. & J.P., 1997 [secondary invader of needles damaged by Pine Gall-midge]
needle (live, brown-spotted) live, brown-spotted needle may be infected and damaged by subepidermal, then exposed, mainly hypophyllous apothecium Meloderma desmazieri - a discomycete (Rhytismatales: Rhytismataceae) Ellis, M.B. & J.P., 1997
needle (live, locally discoloured or white) live, locally discoloured or white needle is spotted by embedded, amphigenous apothecium Lophodermella sulcigena - a discomycete (Rhytismatales: Rhytismataceae) Millar, C.S. & Minter, D.W., 1998
needle (live, locally discoloured) live, locally discoloured needle is spotted by apothecium Lophodermella conjuncta - an ascomycete fungus (Rhytismatales: Rhytismataceae) Ellis, M.B. & J.P., 1997 [on discoloured areas]
needle (live, slightly discoloured) live, slightly discoloured needle has sap sucked by Pineus pini - Scots Pine Adelgid (Hemiptera: Adelgidae) Buczacki, S. & Harris, K., 1998
needle (live) live needle is parasitised by immersed, then exposed apothecium Gremmenia infestans - a discomycete (Helotiales: Phacidiaceae) Ellis, M.B. & J.P., 1997
needle (live) live needle is parasitised by amphigenous aecium Coleosporium tussilaginis - a rust fungus (Pucciniales: Coleosporiaceae) UK/Ireland Legon, N.W. & Henrici, A. with Roberts, P.J., Spooner, B.M. & Watling, R., 2005,
Ellis, M.B. & J.P., 1997
needle (live) live needle is parasitised by pycnium Coleosporium tussilaginis - a rust fungus (Pucciniales: Coleosporiaceae) UK/Ireland Legon, N.W. & Henrici, A. with Roberts, P.J., Spooner, B.M. & Watling, R., 2005,
Ellis, M.B. & J.P., 1997
needle (live) live needle is parasitised by caeomoid aecium Melampsora populnea - Pine Twisting Rust, Dog's Mercury Rust (Pucciniales: Melampsoraceae) Ellis, M.B. & J.P., 1997
needle (live) live needle is parasitised by subcuticular or partially subepidermal pycnium Melampsora populnea - Pine Twisting Rust, Dog's Mercury Rust (Pucciniales: Melampsoraceae) Ellis, M.B. & J.P., 1997
needle (live) live needle may be infected and damaged by erumpent pycnidium of Sphaeropsis coelomycetous anamorph Sphaeropsis sapinea - a coelomycete (Botryosphaeriales: Botryosphaeriaceae) Ellis, M.B. & J.P., 1997 [causes browning of needle]
needle (live) live needle may be infected and damaged by erumpent ascoma Mycosphaerella pini - Dothistroma Needle-blight, Red Band Needle Blight - causative organism (Capnodiales: Mycosphaerellaceae) Brown, A. & Webber, J., 2008
needle (live) live needle may be infected and damaged by Dothistroma coelomycetous anamorph Mycosphaerella pini - Dothistroma Needle-blight, Red Band Needle Blight - causative organism (Capnodiales: Mycosphaerellaceae) UK/Ireland Rare Brown, A. & Webber, J., 2008 [causes yellow bands and tan spots, then the necrotic bands, finally the needle dies back from the tip],
Drenkhan, R. & Hanso, M., 2009
needle (on cut down branch) (dead) dead needle (on cut down branch) is decayed by effuse colony of Troposporella dematiaceous anamorph Troposporella monospora - a dematiaceous anamorphic fungus UK/Ireland Dennis, R.W.G., 1995,
Ellis, M.B. & J.P., 1997
needle (on fallen branches) (dead, attached) dead, attached needle (on fallen branches) is decayed by colony of Pseudocercospora dematiaceous anamorph Pseudocercospora deightonii - a dematiaceous anamorphic fungus (Capnodiales: Mycosphaerellaceae) UK/Ireland Dennis, R.W.G., 1995,
Hawksworth, D.L. & Minter. D.W., 1980,
Ellis, M.B. & J.P., 1997
needle (previous year's) (live) live needle (previous year's) is grazed by larva Neodiprion sertifer - a pine sawfly (Hymenoptera: Diprionidae) Major Buczacki, S. & Harris, K., 1998,
Benson, R.B., 1951
needle (rotting, esp. attached to fallen branch) rotting, esp. attached to fallen branch needle is decayed by superficial apothecium Pseudohelotium pineti - a discomycete (Helotiales: Helotiaceae) Ellis, M.B. & J.P., 1997 [especially leaves attached to cut branches]
needle (rotting) rotting needle is decayed by effuse colony of Junctospora anamorph Junctospora pulchra - an anamorphic fungus UK/Ireland Dennis, R.W.G., 1995,
Ellis, M.B. & J.P., 1997
needle (rotting) rotting needle is decayed by sporodochium of Bloxamia anamorph Bloxamia bohemica - an anamorphic fungus (Helotiales: Helotiaceae) Ellis, M.B. & J.P., 1997
needle (rotting) rotting needle is decayed by colony of Sesquicillium anamorph Sesquicillium candelabrum - an anamorphic fungus (Hypocreales: Bionectriaceae) Ellis, M.B. & J.P., 1997
needle (rotting) rotting needle is decayed by colony of Chalara dematiaceous anamorph Chalara cylindrosperma - a dematiaceous anamorphic fungus (Microascales) Ellis, M.B. & J.P., 1997
needle (rotting) rotting needle is decayed by effuse colony of Sympodiella dematiaceous anamorph Sympodiella acicola - a dematiaceous anamorphic fungus UK/Ireland Dennis, R.W.G., 1995,
Ellis, M.B. & J.P., 1997
needle (stromatic line striped) stromatic line striped needle is decayed by apothecium Lophodermium pini-excelsae - a discomycete (Rhytismatales: Rhytismataceae) Ellis, M.B. & J.P., 1997 [with few stromatic lines across needle]
needle (whitened, esp. attached to fallen branch) whitened, esp. attached to fallen branch needle is spotted by Linodochium anamorph Pseudohelotium pineti - a discomycete (Helotiales: Helotiaceae) Ellis, M.B. & J.P., 1997 [especially leaves attached to cut branches]
needle (young, base) needle (young, base) has sap sucked by adult Elatophilus (Elatophilus) nigricornis - a flower bug (Hemiptera: Anthocoridae) Southwood, T.R.E. & Leston, D., 1959
needle (young, base) needle (young, base) has sap sucked by nymph Elatophilus (Elatophilus) nigricornis - a flower bug (Hemiptera: Anthocoridae) Southwood, T.R.E. & Leston, D., 1959
needle litter needle litter is associate of fruitbody Bankera fuligineoalba - Drab Tooth (Thelephorales: Bankeraceae) UK/Ireland Legon, N.W. & Henrici, A. with Roberts, P.J., Spooner, B.M. & Watling, R., 2005
needle, litter (dead, decayed) dead, decayed needle of litter is decayed by fruitbody Mycena cinerella - Mealy Bonnet (Agaricales: Mycenaceae) Major Legon, N.W. & Henrici, A. with Roberts, P.J., Spooner, B.M. & Watling, R., 2005 [on acid soil]
needle, litter (dead, decaying) dead, decaying needle of litter is decayed by fruitbody Tephrocybe fuscipes - Darkfoot Greyling (Agaricales: Lyophyllaceae) Legon, N.W. & Henrici, A. with Roberts, P.J., Spooner, B.M. & Watling, R., 2005
needle, litter (dead, fallen, decayed) dead, fallen, decayed needle of litter is decayed by Infundibura conidial anamorph Helicogloea augustispora - a ustilaginomycete (Atractiellales: Phleogenaceae) Legon, N.W. & Henrici, A. with Roberts, P.J., Spooner, B.M. & Watling, R., 2005
needle, litter (dead, fallen) dead, fallen needle of litter is decayed by fruitbody Aphanobasidium albidum - a resupinate fungus (Agaricales: Pterulaceae) Legon, N.W. & Henrici, A. with Roberts, P.J., Spooner, B.M. & Watling, R., 2005
needle, up to 20 years old trees (live, 2-year old) live, 2-year old needle of up to 20 years old trees may be infected and damaged by endophytic Cyclaneusma minus - a discomycete (Helotiales: Marthamycetaceae) Foreign Drenkhan, R. & Hanso, M., 2009
needle needle is foodplant of Pilophorus cinnamopterus - a plantbug or grassbug (Hemiptera: Miridae) UK/Ireland Southwood, T.R.E. & Leston, D., 1959
needle needle is foodplant of scattered to subgregarious, immersed pycnidium of Macrophoma coelomycetous anamorph Macrophoma strobi - a coelomycete (Botryosphaeriales: Botryosphaeriaceae) UK/Ireland Grove, W.B., 1935
needle needle is foodplant of amphigenous, punctiform, subepidermal pycnidium of Septoria coelomycetous anamorph Septoria acuum - a leaf-spot fungus (Capnodiales: Mycosphaerellaceae) UK/Ireland Grove, W.B., 1935
needle needle is foodplant of scattered, epiphyllous, covered, black pycnidium of Stagonospora coelomycetous anamorph Stagonospora pini - a coelomycete (Pleosporales: Phaeosphaeriaceae) UK/Ireland Grove, W.B., 1935
needle needle is foodplant of gregarious, subepidermal then erumpent through cleft epidermis, dull black pycnidium of Diplodina coelomycetous anamorph Diplodina strobi - a coelomycete (Diaporthales: Gnomoniaceae) UK/Ireland Grove, W.B., 1935
needle needle is grazed by larva Gilpinia virens - a sawfly (Hymenoptera: Diprionidae) Restricted Benson, R.B., 1951
needle needle is decayed by immersed conidioma of Leptostroma coelomycetous anamorph Lophodermium pini-excelsae - a discomycete (Rhytismatales: Rhytismataceae) Ellis, M.B. & J.P., 1997
needle needle is grazed by web-dwelling communal larva Acantholyda (Acantholyda) erythrocephala - a sawfly (Hymenoptera: Pamphiliidae) Benson, R.B., 1951
pollen pollen is foodplant of adult Otiorhynchus (Dorymerus) singularis - Raspberry Weevil, Clay-coloured Weevil (Coleoptera: Curculionidae) Morris, M.G., 1997
post (dead) dead post is associate of imago Rhagium (Hagrium) bifasciatum - Two-banded Longhorn Beetle (Coleoptera: Cerambycidae) Major Duff, A. (Illust: Lewington, R.), 2006
resin exudate resin exudate is decayed by superficial apothecium Sarea difformis - a lichen (Baeomycetales: Trapeliaceae) Ellis, M.B. & J.P., 1997 [from stump]
resin exudate resin exudate is decayed by pycnidium of Epithyrium coelomycetous anamorph Sarea difformis - a lichen (Baeomycetales: Trapeliaceae) Ellis, M.B. & J.P., 1997 [from stump]
resinous sap flow (wound induced) wound induced resinous sap flow is foodplant of Pilophorus cinnamopterus - a plantbug or grassbug (Hemiptera: Miridae) UK/Ireland Southwood, T.R.E. & Leston, D., 1959
root (live) live root is ectomycorrhizal host of fruitbody Amanita gemmata - Jewelled Amanita (Agaricales: Amanitaceae) UK/Ireland Questionable Major Legon, N.W. & Henrici, A. with Roberts, P.J., Spooner, B.M. & Watling, R., 2005
root (live) live root is ectomycorrhizal host of fruitbody Amanita porphyria - Grey Veiled Amanita (Agaricales: Amanitaceae) UK/Ireland Questionable Legon, N.W. & Henrici, A. with Roberts, P.J., Spooner, B.M. & Watling, R., 2005 [on acid soil]
root (live) live root is ectomycorrhizal host of fruitbody Amanita rubescens var. annulosulphurea - a blusher (Agaricales: Amanitaceae) UK/Ireland Questionable Legon, N.W. & Henrici, A. with Roberts, P.J., Spooner, B.M. & Watling, R., 2005
root (live) live root is ectomycorrhizal host of fruitbody Amanita rubescens var. rubescens - Blusher (Agaricales: Amanitaceae) UK/Ireland Questionable Legon, N.W. & Henrici, A. with Roberts, P.J., Spooner, B.M. & Watling, R., 2005
root (live) live root is ectomycorrhizal host of fruitbody Cortinarius malicorius - a webcap (Agaricales: Cortinariaceae) UK/Ireland Questionable Major Legon, N.W. & Henrici, A. with Roberts, P.J., Spooner, B.M. & Watling, R., 2005
root (live) live root is ectomycorrhizal host of fruitbody Cortinarius collinitus - Blue-girdled Webcap (Agaricales: Cortinariaceae) UK/Ireland Questionable Legon, N.W. & Henrici, A. with Roberts, P.J., Spooner, B.M. & Watling, R., 2005 [on acid soil]
root (live) live root is ectomycorrhizal host of fruitbody Cortinarius scaurus var. scaurus - Green Webcap (Agaricales: Cortinariaceae) UK/Ireland Questionable Legon, N.W. & Henrici, A. with Roberts, P.J., Spooner, B.M. & Watling, R., 2005
root (live) live root is ectomycorrhizal host of fruitbody Cortinarius cyanites - Blushing Webcap (Agaricales: Cortinariaceae) UK/Ireland Questionable Legon, N.W. & Henrici, A. with Roberts, P.J., Spooner, B.M. & Watling, R., 2005 [on acid soil]
root (live) live root is ectomycorrhizal host of fruitbody Cortinarius limonius - Sunset Webcap (Agaricales: Cortinariaceae) UK/Ireland Questionable Major Legon, N.W. & Henrici, A. with Roberts, P.J., Spooner, B.M. & Watling, R., 2005
root (live) live root is ectomycorrhizal host of fruitbody Cortinarius armillatus - Red Banded Webcap (Agaricales: Cortinariaceae) UK/Ireland Questionable Legon, N.W. & Henrici, A. with Roberts, P.J., Spooner, B.M. & Watling, R., 2005
root (live) live root is ectomycorrhizal host of fruitbody Cortinarius diosmus - a webcap (Agaricales: Cortinariaceae) UK/Ireland Kibby, G. & Burnham, A., 2009
root (live) live root is ectomycorrhizal host of fruitbody Cortinarius violilamellatus - a toadstool (Agaricales: Cortinariaceae) UK/Ireland Questionable Legon, N.W. & Henrici, A. with Roberts, P.J., Spooner, B.M. & Watling, R., 2005
root (live) live root is ectomycorrhizal host of fruitbody Cortinarius callisteus - Tawny Webcap (Agaricales: Cortinariaceae) UK/Ireland Questionable Legon, N.W. & Henrici, A. with Roberts, P.J., Spooner, B.M. & Watling, R., 2005
root (live) live root is ectomycorrhizal host of fruitbody Cortinarius corrosus - Spruce Bigfoot Webcap (Agaricales: Cortinariaceae) UK/Ireland Questionable Legon, N.W. & Henrici, A. with Roberts, P.J., Spooner, B.M. & Watling, R., 2005
root (live) live root is ectomycorrhizal host of fruitbody Cortinarius evernius - Silky Webcap (Agaricales: Cortinariaceae) UK/Ireland Questionable Legon, N.W. & Henrici, A. with Roberts, P.J., Spooner, B.M. & Watling, R., 2005
root (live) live root is ectomycorrhizal host of fruitbody Cortinarius fulvescens - a webcap (Agaricales: Cortinariaceae) UK/Ireland Questionable Legon, N.W. & Henrici, A. with Roberts, P.J., Spooner, B.M. & Watling, R., 2005
root (live) live root is ectomycorrhizal host of fruitbody Cortinarius ionophyllus - a webcap (Agaricales: Cortinariaceae) UK/Ireland Questionable Legon, N.W. & Henrici, A. with Roberts, P.J., Spooner, B.M. & Watling, R., 2005 [on acid soil]
root (live) live root is ectomycorrhizal host of fruitbody Cortinarius malachius - a webcap (Agaricales: Cortinariaceae) UK/Ireland Questionable Major Legon, N.W. & Henrici, A. with Roberts, P.J., Spooner, B.M. & Watling, R., 2005
root (live) live root is ectomycorrhizal host of fruitbody Cortinarius pearsonii - a webcap (Agaricales: Cortinariaceae) UK/Ireland Questionable Legon, N.W. & Henrici, A. with Roberts, P.J., Spooner, B.M. & Watling, R., 2005
root (live) live root is ectomycorrhizal host of fruitbody Cortinarius poppyzon - a webcap (Agaricales: Cortinariaceae) Kibby, G. & Burnham, A., 2009 [on calcareous soil]
root (live) live root is ectomycorrhizal host of fruitbody Cortinarius rubellus - Deadly Webcap (Agaricales: Cortinariaceae) UK/Ireland Questionable Major Legon, N.W. & Henrici, A. with Roberts, P.J., Spooner, B.M. & Watling, R., 2005 [on acid or sandy soil]
root (live) live root is ectomycorrhizal host of fruitbody Cortinarius tabacinus - a webcap (Agaricales: Cortinariaceae) UK/Ireland Questionable Legon, N.W. & Henrici, A. with Roberts, P.J., Spooner, B.M. & Watling, R., 2005 [on acid soil]
root (live) live root is ectomycorrhizal host of fruitbody Laccaria pumila - Willow Deceiver (Agaricales: Hydnangiaceae) UK/Ireland Questionable Legon, N.W. & Henrici, A. with Roberts, P.J., Spooner, B.M. & Watling, R., 2005
root (live) live root is ectomycorrhizal host of fruitbody Inocybe subcarpta - a toadstool (Agaricales: Inocybaceae) Questionable Major Legon, N.W. & Henrici, A. with Roberts, P.J., Spooner, B.M. & Watling, R., 2005
root (live) live root is ectomycorrhizal host of fruitbody Inocybe xanthomelas - a toadstool (Agaricales: Inocybaceae) Questionable Legon, N.W. & Henrici, A. with Roberts, P.J., Spooner, B.M. & Watling, R., 2005
root (live) live root is ectomycorrhizal host of fruitbody Inocybe melanopus - a toadstool (Agaricales: Inocybaceae) UK/Ireland Questionable Legon, N.W. & Henrici, A. with Roberts, P.J., Spooner, B.M. & Watling, R., 2005
root (live) live root is ectomycorrhizal host of fruitbody Tricholoma aestuans - Acrid Knight (Agaricales: Tricholomataceae) Questionable Legon, N.W. & Henrici, A. with Roberts, P.J., Spooner, B.M. & Watling, R., 2005
root (live) live root is ectomycorrhizal host of fruitbody Tricholoma apium - Scented Knight (Agaricales: Tricholomataceae) UK/Ireland Questionable Legon, N.W. & Henrici, A. with Roberts, P.J., Spooner, B.M. & Watling, R., 2005
root (live) live root is ectomycorrhizal host of fruitbody Tricholoma batschii - a knight (Agaricales: Tricholomataceae) UK/Ireland Questionable Legon, N.W. & Henrici, A. with Roberts, P.J., Spooner, B.M. & Watling, R., 2005
root (live) live root is ectomycorrhizal host of fruitbody Tricholoma equestre - Yellow Knight (Agaricales: Tricholomataceae) Questionable Legon, N.W. & Henrici, A. with Roberts, P.J., Spooner, B.M. & Watling, R., 2005 [on acid, sandy soil]
root (live) live root is ectomycorrhizal host of fruitbody Tricholoma gausapatum - a knight (Agaricales: Tricholomataceae) UK/Ireland Questionable Legon, N.W. & Henrici, A. with Roberts, P.J., Spooner, B.M. & Watling, R., 2005
root (live) live root is ectomycorrhizal host of fruitbody Tricholoma portentosum - Coalman (Agaricales: Tricholomataceae) Questionable Legon, N.W. & Henrici, A. with Roberts, P.J., Spooner, B.M. & Watling, R., 2005 [on acid soil]
root (live) live root is ectomycorrhizal host of fruitbody Tricholoma stans - Upright Knight (Agaricales: Tricholomataceae) Questionable Legon, N.W. & Henrici, A. with Roberts, P.J., Spooner, B.M. & Watling, R., 2005 [on acid soil]
root (live) live root is ectomycorrhizal host of fruitbody Boletus badius - Bay Bolete (Boletales: Boletaceae) UK/Ireland Questionable Restricted Legon, N.W. & Henrici, A. with Roberts, P.J., Spooner, B.M. & Watling, R., 2005
root (live) live root is ectomycorrhizal host of fruitbody Boletus luridiformis var. luridiformis - Scarletina Bolete (Boletales: Boletaceae) UK/Ireland Questionable Major Legon, N.W. & Henrici, A. with Roberts, P.J., Spooner, B.M. & Watling, R., 2005
root (live) live root is ectomycorrhizal host of fruitbody Boletus pinophilus - Pine Bolete (Boletales: Boletaceae) UK/Ireland Restricted Legon, N.W. & Henrici, A. with Roberts, P.J., Spooner, B.M. & Watling, R., 2005,
Watling, R., Hills, A.E, & Turnbull, E., 2005
root (live) live root is ectomycorrhizal host of fruitbody Leccinum vulpinum - Foxy Bolete (Boletales: Boletaceae) Watling, R., Hills, A.E, & Turnbull, E., 2005
root (live) live root is ectomycorrhizal host of fruitbody Tylopilus felleus - Bitter Bolete (Boletales: Boletaceae) Questionable Legon, N.W. & Henrici, A. with Roberts, P.J., Spooner, B.M. & Watling, R., 2005
root (live) live root is ectomycorrhizal host of fruitbody Chroogomphus rutilus - Copper Spike, Pine Spike-cap (Boletales: Gomphidiaceae) Legon, N.W. & Henrici, A. with Roberts, P.J., Spooner, B.M. & Watling, R., 2005,
Watling, R., Hills, A.E, & Turnbull, E., 2005
root (live) live root is ectomycorrhizal host of fruitbody Gomphidius glutinosus - Slimy Spike (Boletales: Gomphidiaceae) Questionable Legon, N.W. & Henrici, A. with Roberts, P.J., Spooner, B.M. & Watling, R., 2005 [on acidic soil]
root (live) live root is ectomycorrhizal host of fruitbody Gomphidius roseus - Rosy Spike (Boletales: Gomphidiaceae) Questionable Watling, R., Hills, A.E, & Turnbull, E., 2005
root (live) live root is ectomycorrhizal host of fruitbody Suillus bovinus - Bovine Bolete (Boletales: Suillaceae) Major Legon, N.W. & Henrici, A. with Roberts, P.J., Spooner, B.M. & Watling, R., 2005 [on acid soil],
Watling, R., Hills, A.E, & Turnbull, E., 2005
root (live) live root is ectomycorrhizal host of fruitbody Suillus collinitus - a bolete (Boletales: Suillaceae) UK/Ireland Watling, R., Hills, A.E, & Turnbull, E., 2005
root (live) live root is ectomycorrhizal host of fruitbody Suillus flavidus - Jellied Bolete (Boletales: Suillaceae) Legon, N.W. & Henrici, A. with Roberts, P.J., Spooner, B.M. & Watling, R., 2005 [in boggy areas],
Watling, R., Hills, A.E, & Turnbull, E., 2005
root (live) live root is ectomycorrhizal host of fruitbody Suillus granulatus - Weeping Bolete (Boletales: Suillaceae) Questionable Legon, N.W. & Henrici, A. with Roberts, P.J., Spooner, B.M. & Watling, R., 2005 [on acid soil]
root (live) live root is ectomycorrhizal host of fruitbody Suillus luteus - Slippery Jack (Boletales: Suillaceae) Questionable Major Legon, N.W. & Henrici, A. with Roberts, P.J., Spooner, B.M. & Watling, R., 2005 [on acid soil]
root (live) live root is ectomycorrhizal host of fruitbody Suillus variegatus - Velvet Bolete (Boletales: Suillaceae) Major Legon, N.W. & Henrici, A. with Roberts, P.J., Spooner, B.M. & Watling, R., 2005 [on acid soil],
Watling, R., Hills, A.E, & Turnbull, E., 2005
root (live) live root is ectomycorrhizal host of fruitbody Lactarius quieticolor - Carrot Milkcap (Russulales: Russulaceae) Questionable Major Legon, N.W. & Henrici, A. with Roberts, P.J., Spooner, B.M. & Watling, R., 2005 [on acid soil]
root (live) live root is ectomycorrhizal host of fruitbody Lactarius repraesentaneus - Yellow Milkcap, Yellow Bearded Milkcap (Russulales: Russulaceae) Questionable Legon, N.W. & Henrici, A. with Roberts, P.J., Spooner, B.M. & Watling, R., 2005 [on acid soil]
root (live) live root is ectomycorrhizal host of fruitbody Lactarius sanguifluus - Bloody Milkcap (Russulales: Russulaceae) UK/Ireland Mattock, G. & Kibby, G., 2013
root (live) live root is ectomycorrhizal host of fruitbody Russula caerulea - Humpback Brittlegill (Russulales: Russulaceae) UK/Ireland Questionable Major Legon, N.W. & Henrici, A. with Roberts, P.J., Spooner, B.M. & Watling, R., 2005
root (live) live root is ectomycorrhizal host of fruitbody Russula cessans - Tardy Brittlegill (Russulales: Russulaceae) UK/Ireland Questionable Legon, N.W. & Henrici, A. with Roberts, P.J., Spooner, B.M. & Watling, R., 2005
root (live) live root is ectomycorrhizal host of fruitbody Russula emetica - Sickener (Russulales: Russulaceae) Questionable Major Legon, N.W. & Henrici, A. with Roberts, P.J., Spooner, B.M. & Watling, R., 2005 [on acid soil]
root (live) live root is ectomycorrhizal host of fruitbody Russula foetens - Stinking Brittlegill, Foetid Russula (Russulales: Russulaceae) Questionable Legon, N.W. & Henrici, A. with Roberts, P.J., Spooner, B.M. & Watling, R., 2005
root (live) live root is ectomycorrhizal host of fruitbody Russula nauseosa - Nauseous Brittlegill (Russulales: Russulaceae) Questionable Major Legon, N.W. & Henrici, A. with Roberts, P.J., Spooner, B.M. & Watling, R., 2005
root (live) live root is ectomycorrhizal host of Fruitbody Russula recondita - a brittlegill (Russulales: Russulaceae) Foreign Melera, S., Ostellari, C., Roemer, N., Avis, P.G.,Tonolla, M.,Barja, F. & Narduzzi-Wicht, B., 2017
root (live) live root is ectomycorrhizal host of fruitbody Russula sanguinaria - Bloody Brittlegill (Russulales: Russulaceae) Questionable Major Legon, N.W. & Henrici, A. with Roberts, P.J., Spooner, B.M. & Watling, R., 2005
root (live) live root is ectomycorrhizal host of fruitbody Russula sardonia - Primrose Brittlegill (Russulales: Russulaceae) Questionable Major Legon, N.W. & Henrici, A. with Roberts, P.J., Spooner, B.M. & Watling, R., 2005
root (live) live root is ectomycorrhizal host of fruitbody Russula scotica - Scottish Brittlegill (Russulales: Russulaceae) Questionable Major Legon, N.W. & Henrici, A. with Roberts, P.J., Spooner, B.M. & Watling, R., 2005
root (live) live root is ectomycorrhizal host of fruitbody Russula turci - Pirate Brittlegill (Russulales: Russulaceae) Questionable Major Legon, N.W. & Henrici, A. with Roberts, P.J., Spooner, B.M. & Watling, R., 2005
root (live) live root is ectomycorrhizal host of fruitbody Hydnellum concrescens - Zoned Tooth (Thelephorales: Bankeraceae) Questionable Legon, N.W. & Henrici, A. with Roberts, P.J., Spooner, B.M. & Watling, R., 2005 [on acidic soil]
root (live) live root is ectomycorrhizal host of fruitbody Hydnellum cumulatum - Rosette Tooth (Thelephorales: Bankeraceae) UK/Ireland Questionable Ainsworth, M., 2011
root (live) live root is ectomycorrhizal host of fruitbody Hydnellum ferrugineum - Mealy Tooth (Thelephorales: Bankeraceae) Questionable Legon, N.W. & Henrici, A. with Roberts, P.J., Spooner, B.M. & Watling, R., 2005 [on sandy soil]
root (live) live root is ectomycorrhizal host of fruitbody Hydnellum gracilipes - Graceful Tooth (Thelephorales: Bankeraceae) UK/Ireland Questionable Ainsworth, M., 2011
root (live) live root is ectomycorrhizal host of fruitbody Hydnellum scrobiculatum - Ridged Tooth, Tooth Fungus (Thelephorales: Bankeraceae) Questionable Legon, N.W. & Henrici, A. with Roberts, P.J., Spooner, B.M. & Watling, R., 2005 [on acidic soil]
root (live) live root is ectomycorrhizal host of fruitbody Phellodon confluens - Fused Tooth (Thelephorales: Bankeraceae) Questionable Rare Legon, N.W. & Henrici, A. with Roberts, P.J., Spooner, B.M. & Watling, R., 2005
root (live) live root is ectomycorrhizal host of fruitbody Phellodon melaleucus - Grey Tooth (Thelephorales: Bankeraceae) Questionable Legon, N.W. & Henrici, A. with Roberts, P.J., Spooner, B.M. & Watling, R., 2005
root (live) live root is ectomycorrhizal host of fruitbody Phellodon tomentosus - Woolly Tooth (Thelephorales: Bankeraceae) Questionable Major Legon, N.W. & Henrici, A. with Roberts, P.J., Spooner, B.M. & Watling, R., 2005
root (live) live root is ectomycorrhizal host of fruitbody Sarcodon squamosus - Scaly Tooth (Thelephorales: Bankeraceae) Questionable Legon, N.W. & Henrici, A. with Roberts, P.J., Spooner, B.M. & Watling, R., 2005 [acidic, sandy soil]
root (live) live root is ectomycorrhizal host of fruitbody Thelephora terrestris - Earthfan (Thelephorales: Thelephoraceae) UK/Ireland Captivity Watling, R., 1980
root (live) live root may be infected and damaged by fruitbody Gymnopus fusipes - Spindle Toughshank, Spindle Shank (Agaricales: Omphalotaceae) Legon, N.W. & Henrici, A. with Roberts, P.J., Spooner, B.M. & Watling, R., 2005 [weakly parasitic then saprotrophic]
root, mature tree (live) live root of mature tree may be infected and damaged by fruitbody Phaeolus schweinitzii - Dyer's Bracket, Dyer's Mazegill (Polyporales: Fomitopsidaceae) Major Legon, N.W. & Henrici, A. with Roberts, P.J., Spooner, B.M. & Watling, R., 2005
root, young tree (live) live root of young tree is ectomycorrhizal host of fruitbody Laccaria laccata - Deceiver (Agaricales: Hydnangiaceae) UK/Ireland Shaw, P.J.A., & Lankey, K., 1994
root, young tree (live) live root of young tree is ectomycorrhizal host of fruitbody Laccaria proxima - Scurfy Deceiver (Agaricales: Hydnangiaceae) UK/Ireland Shaw, P.J.A., Kibby, G. & Mayes, J., 2003
root, young tree (live) live root of young tree is ectomycorrhizal host of fruitbody Paxillus involutus - Brown Rollrim, Poison Pax, "The Silent Killer" (Boletales: Paxillaceae) UK/Ireland Shaw, P.J.A., & Lankey, K., 1994,
Shaw, P.J.A., Kibby, G. & Mayes, J., 2003
root root is associate of fruitbody Cantharellus aurora - Golden Chanterelle (Cantharellales: Cantharellaceae) Major Legon, N.W. & Henrici, A. with Roberts, P.J., Spooner, B.M. & Watling, R., 2005
sawdust (dead, decaying) dead, decaying sawdust is decayed by fruitbody Tapinella panuoides - Oyster Rollrim (Boletales: Tapinellaceae) Major Legon, N.W. & Henrici, A. with Roberts, P.J., Spooner, B.M. & Watling, R., 2005
seed (in 1-year old cone) (unripe) unripe seed (in 1-year old cone) has sap sucked by adult Leptoglossus occidentalis - Western Conifer Seed Bug (Hemiptera: Coreidae) Major Reid, S., Cannon, R., Malumphy, C., Tilbury, C. & Straw, N.
seed (in 1-year old cone) (unripe) unripe seed (in 1-year old cone) has sap sucked by nymph Leptoglossus occidentalis - Western Conifer Seed Bug (Hemiptera: Coreidae) Major Reid, S., Cannon, R., Malumphy, C., Tilbury, C. & Straw, N.
seed seed is foodplant of Sciurus vulgaris - Red Squirrel, Eurasian Red Squirrel (Rodentia: Sciuridae) UK/Ireland Major Bryce, J., Cartmel, S. & Quine, C.P., 2005
shoot (live) live shoot is parasitised by caeomoid, erumpent aecium Melampsora populnea - Pine Twisting Rust, Dog's Mercury Rust (Pucciniales: Melampsoraceae) Ellis, M.B. & J.P., 1997
shoot (live) live shoot is parasitised by subcuticular or partially subepidermal pycnium Melampsora populnea - Pine Twisting Rust, Dog's Mercury Rust (Pucciniales: Melampsoraceae) Ellis, M.B. & J.P., 1997
shoot (live) live shoot has sap sucked by Pineus pini - Scots Pine Adelgid (Hemiptera: Adelgidae) Buczacki, S. & Harris, K., 1998
shoot shoot may contain larva Xyela longula - a sawfly (Hymenoptera: Xyelidae) Liston, A.D. & Blank, S.M., 2006
stem (live, cankered, resin coated) live, cankered, resin coated stem is galled by aecium Endocronartium pini - Pine Resin-top Rust (Pucciniales: Cronartiaceae) Buczacki, S. & Harris, K., 1998,
Legon, N.W. & Henrici, A. with Roberts, P.J., Spooner, B.M. & Watling, R., 2005
stick (dead, fallen) dead, fallen stick is decayed by fruitbody Peniophora lycii - Ashen Crust (Russulales: Peniophoraceae) Rare Legon, N.W. & Henrici, A. with Roberts, P.J., Spooner, B.M. & Watling, R., 2005
stump (cut end) (dead, decayed) dead, decayed stump (cut end) is decayed by fruitbody Phlebiopsis gigantea - a resupinate fungus (Polyporales: Phanerochaetaceae) Major Legon, N.W. & Henrici, A. with Roberts, P.J., Spooner, B.M. & Watling, R., 2005
stump (dead, decayed) dead, decayed stump is decayed by fruitbody Mucronella calva - Swarming Spine (Agaricales: Clavariaceae) Major Legon, N.W. & Henrici, A. with Roberts, P.J., Spooner, B.M. & Watling, R., 2005
stump (dead, decayed) dead, decayed stump is decayed by fruitbody Mycena epipterygioides - a bonnet (Agaricales: Mycenaceae) Major Legon, N.W. & Henrici, A. with Roberts, P.J., Spooner, B.M. & Watling, R., 2005
stump (dead, decayed) dead, decayed stump is decayed by fruitbody Tricholomopsis decora - Prunes and Custard (Agaricales: Tricholomataceae) Major Legon, N.W. & Henrici, A. with Roberts, P.J., Spooner, B.M. & Watling, R., 2005
stump (dead) dead stump may contain larva Hylobius (Callirus) abietis - Pine Weevil (Coleoptera: Curculionidae) UK/Ireland Major Morris, M.G., 2002,
Bullock, J.A., 1992
stump (decayed, large) decayed, large stump is decayed by fruitbody Chrysomphalina grossula - Green Navel (Agaricales: Hygrophoraceae) Major Legon, N.W. & Henrici, A. with Roberts, P.J., Spooner, B.M. & Watling, R., 2005
trunk (cut end) (dead, decayed) dead, decayed trunk (cut end) is decayed by fruitbody Phlebiopsis gigantea - a resupinate fungus (Polyporales: Phanerochaetaceae) Major Legon, N.W. & Henrici, A. with Roberts, P.J., Spooner, B.M. & Watling, R., 2005
trunk (dead, decaying, fallen) dead, decaying, fallen trunk is decayed by fruitbody Tapinella panuoides - Oyster Rollrim (Boletales: Tapinellaceae) Major Legon, N.W. & Henrici, A. with Roberts, P.J., Spooner, B.M. & Watling, R., 2005
trunk (dead, fallen, decayed) dead, fallen, decayed trunk is decayed by fruitbody Tricholomopsis decora - Prunes and Custard (Agaricales: Tricholomataceae) Major Legon, N.W. & Henrici, A. with Roberts, P.J., Spooner, B.M. & Watling, R., 2005
trunk (dead, fallen, decayed) dead, fallen, decayed trunk is decayed by fruitbody Erastia salmonicolor - Salmon Bracket (Polyporales: Polyporaceae) UK/Ireland Legon, N.W. & Henrici, A. with Roberts, P.J., Spooner, B.M. & Watling, R., 2005 [on underside]
trunk (dead, fallen) dead, fallen trunk may contain subcortical larva Monochamus sartor - a sawyer beetle (Coleoptera: Cerambycidae) Foreign Anderson, H., 2009 [under the bark]
trunk (dead, standing, brown-rotten) dead, standing, brown-rotten trunk is decayed by fruitbody Fomitopsis pinicola - Red-belted Bracket (Polyporales: Fomitopsidaceae) Legon, N.W. & Henrici, A. with Roberts, P.J., Spooner, B.M. & Watling, R., 2005
trunk (dead, standing) dead, standing trunk is decayed by fruitbody Irpicodon pendulus - Pendent Bracket (Amylocorticiales: Amylocorticiaceae) Legon, N.W. & Henrici, A. with Roberts, P.J., Spooner, B.M. & Watling, R., 2005
trunk (fallen, dead) fallen, dead trunk is decayed by fruitbody Diplomitoporus flavescens - a polypore fungus (Polyporales: Polyporaceae) UK/Ireland Major Legon, N.W. & Henrici, A. with Roberts, P.J., Spooner, B.M. & Watling, R., 2005,
Lucas, A., 2006
trunk (fallen, dead) fallen, dead trunk is decayed by fruitbody Diplomitoporus lindbladii - a polypore fungus (Polyporales: Polyporaceae) UK/Ireland Major Legon, N.W. & Henrici, A. with Roberts, P.J., Spooner, B.M. & Watling, R., 2005
trunk (large, partially fallen and decorticated) large, partially fallen and decorticated trunk may have epiphytic fruitbody Antrodia ramentacea - Honeycomb Crust (Polyporales: Fomitopsidaceae) UK/Ireland Restricted Legon, N.W. & Henrici, A. with Roberts, P.J., Spooner, B.M. & Watling, R., 2005 [sole host in Scotland]
trunk (large) (dead, decayed) dead, decayed trunk (large) is decayed by fruitbody Postia sericeomollis - a bracket fungus (Polyporales: Fomitopsidaceae) Major Legon, N.W. & Henrici, A. with Roberts, P.J., Spooner, B.M. & Watling, R., 2005
trunk (large) (dead, fallen, decayed (very)) dead, fallen, decayed (very) trunk (large) is decayed by fruitbody Postia leucomallella - a bracket fungus (Polyporales: Fomitopsidaceae) Major Legon, N.W. & Henrici, A. with Roberts, P.J., Spooner, B.M. & Watling, R., 2005
trunk (large) (dead, fallen, decayed (very)) dead, fallen, decayed (very) trunk (large) is decayed by fruitbody Postia rennyi - a bracket fungus (Polyporales: Fomitopsidaceae) Major Legon, N.W. & Henrici, A. with Roberts, P.J., Spooner, B.M. & Watling, R., 2005
trunk (large) (dead, fallen, decayed) dead, fallen, decayed trunk (large) is decayed by fruitbody Mucronella calva - Swarming Spine (Agaricales: Clavariaceae) Major Legon, N.W. & Henrici, A. with Roberts, P.J., Spooner, B.M. & Watling, R., 2005
trunk (large) (dead, fallen, decayed) dead, fallen, decayed trunk (large) is decayed by fruitbody Phlebia tremellosa - Jelly Rot (Polyporales: Meruliaceae) Rare Legon, N.W. & Henrici, A. with Roberts, P.J., Spooner, B.M. & Watling, R., 2005
trunk (large) (dead, fallen, decayed) dead, fallen, decayed trunk (large) is decayed by fruitbody Skeletocutis amorpha - Rusty Crust (Polyporales: Polyporaceae) Major Legon, N.W. & Henrici, A. with Roberts, P.J., Spooner, B.M. & Watling, R., 2005
trunk (large) (fallen, decayed) fallen, decayed trunk (large) is decayed by fruitbody Crustomyces subabruptus - a resupinate basidiomycete (Polyporales: Cystostereaceae) UK/Ireland Legon, N.W. & Henrici, A. with Roberts, P.J., Spooner, B.M. & Watling, R., 2005
trunk (live) live trunk is parasitised by fruitbody Phellinus igniarius - Willow Bracket, Willow Heart Rot (Causative Orgnaism) (Hymenochaetales: Hymenochaetaceae) Legon, N.W. & Henrici, A. with Roberts, P.J., Spooner, B.M. & Watling, R., 2005
trunk (live) live trunk is parasitised by fruitbody Porodaedalea pini - Pine Bracket (Hymenochaetales: Hymenochaetaceae) UK/Ireland Major Legon, N.W. & Henrici, A. with Roberts, P.J., Spooner, B.M. & Watling, R., 2005
trunk (rotten) rotten trunk is decayed by superficial, stalked apothecium Hymenoscyphus perplexus - a discomycete (Helotiales: Helotiaceae) Ellis, M.B. & J.P., 1997
twig (dead or dying) dead or dying twig is foodplant of larva Pissodes castaneus - Small Banded Pine Weevil (Coleoptera: Curculionidae) UK/Ireland Morris, M.G., 2002
twig (dead, attached) dead, attached twig is decayed by apothecium Therrya fuckelii - an ascomycete fungus (Rhytismatales: Rhytismataceae) UK/Ireland Minter, D.W., 1996a [red-brown twigs with no lichens or bracket fungi]
twig (dead, attached) dead, attached twig is decayed by erumpent coelomycetous anamorph Tryblidiopsis pinastri - a discomycete (Rhytismatales: Rhytismataceae) UK/Ireland Minter, D.W., 1996b
twig (dead, attached) dead, attached twig is decayed by erumpent, shortly stalked apothecium Tryblidiopsis pinastri - a discomycete (Rhytismatales: Rhytismataceae) UK/Ireland Minter, D.W., 1996b
twig (dead, attached) dead, attached twig is decayed by fruitbody Peniophora pini - Pine Crust (Russulales: Peniophoraceae) Legon, N.W. & Henrici, A. with Roberts, P.J., Spooner, B.M. & Watling, R., 2005
twig (dead, buried) dead, buried twig is decayed by fruitbody Marasmius rotula - Collared Parachute (Agaricales: Marasmiaceae) Rare Legon, N.W. & Henrici, A. with Roberts, P.J., Spooner, B.M. & Watling, R., 2005
twig (dead, fallen) dead, fallen twig is decayed by apothecium Therrya fuckelii - an ascomycete fungus (Rhytismatales: Rhytismataceae) UK/Ireland Minter, D.W., 1996a [red-brown twigs with no lichens or bracket fungi]
twig (dead, fallen) dead, fallen twig is decayed by effuse colony of Parasympodiella dematiaceous anamorph Parasympodiella clarkii - a dematiaceous anamorphic fungus UK/Ireland Hawksworth, D.L. & Minter. D.W., 1980
twig (dead) dead twig is decayed by erumpent, rather crowded, in irregular lines, oblong, 1-6 chambered, black, pycnidial stroma of Amphorula coelomycetous anamorph Cytotriplospora pini - a stromatic coelomycete UK/Ireland Grove, W.B., 1935
twig (dead) dead twig is decayed by gregarious, +- oblong, conical, immersed, then erumpent, spuriously multilocular stroma of Fusicoccum coelomycetous anamorph Fusicoccum bacillare - a stromatic coelomycete (Botryosphaeriales: Botryosphaeriaceae) UK/Ireland Grove, W.B., 1935
twig (dead) dead twig is decayed by erumpent pycnidium of Phomopsis coelomycetous anamorph Diaporthe eres - a pyrenomycete (Diaporthales: Diaporthaceae) UK/Ireland Grove, W.B., 1935,
Ellis, M.B. & J.P., 1997
twig (dead) dead twig is decayed by erumpent stroma Nectria fuckeliana - a pyrenomycete (Hypocreales: Nectriaceae) Ellis, M.B. & J.P., 1997 [
]
twig (dead) dead twig is decayed by multilocular conidioma of Zythiostroma coelomycetous anamorph Nectria fuckeliana - a pyrenomycete (Hypocreales: Nectriaceae) Ellis, M.B. & J.P., 1997 [
]
twig (dead) dead twig is decayed by stromatic, in large groups perithecium Nectria fuckeliana - a pyrenomycete (Hypocreales: Nectriaceae) Ellis, M.B. & J.P., 1997 [
]
twig (dead) dead twig is decayed by erumpent sporodochium of Oramasia dematiaceous anamorph Oramasia hirsuta - a dematiaceous anamorphic fungus (Sordariales: Helminthosphaeriaceae) UK/Ireland Hawksworth, D.L. & Minter. D.W., 1980,
Ellis, M.B. & J.P., 1997
twig (dead) dead twig is decayed by immersed, becoming erumpeny conidioma of Strasseria coelomycetous anamorph Strasseria geniculata - a coelomycete Ellis, M.B. & J.P., 1997
twig (fallen) fallen twig is decayed by discrete or effuse colony of Hormiactella dematiaceous anamorph Hormiactella asetosa - a dematiaceous anamorphic fungus Ellis, M.B. & J.P., 1997
twig (fallen) fallen twig is decayed by erumpent, often clustered apothecium Lachnellula subtilissima - Conifer Disco (Helotiales: Hyaloscyphaceae) Ellis, M.B. & J.P., 1997
twig (live) live twig may be infected and damaged by erumpent pycnidium of Sphaeropsis coelomycetous anamorph Sphaeropsis sapinea - a coelomycete (Botryosphaeriales: Botryosphaeriaceae) Ellis, M.B. & J.P., 1997
twig (live) live twig may be infected and damaged by apothecium Gremmeniella abietina - Pine Die-back - causative organism (Helotiales: Godroniaceae) Moore, W.C., 1959,
Ellis, M.B. & J.P., 1997 [causes dieback]
twig (live) live twig may be infected and damaged by Brunchorstia anamorph Gremmeniella abietina - Pine Die-back - causative organism (Helotiales: Godroniaceae) UK/Ireland Major Moore, W.C., 1959,
Ellis, M.B. & J.P., 1997 [causes dieback]
twig (small) (dead) dead twig (small) is decayed by colony of Pseudomicrodochium anamorph Pseudomicrodochium candidum - an anamorphic fungus (Hypocreales) UK/Ireland Dennis, R.W.G., 1995,
Hawksworth, D.L. & Minter. D.W., 1980,
Ellis, M.B. & J.P., 1997
twig (small) (dead) dead twig (small) is decayed by superficial synnema of Sphaeridium anamorph Sphaeridium candidum sensu Fuckel - an anamorphic fungus Ellis, M.B. & J.P., 1997
twig twig is decayed by hysterothecium Lophium mytilinum - an ascomycete (Mytilinidiales: Mytilinidiaceae) Ellis, M.B. & J.P., 1997
upto 25 year old upto 25 year old has sap sucked by nymph Aradus cinnamomeus - a flat bark bug (Hemiptera: Aradidae) Southwood, T.R.E. & Leston, D., 1959
wood (blue-stained) blue-stained wood is decayed by perithecium Ophiostoma piceae - a blue-stain fungus (Ophiostomatales: Ophiostomataceae) UK/Ireland Ellis, M.B. & J.P., 1997
wood (dead, brown-rotten) dead, brown-rotten wood is decayed by fruitbody Fomitopsis pinicola - Red-belted Bracket (Polyporales: Fomitopsidaceae) Legon, N.W. & Henrici, A. with Roberts, P.J., Spooner, B.M. & Watling, R., 2005
wood (dead, burnt) dead, burnt wood is decayed by fruitbody Hyphodontia spathulata - a resupinate fungus (Hymenochaetales: Schizoporaceae) UK/Ireland Legon, N.W. & Henrici, A. with Roberts, P.J., Spooner, B.M. & Watling, R., 2005
wood (dead, decayed (very)) dead, decayed (very) wood is decayed by fruitbody Pseudomerulius aureus - Orange Netcrust (Boletales: Tapinellaceae) Legon, N.W. & Henrici, A. with Roberts, P.J., Spooner, B.M. & Watling, R., 2005
wood (dead, decayed) dead, decayed wood is decayed by fruitbody Pleurocybella porrigens - Angel's Wings (Agaricales: Marasmiaceae) Major Legon, N.W. & Henrici, A. with Roberts, P.J., Spooner, B.M. & Watling, R., 2005
wood (dead, decayed) dead, decayed wood is decayed by fruitbody Mycena epipterygioides - a bonnet (Agaricales: Mycenaceae) Legon, N.W. & Henrici, A. with Roberts, P.J., Spooner, B.M. & Watling, R., 2005
wood (dead, decayed) dead, decayed wood is decayed by fruitbody Hohenbuehelia atrocoerulea - an oyster fungus (Agaricales: Pleurotaceae) Legon, N.W. & Henrici, A. with Roberts, P.J., Spooner, B.M. & Watling, R., 2005
wood (dead, decayed) dead, decayed wood is decayed by fruitbody Aphanobasidium pseudotsugae - a resupinate fungus (Agaricales: Pterulaceae) Major Legon, N.W. & Henrici, A. with Roberts, P.J., Spooner, B.M. & Watling, R., 2005
wood (dead, decayed) dead, decayed wood is decayed by fruitbody Tricholomopsis decora - Prunes and Custard (Agaricales: Tricholomataceae) Major Legon, N.W. & Henrici, A. with Roberts, P.J., Spooner, B.M. & Watling, R., 2005
wood (dead, decayed) dead, decayed wood is decayed by basidiome Ceraceomyces sublaevis - a resupinate fungus (Amylocorticiales: Amylocorticiaceae) Legon, N.W. & Henrici, A. with Roberts, P.J., Spooner, B.M. & Watling, R., 2005
wood (dead, decayed) dead, decayed wood is decayed by basidiome Ceraceomyces tessulatus - a resupinate fungus (Amylocorticiales: Amylocorticiaceae) Major Legon, N.W. & Henrici, A. with Roberts, P.J., Spooner, B.M. & Watling, R., 2005
wood (dead, decayed) dead, decayed wood is decayed by fruitbody Leptosporomyces septentrionalis - a resupinate basidiomycete (Atheliales: Atheliaceae) Legon, N.W. & Henrici, A. with Roberts, P.J., Spooner, B.M. & Watling, R., 2005
wood (dead, decayed) dead, decayed wood is decayed by fruitbody Stypella vermiformis - a jelly fungus (Auriculariales) Major Legon, N.W. & Henrici, A. with Roberts, P.J., Spooner, B.M. & Watling, R., 2005
wood (dead, decayed) dead, decayed wood is decayed by fruitbody Sistotrema pistilliferum - a basidiomycete fungus (Cantharellales: Hydnaceae) UK/Ireland Legon, N.W. & Henrici, A. with Roberts, P.J., Spooner, B.M. & Watling, R., 2005
wood (dead, decayed) dead, decayed wood is decayed by fruitbody Guepiniopsis alpina - a jelly fungus (Dacrymycetales: Dacrymycetaceae) Legon, N.W. & Henrici, A. with Roberts, P.J., Spooner, B.M. & Watling, R., 2005
wood (dead, decayed) dead, decayed wood is decayed by Tubulicrinis accedens - a white-wash fungus (Hymenochaetales: Hymenochaetaceae) Legon, N.W. & Henrici, A. with Roberts, P.J., Spooner, B.M. & Watling, R., 2005
wood (dead, decayed) dead, decayed wood is decayed by Tubulicrinis glebulosus - a white-wash fungus (Hymenochaetales: Hymenochaetaceae) Major Legon, N.W. & Henrici, A. with Roberts, P.J., Spooner, B.M. & Watling, R., 2005
wood (dead, decayed) dead, decayed wood is decayed by fruitbody Tubulicrinis medius - a white-wash fungus (Hymenochaetales: Hymenochaetaceae) UK/Ireland Legon, N.W. & Henrici, A. with Roberts, P.J., Spooner, B.M. & Watling, R., 2005
wood (dead, decayed) dead, decayed wood is decayed by Tubulicrinis propinquus - a white-wash fungus (Hymenochaetales: Hymenochaetaceae) UK/Ireland Legon, N.W. & Henrici, A. with Roberts, P.J., Spooner, B.M. & Watling, R., 2005
wood (dead, decayed) dead, decayed wood is decayed by Tubulicrinis subulatus - a white-wash fungus (Hymenochaetales: Hymenochaetaceae) Major Legon, N.W. & Henrici, A. with Roberts, P.J., Spooner, B.M. & Watling, R., 2005
wood (dead, decayed) dead, decayed wood is decayed by fruitbody Schizopora flavipora - a resupinate fungus (Hymenochaetales: Schizoporaceae) Major Legon, N.W. & Henrici, A. with Roberts, P.J., Spooner, B.M. & Watling, R., 2005
wood (dead, decayed) dead, decayed wood is decayed by fruitbody Subulicium lautum - a resupinate basidiomycete (Hymenochaetales) Major Legon, N.W. & Henrici, A. with Roberts, P.J., Spooner, B.M. & Watling, R., 2005
wood (dead, decayed) dead, decayed wood is decayed by fruitbody Postia fragilis - a bracket fungus (Polyporales: Fomitopsidaceae) Major Legon, N.W. & Henrici, A. with Roberts, P.J., Spooner, B.M. & Watling, R., 2005
wood (dead, decayed) dead, decayed wood is decayed by fruitbody Postia sericeomollis - a bracket fungus (Polyporales: Fomitopsidaceae) Legon, N.W. & Henrici, A. with Roberts, P.J., Spooner, B.M. & Watling, R., 2005
wood (dead, decayed) dead, decayed wood is decayed by fruitbody Gloeoporus taxicola - a bracket fungus (Polyporales: Meruliaceae) Major Legon, N.W. & Henrici, A. with Roberts, P.J., Spooner, B.M. & Watling, R., 2005
wood (dead, decayed) dead, decayed wood is decayed by fruitbody Phlebia lilascens - a resupinate fungus (Polyporales: Meruliaceae) Rare Legon, N.W. & Henrici, A. with Roberts, P.J., Spooner, B.M. & Watling, R., 2005
wood (dead, decayed) dead, decayed wood is decayed by fruitbody Phlebia subserialis - a resupinate fungus (Polyporales: Meruliaceae) Major Legon, N.W. & Henrici, A. with Roberts, P.J., Spooner, B.M. & Watling, R., 2005
wood (dead, decayed) dead, decayed wood is decayed by fruitbody Phlebia tremellosa - Jelly Rot (Polyporales: Meruliaceae) Rare Legon, N.W. & Henrici, A. with Roberts, P.J., Spooner, B.M. & Watling, R., 2005
wood (dead, decayed) dead, decayed wood is decayed by fruitbody Resinicium furfuraceum - a basidiomycete fungus (Polyporales: Meruliaceae) UK/Ireland Legon, N.W. & Henrici, A. with Roberts, P.J., Spooner, B.M. & Watling, R., 2005
wood (dead, decayed) dead, decayed wood is decayed by fruitbody Phlebiopsis gigantea - a resupinate fungus (Polyporales: Phanerochaetaceae) Major Legon, N.W. & Henrici, A. with Roberts, P.J., Spooner, B.M. & Watling, R., 2005
wood (dead, decayed) dead, decayed wood is decayed by fruitbody Neolentinus adhaerens - Sticky Sawgill (Polyporales: Polyporaceae) UK/Ireland Legon, N.W. & Henrici, A. with Roberts, P.J., Spooner, B.M. & Watling, R., 2005
wood (dead, decayed) dead, decayed wood is decayed by fruitbody Rhodonia placenta - a bracket fungus (Polyporales: Polyporaceae) Major Legon, N.W. & Henrici, A. with Roberts, P.J., Spooner, B.M. & Watling, R., 2005
wood (dead, decayed) dead, decayed wood is decayed by fruitbody Skeletocutis alutacea - a basidiomycete fungus (Polyporales: Polyporaceae) UK/Ireland Legon, N.W. & Henrici, A. with Roberts, P.J., Spooner, B.M. & Watling, R., 2005
wood (dead, decayed) dead, decayed wood is decayed by fruitbody Skeletocutis kuehneri - a basidiomycete fungus (Polyporales: Polyporaceae) UK/Ireland Major Legon, N.W. & Henrici, A. with Roberts, P.J., Spooner, B.M. & Watling, R., 2005
wood (dead, decayed) dead, decayed wood is decayed by fruitbody Phlebiella sulphurea - Yellow Cobweb (Polyporales: Xenasmataceae) Legon, N.W. & Henrici, A. with Roberts, P.J., Spooner, B.M. & Watling, R., 2005
wood (dead, decayed) dead, decayed wood is decayed by fruitbody Phlebiella tulasnelloidea - a resupinate fungus (Polyporales: Xenasmataceae) Rare Legon, N.W. & Henrici, A. with Roberts, P.J., Spooner, B.M. & Watling, R., 2005 [esp. on calcareous soil]
wood (dead, decayed) dead, decayed wood is decayed by fruitbody Xenosperma ludibundum - a resupinate fungus (Polyporales: Xenasmataceae) Major Legon, N.W. & Henrici, A. with Roberts, P.J., Spooner, B.M. & Watling, R., 2005
wood (dead, decayed) dead, decayed wood is decayed by fruitbody Vesiculomyces citrinus - a basidiomycete fungus (Russulales: Peniophoraceae) Major Legon, N.W. & Henrici, A. with Roberts, P.J., Spooner, B.M. & Watling, R., 2005
wood (dead, decayed) dead, decayed wood is decayed by fruitbody Odonticium romellii - Pine Toothling Legon, N.W. & Henrici, A. with Roberts, P.J., Spooner, B.M. & Watling, R., 2005
wood (dead, decayed) dead, decayed wood is decayed by fruitbody Luellia cystidiata - a basidiomycete fungus (Trechisporales: Hydnodontaceae) Legon, N.W. & Henrici, A. with Roberts, P.J., Spooner, B.M. & Watling, R., 2005
wood (dead, decayed) dead, decayed wood is decayed by fruitbody Sistotremastrum niveocremeum - a basidiomycete fungus (Trechisporales: Hydnodontaceae) Rare Legon, N.W. & Henrici, A. with Roberts, P.J., Spooner, B.M. & Watling, R., 2005
wood (dead, decayed) dead, decayed wood is decayed by fruitbody Trechispora alnicola - a basidiomycete fungus (Trechisporales: Hydnodontaceae) Rare Legon, N.W. & Henrici, A. with Roberts, P.J., Spooner, B.M. & Watling, R., 2005
wood (dead, decayed) dead, decayed wood is decayed by fruitbody Trechispora dimitica - a basidiomycete fungus (Trechisporales: Hydnodontaceae) Legon, N.W. & Henrici, A. with Roberts, P.J., Spooner, B.M. & Watling, R., 2005
wood (dead, decayed) dead, decayed wood is decayed by fruitbody Trechispora minima - a basidiomycete fungus (Trechisporales: Hydnodontaceae) Legon, N.W. & Henrici, A. with Roberts, P.J., Spooner, B.M. & Watling, R., 2005
wood (dead, decayed) dead, decayed wood is decayed by fruitbody Trechispora stevensonii - a basidiomycete fungus (Trechisporales: Hydnodontaceae) Legon, N.W. & Henrici, A. with Roberts, P.J., Spooner, B.M. & Watling, R., 2005
wood (dead, decayed) dead, decayed wood is decayed by Helicogloea farinacea - a ustilaginomycete (Atractiellales: Phleogenaceae) Rare Legon, N.W. & Henrici, A. with Roberts, P.J., Spooner, B.M. & Watling, R., 2005
wood (dead, decayed) dead, decayed wood may have fruitbody Tomentellopsis zygodesmoides - a resupinate fungus (Thelephorales: Thelephoraceae) UK/Ireland Legon, N.W. & Henrici, A. with Roberts, P.J., Spooner, B.M. & Watling, R., 2005
wood (dead, decaying) dead, decaying wood is decayed by fruitbody Mycena septentrionalis - Pelargonium Bonnet (Agaricales: Mycenaceae) UK/Ireland Legon, N.W. & Henrici, A. with Roberts, P.J., Spooner, B.M. & Watling, R., 2005
wood (dead, decaying) dead, decaying wood is decayed by fruitbody Tapinella panuoides - Oyster Rollrim (Boletales: Tapinellaceae) Major Legon, N.W. & Henrici, A. with Roberts, P.J., Spooner, B.M. & Watling, R., 2005
wood (dead, fallen, decayed) dead, fallen, decayed wood is decayed by fruitbody Mucronella calva - Swarming Spine (Agaricales: Clavariaceae) Major Legon, N.W. & Henrici, A. with Roberts, P.J., Spooner, B.M. & Watling, R., 2005
wood (dead, fallen, decayed) dead, fallen, decayed wood is decayed by fruitbody Piloderma bicolor - a basidiomycete fungus (Atheliales: Atheliaceae) Major Legon, N.W. & Henrici, A. with Roberts, P.J., Spooner, B.M. & Watling, R., 2005 [on acid soil]
wood (dead, fallen, decayed) dead, fallen, decayed wood is decayed by fruitbody Hypochnicium bombycinum - a resupinate basidiomycete (Polyporales: Meruliaceae) Legon, N.W. & Henrici, A. with Roberts, P.J., Spooner, B.M. & Watling, R., 2005
wood (dead, fallen, decayed) dead, fallen, decayed wood is decayed by fruitbody Hypochnicium erikssonii - a resupinate basidiomycete (Polyporales: Meruliaceae) Legon, N.W. & Henrici, A. with Roberts, P.J., Spooner, B.M. & Watling, R., 2005
wood (dead, fallen, decayed) dead, fallen, decayed wood is decayed by fruitbody Hypochnicium geogenium - a resupinate basidiomycete (Polyporales: Meruliaceae) Major Legon, N.W. & Henrici, A. with Roberts, P.J., Spooner, B.M. & Watling, R., 2005
wood (dead, fallen, decayed) dead, fallen, decayed wood is decayed by Helicogloea lagerheimii - a ustilaginomycete (Atractiellales: Phleogenaceae) Rare Legon, N.W. & Henrici, A. with Roberts, P.J., Spooner, B.M. & Watling, R., 2005
wood (dead, fallen) dead, fallen wood is decayed by fruitbody Marasmius rotula - Collared Parachute (Agaricales: Marasmiaceae) Rare Legon, N.W. & Henrici, A. with Roberts, P.J., Spooner, B.M. & Watling, R., 2005
wood (dead, strongly blued) dead, strongly blued wood is decayed by effuse colony of Leptographium dematiaceous anamorph Leptographium lundbergii - a dematiaceous anamorphic fungus (Ophiostomatales: Ophiostomataceae) UK/Ireland Ellis, M.B. & J.P., 1997
wood (dead) dead wood may contain larva Rhagium (Hagrium) bifasciatum - Two-banded Longhorn Beetle (Coleoptera: Cerambycidae) Major Duff, A. (Illust: Lewington, R.), 2006 [2-3 years]
wood (dead) dead wood is decayed by effuse colony of Hormiactella dematiaceous anamorph Hormiactella fusca - a dematiaceous anamorphic fungus UK/Ireland Dennis, R.W.G., 1995,
Ellis, M.B. & J.P., 1997
wood (dead) dead wood is decayed by sporodochium of Cheiromycella dematiaceous anamorph Cheiromycella microscopica - a dematiaceous anamorphic fungus (Helotiales: Hyaloscyphaceae) Major Ellis, M.B. & J.P., 1997
wood (dead) dead wood is decayed by fruitbody Ischnoderma resinosum - a bracket fungus (Polyporales: Fomitopsidaceae) Rare Legon, N.W. & Henrici, A. with Roberts, P.J., Spooner, B.M. & Watling, R., 2005
wood (dead) dead wood is decayed by fruitbody Postia ceriflua - a bracket fungus (Polyporales: Fomitopsidaceae) Major Legon, N.W. & Henrici, A. with Roberts, P.J., Spooner, B.M. & Watling, R., 2005
wood (dead) dead wood is decayed by fruitbody Postia floriformis - a bracket fungus (Polyporales: Fomitopsidaceae) Major Legon, N.W. & Henrici, A. with Roberts, P.J., Spooner, B.M. & Watling, R., 2005
wood (dead) dead wood is decayed by resupinate fruitbody Peniophora cinerea - a resupinate fungus (Russulales: Peniophoraceae) Rare Legon, N.W. & Henrici, A. with Roberts, P.J., Spooner, B.M. & Watling, R., 2005
wood (dead) dead wood is associate of imago Rhagium (Hagrium) bifasciatum - Two-banded Longhorn Beetle (Coleoptera: Cerambycidae) Major Duff, A. (Illust: Lewington, R.), 2006
wood (decayed (very)) decayed (very) wood is decayed by fruitbody Trechispora hymenocystis - a basidiomycete fungus (Trechisporales: Hydnodontaceae) Major Legon, N.W. & Henrici, A. with Roberts, P.J., Spooner, B.M. & Watling, R., 2005
wood (decayed, dead) decayed, dead wood is decayed by fruitbody Jaapia ochroleuca - a resupinate bolete (Boletales: Jaapiaceae) Legon, N.W. & Henrici, A. with Roberts, P.J., Spooner, B.M. & Watling, R., 2005
wood (decayed) decayed wood is decayed by fruitbody Gymnopilus stabilis - a rustgill (Agaricales: Strophariaceae) UK/Ireland Legon, N.W. & Henrici, A. with Roberts, P.J., Spooner, B.M. & Watling, R., 2005
wood (decayed) decayed wood is decayed by fruitbody Botryobasidium ellipsosporum - a resupinate fungus (Cantharellales: Botryobasidiaceae) UK/Ireland Major Legon, N.W. & Henrici, A. with Roberts, P.J., Spooner, B.M. & Watling, R., 2005
wood (decayed) decayed wood is decayed by fruitbody Botryobasidium intertextum - a resupinate fungus (Cantharellales: Botryobasidiaceae) UK/Ireland Legon, N.W. & Henrici, A. with Roberts, P.J., Spooner, B.M. & Watling, R., 2005
wood (decayed) decayed wood is decayed by fruitbody Botryobasidium laeve - a resupinate fungus (Cantharellales: Botryobasidiaceae) UK/Ireland Legon, N.W. & Henrici, A. with Roberts, P.J., Spooner, B.M. & Watling, R., 2005
wood (decayed) decayed wood is decayed by fruitbody Botryobasidium obtusisporum - a resupinate fungus (Cantharellales: Botryobasidiaceae) UK/Ireland Legon, N.W. & Henrici, A. with Roberts, P.J., Spooner, B.M. & Watling, R., 2005
wood (decayed) decayed wood is decayed by fruitbody Botryohypochnus isabellinus - a resupinate fungus (Cantharellales: Botryobasidiaceae) UK/Ireland Legon, N.W. & Henrici, A. with Roberts, P.J., Spooner, B.M. & Watling, R., 2005
wood (decayed) decayed wood is decayed by fruitbody Dacrymyces chrysocomus - a jelly fungus (Dacrymycetales: Dacrymycetaceae) UK/Ireland Legon, N.W. & Henrici, A. with Roberts, P.J., Spooner, B.M. & Watling, R., 2005
wood (decayed) decayed wood is decayed by fruitbody Dacrymyces chrysospermus - Orange Jelly Spot (Dacrymycetales: Dacrymycetaceae) UK/Ireland Legon, N.W. & Henrici, A. with Roberts, P.J., Spooner, B.M. & Watling, R., 2005
wood (decayed) decayed wood is decayed by fruitbody Dacrymyces estonicus - a jelly fungus (Dacrymycetales: Dacrymycetaceae) UK/Ireland Legon, N.W. & Henrici, A. with Roberts, P.J., Spooner, B.M. & Watling, R., 2005
wood (decayed) decayed wood is decayed by fruitbody Dacrymyces macnabbii - a jelly fungus (Dacrymycetales: Dacrymycetaceae) UK/Ireland Legon, N.W. & Henrici, A. with Roberts, P.J., Spooner, B.M. & Watling, R., 2005
wood (decayed) decayed wood is decayed by fruitbody Dacrymyces variisporus - a jelly fungus (Dacrymycetales: Dacrymycetaceae) UK/Ireland Legon, N.W. & Henrici, A. with Roberts, P.J., Spooner, B.M. & Watling, R., 2005
wood (decayed) decayed wood is decayed by fruitbody Ditiola peziziformis - a jelly fungus (Dacrymycetales: Dacrymycetaceae) UK/Ireland Legon, N.W. & Henrici, A. with Roberts, P.J., Spooner, B.M. & Watling, R., 2005
wood (decayed) decayed wood is decayed by fruitbody Dacryobolus sudans - Weeping Toothcrust (Polyporales: Fomitopsidaceae) UK/Ireland Legon, N.W. & Henrici, A. with Roberts, P.J., Spooner, B.M. & Watling, R., 2005
wood (decayed) decayed wood is decayed by basidiome Ceriporia viridans - a basidiomycete fungus (Polyporales: Phanerochaetaceae) Legon, N.W. & Henrici, A. with Roberts, P.J., Spooner, B.M. & Watling, R., 2005
wood (decayed) decayed wood is decayed by basidiome Ceriporiopsis gilvescens - Pink Porecrust (Polyporales: Phanerochaetaceae) Legon, N.W. & Henrici, A. with Roberts, P.J., Spooner, B.M. & Watling, R., 2005
wood (decorticate) decorticate wood is decayed by erumpent, becoming superficial pseudothecium Keissleriella pinicola - an ascomycete (Pleosporales: Lentitheciaceae) Ellis, M.B. & J.P., 1997
wood (decorticate) decorticate wood is decayed by immersed perithecium Camarops tubulina - a stromatic pyrenomycete (Boliniales: Boliniaceae) Ellis, M.B. & J.P., 1997
wood (decorticate) decorticate wood is decayed by effuse colony of Xylohypha dematiaceous anamorph Xylohypha pinicola - a dematiaceous anamorphic fungus UK/Ireland Dennis, R.W.G., 1995,
Ellis, M.B. & J.P., 1997
wood (fallen, decayed) fallen, decayed wood is decayed by fruitbody Dacrymyces ovisporus - Pine Jelly Spot (Dacrymycetales: Dacrymycetaceae) UK/Ireland Legon, N.W. & Henrici, A. with Roberts, P.J., Spooner, B.M. & Watling, R., 2005
wood (old, dead, fallen, dry, decorticate) old, dead, fallen, dry, decorticate wood is decayed by sessile, resupinate fruitbody Chaetodermella luna - Crescent Crust (Gloeophyllales: Gloeophyllaceae) UK/Ireland Holden, L., 2013
wood (rotten) rotten wood is decayed by effuse colony of Septonema dematiaceous anamorph Septonema fasciculare - a dematiaceous anamorphic fungus Ellis, M.B. & J.P., 1997
wood or bark wood or bark is decayed by hysterothecium Mytilinidion scolecosporum - an ascomycete (Mytilinidiales: Mytilinidiaceae) Ellis, M.B. & J.P., 1997
wood wood may contain larva Paraphotistus impressus - a click beetle (Coleoptera: Elateridae) Bullock, J.A., 1992
wood wood is decayed by apothecium Hyaloscypha aureliella - a discomycete (Helotiales: Hyaloscyphaceae) Ellis, M.B. & J.P., 1997

Pinus sylvestris may be associated with more taxa listed at higher taxonomic level

PLANTAE
(plants)
TRACHEOPHYTA
(vascular plants)
PINOPSIDA
(conifers)
PINACEAE
(pines, firs, spruces, cedars, larches)
Pinus
(pines)
two-needled pines (via Pinus sylvestris) Evergreen trees and shrubs (via Pinus) Ectomycorrhizal trees and shrubs (via Pinaceae) Trees and shrubs (via Ectomycorrhizal trees and shrubs) Trees Trees, shrubs, woody and climbing plants (via Pinopsida)

References

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